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Wüstite

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Formula:
FeO
System:
Isometric
Colour:
Black
Hardness:
5 - 5½
Member of:
Name:
Named after Ewald Wüst (1875-1934), geologist and palaeontologist, University of Kiel (Germany).
Periclase Group.

Occurs mainly in meteorites and anthropogenic slags.

Classification of Wüstite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
4.AB.25

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
A : Metal: Oxygen = 2:1 and 1:1
B : M:O = 1:1 (and up to 1:1.25); with small to medium-sized cations only
4.2.1.6

4 : SIMPLE OXIDES
2 : AX
7.20.1

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
20 : Oxides of Fe
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Type Occurrence of Wüstite

Physical Properties of Wüstite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Black
Hardness (Mohs):
5 - 5½

Crystallography of Wüstite

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Fm3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.296Å
Unit Cell Volume:
V 79.29 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Comment:
Modulated structure.

Chemical Properties of Wüstite

Formula:
FeO
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Wüstite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
4.AB.05CredneriteCuMnO2
4.AB.10TenoriteCuO
4.AB.15DelafossiteCuFeO2
4.AB.15McconnelliteCuCrO2
4.AB.20BromelliteBeO
4.AB.20Zincite(Zn,Mn2+,Fe2+)O
4.AB.25BunseniteNiO
4.AB.25LimeCaO
4.AB.25ManganositeMnO
4.AB.25MonteponiteCdO
4.AB.25PericlaseMgO
4.AB.30PalladinitePdO
7.20.2MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
7.20.3MaghemiteFe23+O3
7.20.4HematiteFe2O3
7.20.5Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
7.20.6Akaganeiteβ-Fe3+O(OH,Cl)
7.20.7FeroxyhyteFe3+O(OH)
7.20.8Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
7.20.9FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
7.20.10Amakinite(Fe2+,Mg)(OH)2
7.20.11MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
7.20.12MuskoxiteMg7Fe4O13 · 10H2O
7.20.13SrebrodolskiteCa2Fe23+O5
7.20.14HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
7.20.15BrownmilleriteCa2(Al,Fe3+)2O5

Other Names for Wüstite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Wüstite

Reference List:
Brun (1924), Arch. sc. phys. nat.: 6: 253 (as Iozite).

Brun (1924), C.R. soc. phys. hist. nat. Genève: 41: 94.

Brun (1924), Schweiz. min. Mitt.: 4: 355.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 503 (as Iozite).

Walenta, K. (1960) Natürliches Eisen(II)-Oxyd (Wüstit) aus der vulkanischen Tuffbreccie von Scharnhausen bei Stuttgart. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1960, 150-159 (in German with English abstract).

Yamamoto, A. (1982): Modulated structure of wüstite (Fe1-xO) (three-dimensional modulation). Acta Crystallographica B38, 1451-1456.

Hazen, R.M. and Jeanloz, R. (1984): Wüstite (Fe1-xO): a review of its defect structure and physical properties. Reviews of Geophysics 22, 37-46.

Stølen, S., Glöckner, R., Grønvold, F., Atake, T., and Izumisawa, S. (1996): Heat capacity and nearly stoichiometric wüstite from 13 to 450 K. American Mineralogist 81, 973-981.

Internet Links for Wüstite

Localities for Wüstite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Algeria
 
  • Adrar Province
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites, vol 2: 632-634. University of California Press.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Queen Maud Land (Dronning Maud Land)
[var: Magnesiowüstite] Kimura, M. & Ikeda, Y. (1992). Mineralogy and Petrology of an unusual Belgica-7904 Carbonaceous Chondrite: Genetic Relationships among the Components. Proc. NIPR Symp. Antarct. Meteorites 5: 74-119. (March 1992)
Argentina
 
  • Chaco
    • Almirante Brown Department
      • Pampa del Infierno
http://rruff.info/doclib/hom/wustite.pdf
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Charters Towers Region
      • South Gregory
        • Tenham Station
Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIV (2003); American Mineralogist, Volume 84, pages 267–271, 1999
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hüttenberg
        • Waitschach
Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fink, R. & Auer, C. (2013): Die Mineralogie der weltweit einzigartigen Schlacken von Waitschach, Kärnten. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A, 115, 19-87 (in German).
Azerbaijan
 
