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Woodwardite

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Formula:
Cu1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
where (x < 0.5, n < 3x/2); Cu:Al ratios stated to fall between 1.73 and 2.03.
System:
Trigonal
Colour:
Greenish-blue, ...
Name:
Named after Samuel Pickworth Woodward (1821-1865), English naturalist and geologist.
Compare also the chemically similar chalcoalumite.

Classification of Woodwardite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
7.DD.35

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
31.2.2.1

31 : HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
2 : (AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
25.2.21

25 : Sulphates
2 : Sulphates of Cu and Ag
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First Recorded Occurrence of Woodwardite

Year of Discovery:
1866

Physical Properties of Woodwardite

Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent, Opaque
Colour:
Greenish-blue, turquoise-blue
Density:
2.38 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Crystallography of Woodwardite

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.06Å, c = 32.8Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 10.719
Unit Cell Volume:
V 265.98 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Occurs as minute, botryoidal concretions with a fine-fibrous structure; spherulitic.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
8.9 (100)
4.47 (90)
2.65 (30)
2.55 (60)
2.28 (50)
1.98 (30)
1.53 (30)

Optical Data of Woodwardite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.552 - 1.571 nβ = 1.555 - 1.574 nγ = 1.565 - 1.576
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.013
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
strong

Chemical Properties of Woodwardite

Formula:
Cu1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O

where (x < 0.5, n < 3x/2); Cu:Al ratios stated to fall between 1.73 and 2.03.
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Woodwardite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
Honessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
ZincowoodwarditeZn1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.05FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
7.DD.10LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
7.DD.10PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
7.DD.10WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
7.DD.15SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
7.DD.20KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
7.DD.25ChristeliteCu2Zn3(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
7.DD.30CampigliaiteMn2+Cu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
7.DD.30DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
7.DD.30OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
7.DD.30SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
7.DD.30NiedermayriteCdCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
7.DD.30EdwardsiteCu3Cd2(SO4)2(OH)6·4H2O
7.DD.35Carrboydite[(Ni1-xAlx)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35Honessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35MotukoreaiteMg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
7.DD.35Mountkeithite[(Mg1-xFex3+)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
7.DD.35WermlanditeMg7Al2(OH)18[Ca(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
7.DD.35ZincaluminiteZn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
7.DD.35Hydrowoodwardite(Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35ZincowoodwarditeZn1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35NatroglaucoceriniteNaxZn8-yAly(SO4)(x+y)/2(OH)16 · 6H2O
7.DD.35NikischeriteFe62+Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
7.DD.40Lawsonbauerite(Mn2+,Mg)9Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2O
7.DD.40Torreyite(Mg,Mn2+)72Mn22+Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2O
7.DD.45MooreiteMg92Mn2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)26 · 8H2O
7.DD.50Namuwite(Zn,Cu)4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
7.DD.55Bechererite(Zn,Cu)6Zn2(SO4,HSiO4)2(OH)12
7.DD.60Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
7.DD.65VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
7.DD.70RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
7.DD.75ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
7.DD.75Nickelalumite(Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2O
7.DD.75KyrgyzstaniteZnAl4(SO4)(OH)12·3H2O
7.DD.80Guarinoite(Zn,Co,Ni)6(SO4)(OH,Cl)10 · 5H2O
7.DD.80Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
7.DD.80Thérèsemagnanite(Co,Zn,Ni)6(SO4)(OH,Cl)10 · 8H2O
7.DD.80UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn(Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
7.DD.85MontetrisaiteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2O
25.2.1ChalcocyaniteCuSO4
25.2.2BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2O
25.2.3ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
25.2.4BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2O
25.2.5DolerophaniteCu2(SO4)O
25.2.6AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
25.2.7BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
25.2.8PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
25.2.9LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
25.2.10WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
25.2.11KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
25.2.12NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
25.2.13PiypiteK2Cu2(SO4)2O
25.2.14FedotoviteK2Cu3(SO4)3O
25.2.15CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
25.2.16EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3O
25.2.17DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
25.2.18LeightoniteK2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2O
25.2.19ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
25.2.20CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
25.2.22CampigliaiteMn2+Cu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
25.2.23GuilditeCuFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
25.2.24RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2O
25.2.26KlyuchevskiteK3Cu3(Fe3+,Al)(SO4)4O2
25.2.27Poitevinite(Cu,Fe,Zn)SO4 · H2O
25.2.28ArgentojarositeAgFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6

Other Names for Woodwardite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Woodwardit
Simplified Chinese:水铜铝矾
Spanish:Woodwardita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Woodwardite

Reference List:
Church (1866) Chemical News and Journal of Industrial Science, London: 13: 85, 113.

