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Wüstite

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Formula:
FeO
Colour:BlackHardness:5 - 5½
Member of:Periclase Group
Name:Named after Ewald Wüst (1875-1934), geologist and palaeontologist, University of Kiel (Germany).


Periclase Group.

Occurs mainly in meteorites and anthropogenic slags.

Classification of Wüstite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:4/A.04-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:4.AB.25

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
A : Metal: Oxygen = 2:1 and 1:1
B : M:O = 1:1 (and up to 1:1.25); with small to medium-sized cations only
Dana 8th edition ID:4.2.1.6

4 : SIMPLE OXIDES
2 : AX
Hey's CIM Ref.:7.20.1

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
20 : Oxides of Fe
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Type Occurrence of Wüstite

Type Locality:Scharnhausen, Ostfildern, Stuttgart, Baden-Württemberg, Germany

Physical Properties of Wüstite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Black
Hardness (Mohs):5 - 5½

Chemical Properties of Wüstite

Formula:
FeO
Essential elements:Fe, O
All elements listed in formula:Fe, O

Relationship of Wüstite to other Species

Member of:Periclase Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
4.AB.05Crednerite
CuMnO
 
2
4.AB.10Tenorite
CuO
4.AB.15Delafossite
CuFeO
 
2
4.AB.15Mcconnellite
CuCrO
 
2
4.AB.20Bromellite
BeO
4.AB.20Zincite
(Zn,Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)O
4.AB.25Bunsenite
NiO
4.AB.25Lime
CaO
4.AB.25Manganosite
MnO
4.AB.25Monteponite
CdO
4.AB.25Periclase
MgO
4.AB.30Palladinite
PdO
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
7.20.2Magnetite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
O
 
4
7.20.3Maghemite
Fe
3+
2
O
 
3
7.20.4Hematite
Fe
 
2
O
 
3
7.20.5Goethite
α-Fe
3+
 
O(OH)
7.20.6Akaganeite
β-Fe
3+
 
O(OH,Cl)
7.20.7Feroxyhyte
Fe
3+
 
O(OH)
7.20.8Lepidocrocite
γ-Fe
3+
 
O(OH)
7.20.9Ferrihydrite
Fe
3+
5
O
 
3
(OH)
 
9
7.20.10Amakinite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)(OH)
 
2
7.20.11Magnesioferrite
MgFe
3+
2
O
 
4
7.20.12Muskoxite
Mg
 
7
Fe
 
4
O
 
13
· 10H
 
2
O
7.20.13Srebrodolskite
Ca
 
2
Fe
3+
2
O
 
5
7.20.14Hercynite
Fe
2+
 
Al
 
2
O
 
4
7.20.15Brownmillerite
Ca
 
2
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
O
 
5

Other Names for Wüstite

Synonyms:
IosidériteIoziteWuestite
Other Languages:
German:Wüstit
Iosiderit
Iozit
Jozite
Wuestit
Russian:Вюстит
Simplified Chinese:方铁矿
Spanish:Iosidérita
Iozita
Wuestita
Wüstita
Traditional Chinese:方鐵礦
Varieties:
Magnesiowüstite

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Wüstite

Reference List:

- +
Brun (1924), Arch. sc. phys. nat.: 6: 253 (as Iozite).

Brun (1924), C.R. soc. phys. hist. nat. Genève: 41: 94.

Brun (1924), Schweiz. min. Mitt.: 4: 355.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 503 (as Iozite).

Walenta, K. (1960) Natürliches Eisen(II)-Oxyd (Wüstite) aus der vulkanischen Tuffbreccie von Scharnhausen bei Stuttgart. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1960): 150-159 (in German with English abstracts).

Yamamoto, A. (1982) Modulated structure of wüstite (Fe1-xO)(Three dimensional modulation). Acta Crystallographica (1982): B38: 1451-1456.

Hazen, R.M. and Jeanloz, R. (1984) Wüstite (Fe1-xO): a review of its defect structure and physical properties. Reviews in Geophysics: 22: 37-46.

Stølen, S., Glöckner, R., Grønvold, F., Atake, T., and Izumisawa, S. (1996) Heart capacity and nearly stoichiometric wüstite from 13 to 450 K. American Mineralogist: 81: 973-981.

