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Zeolite Group

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A group name for a large number of framework alumosilicates (and, rarely, beryllosilicates, zincosilicates, beryllophosphates) which are built of corner-linked tetrahedra and contain exchangeable cations; several of these minerals have important technical applications.
Several subgroups are distinguished (e.g. Natrolite Subgroup).

The current IMA-approved nomenclature is reported in Coombs et al. (1997).


Note: Tvedalite may also belong to the Zeolite Group (presently uncertain since the crystal structure of the mineral has not been determined yet).

Other minerals often found associated with zeolites include:
Apophyllite, Calcite, Cavansite, Prehnite, Epidote, Quartz, Pyrite, Clay minerals etc.

Classification of Zeolite Group

Approved 1997
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Relationship of Zeolite Group to other Species

Group Members:
Alflarsenite NaCa2Be3Si4O13(OH) · 2H2O
Amicite K2Na2Al4Si4O16 · 5H2O
Ammonioleucite (NH4,K)(AlSi2O6)
Analcime Na2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Barrerite (Na,K,Ca0.5)2[Al2Si7O18] · 7H2O
Beaumontite (of Lévy) 
Bellbergite (K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2O
Bikitaite LiAlSi2O6 · H2O
Boggsite Ca8Na3(Si,Al)96O192 · 70H2O
Brewsterite 
Brewsterite-Ba (Ba,Sr)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Brewsterite-Sr (Sr,Ba,Ca)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Chabazite-Ca (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-K (K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-Levyne Subgroup 
Chabazite-Mg (Mg0.7K0.5Ca0.5Na0.1)[Al3Si9O24]·10H2O
Chabazite-Na (Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-Sr Sr2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chiavennite CaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2O
Clinoptilolite-Ca (Ca,Na,K)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Clinoptilolite-K (K,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Clinoptilolite-Na (Na,K,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Cowlesite CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Dachiardite-Ca (Ca,Na2,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2O
Dachiardite-Na (Na2,Ca,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2O
Direnzoite NaK6MgCa2(Al13Si47O120) · 36H2O
Edingtonite Ba[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
Epistilbite CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Erionite-Ca (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Erionite-K (K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Erionite-Na (Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Faujasite Subgroup 
Faujasite-Ca (Ca,Na2,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Faujasite-Mg (Mg,Na2,Ca)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Faujasite-Na (Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Ferrierite 
Ferrierite-K (K2,Na2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Ferrierite-Mg (Mg,Na2,K2,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Ferrierite-Na (Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Ferrochiavennite Ca1-2Fe[(Si,Al,Be)5Be2O13(OH)2]•2H2O
Flörkeite (K3Ca2Na)[Al8Si8O32] · 12H2O
Garronite Na2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
Gaultite Na4Zn2Si7O18 · 5H2O
Gismondine 
Gismondine-Ba Ba2Al4Si4O16 · 4-6H2O
Gismondine-Ca CaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Gmelinite 
Gmelinite-Ca (Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Gmelinite-K (K2,Na2,Ca)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Gmelinite-Na (Na2,Ca)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Gobbinsite Na4(Ca,Mg,K2)Al6Si10O32 · 12H2O
Gonnardite (Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
Goosecreekite Ca[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Gottardiite Na3Mg3Ca5Al19Si117O272 · 93H2O
Harmotome (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Heulandite-Ba (Ba,Ca,K,Na,Sr)5Al9Si27O72 · 22H2O
Heulandite-Ca (Ca,Na)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Heulandite-K (K,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Heulandite-Na (Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Heulandite-Sr (Sr,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Hsianghualite Ca3Li2(Be3Si3O12)F2
Kirchhoffite Cs(BSi2O6)
Laumontite CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Leucite K(AlSi2O6)
Lévyne 
Lévyne-Ca (Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Lévyne-Na (Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Lovdarite K2Na6Be4Si14O36•9H2O
Maricopaite Pb7Ca2(Si,Al)48O100 · 32H2O
Mazzite-Mg (Mg,K,Ca)5(Si26Al10)O72 · 28H2O
Mazzite-Na Na8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
Merlinoite (K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Mesolite Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Montesommaite (K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2O
Mordenite (Na2,Ca,K2)Al2Si10O24 · 7H2O
Mutinaite Na3Ca4Si85Al11O192 · 60H2O
Nabesite Na2BeSi4O10 · 4H2O
Natrolite Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Natrolite Subgroup 
Offretite KCaMgAl5Si13O36 · 16H2O or near
Pahasapaite Li8(Ca,Li,K)10.5Be24(PO4)24 · 38H2O
Paranatrolite Na2Al2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Parthéite CaAl2Si2O8 · 2H2O
Paulingite 
Paulingite-Ca (Ca,K2,Na2,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2O
Paulingite-K (K2,Ca,Na2,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2O
Paulingite-Na (Na2,K2,Ca,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2O
Perlialite K9Na(Ca,Sr)[Al2Si4O12]6 · 15H2O
Phillipsite-Ca (Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32 . 12H2O
Phillipsite-K (K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phillipsite-Na (Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Pollucite (Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Roggianite Ca2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2O
Scolecite CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Stellerite Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-Ca NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Stilbite-Na (Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
Strontiohurlbutite SrBe2(PO4)2
Terranovaite (Na,Ca)8(Si68Al12)O160 · 29H2O
Tetranatrolite 
Thomsonite-Ca NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Thomsonite-Sr Na(Sr,Ca)2[Al5Si5O20] · 7H2O
Tschernichite (Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
Tschörtnerite Ca4(Ca,Sr,K,Ba)3Cu3[(OH)2|Al3Si3O12]4 · nH2O
Wairakite Ca(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Weinebeneite CaBe3(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Wenkite (Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(SO4)3|(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2] · 0.5H2O
Willhendersonite KCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2O
Yugawaralite CaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O

