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|Colour:||Red-brown||Hardness:||2 - 3|
|Name:||Named in 1913 by Joseph Burr Tyrrell and Ronald P. D. Graham for its discovery locality, the Daulton Mine, west side of Windy Arm, Tagish Lake, Yukon, Canada.|
Easily confused with Arseniosiderite and identifiable only with XRD methods.
Note: The "yukonite" described by Nishikawa et al. (2006) may in fact be identical to the Unnamed (Arseniosiderite-related mineral).
Classification of Yukonite
|IMA status:||Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"|
|Strunz 8th edition ID:||7/D.48-40|
|Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:||8.DM.25|
8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
M : With large and medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 > 2:1
|Dana 8th edition ID:||184.108.40.206|
42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
8 : (AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
|Hey's CIM Ref.:||20.9.12|
20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
9 : Arsenates of Fe
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Type Occurrence of Yukonite
|Type Locality:||Daulton Mine, Windy Arm, Tagish Lake, Carcross, Whitehorse Mining District, Yukon Territory, Canada|
|Year of Discovery:||1913|
Physical Properties of Yukonite
|Hardness (Mohs):||2 - 3|
|X-Ray Powder Diffraction:|
|Comments:||XRD pattern richer in lines are also known (U. Kolitsch, unpublished data)|
Chemical Properties of Yukonite
|Simplified for copy/paste:||Ca3Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)3·5H2O|
|Essential elements:||As, Ca, Fe, H, O|
|All elements listed in formula:||As, Ca, Fe, H, O|
Relationship of Yukonite to other Species
|Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):|
|Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:|
Other Names for Yukonite
|Health Warning:||No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.|
References for Yukonite
TYRRELL, J.B. & GRAHAM, R.P.D. (1913): Yukonite, a new hydrous arsenate of iron and calcium from Tagish Lake, Yukon Territory, Canada; with a note on the associated symplesite. Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada 7, Section 4, 13-18.
JAMBOR, J.L. (1966): Re-examination of yukonite. Canadian Mineralogist 8, 667(abstr.).
DUNN, P.J. (1982): New data for pitticite and a second occurrence of yukonite at Sterling Hill, New Jersey. Mineralogical Magazine 46, 261-264.
Canadian Mineralogist (1970): 8: 13-18.
Ross, D. R. & Post, J. E. (1997) New data on yukonite. Powder Diffraction 12 (2), 113-116. Abstract: American Mineralogist (1998): 83: 189.
Pieczka, A., Golebiowska, B. and Franus, W. (1998) Yukonite, a rare Ca-Fe arsenate, from Redziny (Sudetes, Poland). Eur. J. Mineral. 10, 1367-1370.
Nishikawa, O., Okrugin, V., Belkova, N., Saji, I., Shiraki, K., Tazaki, K. (2006) Crystal symmetry and chemical composition of yukonite: TEM study of specimens collected from Nalychevskie hot springs, Kamchatka, Russia and from Venus Mine, Yukon Territory, Canada. Mineralogical Magazine: 70: 73-81.
Garavelli, A., Pinto, D., Vurro, F., Mellini, M., Viti, C., Balić-Žunić, T. (2009) Yukonite from “Grotta del Monaca” cave, Sant'Agata di Esaro, Italy: characterization and comparison with cotype material from Daulton mine, Yukon, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 47, 39-51.
Internet Links for Yukonite
|Specimens:||The following Yukonite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.|
Localities for Yukonite
The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
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Locality Updated: Riverton Mine, Kimberley, Francis Baard District, Northern Cape Province, South AfricaFrom Debbie Woolf, 20th Apr 2014 20:20:42