Church (1866) Journal of the Chemical Society, London: 19: 130.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 98. (langite, no. 3, from Klausen).

Meixner (1940) Zbl. Min.: 238.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II: 580.

Mineralogical Magazine (1976): 40: 644.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1999): 75.

Mills, S.J., Christy, A.G., Genin, J.-M.R., Kameda, T., Colombo, F. (2012): Nomenclature of the hydrotalcite supergroup: natural layered double hydroxides. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1289-1336.

Internet Links for Woodwardite

Localities for Woodwardite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • Balfour-Temma district
      • Balfour
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Industrieviertel
      • Prigglitz
        • Gasteil
Kolitsch, U. & Auer, C. (2014): 1889) Allophan(?), Baryt, Brannerit, Brochantit, Cassiterit, Chalkoalumit, Chalkopyrit, Chamosit, Chrysokoll(?), Covellin, ein Mineral der Cyanotrichitgruppe, Delafossit, Dravit, Hamatit, Jarosit, gediegenes Kupfer, Malachit, Manganoxide, Monazit-(Ce), Muskovit, Pyrit, Quarz, Schwefel, Stannit, Tetraedrit, Woodwardit(?) und Xenotim-(Y) vom bronzezeitlichen Kupferbergbau bei Gasteil, Prigglitz, Niederösterreich. Pp. 121-124 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2014): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIII. Carinthia II, 204./124., 65-146.
  • Salzburg
    • Kitzbühel Alps
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993); U. Kolitsch (PXRD of sample collected by J. Brugger)
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
          • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
            • Geyer - Silberberg District
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2008): Schwaz-Brixlegger Fundstellen. 6. Die Minerale des Gratlspitz bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss 59, 7-28.
      • Kitzbühel Alps
        • Kitzbühel
          • Jochberg
            • Kupferplatte
Kolitsch, U. (2014): 1864) Brochantit, Carbonatcyanotrichit, Chalkoalumit, Cuprit, Gips, Metazeunerit, Posnjakit und Woodwardit von der Kupferplatte bei Jochberg, Kitzbühl, Tirol. Pp. 103-104 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2014): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIII. Carinthia II, 204./124., 65-146.
Canada
 
  • Nova Scotia
    • Halifax Co.
      • Musquodoboit Harbour
Ronnie Van Dommelen Collection
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Ústí Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Klášterec nad Ohří
          • Měděnec (Kupferberg)
Sejkora, J. & Šrein, V. (2012): Supergene Cu mineralization from the Mědnik hill near Měděnec, Krušné hory Mountains (Czech Republic). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze 20, 255-269.
France
 
