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Yukonite

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Formula:
Ca
 
3
Fe
3+
 
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
3
· 5H
 
2
O
Colour:Red-brownHardness:2 - 3
Name:Named in 1913 by Joseph Burr Tyrrell and Ronald P. D. Graham for its discovery locality, the Daulton Mine, west side of Windy Arm, Tagish Lake, Yukon, Canada.


Easily confused with Arseniosiderite and identifiable only with XRD methods.

Note: The "yukonite" described by Nishikawa et al. (2006) may in fact be identical to the Unnamed (Arseniosiderite-related mineral).

Classification of Yukonite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/D.48-40
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.DM.25

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
M : With large and medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 > 2:1
Dana 8th edition ID:42.8.6.1

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
8 : (AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Hey's CIM Ref.:20.9.12

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
9 : Arsenates of Fe
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Type Occurrence of Yukonite

Type Locality:Daulton Mine, Windy Arm, Tagish Lake, Carcross, Whitehorse Mining District, Yukon Territory, Canada
Year of Discovery:1913

Physical Properties of Yukonite

Colour:Red-brown
Hardness (Mohs):2 - 3
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
14.1 (100)
5.58 (37)
3.25 (57)
2.79 (60)
2.61 (20)
2.33 (3)
2.24 (11)
2.14 (3)
1.76 (9)
1.63 (20)
1.51 (6)
Comments:XRD pattern richer in lines are also known (U. Kolitsch, unpublished data)

Chemical Properties of Yukonite

Formula:
Ca
 
3
Fe
3+
 
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
3
· 5H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Ca3Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)3·5H2O
Essential elements:As, Ca, Fe, H, O
All elements listed in formula:As, Ca, Fe, H, O

Relationship of Yukonite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.DM.05Morinite
NaCa
 
2
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)F
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
8.DM.05Esperanzaite
NaCa
 
2
Al
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)F
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
8.DM.10Clinotyrolite
Ca
 
2
Cu
 
9
(AsO
 
4
,SO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH,O)
 
10
· 10H
 
2
O
8.DM.10Tyrolite
Ca
 
2
Cu
 
9
(AsO
 
4
)
 
4
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
8
· 11H
 
2
O
8.DM.15Betpakdalite-CaCa
[Ca
 
2
(H
 
2
O)
 
17
Ca(H
 
2
O)
 
6
][Mo
6+
8
As
5+
2
Fe
3+
3
O
 
36
(OH)]
8.DM.15Melkovite
[Ca
 
2
(H
 
2
O)
 
15
Ca(H
 
2
O)
 
6
][Mo
 
8
P
 
2
Fe
3+
3
O
 
36
(OH)]
8.DM.15Betpakdalite-NaCa
[Na
 
2
(H
 
2
O)
 
17
Ca(H
 
2
O)
 
6
][Mo
6+
8
As
5+
2
Fe
3+
3
O
 
34
(OH)
 
3
]
8.DM.20Phosphovanadylite-Ba
Ba[V
4+
4
P
 
2
O
 
8
(OH)
 
8
]·12H2O
8.DM.20Phosphovanadylite-Ca
Ca[V
4+
4
P
 
2
O
 
12
(OH)
 
4
] · 12H
 
2
O
8.DM.30Uduminelite
Ca
 
3
Al
 
8
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
O
 
12
· 2H
 
2
O
8.DM.35Delvauxite
CaFe
 
4
(PO
 
4
,SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
8
· 4-6H
 
2
O not confirmed ·
8.DM.40Santafeite
(Na,Ca,Sr)
 
12
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
,Al,Mg)
 
8
Mn
4+
8
(VO
 
4
)
 
16
(OH,O)
 
20
· 8H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
20.9.1Angelellite
Fe
3+
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
O
 
3
20.9.2Scorodite
FeAsO
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
20.9.3Kaňkite
FeAsO
 
4
· 3.5H
 
2
O
20.9.4Ferrisymplesite
Fe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
3
· 5H
 
2
O
20.9.5Kaatialaite
Fe(H
 
2
AsO
 
4
)
 
