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Xanthoconite

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Formula:
Ag
 
3
AsS
 
3
System:MonoclinicColour:Red-orange, ...
Lustre:AdamantineHardness:2 - 3
Name:From Greek "xanthos", yellow, and "konis", powder, for the yellow colour of the streak.
Dimorph of:Proustite


Proustite Group. The monoclinic dimorph of Proustite.

Classification of Xanthoconite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/E.07-30
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.GA.10

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
G : Sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites
A : Neso-sulfarsenites, etc. without additional S
Dana 8th edition ID:3.4.2.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
4 : ø = 3
Hey's CIM Ref.:5.2.4

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
2 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Ag
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Type Occurrence of Xanthoconite

Type Locality:Himmelsfürst Mine, Brand-Erbisdorf, Freiberg District, Erzgebirge, Saxony, Germany
Year of Discovery:1840

Occurrences of Xanthoconite

Geological Setting:Hydrothermal veins

Physical Properties of Xanthoconite

Lustre:Adamantine
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent
Colour:Red-orange, yellow-orange, red-brown, brown
Streak:Orange-yellow
Hardness (Mohs):2 - 3
Hardness (Vickers):VHN25=71 - 93 kg/mm2
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Distinct/Good
Distinct on {001}
Fracture:Sub-Conchoidal
Density (measured):5.54(14) g/cm3
Density (calculated):5.53 g/cm3

Crystallography of Xanthoconite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:B2/b
Cell Parameters:a = 11.99Å, b = 6.26Å, c = 17.08Å
β = 110°
Ratio:a:b:c = 1.915 : 1 : 2.728
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,204.67 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:8
Morphology:Tabular, laths, pyramids
Twinning:{001}
pseudoorthorhombic twins

Chemical Properties of Xanthoconite

Formula:
Ag
 
3
AsS
 
3
Simplified for copy/paste:Ag3AsS3
Essential elements:Ag, As, S
All elements listed in formula:Ag, As, S

Relationship of Xanthoconite to other Species

Structurally related to group(s):
Proustite Group
Common Associates:
PyrargyriteProustiteCalciteArsenicAcanthite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.GA.05Proustite
Ag
 
3
AsS
 
3
2.GA.05Pyrargyrite
Ag
 
3
SbS
 
3
2.GA.10Pyrostilpnite
Ag
 
3
SbS
 
3
2.GA.15Samsonite
Ag
 
4
MnSb
 
2
S
 
6
2.GA.20Skinnerite
Cu
 
3
SbS
 
3
2.GA.20Wittichenite
Cu
 
3
BiS
 
3
2.GA.25Lapieite
NiCuSbS
 
3
2.GA.25Mückeite
NiCu(Bi,Sb)S
 
3
2.GA.25Malyshevite
PdCuBiS
 
3
2.GA.25Lisiguangite
PtCuBiS
 
3
2.GA.30Aktashite
Cu
 
6
Hg
 
3
As
 
4
S
 
12
2.GA.30Gruzdevite
Cu
 
6
Hg
 
3
Sb
 
4
S
 
12
2.GA.30Nowackiite
Cu
 
6
Zn
 
3
As
 
4
S
 
12
2.GA.35Laffittite
AgHgAsS
 
3
2.GA.40Routhiérite
Tl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)
 
2
(As,Sb)
 
2
S
 
6
2.GA.40Stalderite
Tl(Cu,Ag)(Zn,Fe,Hg)
 
2
(As,Sb)
 
2
S
 
6
2.GA.45Erniggliite
Tl
 
2
SnAs
 
2
S
 
6
2.GA.50Bournonite
PbCuSbS
 
3
2.GA.50Seligmannite
PbCuAsS
 
3
2.GA.50Součekite
PbCuBi(S,Se)
 
3
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
5.2.1Smithite
AgAsS
 
2
5.2.2Trechmannite
AgAsS
 
2
5.2.3Proustite
Ag
 
3
AsS
 
3
5.2.5Pearceite
[(Ag,Cu)
 
6
(As,Sb)
 
2
S
 
7
][Ag
 
9
CuS
 
4
]
5.2.6Pearceite-T2ac
5.2.7Argentotennantite
Ag
 
6
[Cu
 
4
(Fe,Zn)
 
