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Austinite

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Austin Flint Rogers 1877 1957
Formula:
CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Colorless to pale ...
Lustre:
Sub-Adamantine, Sub-Vitreous, Greasy, Silky
Hardness:
4 - 4½
Name:
Named by Lloyd Williams Staples in 1935 in honor of Austin Flint Rogers (August 16, 1877 Lathrop, Missouri, USA -March 10, 1957 Berkeley, California, USA), American mineralogist at Stanford University.

Classification of Austinite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
8.BH.35

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
H : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH,etc.):RO4 = 1:1
Dana 7th ed.:
41.5.1.2
41.5.1.3

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
5 : (AB)2(XO4)Zq
20.3.9

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
3 : Arsenates of Zn, Cd or Hg
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-432.html
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Type Occurrence of Austinite

Year of Discovery:
1935
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Oxidized zone of metal deposit.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Occurrences of Austinite

Geological Setting:
A rare mineral in the oxidation zone of arsenic bearing base metal deposits.

Physical Properties of Austinite

Sub-Adamantine, Sub-Vitreous, Greasy, Silky
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Comment:
Silky in aggregates.
Colour:
Colorless to pale yellowish white or bright green; colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
4 - 4½
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Good on {011}.
Density:
4.13 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.31 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Austinite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
2 2 2 - Disphenoidal
Space Group:
P21 21 21
Space Group Setting:
P21 21 21
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.506(3) Å, b = 9.041(5) Å, c = 5.927(7) Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.83 : 1 : 0.656
Unit Cell Volume:
V 403.01 ų
Z:
4
Morphology:
Enantiomorphous bladed crystals elongated [100], radial fibrous crusts and nodules.
Twinning:
Left and right hand individuals joined on (100) with (010) and (001) coincident.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.781 (50)
3.171 (100)
2.801 (100)
2.637 (100)
2.529 (60)
1.616 (90)
1.509 (70)
Comments:
also ICDD 37-455

Optical Data of Austinite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.759(3) nβ = 1.763(3) nγ = 1.783(3)
2V:
Measured: 47° , Calculated: 50°
Birefringence:
0.024
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.024
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r > v weak
Optical Extinction:
Parallel.
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of Austinite

Formula:
CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Austinite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Conichalcite (see here)
Other Members of Group:
AdeliteCaMg(AsO4)(OH)
ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)
ČechitePb(Fe2+,Mn2+)(VO4)(OH)
CobaltaustiniteCaCo(AsO4)(OH)
ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
DescloizitePb(Zn,Cu)(VO4)(OH)
DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
GabrielsonitePbFe(AsO4)(OH)
GottlobiteCaMg(VO4,AsO4)(OH)
HermannroseiteCaCu(PO4)(OH)
MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
NickelaustiniteCa(Ni,Zn)(AsO4)(OH)
PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
VuagnatiteCaAl(SiO4)(OH)
8.BH.05ThadeuiteCa(Mg,Fe2+)3(PO4)2(OH,F)2
8.BH.10DurangiteNaAl(AsO4)F
8.BH.10IsokiteCaMg(PO4)F
8.BH.10LacroixiteNaAl(PO4)F
8.BH.10MaxwelliteNaFe3+(AsO4)F
8.BH.10PanasqueiraiteCaMg(PO4)(OH,F)
8.BH.10TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
8.BH.15DrugmanitePb(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH)2
8.BH.20Bjarebyite(Ba,Sr)(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3
8.BH.20CirroliteCa3Al2(PO4)3(OH)3 (?)
8.BH.20KulaniteBa(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)2(PO4)3(OH)3
8.BH.20PenikisiteBa(Mg,Fe2+,Ca)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3
8.BH.20PerloffiteBa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe23+(PO4)3(OH)3
8.BH.20JohntomaiteBaFe22+Fe23+(PO4)3(OH)3
8.BH.25Bertossaite(Li,Na)2(Ca,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)4(OH,F)4
8.BH.25Palermoite(Li,Na)2(Sr,Ca)Al4(PO4)4(OH)4
8.BH.30CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
8.BH.30SewarditeCaFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
8.BH.35AdeliteCaMg(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35CobaltaustiniteCaCo(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35GabrielsonitePbFe(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35NickelaustiniteCa(Ni,Zn)(AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
8.BH.35GottlobiteCaMg(VO4,AsO4)(OH)
8.BH.35HermannroseiteCaCu(PO4)(OH)
8.BH.40ČechitePb(Fe2+,Mn2+)(VO4)(OH)
8.BH.40DescloizitePb(Zn,Cu)(VO4)(OH)
8.BH.40MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
8.BH.40PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)
8.BH.45BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
8.BH.45VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2
8.BH.50PaganoiteNiBi(AsO4)O
8.BH.55JagoweriteBaAl2(PO4)2(OH)2
8.BH.60Attakolite(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4
8.BH.65LeningraditePbCu3(VO4)2Cl
20.3.1AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
20.3.2ParadamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
20.3.3KoritnigiteZn(HAsO4) · H2O
20.3.4LegranditeZn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2O
20.3.5WarikahniteZn3(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
20.3.6KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
20.3.7StranskiiteZn2Cu(AsO4)2
20.3.8Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
20.3.10ProsperiteCaZn2(AsO4)(HAsO4)(OH)
20.3.11GaititeCa2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
20.3.12ZincroseliteCa2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2O
20.3.13O'DanieliteNa(Zn,Mg)3H2(AsO4)3
20.3.14JohilleriteNa(Mg,Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3
20.3.15Holdenite(Mn2+,Mg)6Zn3(AsO4)2(SiO4)(OH)8
20.3.16Chudobaite(Mg,Zn)5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2O
20.3.17Chlorophoenicite(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
20.3.18LotharmeyeriteCa(Zn,Mn3+)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
20.3.19Metaköttigite(Zn,Fe,Fe)3(AsO4)2 · 8(H2O,OH)
20.3.20OjuelaiteZnFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
20.3.21FahleiteZn5CaFe2(AsO4)6 · 14H2O
20.3.22KeyiteCu32+Zn4Cd2(AsO4)6 · 2H2O