  • Baku
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites, vol 3. University of California Press.
  • Qobustan District (Gobustan; Kobustan)
    • Caspian Sea
Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
Burkina Faso
 
  • N'Gourma
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Burma (Myanmar)
 
  • Kachin State
    • Mohnyin District (Moe Hnyin District)
      • Hpakant Township (Hpakan; Phakant; Phakan)
Shi, G. H., Zhu, X. K., Deng, J., Mao, Q., Liu, Y. X., & Li, G. W. (2011). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75(6), 1608-1620
China
 
  • Anhui Province
    • Bozhou Prefecture
      • Qiaocheng District
        • Xiaoyanzhuang
Kuiren Wang (1987): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 7(2), 107-112
  • Hebei Province
    • Chengde Prefecture
      • Yan Mts (Yanshan)
Zuxiang Yu (1984): Acta Petrologica Mineralogica et Analytica 3(3), 231-240
  • Hubei Province
    • Suizhou Prefecture
      • Zengdu District (Cengdou District)
        • Xihe
[AmMin 85:1564]
  • Jiangsu Province
    • Lianyungang Prefecture
      • Donghai Co.
        • Maobei
Jingsui Yang, Zhiqin Xu, Wenji Bai, Qingsong Fang, and Zhongming Zhang (2006): 3rd Annual Meeting of the Asia Oceania Geosciences Society (AOGS), July 10-14, 2006, Abstract 59-SE-A0643.
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Shannan Prefecture (Lhokha Prefecture; Lhoka Prefecture)
      • Qusum Co. (Qusong Co.)
Wenji Bai, Jingsui Yang, Qingsong Fang, Binggan Yan, and Zhongming Zhang (2001): Earth Science Frontiers 8(3), 111-121
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuhai Co. (Burultokay Co.)
Yongheng Chen and Daode Wang (1989): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 9(2), 119-125
Croatia
 
  • Zagreb County
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Kutná Hora (Kuttenberg)
        • Poličany
          • Vrchlice river valley
Pauliš P. Mineralogické lokality okolí Kutné Hory. Kuttna, Kutná Hora 1999. ISBN 80-902719-0-1.
    • Hradec Králové Region
      • Broumov (Braunau)
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
    • Liberec Region
      • Frýdlant (Frýdlant v Čechác)
Seifert, W.; Thomas, R.; Rhede, D.; Förster, H.-J. (2010): Origin of coexisting wustite, MgFe and REE phosphate minerals in graphite-bearing fluorapatite from the Rumburk granite. European Journal of Mineralogy 22, 495-507.
France
 
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
      • Poullaouen
Germain C., Leydet J-C., Saget Ph. (1990), Les minéraux de néoformation de Huelgoat (Finistère), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, 3-16
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Lozère
      • Pont-de-Montvert
        • Vialas
No reference listed
  • Rhône-Alpes
    • Loire
      • La Pacaudière
        • Le Crozet
          • Les Rats Mine
Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Frohnbach valley
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • Stuttgart
      • Ostfildern
Walenta, K.: Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1960): 150-159.
  • Hesse
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Bredstedt
      • Joldelund
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
Greenland
 
  • Qaasuitsup
    • Qeqertarsuaq Island (Disko Island)
Ulff-Møller, F. (1985): Solidification History of the KitdlÎt Lens: Immiscible Metal and Sulphide Liquids from a Basaltic Dyke on Disko, Central West Greenland Journal of Petrology. 26,64-91.
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Visakhapatnam District
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
  • Bihar
    • Muzaffarpur
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. vol 3: University of California Press. 1418 pages.
  • Rajasthan (Rajputana)
    • Ajmer Division
      • Bhilwara District
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
    • Alwar district
Bapna, V. S., Sharma, P. N., Sathe, M. D., Mathur, K. N. & Dwivedi, G. L. (1991) The Raghunathpura iron meteorite from Alwar, India: Meteoritics 26 (1): 65-67. (March 1991)
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Saint-Marcel
      • Servette-Chuc mining complex
Tumiati, S.; Casartelli, P.; Mambretti, A.; Martin, S.; Frizzo, P.; Rottoli, M. (2005): The ancient mine of Servette (Saint-Marcel, Val d' Aosta, western Italian Alps): A mineralogical, metallurgical and charcoal analysis of furnace slags. Archaeometry 47, 317-340.
  • Emilia-Romagna
    • Ferrara Province
      • Vigarano Mainarda
        • Vigarano Pieve
[var: Magnesiowüstite] E. K. Zinner, C. Caillet & A. El Goresy (1991). Evidence for extraneous origin of a magnesiowüstite-metal Fremdling from the Vigarano CV3 chondrite. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 102, #33-34, 252-264.
Libya
 