2
]As
 
4
S
 
13
5.2.8Miargyrite
AgSbS
 
2
5.2.9Pyrargyrite
Ag
 
3
SbS
 
3
5.2.10Pyrostilpnite
Ag
 
3
SbS
 
3
5.2.11Stephanite
Ag
 
5
SbS
 
4
5.2.12Polybasite
[(Ag,Cu)
 
6
(Sb,As)
 
2
S
 
7
][Ag
 
9
CuS
 
4
]
5.2.13Billingsleyite
Ag
 
7
AsS
 
6
5.2.14Polybasite-Tac
5.2.15Freibergite
Ag
 
6
[Cu
 
4
Fe
 
2
]Sb
 
4
S
 
13-x
5.2.16Aramayoite
Ag(Sb,Bi)S
 
2
5.2.17Matildite
AgBiS
 
2
5.2.18Schapbachite
Ag
 
0.4
Pb
 
0.2
Bi
 
0.4
S
5.2.19Pavonite
(Ag,Cu)(Bi,Pb)
 
3
S
 
5
5.2.20Arcubisite
Ag
 
6
CuBiS
 
4
5.2.21Bohdanowiczite
AgBiSe
 
2
5.2.22Selenostephanite
Ag
 
5
Sb(Se,S)
 
4
5.2.23Benleonardite
Ag
 
8
(Sb,As)Te
 
2
S
 
3
5.2.24Volynskite
AgBiTe
 
2

Other Names for Xanthoconite

Synonyms:
RittingeriteXanthocone
Other Languages:
German:Rittingerit
Xanthokon
Xanthokonit
Russian:Ксантоконит
Spanish:Rittingerita
Xanthoconita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Xanthoconite

Reference List:

- +
Breithaupt, A. (1840), Xanthokon, ein neues Glied der Ordnung der Blenden. Journal für Praktische Chemie: 20: 67-69.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 371-372.

Mineralogical Magazine (1950): 35: 72.

Acta Crystallographica (1968): B24: 77-81.

Internet Links for Xanthoconite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Xanthoconite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Xanthoconite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • Victoria
      • Campaspe Shire
        • Cornella
    A. R. Seymon, 2006, Nickel Propectivity in Victoria, Geological Survey of Victoria Technical Record 2006/3
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Nicola Mining Division
        • Coquihalla Pass
    R. O. Meyer collection, composition confirmed by EDS/WDS analysis and morphological consistency
    • Ontario
      • Timiskaming District
        • Cobalt-Gowganda region
          • Cobalt area
            • Coleman Township
    Petruk (1971): The Silver-Arsenide Deposits of the Cobalt-Gowganda Region, Ontario. Can. Mineral. 11, 213
    Dana 7:I:372.
    the Canadian Mineralogist V 11 Part 1 1971
    Petruk (1971): The Silver-Arsenide Deposits of the Cobalt-Gowganda Region, Ontario. Can. Mineral. 11, 196-231
          • Gowganda area
            • Haultain Township
    RWMW Specimen
            • Nichol Township
    Petruk (1971): The Silver-Arsenide Deposits of the Cobalt-Gowganda Region, Ontario. Can. Mineral. 11, 196-231; Ann P. Sabina (1974) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector: Cobalt-Belleferre-Timmins; Ontario and Quebec. Canadian Geological Survey Paper 73-13
          • South Lorrain Township
    Dana 7:I: 311, 321 & 368; MinRec 13:109
    Chile
     
