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Woodhouseite

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Big Photo

White Mts, Mono Co., California, USA
© 2009 Michael C. Roarke




Formula:
CaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
System:TrigonalColour:White, flesh-pink, ...
Hardness:
Member of:Beudantite Group > Alunite Supergroup
Name:Named after Professor Charles Douglas Woodhouse (1888-1975), American Mineralogist and mineral collector, University of California, Santa Barbara, California, USA.


The Ca analogue of svanbergite.

A secondary mineral found where sulphatic argillic wall rock alteration occurred in hydrothermal and disseminated ore deposits; rare in cave deposits.

Classification of Woodhouseite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/B.35-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.BL.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
L : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 3:1
Dana 8th edition ID:43.4.1.8

43 : COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
4 : Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Hey's CIM Ref.:22.3.7

22 : Phosphates, Arsenates or Vanadates with other Anions
3 : Phosphates, arsenates or vanadates with sulphates
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Type Occurrence of Woodhouseite

Type Locality:Champion Mine (White Mountain Mine; Jeffrey Mine; Diaspore; Vulcanus; Black Eagle; Champion Sillimanite Mine; Champion Andalusite Mine; Vulcanite Mine; Vulcanite & Vulcanus No. 156; Black Eagle & Vulcanus Nos. 8 and 9 No. 157), White Mountain Peak, White Mts, Mono Co., California, USA
Year of Discovery:1937
Geological Setting of type material:Quartz veins in an andalusite deposit.
Associated Minerals at type locality:
TopazQuartzPyrophylliteLazuliteAugelite
Andalusite

Occurrences of Woodhouseite

Geological Setting:Altered wall rock in hydrothermal and disseminated ore deposits; cave deposits.

Physical Properties of Woodhouseite

Lustre:Vitreous, Pearly
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent
Comment:Lustre pearly on {0001}.
Colour:White, flesh-pink, colourless
Hardness (Mohs):
Cleavage:Very Good
On {0001}, excellent.
Density (measured):3.01 g/cm3
Density (calculated):3 g/cm3

Crystallography of Woodhouseite

Crystal System:Trigonal
Class (H-M):3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:R3m
Cell Parameters:a = 6.993Å, c = 16.386Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 2.343
Unit Cell Volume:V 693.95 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:3
Morphology:Crystals small, pseudocubic rhombohedral {1012}; tabular at times {0001}, with curved and striated faces.
Comment:Pseudocubic

Optical Data of Woodhouseite

Type:Uniaxial (+)
RI values: nω = 1.636 nε = 1.647
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.011

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Comments:May exhibit anomalous biaxial sectors. Basal sections of larger crystals exhibit six radial biaxial sectors. May exhibit zonal banding.

Chemical Properties of Woodhouseite

Formula:
CaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
Simplified for copy/paste:CaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Essential elements:Al, Ca, H, O, P, S
All elements listed in formula:Al, Ca, H, O, P, S

Relationship of Woodhouseite to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Svanbergite (see here)
Member of:Beudantite Group > Alunite Supergroup
Other Members of Group:

- +
Beudantite
PbFe
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
Corkite
PbFe
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
Gallobeudantite
PbGa
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
Hidalgoite
PbAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
Hinsdalite
PbAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
Kemmlitzite
(Sr,Ce)Al
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
Svanbergite
SrAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
Weilerite
BaAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.BL.05Beudantite
PbFe
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.05Corkite
PbFe
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.05Hidalgoite
PbAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.05Hinsdalite
PbAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.05Kemmlitzite
(Sr,Ce)Al
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.05Svanbergite
SrAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.05Gallobeudantite
PbGa
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.10Arsenogoyazite
SrAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Arsenogorceixite
BaAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Arsenocrandallite
CaAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Benauite
SrFe
3+
3
(HPO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.10Crandallite
CaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Dussertite
BaFe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
8.BL.10Eylettersite
(Th,Pb)Al
 
3
(PO
 
4
,SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.10Gorceixite
BaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Goyazite
SrAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Kintoreite
PbFe
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(PO
 
3
OH)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.10Philipsbornite
PbAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Plumbogummite
PbAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Segnitite
PbFe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,H
 
2
O)
 
6
8.BL.10Springcreekite
BaV
3+
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,H
 