3
· 5H
 
2
O
20.9.6Symplesite
Fe
2+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
20.9.7Parasymplesite
Fe
2+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
20.9.8Natropharmacosiderite
(Na,K)Fe
3+
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
4
· 6-7H
 
2
O
20.9.9Pharmacosiderite
KFe
3+
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
4
· 6-7H
 
2
O
20.9.10Kolfanite
Ca
 
2
Fe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
O
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
20.9.11Arseniosiderite
Ca
 
2
Fe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
O
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
20.9.13Dussertite
BaFe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
20.9.14Liskeardite
[(Al,Fe)
 
32
(AsO
 
4
)
 
18
(OH)
 
42
(H
 
2
O)
 
22
] · 52H
 
2
O
20.9.15Mapimite
Zn
 
2
Fe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
4
· 10H
 
2
O
20.9.16Ogdensburgite
Ca
 
2
Fe
3+
4
(Zn,Mn
2+
 
)(AsO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
6
· 6H
 
2
O
20.9.17Walentaite
H(Ca,Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)Fe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O

Other Names for Yukonite

Other Languages:
German:Yukonit
Spanish:Yukonita
Varieties:
Chromian Yukonite

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Yukonite

Reference List:

- +
TYRRELL, J.B. & GRAHAM, R.P.D. (1913): Yukonite, a new hydrous arsenate of iron and calcium from Tagish Lake, Yukon Territory, Canada; with a note on the associated symplesite. Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada 7, Section 4, 13-18.
JAMBOR, J.L. (1966): Re-examination of yukonite. Canadian Mineralogist 8, 667(abstr.).
DUNN, P.J. (1982): New data for pitticite and a second occurrence of yukonite at Sterling Hill, New Jersey. Mineralogical Magazine 46, 261-264.
Canadian Mineralogist (1970): 8: 13-18.
Ross, D. R. & Post, J. E. (1997) New data on yukonite. Powder Diffraction 12 (2), 113-116. Abstract: American Mineralogist (1998): 83: 189.
Pieczka, A., Golebiowska, B. and Franus, W. (1998) Yukonite, a rare Ca-Fe arsenate, from Redziny (Sudetes, Poland). Eur. J. Mineral. 10, 1367-1370.
Nishikawa, O., Okrugin, V., Belkova, N., Saji, I., Shiraki, K., Tazaki, K. (2006) Crystal symmetry and chemical composition of yukonite: TEM study of specimens collected from Nalychevskie hot springs, Kamchatka, Russia and from Venus Mine, Yukon Territory, Canada. Mineralogical Magazine: 70: 73-81.
Garavelli, A., Pinto, D., Vurro, F., Mellini, M., Viti, C., Balić-Žunić, T. (2009) Yukonite from “Grotta del Monaca” cave, Sant'Agata di Esaro, Italy: characterization and comparison with cotype material from Daulton mine, Yukon, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 47, 39-51.

Internet Links for Yukonite

Search Engines:
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  • External Links:
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  • Look for Yukonite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Yukonite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Yukonite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • Mineral Classics - Worldwide Collector Quality Minerals and Gems
  • Find Yukonite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • Buy fine minerals and gemstones from Pala International
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  • Fine Minerals from Weinrich Minerals, Inc.
  • SpiriferMinerals.com - high quality low prices
  • Buy minerals from YourMineralCollection
  • Yukonite specimens for sale - minfind.com
  • Buy from David K Joyce minerals
  • Wilensky Fine Minerals
  • Specimens:The following Yukonite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Yukonite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • La Rioja
      • Vinchina Department
        • Quebrada de Cumichango
    Las Especies Minerales de La Republica Argentina
    Austria
     
    • Tyrol
      • North Tyrol
        • Inn valley
          • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
            • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
              • Geyer - Silberberg District
                • Silberberg
    Schnorrer, G. and Poeverlein, R. (2002) Schwaz-Brixlegg-Fundstellen: 2. Die Minerale des Stockerstollens bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss, 53, 209-228.
    Canada
     