    • Atacama Region
      • Copiapó Province
        • Chañarcillo
    Dana 7:I:372.
    A. Moesta; "Chlor, Brom und Jodverbindungen des Silbers in der natur"; Facultat zu Marburg; Schnellpressendruck von C.L. Pfeil, Marburg, 1869
      • Huasco Province
        • Vallenar
          • Agua Amarga District
    sample collected by MDini, visual identification
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
        • Příbram
          • Háje
    Sejkora, J., Litochleb, J., Knížek, F., Škácha, P.: Charakteristika výskytu Ag-mineralizace na žíle H61Z pod 6. patrem, šachta 21, příbramský uran-polymetalický revír. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2007, roč. 14-15, s. 107-113.
          • Třebsko
    Kašpar, P., Řídkošil, T., Šrein, V.: Minerogeneze žíly T 1 z Třebska u Příbrami. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1983, vol. 27, nos. 1-2, s. 61-96.
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
          • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
    Duda, Rejl, Slivka: "Mineralien", 1991
      • Liberec Region
        • Liberec
    Fengl, M.: Mineralogie těžených fluoritových ložisek (1.). Minerál, 1998, 6, 2, 243–252.
      • Ústí Region
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
          • Dubí (Eichwald)
    Sejkora, J.: Minerály ložiska Moldava v Krušných horách. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1994, roč. 2, s. 110-116.
          • Klášterec nad Ohří
    No reference listed
    - Hyrsl, J. & Korbel, P. (2009): Tschechien & Slowakei, Mineralien und Fundstellen. Page 60-75.
    France
     
    • Alsace
      • Bas-Rhin
        • Bruche valley (Breuch valley)
          • Schirmeck
    Alain Steinmetz Collection, Analysed by Nicolas Meisser; Lausanne Geological Museum
      • Haut-Rhin
        • Ste Marie-aux-Mines (Markirch)
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
          • Neuenberg
    "Les minéraux, leurs gisements, leurs associations", P. Bariand, F. Cesbron et J. Geffroy (1977), Editions Minéraux et Fossiles, BRGM
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
    • Auvergne
      • Haute-Loire
        • La Chaise-Dieu
          • Saint-Pal-de-Senouire
    P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
    • Lorraine
      • Vosges
        • La-Croix-aux-Mines District
          • La-Croix-aux-Mines
    P Haas collection
    • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
      • Hautes-Alpes
        • La Chapelle-en-Valgaudémar
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, P.A. Poulain, "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France : Hautes-Alpes", BRGM, 1972
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Alpirsbach
          • Reinerzau District
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Lahr
          • Reichenbach
            • Weiler
    S Wolfsried collection
        • Schapbach
          • Wildschapbach valley
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Schenkenzell
          • Wittichen
            • Böckelsbach valley
    Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
            • Burgfelsen
    No reference listed
            • Heubach Valley
    No reference listed
        • St Blasien
          • Urberg
    Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Wieden
    Aufschluss 71(6), 195-200
    • Hesse
      • Odenwald
        • Mühltal
          • Nieder-Beerbach
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • St Andreasberg District
          • St Andreasberg
    No reference listed
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
    Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 2
        • Ehrenfriedersdorf
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Freiberg District
          • Brand-Erbisdorf
    A. Breithaupt (1840): Xanthokon, ein neues Glied der Ordnung der Blenden.- Journal für praktische Chemie 20, 67-69
          • Freiberg
            • Himmelfahrt Mine
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
          • Kleinvoigtsberg
    P Haas collection
          • Obergruna
    Andreas Gerstenberg collection
        • Marienberg District
          • Lauta
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Schlema-Hartenstein District
          • Schlema
            • Niederschlema
    O Dziallas collection
        • Schneeberg District
          • Neustädtel
    Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
    Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
    Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
          • Zschorlau
    M Kampf collection
    Greece
     
    • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
      • Kykládes Prefecture
        • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
          • Tinos Island
    Tombros, S.F. (2008): Later stages of evolution of an epithermal system: Au-Ag mineralization at Apigania Bay, Tinos, Island, Cyclades, Hellas, Greece. Min.Pet. (in press)
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Plaka
            • Plaka Mines
    No reference listed
    Hungary
     
    • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
      • Rudabányai Mtns
    No reference listed
      • Zemplén Mtns (Tokaj Mtns)
        • Telkibánya
    Sándor Szakáll; Tamás Weiszburg (1994) Minerals of Telkibánya, NE-Hungary. Miskolc Herman Ottó Múzeum
    Ireland
     
    • Co. Tipperary
      • Silvermines District
    Econ Geol (1984) 79:529-548
    Italy
     