Internet Links for Wüstite

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  • Localities for Wüstite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Antarctica
     
    • Eastern Antarctica
      • Queen Maud Land (Dronning Maud Land)
    [var: Magnesiowüstite] Kimura, M. & Ikeda, Y. (1992). Mineralogy and Petrology of an unusual Belgica-7904 Carbonaceous Chondrite: Genetic Relationships among the Components. Proc. NIPR Symp. Antarct. Meteorites 5: 74-119. (March 1992)
    Australia
     
    • Queensland
      • Charters Towers Region
        • South Gregory
          • Tenham Station
    Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIV (2003); American Mineralogist, Volume 84, pages 267–271, 1999
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
        • Hüttenberg
          • Waitschach
    Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fink, R. & Auer, C. (2013): Die Mineralogie der weltweit einzigartigen Schlacken von Waitschach, Kärnten. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A, 115, 19-87 (in German).
    Azerbaijan
     
    • Qobustan District (Gobustan; Kobustan)
      • Caspian Sea
    Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
    Burma (Myanmar)
     
    • Kachin State
      • Mohnyin District (Moe Hnyin District)
        • Hpakant Township (Hpakan; Phakant; Phakan)
    Shi, G. H., Zhu, X. K., Deng, J., Mao, Q., Liu, Y. X., & Li, G. W. (2011). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75(6), 1608-1620
    China
     
    • Anhui Province
      • Bozhou Prefecture
        • Qiaocheng District
          • Xiaoyanzhuang
    Kuiren Wang (1987): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 7(2), 107-112
    • Hebei Province
      • Chengde Prefecture
        • Yan Mts (Yanshan)
    Zuxiang Yu (1984): Acta Petrologica Mineralogica et Analytica 3(3), 231-240
    • Hubei Province
      • Suizhou Prefecture
        • Zengdu District (Cengdou District)
          • Xihe
    [AmMin 85:1564]
    • Jiangsu Province
      • Lianyungang Prefecture
        • Donghai Co.
          • Maobei
    Jingsui Yang, Zhiqin Xu, Wenji Bai, Qingsong Fang, and Zhongming Zhang (2006): 3rd Annual Meeting of the Asia Oceania Geosciences Society (AOGS), July 10-14, 2006, Abstract 59-SE-A0643.
    • Tibet Autonomous Region
      • Shannan Prefecture (Lhokha Prefecture; Lhoka Prefecture)
        • Qusum Co. (Qusong Co.)
    Wenji Bai, Jingsui Yang, Qingsong Fang, Binggan Yan, and Zhongming Zhang (2001): Earth Science Frontiers 8(3), 111-121
    • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
      • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
          • Fuhai Co. (Burultokay Co.)
    Yongheng Chen and Daode Wang (1989): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 9(2), 119-125
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
        • Kutná Hora (Kuttenberg)
          • Poličany
            • Vrchlice river valley
    Pauliš P. Mineralogické lokality okolí Kutné Hory. Kuttna, Kutná Hora 1999. ISBN 80-902719-0-1.
      • Liberec Region
        • Frýdlant (Frýdlant v Čechác)
    Seifert, W.; Thomas, R.; Rhede, D.; Förster, H.-J. (2010): Origin of coexisting wustite, MgFe and REE phosphate minerals in graphite-bearing fluorapatite from the Rumburk granite. European Journal of Mineralogy 22, 495-507.
    France
     
    • Brittany
      • Finistère
        • Poullaouen
    Germain C., Leydet J-C., Saget Ph. (1990), Les minéraux de néoformation de Huelgoat (Finistère), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, 3-16
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Lozère
        • Pont-de-Montvert
          • Vialas
    No reference listed
    • Rhône-Alpes
      • Loire
        • La Pacaudière
          • Le Crozet
    Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22.
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Frohnbach valley
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Stuttgart
        • Ostfildern
    Walenta, K.: Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1960): 150-159.
    • Schleswig-Holstein
      • Bredstedt
        • Joldelund
    A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
    Greenland
     
    • Qaasuitsup
      • Qeqertarsuaq Island (Disko Island)
    Ulff-Møller, F. (1985): Solidification History of the KitdlÎt Lens: Immiscible Metal and Sulphide Liquids from a Basaltic Dyke on Disko, Central West Greenland Journal of Petrology. 26,64-91.
    Italy
     
