Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on MindatThe Mindat Store
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryHow to Link to MindatDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Wöhlerite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Friedrich Wöhler
Formula:
NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Light to dark yellow, ...
Hardness:
5½ - 6
Name:
Named after Friedrich Wöhler (1800-1882), professor of chemistry in the University of Göttingen (Germany).

Classification of Wöhlerite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
9.BE.17

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
B : Sorosilicates
E : Si2O7 groups, with additional anions; cations in octahedral [6] and greater coordination
56.2.4.5

56 : SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
2 : Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
17.8.10

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
8 : Silicates with niobate or tantalate
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-4303.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Wöhlerite

Year of Discovery:
1843
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Syenite pegmatite

Occurrences of Wöhlerite

Geological Setting:
Late phase of alkalid pegmatites, nepheline syenites, fenites, carbonatites.

Physical Properties of Wöhlerite

Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Light to dark yellow, brown, gray
Streak:
Yellowish white
Hardness (Mohs):
5½ - 6
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Distinct on {010}
Poor on {100}{110}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Splintery
Density:
3.40 - 3.44 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.42 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Wöhlerite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2 - Sphenoidal
Space Group:
P21
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.823(3) Å, b = 10.244(3) Å, c = 7.290(2) Å
β = 109.00(4)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.057 : 1 : 0.712
Unit Cell Volume:
V 764.21 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Prismatic crystals to 3cm, tabular, granular
Twinning:
Twin plane {010} common

Crystallographic forms of Wöhlerite

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Wöhlerite no.22 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

Toggle
Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

View
Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

Optical Data of Wöhlerite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.700 - 1.705 nβ = 1.716 - 1.720 nγ = 1.726 - 1.728
2V:
Measured: 70° to 77°, Calculated: 70° to 76°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.026
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r > v weak
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
X=Y= nearly colorless to pale yellow
Z= wine-yellow

Chemical Properties of Wöhlerite

Formula:
NaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Ti,Hf,Al,Y,Ce,La,Fe,Ta,Mn,Mg,Sr