Other Names for Austinite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Austinite

Reference List:
Staples, L. W. (1935): Austinite, a new arsenate mineral, from Gold Hill, Utah. American Mineralogist: 20: 112-119.

Ahlfeld and Mosebach (1936) Zentralblatt Mineralien: 226, 287 (as Brickerit).

Brendler (1938) American Mineralogist: 23: 347.

Strunz, H. (1939): Mineralien der Descloizitgruppe. Konichalcit, Staszizit, Austinit, Duftit, Aräoxen, Volborthit, Pyrobelonit. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig (A) 101, 496-506.

Richmond (1940) American Mineralogist: 25: 441.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 809-810.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1988): 159-166.

Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.: 43.

Internet Links for Austinite

Specimens:
The following Austinite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Austinite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Leigh Creek
          • Puttapa
Personal collection of M. Willoughby. EDAX and SEM confirmed.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Rauris valley
        • Hüttwinkl valley
          • Alteck - Hoher Sonnblick area
            • Kolm-Saigurn
A. Strasser: Die MInerale Salzburgs (1989)
Niedermayr, G. & Wittern, A. (2009): Mineralreiches Österreich - Tirol, Salzburg, Vorarlberg. Bode Verlag, Haltern, 144 pp.
Bolivia
 
  • La Paz Department
    • Aroma Province
      • Laurani District
Ahlfeld and Mosebach (1936) Zentralblatt Mineralien: 226, 287 (Brickerit); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 810.
Bulgaria
 
  • Vratsa Oblast (Vratza)
    • Balkan Mts (Stara Planina)
Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001). Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 54(6), 39.
Chile
 
  • Atacama Region
    • Chañaral province
      • El Salado
        • Diego de Almagro
          • Pampa Capitana
            • La Florida district
Ruiz Fuller C.-Peebles F.; "Yacimientos metalíferos de Chile", Fondecyt, Stgo 1988, Chile
    • Copiapó Province
      • Tierra Amarilla
        • Pampa Larga district
M. Dini collection
China
 
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Alxa League (Alashan Prefecture)
      • Ejin Banner (Ejina Co.)
Dianhao Huang and Baolin Wang (1997): Journal of Precious Metallic Geology 6(2), 93-100; Wensong Yu, Changxi Liao, and Guo Chen (2013): Gold Science and Technology 21(2), 24-27
France
 
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
      • Huelgoat (Locmaria-Berrien)
R.PIERROT, L. CHAURIS, C. LAFORET (1973) : "Inventaire minéralogique de la France : 29- Finistère.", B.R.G.M. Paris.
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Montferrer
Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et Minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 53-59. Berbain, C. & Favreau, G. (2010): Austinite plombifère de Can Pei, Montferrer (Pyrénées-Orientales), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 108(2), 31.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Gengenbach
        • Haigerach valley
Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
      • Lahr
        • Reichenbach
          • Weiler
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Lahn valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Frücht
Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Schneeberg District
        • Wolfgang Maaßen Mine field
J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2005): Neufunde aus dem Bergrevier Schneeberg im Erzgebirge. Lapis 30 (7-8), 71-73; 81-82.
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
LAPIS 24 (7/8) 1999; Wendel, W. and Markl, G. (1999) Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24 (7/8):34-52
Katerinopoulos, A. (1996): Bisher nicht bekannte Minerale aus den Lavrion-Bergwerken. Lapis, 21 (11), 39; 62.
No reference listed
            • Hilarion area
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
        • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
No reference listed
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Rudabányai Mts
      • Rudabánya
BRANDSTÄTTER, F. und G. NIEDERMAYR (2001) Austinit von Rudabánya, Ungarn.- Mineralien-Welt 12 (6), 31.; Szakáll: Minerals of Rudabánya, 2001
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Casas Grandes
      • San Pedro Corralitos
Min Rec 35:6 pp4-17
Wendell W. (2004) - Famous Mineral Localities: San Pedro Corralitos. Mineralogical Record 35(6), 4-17,65.
  • Durango
    • Mun. de Mapimí
      • Mapimí
Thomas P. Moore (2008) Lapis, 33, #7-8, 33-40.
Rocks & Min.: 56:247.; Moore, T.P. and Megaw, P.K.M. (2003): Famous mineral localities: The Ojuela mine, Mapimi, Durango, Mexico. The Mineralogical Record, 34(5), 1-91
Moore, T.P. and Megaw, P.K.M. (2003): Famous mineral localities: The Ojuela mine, Mapimi, Durango, Mexico. The Mineralogical Record, 34(5), 1-91
Thomas P. Moore (2008) Lapis, 33, #7-8, 33-40.
Thomas P. Moore (2008) Lapis, 33, #7-8, 33-40.
Morocco
 
  • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
        • Bou Azer District (Bou Azzer District)
          • Aghbar
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
JP Barral collection
Favreau, G., Dietrich, J. E., Meisser, N., Brugger, J., Ait Haddouch, L. & Maacha, L. (2007): Bou Azzer, Morocco. Mineralogical Record 38, 345-407
[var: Cuprian Austinite] Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
          • Oumlil
[var: Cuprian Austinite] Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Namibia
 
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Grootfontein District
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 247 pp. (in English)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
Poland
 
  • Świętokrzyskie
    • Świętokrzyskie Mts (Holy Cross Mts)
      • Kielce District
        • Chęciny
Bzowska, G., Karwowski, Ł., Juzaszek, A. (2003): New phosphate and arsenate minerals from Miedzianka near Chęciny (Holy Cross Mts). Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, Vol. 23
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
        • El Molar
Joan Abella i Creus (2008): Minerals I Mines De La Conca De Bellmunt Del Priorat.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Tombstone Hills
Raman analysis by Bob Jenkins on aspecimen in the Bruce J. Murphy collection;
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Hayden area
            • Chilito
Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Galiuro Mts
        • Table Mountain District
          • Table Mountain area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 124; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
        • Russ District
          • Reward
Adams, Paul (2010) The Brown Monster and Reward Mines Inyo County, California. Mineralogical Record 41:175-193.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Clark Mts (Clark Mountain Range)
        • Clark Mountain District
          • Pactolus
            • Mohawk Hill
[Mineralien Welt 1/93:44]
  • Colorado
    • Hinsdale Co.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
MinRec 11:13
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Chalk Mountain District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Westgate District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Railroad Springs District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Weepah District
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Iron Point District
        • Valmy
Dr. William S. Wise presentation to Northwest Micro Mineral Study Group on 1 May 2004, Update on Mineralogy of the Silver Coin Mine, Iron Point District, Edna Mountains, Humboldt Co., Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • Bullion District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Silver King District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Mineral Co.
      • Bell District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Lodi Hills
        • Lodi District
          • Quartz Mountain camp
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; Rocks & Minerals (2010) 85:512-524
      • Reveille Range
        • Reveille District
          • Reveille
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Washoe Co.
      • Dogskin Mountain District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Dunn (1995)
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Dunn, P.J., Mineralogical Record: 10: 160-165; Dunn, Pete J. (1995): Franklin and Sterling Hill New Jersey: the world’s most magnificent mineral deposits, part: 5: 658.
  • New Mexico
    • Hidalgo Co.
      • Peloncillo Mts
        • San Simon District
Minerals of New Mexico, Northrup (3rd Ed., LaBruzza, 1996)
      • San Simon District
        • Granite Gap
R&M 77:5 p298-305
Twenty-fourth Annual New Mexico Mineral Symposium
    • Lincoln Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
        • Gallinas Mts
[var: Cuprian Austinite] Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • Tintic District
          • Mammoth
Collected by John Dagenais and in the collection of Alex Earl
    • Tooele Co.
      • Deep Creek Mts
        • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
          • Gold Hill
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 810; American Mineralogist (1971): 56: 1359. Kokinos, M. and Wise, W.S. (1993), Famous Mineral Localities: the Gold Hill mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Record: 24(1): 11-22.
Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22
Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22
Kokinos, M. and Wise, W.S. (1993), Famous Mineral Localities: the Gold Hill mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Record: 24(1): 11-22.
Kokinos, M. and Wise, W.S. (1993), Famous Mineral Localities: the Gold Hill mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Record: 24(1): 11-22.
Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22
  • Washington
    • Stevens Co.
      • Huckleberry Range
        • Deer Trail & Cedar Canyon Districts
          • Adams Mountain
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.52
Zambia
 
  • Central Province
    • Kabwe District
http://www.lrz.de/~mineralogische-sammlungen-dmg/analysen/austinit.htm (analysis Rubert Hochleitner)
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