    • Aosta Valley
      • Saint-Marcel
        • Servette-Chuc mining complex
    Tumiati, S.; Casartelli, P.; Mambretti, A.; Martin, S.; Frizzo, P.; Rottoli, M. (2005): The ancient mine of Servette (Saint-Marcel, Val d' Aosta, western Italian Alps): A mineralogical, metallurgical and charcoal analysis of furnace slags. Archaeometry 47, 317-340.
    • Emilia-Romagna
      • Ferrara Province
    [var: Magnesiowüstite] E. K. Zinner, C. Caillet & A. El Goresy (1991). Evidence for extraneous origin of a magnesiowüstite-metal Fremdling from the Vigarano CV3 chondrite. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 102, #33-34, 252-264.
    Libya
     
    • Al Jufrah District
      • Dar al Gani
    [var: Magnesiowüstite] Masaaki Miyahara1, Eiji Ohtani, Shin Ozawa, Makoto Kimura, Ahmed El Goresy, Takeshi Sakai1, Toshiro Nagase1, Kenji Hiraga, Naohisa Hirao, Yasuo Ohishi (2011) Dissociation of olivine to silicate-perovskite and magesiowustite in the shocked Martian meteorite DaG 735. Japan Geooscience Union Meeting Makuhari, Chiba Japan.
    Namibia
     
    • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
      • Tsumeb
    Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
    Oman
     
    • Dhofar Province (Al Janubiyah Province)
    D.D. Badjukov et al. , Lunar and Planetary Science, XXXVI (2005), 1684.pdf
    Poland
     
    • Małopolskie
      • Olkusz District
    Ref.: Kucha H., Jędrzejczyk B. 1995: Primary minerals of mining and metallurgical Zn-Pb dumps at Bukowno, Poland, and their stability during weathering. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 26, No 2, 75-99
    Romania
     
    • Maramureș Co.
    http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu; Hîrtopanu, P. (2006) One Hundred Minerals For One Hundred Years (dedicated To The Centennial Of The Geological Institute Of Romania) Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series 5, Szeged, p38
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Krasnoyarsk Territory (Krasnoyarsk Kray; Krasnoyarskii Krai)
        • Targhasa massif
    L. N. Novoselova, A. Yu. Lyul (1986) Geochemical characteristics of iron silicides from Lower Cambrian reefal limestones, Krasnoyarsk. International Geology Review 28:114-118
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
    [World of Stones 12:49]
      • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
        • Kureika river
          • Dzheltul'skii massif
    P.M. Kartashov data
        • Taimyr Peninsula
          • Khatanga
            • Malaya Romanikha River
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Primorskiy Kray
        • Sikhote-Alin Mts
          • Paseka village
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    • Northern Region
      • Karelia Republic
    www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2003/pdf/5072.pdf.
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
    Cesnokov, B., Kotrly, M. and Nisanbajev, T. (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
    South Africa
     
    • Mpumalanga Province
      • Nkangala District
        • Delmas
    Minerals of South Africa
    Spain
     
    • Canary Islands
      • Las Palmas Province
        • Fuerteventura
          • Fuerteventura basal complex
    Groznova M.V., Kogarko L.N.. Senin V.G. (2001) Mineral composition of silicocarbonatites from Fuertaventura Island. in Abstracts – GEODE field workshop 8-12th July 2001 on ilmenite deposits in the Rogaland anorthosite province, S. Norway.
    Sudan
     
    • Nar an Nil
    Mariam Horstmann, M. Humayun, D. Harries, F. Langenhorst, N. L. Chabot & Addi Bischoff (2012). 43rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, held March 19-23, 2012 at The Woodlands, Texas. LPI Contribution No. 1659, id.1876.
    The Moon
    J. Frondel (2009), Lunar Mineralogy, Wiley Interscience
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Coconino Co.
        • Winslow
          • Meteor Crater and vicinity
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 129, 273, 427.
    • Pennsylvania
      • Chester Co.
        • State Line Chromite District
    Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology v. 41, no. 3/4.
      • Lancaster Co.
        • State Line Chromite District
    Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology Fall/Winter 2011
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