Relationship of Wöhlerite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
BaghdaditeCa3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)O2
BurpaliteNa2CaZr(Si2O7)F2
CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
Hiortdahlite(Ca,Na)3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
Janhaugite(Na,Ca)3(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(Ti,Zr,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2
Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
MarianoiteNa2Ca4(Nb,Zr)2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4
Niocalite(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
NormanditeNaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OF
9.BE.02Wadsleyite(Mg,Fe2+)2(SiO4)
9.BE.05HennomartiniteSrMn23+(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
9.BE.05LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
9.BE.05NoelbensoniteBaMn23+(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
9.BE.05ItoigawaiteSrAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
9.BE.07IlvaiteCaFe22+Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)
9.BE.07ManganilvaiteCa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)
9.BE.10SuoluniteCa2(H2Si2O7) · H2O
9.BE.12JaffeiteCa6(Si2O7)(OH)6
9.BE.15FresnoiteBa2Ti(Si2O7)O
9.BE.17BaghdaditeCa3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)O2
9.BE.17BurpaliteNa2CaZr(Si2O7)F2
9.BE.17CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
9.BE.17Hiortdahlite(Ca,Na)3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
9.BE.17Janhaugite(Na,Ca)3(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(Ti,Zr,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2
9.BE.17Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
9.BE.17Niocalite(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
9.BE.17NormanditeNaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OF
9.BE.17Hiortdahlite INa4Ca8Zr2(Nb,Mn,Ti,Fe,Mg,Al)2(Si2O7)4O3F5
9.BE.17MarianoiteNa2Ca4(Nb,Zr)2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4
9.BE.20Mosandrite(◻,Ca,Na)3(Ca,REE)4Ti(Si2O7)2[H2O,OH,F]4 · H2O
9.BE.20Nacareniobsite-(Ce)Na3Ca3(Ce,La,Nd)Nb(Si2O7)2OF3
9.BE.22GötzeniteNa2Ca5Ti(Si2O7)2F4
9.BE.22HainiteNa4Ca8(Ti,Zr,Mn)3(Si2O7)4F4
9.BE.22Rosenbuschite(Ca,Na)3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)OF
9.BE.22Kochite(Na,Ca)3Ca2(Mn,Ca)ZrTi(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
9.BE.23DovyreniteCa6Zr(Si2O7)2(OH)4
9.BE.25Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
9.BE.25EricssoniteBaMn22+Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)
9.BE.25Lamprophyllite(Sr,K,Ba)2(Na,Ti,Mn2+,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(O,OH,F)
9.BE.25Ericssonite-2OBaMn22+Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)
9.BE.25SeidozeriteNa8Mn22+Zr3Ti3(Si2O7)4O4F4
9.BE.25NabalamprophylliteNa3(Ba,Na)2Ti3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2
9.BE.25Grenmarite(Na,Ca)4(Mn,Na)(Zr,Mn)2(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)2(O,F)4
9.BE.25SchülleriteBa2Na(Mn,Ca)(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4
9.BE.25LileyiteBa2(Na,Fe,Ca)3MgTi2(Si2O7)2O2F2
9.BE.27MurmaniteNa2Ti2(Si2O7)O2 · 2H2O
9.BE.30EpistoliteNa2(Nb,Ti)2(Si2O7)O2 · nH2O
9.BE.32LomonosoviteNa5Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)O2
9.BE.35VuonnemiteNa11Ti4+Nb2(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O3(F,OH)
9.BE.37SoboleviteNa13Ca2Mn2Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4)4O3F3
9.BE.40InneliteNa2CaBa4Ti3(Si2O7)2(SO4)2O4
9.BE.40PhosphoinneliteNa3Ba4Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4,SO4)2O2F