  • Alsace
    • Bas-Rhin
      • Villé Valley
        • Urbeis
Aufschluss 1/85
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Badenweiler
Lapis, 15 (12),13-20.
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Niederberg area
      • Heiligenhaus
Lapis 1988(1), 17-35
    • Sauerland
      • Iserlohn
        • Letmathe
      • Meschede
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Stolberg
        • Rottleberode
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
      • Wernigerode
        • Hasserode
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Annaberg District
        • Königswalde
J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2006): Neufunde aus dem Erzgebirge (II). Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 22-27.
      • Glashütte
        • Bärenhecke
      • Marienberg District
        • Lauta
Hajek, W. (2010): Kristallwelten Marienberg. Weise Verlag, München.
Lapis 30(7/8):78-80 (2005)
      • Schwarzenberg District
        • Beierfeld
[MinRec 30:203]
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
LAPIS 24 (7/8) 1999; Wendel, W. and Markl, G. (1999) Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24 (7/8):34-52
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
            • Hilarion area
Branko Rieck analysis
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Saint-Marcel
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • Nuoro Province
      • Gadoni
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
      • Isarco Valley (Eisack Valley)
Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp. ; Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
      • Vizze Valley (Pfitsch Valley)
        • San Giacomo
          • Vizze pass (Pfitsch pass)
Folie, K., P. Gentile, M. Hanke & I. Rocchetti (2010): Mineralien aus der Umgebung des Pfitscher Jochs in Südtirol (II). Mineralien-Welt 21 (4), 42-67.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Valsugana
        • Roncegno
Bortolozzi G., Blass G., Boscardin M., Rocchetti I. and Ferretti P. (2013): La Miniera di Cinquevalli (Valsugana, Trentino-Alto Adige): aggiornamento sulle specie accertate negli ultimi anni. Studi Trent. Sci. Nat., 93, pagg. 149-165.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Massa Marittima
Sabelli C., Olmi F., Brizzi G., Meli R., 1996. Serrabottini (GR): recenti ritrovamenti nelle antiche discariche. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 19
    • Livorno Province
      • Campiglia Marittima
        • Sassetta
Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
      • Elba Island
        • Capoliveri
J. Göske, T. Witzke, H. Pöllmann, S. Stöber (1997) - Neufunde von Sekundarmineralen in der Lagerstatte Calamita/Insel Elba - Der Aufschluss, 48: 305-313.
      • Piombino
Cerutti, G. and Preite, D. (1995): Mineralien der etruskischen Schlacken von Baratti, Toskana. Lapis, 20 (4), 13-18; 50 (in German).
Luigi Chiappino data
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Torrebelvicino
        • Mercanti Valley
          • Monte Trisa Mines
Boscardin M., Daleffe A., Rocchetti I., Zordan A. "I minerali nel Vicentino", Museo "G. Zannato", Montecchio Maggiore, (Vicenza), 2011.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Gifu Prefecture
Matsubara, S. & Miyawaki, R. (2006) Catalogue of Japanese Minerals (National Science Museum)
    • Kinki Region
      • Hyogo Prefecture
        • Taka-gun
Takada & Matsuuchi (1981) Chigaku Kenkyu, 32, 191-199.; Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Norway
 
  • Akershus
    • Eidsvoll (Eidsvold)
      • Minnesund
Pers. Com. G. Raade 12.07.1990 in Geologisk Museum. Interne notater 1961-1990. Published by Geologisk Museums Venner, Oslo 1991. p 146
  • Aust-Agder
    • Froland
Pers. Com. G. Raade 12.07.1990 in Geologisk Museum. Interne notater 1961-1990. Published by Geologisk Museums Venner, Oslo 1991.p 146
  • Rogaland
    • Sauda
Pers. Com. G. Raade 12.07.1990 in Geologisk Museum. Interne notater 1961-1990. Published by Geologisk Museums Venner, Oslo 1991. p 146
UK
 
  • England
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 580; Mineralogical Record: 9: 113.
      • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
        • Camborne
          • Killivose
      • Liskeard District
        • St Cleer
          • Caradon Hill
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
          • Crow's Nest
SMLS slide library
      • Mount's Bay District
        • St Hilary
No reference listed
      • St Just District
        • St Just
          • Botallack
            • Botallack Mine
Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
  • Wales
    • Ceredigion (Dyfed; Cardiganshire)
      • Ceulanymaesmawr
        • Talybont
          • Nant-y-Moch Reservoir area
BMS Database
    • Gwynedd (Caernarvonshire)
      • Nantlle Vale
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Dragoon Mts
        • Turquoise District (Courtland-Gleeson District)
          • Courtland
            • Casey Hill
Rolf Luetcke
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 425.
      • Tombstone Hills
        • Tombstone District
Rob Bowell, lab tested
Rob Bowell, lab tested
  • Colorado
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Ralston Buttes District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
Zambia
 
  • Copperbelt Province
    • Kalulushi District
      • Chambishi
No reference listed
Mineral and/or Locality  
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