2
O)
 
6
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(La)
(La,Ce,Nd)(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(Nd)
NdAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(Ce)
CeAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Florencite-(Ce)
CeAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Florencite-(La)
LaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Florencite-(Nd)
(Nd,La,Ce)Al
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Waylandite
BiAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Zaïrite
Bi(Fe
3+
 
,Al)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Arsenowaylandite
BiAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Graulichite-(Ce)
CeFe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Florencite-(Sm)
(Sm,Nd)Al
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.15Viitaniemiite
Na(Ca,Mn
2+
 
)Al(PO
 
4
)(F,OH)
 
3
8.BL.25Pattersonite
PbFe
3+
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
22.3.1Parnauite
Cu
 
9
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
10
· 7H
 
2
O
22.3.2Ardealite
Ca
 
2
(HPO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
) · 4H
 
2
O
22.3.3Machatschkiite
(Ca,Na)
 
6
(AsO
 
4
)(HAsO
 
4
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
,SO
 
4
) · 15H
 
2
O
22.3.4Clinotyrolite
Ca
 
2
Cu
 
9
(AsO
 
4
,SO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH,O)
 
10
· 10H
 
2
O
22.3.5Peisleyite
Na
 
2
Al
 
9
[(P,S)O
 
4
]
 
8
(OH)
 
6
•28H
 
2
O
22.3.6Chalcophyllite
Cu
 
18
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
27
· 33H
 
2
O
22.3.8Schlossmacherite
(H
 
3
O)Al
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
22.3.9Svanbergite
SrAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.10Kemmlitzite
(Sr,Ce)Al
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.11Sanjuanite
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 9H
 
2
O
22.3.12Kribergite
Al
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
22.3.13Hotsonite
Al
 
11
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
21
· 16H
 
2
O
22.3.14Weilerite
BaAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.15Tsumebite
Pb
 
2
Cu(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
22.3.16Arsentsumebite
Pb
 
2
Cu(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
22.3.17Hinsdalite
PbAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.18Hidalgoite
PbAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.19Orpheite
22.3.20Coconinoite
Fe
3+
2
Al
 
2
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
· 20H
 
2
O
22.3.21Sasaite
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
14
(PO
 
4
)
 
11
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
7
· 83H
 
2
O
22.3.22Tristramite
(Ca,U,Fe)(PO
 
4
,SO
 
4
) · 2H
 
2
O
22.3.23Corkite
PbFe
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.24Beudantite
PbFe
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.25Diadochite
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 5H
 
2
O
22.3.26Sarmientite
Fe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 5H
 
2
O
22.3.27Bukovskýite
Fe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 9H
 
2
O
22.3.28Zýkaite
Fe
3+
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 15H
 
2
O
22.3.29Tooeleite
Fe
3+
6
(As
3+
 
O
 
3
)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
22.3.30Pitticite
(Fe, SO
 
4
, AsO
 
4
, H
 
2
O) ?
22.3.31Xiangjiangite
(Fe
3+
 
,Al)(UO
 
2
)
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 22H
 
2
O

Other Names for Woodhouseite

Other Languages:
German:Woodhouseit
Russian:Вудхаузеит
Simplified Chinese:磷钙铝矾
Spanish:Woodhouseita

Other Information

Other Information:Soluble in acids only after driving off the water in a closed tube.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Woodhouseite

Reference List:

- +
Lemmon, D. W.; Rautenberg, A. (1937): Woodhouseite, a new mineral of the beudantite group. American Mineralogist: 22: 939-948.

Lemmon, D.M. (1938), Woodhouseite, a new mineral of the beudantite group, Pacific Mineralogist: 5(2): 6.

Pabst, Adolf (1947), Some computations on Svanbergite, Woodhouseite and Alunite: American Mineralogist: 32: 16-30.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 1006-1007.

Kato, T. (1971) The crystal structures of goyazite and woodhouseite. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 241–247.

Mineralogical Record (1981): 12: 106.

Kato, T. (1977) Further refinement of the woodhouseite structure. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1977): 54-58.

Sato, E., Nakai, I., Miyawaki, R. & Matsubara, S. (2009): Crystal structures of alunite family minerals: beaverite, corkite, alunite, natroalunite, jarosite, svanbergite, and woodhouseite. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Abhandlungen 185, 313-322.