9.BE.42YoshimuraiteBa2Mn2Ti(Si2O7)(PO4)O(OH)
9.BE.45QuadruphiteNa14Ca2Ti4(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O2F
9.BE.47PolyphiteNa5(Na4Ca2)Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)3O2F2
9.BE.50BornemaniteNa6BaTi2Nb(Si2O7)2(PO4)O2(OH)F
9.BE.50ShkatulkaliteNa10Mn2+Ti3Nb3(Si2O7)6(OH)2F · 12H2O
9.BE.55BafertisiteBa(Fe2+,Mn2+)2Ti(Si2O7)O(F,OH)2
9.BE.55HejtmaniteBa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Ti(Si2O7)O(OH,F)
9.BE.55Bykovaite(Ba,Na,K)2(Na,Ti,Mn)4(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(H2O,F,OH)2 · 3.5H2O
9.BE.55Nechelyustovite(Ba,Sr,K)2(Na,Ti,Mn)4(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(O,H2O,F)2 · 4.5H2O
9.BE.60Delindeite(Na,K)2(Ba,Ca)2(Ti,Fe,Al)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2 · 2H2O
9.BE.65BusseniteNa2Ba2Fe2+Ti(Si2O7)(CO3)(OH)3F
9.BE.67JinshajiangiteBaNaFe42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F
9.BE.67PerraultiteBaNaMn42+Ti2 (Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F
9.BE.67SurkhobiteNaCaBa2Mn8Ti4(Si2O7)4O5F5
9.BE.70Karnasurtite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Th)(Ti,Nb)(Al,Fe)(Si2O7)(OH)4 · 3H2O
9.BE.70Perrierite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70Strontiochevkinite(Sr,La,Ce,Ca)4Fe2+(Ti,Zr)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70Polyakovite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Mg,Fe2+)(Cr3+,Fe3+)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70RengeiteSr4ZrTi4(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70MatsubaraiteSr4Ti5(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70Dingdaohengite-(Ce)(Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70Maoniupingite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,◻)(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70UKI-2008-(SiO:SrTiZr)Sr4ZrTi4(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70Hezuolinite(Sr,REE)4Zr(Ti,Fe3+)4(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.72FersmaniteCa4(Na,Ca)4(Ti,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8F3
9.BE.75BelkoviteBa3(Nb,Ti)6(Si2O7)2O12
9.BE.77NasonitePb6Ca4(Si2O7)3Cl2
9.BE.80KentrolitePb2Mn23+(Si2O7)O2
9.BE.80MelanotekitePb2Fe23+(Si2O7)O2
9.BE.82TilleyiteCa5(Si2O7)(CO3)2
9.BE.85KillalaiteCa6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2
9.BE.87Stavelotite-(La)(La,Nd,Ca)3Mn32+Cu(Mn3+,Fe3+,Mn4+)26(Si2O7)6O30
9.BE.90Biraite-(Ce)Ce2Fe2+(Si2O7)(CO3)
9.BE.92Cervandonite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti,Al)3O2(Si2O7)(As3+O3)(OH)
9.BE.95BatisiviteBaV83+Ti6(Si2O7)O22
17.8.1EpistoliteNa2(Nb,Ti)2(Si2O7)O2 · nH2O
17.8.2MurmaniteNa2Ti2(Si2O7)O2 · 2H2O
17.8.3PerraultiteBaNaMn42+Ti2 (Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F
17.8.4Niocalite(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
17.8.5MongoliteCa4Nb6Si5O24(OH)10 · nH2O
17.8.6FersmaniteCa4(Na,Ca)4(Ti,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8F3
17.8.7Nacareniobsite-(Ce)Na3Ca3(Ce,La,Nd)Nb(Si2O7)2OF3
17.8.8Nenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2O
17.8.9Natrokomarovite(Na,Ca,H)2Nb2Si2O10(OH,F)2 · H2O
17.8.11BelkoviteBa3(Nb,Ti)6(Si2O7)2O12
17.8.12BaotiteBa4(Ti,Nb)8Si4O28Cl
17.8.13Shcherbakovite(K,Ba)KNa(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)O2
17.8.14Ilímaussite-(Ce)(Na,K)7-8(Ba,K)10Ce5(Nb,Ti)6(Si3O9)4(Si9O18)O6(O,OH)24
17.8.15Komarovite(Ca,Mn)Nb2[O3|Si2O7] · 3.5H2O
17.8.16Manganbelyankinite(Mn,Ca)(Ti,Nb)5O12 · 9H2O
17.8.17Niobophyllite(K,Na)3(Fe,Mn)6(Nb,Ti)2Si8(O,OH,F)31
17.8.18Caesium-Kupletskite