    • Tuscany
      • Lucca Province
        • Apuan Alps
          • Pietrasanta
            • Valdicastello Carducci
    Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., Pardini, S. & Passarino, G. (2012). Sterryite e parasterryite. I solfosali aciculari di piombo e argento della miniera del Pollone (Pietrasanta, Lucca). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2012, 76-91
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Kanto Region
        • Tochigi Prefecture
          • Nikko City
            • Kuriyamamura
    Kato (1968) Chigaku Kenkyu, 19, 309-310.
      • Kinki Region
        • Hyogo Prefecture
          • Asago City
            • Ikuno-cho-ono
    Kato (1973) Sakurai Koubutsu Hyohon, 17.
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Kostanay Province (Qostanay Oblysy; Kostanai Oblast')
    [World of Stones 12:13]; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
    Mexico
     
    • Chihuahua
      • Mun. de Batopilas
        • Andres del Rio District
    [MinRec 17:78]; Wilson, W. and Panczner, C., 1986, Batopilas, Mineralogical Record, v 17: 61-80.
    • Guerrero
      • Mun. de Taxco
        • Taxco de Alarcón (Taxco; Tasco)
    Van King
    • Mexico
      • Mun. de Temascaltepec
        • Temascaltepec de González (Temascaltepec)
    Camprubi, A., Canals, A., Cardellach, E., Prol-Ledesma, R.M., Rivera, R., 2001, The La Guitarra Ag-Au low-sulfidation epithermal deposit, Temascaltepec district, Mexico: vein structure, mineralogy, and sulfide-sulfosalt chemistry. Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication, v. 8, p. 133-158.
    • Zacatecas
      • Mun. de Sombrerete
        • San Martín
          • San Martín-Sabinas District
    Panczner (1987): 399.
      • Mun. de Zacatecas
        • Zacatecas
    Rob Lavinsky
    Morocco
     
    • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
      • Ouarzazate Province
        • Djebel Saghro (Jbel Saghro)
          • Imiter District
    Josef Vajdak / Czech Geoil. Survey. Recent analysis of new material; Uwe Kolitsch collection (analysed by single-crystal XRD)
        • Tazenakht
    S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
            • Bouismas (Bouismass)
    Georges FAVREAU collection;
    Romania
     
    • Hunedoara Co.
      • Deva
    www.minerals-of-the-carpathians,2009
    Russia
     
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Kamchatka Oblast'
    [Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p.163-180]
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
    Ďuďa R.,Kotuľak P., Káňa R., 1993: Bergbau und Mineralien von Banská Štiavnica (Schemnitz), Slowakei. Emser Hefte, 14, 3, 1-70, Haltern
    • Košice Region
      • Trebišov Co.
    Koděra, P., Rojkovičová, Ľ.,Košárková, M., 1998: Mineralógická správa lokality Byšta, Au-Ag. Manuscript, Archiv Geofond, Bratislava, 68 p
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Seville
        • Gerena
    Dr. Cesar Menor-Salvan. Centro de Astrobiologia (INTA-CSIC), Spain
    • Catalonia
      • Tarragona
        • Priorat
          • Falset
    MTI Mineralogía Topográfica Ibérica, 2009
    Sweden
     
    • Lappland
      • Malå
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    Switzerland
     
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Binn Valley
        • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
    No reference listed
    UK
     
    • Wales
      • Powys (Radnorshire)
        • Old Radnor
          • Wethel
    National Museum of Wales Database; Cotterell TF et al (2011) The mineralogy of Dolyhir quarry, Old Radnor. Powys, Wales. UKJMM 32:5-61
    USA
     
    • Alaska
      • Yukon-Koyukuk Borough
        • Innoko District
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • California
      • Kern Co.
        • Rand District
          • Randsburg
    Fred de Vito specimens
    • Colorado
      • Gunnison Co.
        • Ruby District
    [MinRec 14:247]
      • Mineral Co.
        • Creede District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Idaho
      • Elmore Co.
        • Atlanta District
    R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    Dana 7:I:372.
      • Owyhee Co.
    Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
    Rocks & Min. 70:255
    • Montana
      • Flathead Co.
        • Hog Heaven District (Flathead District)
          • Kofford Ridge
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Nevada
      • Lander Co.
    USGS Bull 997
    • New Mexico
      • Santa Fe Co.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
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