Internet Links for Woodhouseite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Woodhouseite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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    Localities for Woodhouseite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Catamarca
      • Andalgalá Department
    FRANCHINI, Marta et al. Alterationand mineralization along the central section of the Agua Rica deposit(27º26'S-66º16'O), Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 391-408
    Australia
     
    • South Australia
      • Eyre Peninsula
        • Middleback Range
          • Iron Knob
    [MinRec 12:106]
    • Tasmania
      • Queenstown district
        • Mount Lyell Mines
    Bottrill RS & Baker, WE (in prep) Catalogue of Minerals of Tasmania. Mineral Resources Tasmania
    AGSO Research Newsletter May 2000
    Austria
     
    • Salzburg
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Untersulzbach valley
    R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Ezlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
          • Leutachkopf - Stocker Alp area
    A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
    Belgium
     
    • Liège Province
      • Visé
    1./ A.M. Fransolet, J Jedwab and R. Van Tassel, 1974, Inventaire minéralogique de Richelles, Belgique, Annales de la Société Géologique de Belgique, Tome 27, pp. 23-26.
    Bolivia
     
    • Potosí Department
      • Nor Chichas Province
        • Atocha-Quechisla District
          • Cerro Tazna
    Alfredo Petrov collection (PXRD by Jaroslav Hyrsl)
    Brazil
     
    • Bahia
      • Brumado (Bom Jesus dos Meiras)
        • Serra das Éguas
    Barbosa et al, "Minerals of the Brumado Magnesite Deposits, Serra das Eguas, Bahia, Brazil", Rocks and Minerals, January 2000
    Bulgaria
     
    • Pazardzhik Oblast (Pazardjik Oblast)
      • Panagyurishte (Panagurishte) Obshtina
        • Popintsi
    Hikov, C. A. (2004)
    • Sofiya Town Oblast (Grad Sofia Oblast)
      • Bankya Obshtina
        • Bankya
    HIKOV, A., VELINOVA, N., GEORGIEVA, S., & KUNOV, A. ALUMINIUM-PHOSPHATE-SULPHATE (APS) MINERALS IN BULGARIA: CHARACTERISTICS AND POSSIBILITY FOR PRESERVATION.
    Canada
     
    • New Brunswick
      • Gloucester Co.
        • Bathurst Parish
          • Bathurst Mining Camp
    Sabina (1967) GSC Paper 66-51, 118
    • Ontario
      • Cochrane District
        • South of Ridge Lake Area
    SAGE, R.P. (1981) Geology of the Martison carbonatite complex. Ontario Geological Survey Open File Report 5420, 99p.
    Chile
     
    • Atacama Region
      • Chañaral Province
        • Diego de Almagro
          • Potrerillos
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
        • El Salvador district
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    Economic Geology; January 2005; v. 100; no. 1; p. 131-148
    China
     
    • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    Xunyi Wang (1982): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 2(2), 154-156
        • Yangshuo Co.
    Anthony, J.W. et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy
    • Henan Province
      • Nanyang Prefecture
        • Tongbai Co.
    Keqin Wang, Mingkai Li, Guozhi Yan, and Huimin Feng (1994): Geology and Prospecting 30(6), 37-42
        • Wancheng District
    Keqin Wang, Mingkai Li, Guozhi Yan, and Huimin Feng (1994): Geology and Prospecting 30(6), 37-42
    • Hubei Province
      • Shiyan Prefecture
        • Zhushan Co.
    Zhenrong Shi (2008): Jiangsu Geology 32(2), 109-112
    • Jiangsu Province
      • Lianyungang Prefecture
        • Donghai Co.
    Zhang, R.Y., Liou, J.G., and Shu, J.F. (2002): American Mineralogist 87, 445-453.
      • Suqian Prefecture
        • Shuyang Co.
    Keqin Wang, Mingkai Li, Guozhi Yan, and Huimin Feng (1994): Geology and Prospecting 30(6), 37-42; Zhang, R.Y., Liou, J.G., and Shu, J.F. (2002): American Mineralogist 87, 445-453
    • Shaanxi Province
      • Ankang Prefecture
        • Baihe Co.
    Zhenrong Shi and Keqin Cai (2008): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 27(2), 164-170.
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Liberec Region
    Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
    Greece
     