Other Names for Wöhlerite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Wöhlerit
Spanish:Wöhlerita

Other Information

Other Information:
Cathodoluminescence is blue-green
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Wöhlerite

Reference List:
- Scheerer, Th. (1843): Über den Wöhlerit, eine neue Mineralspecies. Annalen der Physik und Chemie (herausgegeben zu Berlin von J.C. Poggendorff). 59: 327-336

- Mellini, M., & Merlino, S. (1979): Refinement of the Crystal Structure of Wöhlerite. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 26: 109-123.

- Mariano, A.N., & Roeder, P.L. (1989): Wöhlerite: chemical composition, cathodoluminescence and environment of crystallization. Canadian Mineralogist: 27: 709-720.

Internet Links for Wöhlerite

Localities for Wöhlerite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Angola
 
  • Huíla Province
    • Lubango City Council
Mariano, A. N., Roeder, P. L., 1989. Wöhlerite: chemical composition, cathodoluminescence and environment of crystallization. Canadian Mineralogist, 27: 709-720.
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • Huon district
Bottrill, RS, 1997. The Minerals of the Cygnet District. The Mineralogical Society of Tasmania Newsletter, 25, p.12
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Killala Lake Area
Mariano, A. N., Roeder, P. L., 1989. Wöhlerite: chemical composition, cathodoluminescence and environment of crystallization. Canadian Mineralogist, 27: 709-720.
  • Québec
    • Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine
      • La Haute-Gaspésie RCM
Wallace et al. (1990) Can. Min. 28, 251; Wallace, G.M., Whalen, J.B. & Martin, R.F. (1990) Agpaitic and miaskitic nepheline syenites of the McGerrigle plutonic complex, Gaspé, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 251-266.
    • Laurentides
      • Deux-Montagnes RCM
        • Oka
Mariano, A. N., Roeder, P. L., 1989. Wöhlerite: chemical composition, cathodoluminescence and environment of crystallization. Canadian Mineralogist, 27: 709-720.
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
[MinRec 10:105, 13:242, 23:429, 21:344, 21:346-347]
    • Montréal
      • Mont Royal
Bancroft & Howard (1923)
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Kaiserstuhl
      • Schelingen
        • Orberg - Badberg area
Keller, J., Williams T. (1995): Niocalite and Wöhlerite from the alkaline and carbonatite rocks at Kaiserstuhl, Germany, Mineralogical Magazine, Vol.: 59, 561-566
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Daun
        • Üdersdorf
Hentschel, G., Neufunde von Üdersdorf, Lapis, Weise Verlag, München, 09/1993
      • Laach lake volcanic complex
        • Kruft
Hentschel, G., Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Laacher Vulkangebiet, Mainzer Geowiss. Mitt. 9, 121-125, 1980
        • Mendig
          • Niedermendig
Hentschel, G., Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Laacher Vulkangebiet, Mainzer geowiss. Mitt. 9, 121-125, 1980
Hentschel, G., Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Laacher Vulkangebiet, Mainzer Geowiss. Mitt. 9, 121-125, 1980
            • Wingertsberg
Hentschel, G., Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Laacher Vulkangebiet, Mainzer geowiss. Mitt. 9, 121-125, 1980
      • Niederzissen
        • Glees
Kratzsch, E., Die Mineralien vom Dachsbusch, Lapis , 14, 11-21, 1989
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
      • Narsarsuaq (Narssarssuaq)
        • Qôroq Firth
Coulson I. M., 1997. Post-magmatic alteration in eudialyte from the North Qôroq centre, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine, 61: 99-109.; Coulson, I. M. (1997). Post-magmatic alteration in eudialyte from the North Qoroq centre, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(1), 99-109.
Guinea
 
Biagioni, C. (2007). I disilicati di Zr-Ti-Nb-REE delle sieniti a nefelina delle Iles de Los (Guinea). Tesi di laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
[Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
          • Ercolano
            • San Vito
Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
    • Phlegrean Volcanic complex
      • Naples province
        • Ischia Island
          • Lacco Ameno
Pichler, H., (1970): Italienische Vulkan-Gebiete II, Phlegräische Felder, Ischia,.... , Bornträger Berlin Stuttgart
Malawi
 
