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Vanadium

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Freya (Vanadis)
Formula:
V
System:
Isometric
Member of:
Name:
The element was rediscovered in 1830 by Sefstrom, who named the element in honor of the Scandinavian goddess, Vanadis, because of its beautiful multicolored compounds.
Second recognized new V species from the Colima volcano fumaroles after colimaite.

Classification of Vanadium

Approved
1.AE.

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
E : Iron-chromium family
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Type Occurrence of Vanadium

General Appearance of Type Material:
Smooth, irregular to flattened crystals 5-20 μm in diameter. Precipitated in glass tubes from the vapor, but also found on natural rocks.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Geological Museum, Mexican National University, Mexico City, Mexico, sample number FIM 12/01
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Volcanic fumaroles; precipitated in a narrow temperature interval 550-680°C
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Physical Properties of Vanadium

Comment:
Could not be measured
Density:
6.033 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
Could not be determined

Crystallography of Vanadium

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Im3m
Space Group Setting:
Im3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.022Å
Unit Cell Volume:
V 27.6 ų
Z:
2
Morphology:
Irregular to flattened crystals, 5-20 micron in diameter
Comment:
From powder diffraction
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
2.142(100)
1.513(14)
1.230(28)
1.069(8)
0.957(14)
0.871(4)
0.809(10)
Comments:
From Type Description.

Chemical Properties of Vanadium

Formula:
V
All elements listed in formula:
Analytical Data:
Electron microprobe
Empirical Formula:
V0.86Fe0.09Al0.04Ti0.01
Common Impurities:
Fe

Relationship of Vanadium to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
IronFe
SteinhardtiteAl0.38Ni0.32Fe0.30
1.AE.05MolybdenumMo
1.AE.05ChromiumCr
1.AE.05IronFe
1.AE.05Kamacite(Fe,Ni)
1.AE.05TungstenW
1.AE.05UM2001-06-E:CrFeNiFe7Cr2Ni
1.AE.10Taenite(Fe,Ni)
1.AE.10TetrataeniteFeNi
1.AE.10AntitaeniteFe3Ni
1.AE.15ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)
1.AE.15FerchromideCr3Fe1-x
1.AE.15WairauiteCoFe
1.AE.20AwaruiteNi3Fe
1.AE.25JedwabiteFe7(Ta,Nb)3
1.AE.30ManganeseMn

Other Names for Vanadium

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Vanadium

Reference List:
Ostrooumov, M. (2013) Vanadium, IMA 2012-021a. CNMNC Newsletter No. 15, February 2013, page 11; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 1-12.

Ostrooumov, M. & Taran, Yu. (2016): Vanadium, V – a new native element mineral from the Colima volcano, State of Colima (Mexico), and implications for fumarole gas composition. Mineralogical Magazine, 80: 371-382

Internet Links for Vanadium

Localities for Vanadium

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Mexico (TL)
 
  • Jalisco
    • Colima volcanic complex
Ostrooumov, M. (2013) Vanadium, IMA 2012-021a. CNMNC Newsletter No. 15, February 2013, page 11; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 1-12.; Ostrooumov, M. and Taran, Y. (2015): Discovery of Native Vanadium, a New Mineral from the Colima Volcano, State of Colima (Mexico). Revista de la Sociedad Española de Mineralogía, 20, 109-110.
South Africa
 
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
        • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
http://www.dmr.gov.za/publications/summary/121-directories/763-d1-operating-mines-information-2014.html
Mineral and/or Locality  
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