    • Yukon Territory
      • Whitehorse Mining District
        • Carcross
          • Tagish Lake
            • Windy Arm
    TYRRELL, J.B. & GRAHAM, R.P.D. (1913): Yukonite, a new hydrous arsenate of iron and calcium from Tagish Lake, Yukon Territory, Canada; with a note on the associated symplesite. Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada 7, Section 4, 13-18. JAMBOR, J.L. (1966): Re-examination of yukonite. Canadian Mineralogist 8, 667(abstr.).
    Sabina A.P. (1992) Rock and minerals for the collector: The Alaska highway; Dawson Creek, B.C. to Yukon/Alaska border Geological Survey of Canada, Misc. Report 50: 41.
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Schenkenzell
    Walenta, K. (1996): Neufunde aus dem Schwarzwald. 6. Folge, 1. Teil. Lapis 21 (7-8), 70-76.
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Frohnbach valley
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
            • Rankach valley
    SCHNORRER-KÖHLER, G. (1991): Mineralogische Notizen V. - Aufschluss 42 (3), 155-171; Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
    • Bavaria
      • Franconia
        • Spessart
          • Hösbach
            • Sailauf
              • Hartkoppe
    see locality page
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Eifel
        • Hillesheim
    Hentschel, G., Die Lavaströme der Graulai: eine neue Fundstelle in der Westeifel, Lapis, Weise Verlag München, 09/1993
      • Palatinate
        • Winnweiler
    Meisl, S (1985)
    • Saxony-Anhalt
      • Harz
        • Wernigerode
          • Hasserode
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    Italy
     
    • Calabria
      • Cosenza Province
        • S. Agata di Esaro
    The Canadian Mineralogist; February 2009; v. 47; no. 1; p. 39-51
    Morocco
     
    • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
      • Ouarzazate Province
        • Tazenakht
          • Bou Azer District (Bou Azzer District)
            • Bou Azer
    [var: Chromian Yukonite] N. Meisser, J. Brugger (2006): "Bouazzerit und Maghrebit, zwei neue Arsenatmineralien aus dem Revier Bou Azzer, Marokko", Lapis 31(7/8), 69-71
    Norway
     
    • Buskerud
      • Nedre Eiker
    Nilsen, Ø. J (2000): Steintur fra MIF-hytta til Korsgårdseter. DG-nytt (Drammen Geologiforening). 19 (1), 12-14
    • Nordland
      • Bindal
        • Kolsvika
    Pers. Com. G. Raade (Feb. 1993) in Geologisk Museum. Interne notater 1990-1993. Published by Geologisk Museums Venner, Oslo 1993, p 171-173
    • Vestfold
      • Larvik
        • Tvedalen
          • Tuften (Tuften 1 Quarry; Tuften 2 Quarry)
    Larsen, A. O. (2013): Contributions to the mineralogy of the syenite pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex. Norsk Bergverksmuseet Skrift 50, 101-109.
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
        • Czarnów
          • Rędziny
    Domańska, J.: Rędziny. Otoczak, nr. 29, p. 38-52; Pieczka, A., Golebiowska, B. and Franus, W. (1998): Yukonite, a rare Ca-Fe arsenate, from Redziny (Sudetes, Poland). Eur. J. Mineral. 10, 1367-1370.
    Spain
     
    • Aragón
      • Zaragoza
        • Alpartir
    Calvo, M. (2008). Minerales de Aragón. Prames,Zaragoza. 463 pags.
    • Murcia
      • Lorca
    MinRec-2003-0708-315
      • Mazarrón-Águilas
        • Pastrana
    Jordi Fabre
    Switzerland
     
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Anniviers Valley
        • Saint-Luc
    Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    USA
     
    • Colorado
      • Chaffee Co.
        • Buena Vista
          • Trout Creek Pass pegmatite District
    Eckel, E. B.(1997): Minerals of Colorado. [Updated and revised edition]. Fulcrum Publishing. 665 pages
    • Nevada
      • Mineral Co.
        • Fitting District
          • Luning
            • Rhyolite Pass
    Marco Ciriotti collection (analysed only by SEM-EDS, 2005)
    • New Jersey
      • Sussex Co.
        • Franklin Mining District
          • Ogdensburg
            • Sterling Hill
    Dunn(1995):Pt5:685.
    Mineral and/or Locality  
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    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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