  • Balaka District
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Mali
 
  • Kidal Region
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Norway
 
  • Oslo
    • Grorud
Brøgger, W.C. (1894) Die Eruptivgesteine des Kristianiagebietes. 1. Die Gesteine der Grorudit -Tinguait - Serie. (Videnskabsselskabets Skrifter I. Mat.-Naturv. Kl. 1894, no. 4) p 11
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Bjørkedalen
Knut Eldjarn
      • Eidanger
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16
      • Langangen
Larsen, A.O. & Åsheim, A.(1976): Mineraler fra Langangen. NAGS-nytt 3(1),9-12.
Raade, G., Åmli, R., Mladeck, H., Din. V. K., Larsen, A.O. & Åsheim, A. (1983): Chiavennite from syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Region, Norway. American Mineralogist. 68: 628-633
      • Langesundsfjorden
Scheerer, Th. (1843): Über den Wöhlerit, eine neue Mineralspecies. Annalen der Physik und Chemie. 59: 327-336
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100; Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O. and Selbekk, R. S. (2010): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. J. Petrology 51, 2303-2325.
Ragnar Hansen find 1975
        • Siktesøya
Larsen, A.O. & Raade, G. (1991): Gaidonnayite from the nepheline syenite pegmatite on Siktesøya in the southern part of the Oslo Region, norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 71: 303-306
Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O. and Selbekk, R. S. (2010): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. J. Petrology 51, 2303-2325.
      • Mørje
        • Sagåsen
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
Larsen, A.O., Åsheim, A. and Gault, R. A. (2005): Minerals of the eudialyte group from the Sagåsen larvikite quarry, Porsgrunn, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter 30: 58-62
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Brunlanes
Svein A. Berge 1979
Svein A. Berge & Ragnar Hansen observation in 1977
      • Hedrum
        • Lågendalen
Andersen, F. (1993): Hedrum pukkverk i Lågendalen. STEIN 20 (4), 236-238
D. Weinrich specimen (old specimen, A.E. Foote Mineral Co. label), Mindat-Photo id 339711
        • Arøya (Arö)
Brøgger, W.C.(1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit- und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16, XVI, p.257
        • Arøyskjærene (Arøy skerries)
Knut Edvard Larsen observation may 2010
Svein A Berge observation 1992; Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-2316
Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O. and Selbekk, R. S. (2010): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. J. Petrology 51, 2303-2325.
        • Barkevik area
          • Barkevik (Barkevika)
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
Piilonen, P.C., McDonald, A.M., Poirier, G., Rowe, R. & Larsen, A.O. (2014): Mafic minerals of the alkaline pegmatites in the Larvik plutonic complex, Oslo rift, southern Norway. Canadian Mineralogist. 51, 735-770
          • Kjeøya
Ragnar Hansen & Svein A. Berge observation 1975
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. 663 pp + 28 plates (p. 468-477)
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineral.16. 663 pp; Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O. and Selbekk, R. S. (2010): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. J. Petrology 51, 2303-2325.
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240p
Weibye, P.C. (1849): Die Mineralien der Lagerstätten bei Brevig, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Geologie und Petrefaktenkunde, Schweitzerbart 1849 : 521-525; Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O. and Selbekk, R. S. (2010): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. J. Petrology 51, 2303-2325.
Scheerer, Th., (1844): Nachträgliches über den Wöhlerit, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 137, 222-223
        • Vesle Arøya
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. p 462
      • Malerød
Collected by Peter Andresen, 2010.
      • Pauler
Field observations and/or collected by Peter Andresen, 7. February 2010
      • Stavern (Fredriksvärn)
Weibye, P.C. (1848): Beiträge zur topographischen Mineralogie Norwegens. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde 22:465-544
      • Tjølling
        • Håkestad
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
      • Tvedalen
Larsen, A.O. (1989): Senaite from syenite pegmatite at Tvedalen in the southern part of the Oslo Region, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 69, 235-238
Collection of Peter Andresen.
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
Andresen, P. (2013): Gedigent bly og andre spennende mineraler fra en unik pegmatitt i Tvedalen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 50, 83-87
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
    • Sandefjord
      • Østerøya
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-1317
Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skrift. 20, 50-59
      • Tønsbergfjorden
Knut Edvard Larsen collection
Romania
 
  • Harghita Co.
Pál-Molnár (2000)
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Tuva Republic
Tony Nikischer
Sweden
 
  • Medelpad
    • Sundsvall
      • Alnö
        • Hörningsholm
Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
USA
 
  • New Hampshire
    • Carroll Co.
      • Moultonborough
Meyers & Stewart (1956). The Geology of NH: Part III Minerals and Mines. p.62
Meyers & Stewart, 1956: Geology of NH, Part III, p. 62
  • Wisconsin
    • Marathon Co.
      • Wausau Intrusive Complex
Falster, A.U., T.W. Buchholz, W.B. Simmons, J.D. Guidry & C.M. Johnson (2014), A New Find of Complex Na-Zr Silicates in the Stettin Complex, Marathon County, Wisconsin, a presentation before ther 41st. Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 25, 2014.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2015, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: May 27, 2015 23:14:26 Page generated: May 21, 2015 12:31:27