  • Al Jufrah District
    • Dar al Gani
[var: Magnesiowüstite] Masaaki Miyahara1, Eiji Ohtani, Shin Ozawa, Makoto Kimura, Ahmed El Goresy, Takeshi Sakai1, Toshiro Nagase1, Kenji Hiraga, Naohisa Hirao, Yasuo Ohishi (2011) Dissociation of olivine to silicate-perovskite and magesiowustite in the shocked Martian meteorite DaG 735. Japan Geooscience Union Meeting Makuhari, Chiba Japan.
Mexico
 
  • Zacatecas
    • Mun. de Mazapil
      • Mazapil
Handbook of Iron Meteorites, vol 2: 808—813. University of California Press.
Namibia
 
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Oman
 
  • Dhofar Province (Al Janubiyah Province)
D.D. Badjukov et al. , Lunar and Planetary Science, XXXVI (2005), 1684.pdf
Pakistan
 
  • Sindh
    • Sukkur District
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Poland
 
  • Małopolskie
    • Olkusz District
Ref.: Kucha H., Jędrzejczyk B. 1995: Primary minerals of mining and metallurgical Zn-Pb dumps at Bukowno, Poland, and their stability during weathering. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 26, No 2, 75-99
Portugal
 
  • Évora District
    • Alandroal
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites, vol 2. University of California Press.
Romania
 
  • Maramureș Co.
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu; Hîrtopanu, P. (2006) One Hundred Minerals For One Hundred Years (dedicated To The Centennial Of The Geological Institute Of Romania) Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series 5, Szeged, p38
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Krasnoyarsk Territory (Krasnoyarsk Kray; Krasnoyarskii Krai)
      • Targhasa massif
L. N. Novoselova, A. Yu. Lyul (1986) Geochemical characteristics of iron silicides from Lower Cambrian reefal limestones, Krasnoyarsk. International Geology Review 28:114-118
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Kureika river
        • Dzheltul'skii massif
P.M. Kartashov data
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Khatanga
          • Malaya Romanikha River
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Primorskiy Kray
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
      • Sikhote-Alin Mts
        • Paseka village
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2003/pdf/5072.pdf.
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
Cesnokov, B., Kotrly, M. and Nisanbajev, T. (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
South Africa
 
  • KwaZulu-Natal Province
    • Zululand District
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Nkangala District
      • Delmas
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Canary Islands
    • Las Palmas Province
      • Fuerteventura
        • Fuerteventura basal complex
Groznova M.V., Kogarko L.N.. Senin V.G. (2001) Mineral composition of silicocarbonatites from Fuertaventura Island. in Abstracts – GEODE field workshop 8-12th July 2001 on ilmenite deposits in the Rogaland anorthosite province, S. Norway.
Sudan
 
  • Nar an Nil
Mariam Horstmann, M. Humayun, D. Harries, F. Langenhorst, N. L. Chabot & Addi Bischoff (2012). 43rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, held March 19-23, 2012 at The Woodlands, Texas. LPI Contribution No. 1659, id.1876.
The Moon
J. Frondel (2009), Lunar Mineralogy, Wiley Interscience
Turkey
 
  • Central Anatolia Region
    • Eskişehir Province
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.; http://evols.library.manoa.hawaii.edu/bitstream/handle/10524/35874/vol3-Ri-Ro(LO).pdf#page=14
UK
 
  • England
    • Shropshire
      • Wellington
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.; http://evols.library.manoa.hawaii.edu/bitstream/handle/10524/35874/vol3-Ri-Ro(LO).pdf#page=14
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Coconino Co.
      • Winslow
        • Meteor Crater and vicinity
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 129, 273, 427.
  • Georgia
    • Wilcox Co.
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
  • Kentucky
    • Casey Co.
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 3 volumes, 1418 pages.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Chester Co.
      • State Line Chromite District
Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology v. 41, no. 3/4.
    • Lancaster Co.
      • State Line Chromite District
Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology Fall/Winter 2011
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