    • Thraki Department (Thrace; Thracia)
      • Komotini Prefecture (Rodopi; Rhodope)
    Voudouris, P. C., & Melfos, V. (2013). Aluminum-phosphate-sulfate (APS) minerals in the sericitic-advanced argillic alteration zone of the Melitena porphyry-epithermal Mo-Cu Au Re prospect, western Thrace, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 190(1), 11-27.
      • Xánthi Prefecture
        • Kassiteres-Sapes area
    Michael, C. (2004). Epithermal systems and gold mineralization in western Thrace (North Greece). Bull Geol Soc Greece, 36, 416-423.
    Hungary
     
    • Fejér Co.
      • Velencei Mtns
        • Nadap
    Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
    Indonesia
     
    • Sulawesi Island (Celebes Island)
      • Sulawesi Utara Province (North Sulawesi Province)
    DILL, H.G., FRICKE, A., HENNING, K.-H.and GEBERT, H. (1995) An APS mineralization in the kaolin deposit Desa Toraget from northern Sulawesi, Indonesia.- Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Siences, 11: 289-293
    Italy
     
    • Lombardy
      • Sondrio Province
        • Valchiavenna
          • Spluga Valley (San Giacomo Valley)
            • Madesimo
    Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M., Pilati, T., Sciesa, E. (1996): Sigismundite, (Ba,K,Pb)Na3(Ca,Sr)(Fe,Mg,Mn)14Al(OH)2(PO4)12, a new Ba-rich member of the arrojadite group from Spluga Valley, Italy. Canadian Mineralogist, 34, 827-834.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Kanto Region
        • Gunma Prefecture
    Aoki (1985) Sanko-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 16; Matsubara et al (1998) Mineralogical Journal, 20, 1-8.; Mineralogical Journal Vol. 20 (1998) , No. 1 pp 1-8
    Kyrgyzstan
     
    • Osh Oblast
      • Alai Range (Alay Range)
        • Fergana Valley
          • Fergana
    Karpenko, V.Yu. et al. Zapiski RMO 138(1)83(2009)
    Norway
     
    • Telemark
      • Bamble (Bamle)
    Morton, R. D. (1961): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. No.9). On the occurrence of two rare phospates in the Ødegården Apatite mines, Bamble, South Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 41: 233-246; Neumann (1985, p. 108).
    Romania
     
    • Alba Co.
      • Apuseni District
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Mineralium Deposita (2004) 39:173-188
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
        • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
          • Dzhida Basin
    American Mineralogist (2001) 86:200
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Almería
        • Níjar
    A. Arribas, F. Hernández, M. A. Fernández Périz, J. Gröbner, G. Leal (2005): Rodalquilar - El oro del capo del ágata. BOCAMINA 15, 12-88.
    Sweden
     
    • Västergötland
      • Tidaholm
    USA
     
    • California
      • Mono Co.
        • White Mts
          • White Mountain Peak
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1007; Lemmon, Dwight Moulton (1937), Woodhouseite, a new mineral of the beudantite group American Mineralogist: 22: 939-948; Gross, E.B. and Parwel, A. (1968) Rutile mineralization at the White Mountain andalusite deposit, California. Arkiv för Mineralogie och Geologi 4, No. 29: 493-497; Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record 8, 480, 483-485; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 305, 307, 309; Mineralogical Record (1987): 18: 360; Mineralogical Record (1988): 19: 331.
    • Colorado
      • Boulder Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • Conejos Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Rio Grande Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Georgia
      • Lincoln Co.
    Barwood,Henry.,(1999)Phosphate Minerals at Graves Mountain,Georgia;Graves Mountain and Magruder Mine,Southeastern Geological Society Guidebook No.38,April 23-25,1999
    • Montana
      • Granite Co.
        • Philipsburg District (Flint Creek District)
    Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
    • New Mexico
      • Grant Co.
        • Burro Mountains District
          • Tyrone Area
    Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
    • Pennsylvania
      • Centre Co.
        • State College
          • Skytop
    U.S. Geological Survey/ U.S. Department of the Interior
    • Virginia
      • Buckingham Co.
        • Farmville District
          • Sprouses Corner
    Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
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