Other Names for Zeolite Group

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:沸石族
沸石
Spanish:Zeolita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Zeolite Group

Reference List:
Taylor, W.H., Meek, C.A., and Jackson, W.W. (1933) The structures of the fibrous zeolites. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 84: 373.

Gottardi, G. & E. Galli (1985) Natural Zeolites, 409 p., Springer-Verlag, Berlin.

Tschernich, R. (1992) Zeolites of the world. Geoscience Press Inc., Phoenix, AZ, USA, 563 pp. [freely downloadable: http://www.mindat.org/books/Zeolites-of-the-World-Updated.pdf]

Coombs, D.S., A. Alberti, T. Armbruster, G. Artioli, C. Colella, E. Galli, J.D. Grice, F. Liebau, J.A. Mandarino, H. Minato, E.H. Nickel, E. Passaglia, D.R. Peacor, S. Quartieri, R. Rinaldi, M. Ross, R.A. Sheppard, E. Tillmans & G. Vezzalini (1997) Recommended nomenclature for zeolite minerals: Report of the Subcommittee on Zeolites of the International Mineralogical Association, Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names. Canadian Mineralogist 35, 1571-1606. [http://www.mineralogicalassociation.ca/doc/abstracts/ima98/ima98(13).pdf ]

Mineralogical Magazine (1998): 62: 533.

Armbruster, T. & M.E. Gunter (2001) Crystal structures of natural zeolites. in D.L. Bish and D.W. Ming, Eds., Natural zeolites: Occurrence, properties, application Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry: 45: 1-57. Mineralogical Soceity of America and Geochemical Society, Washington, USA.

Baerlocher, Ch., Meier, W.M., & Olson, D.H. (2001) Atlas of zeolite framework types, 5th. edition, 302 p. Elsevier, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Hay, R.L., and R.A. Sheppard (2001) Occurrence of zeolites in sedimentary rocks: An overview. In D.L. Bish and D.W. Ming, Editors, Natural zeolites: properties, applications and uses, 45: 217-232. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, Mineralogical Society of America, Chantilly, Virginia.

Lee, Y., T. Vogt, J.A. Hriljac, J.B. Parise, J.C. Hanson & S.J. Kimk (2002) Non-framework cation migration and irreversible pressure-induced hydration in a zeolite: Nature: 420: 485-489.

Vieillard, P. (2010) A predictive model for the entropies and heat capacities of zeolites. European Journal of Mineralogy 22, 823-836.

http://www.iza-online.org
http://icnz.lanl.gov/
http://www.zeolite-collection.eu/

Internet Links for Zeolite Group

Specimens:
The following Zeolite Group specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Zeolite Group

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
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