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Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)

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Formula:
Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
System:
Trigonal
Colour:
Yellow
Lustre:
Vitreous, Resinous
Hardness:
Name:
From Chinese for "a cerium mineral from China."
Bastnäsite Group.

Not valid, type material may be either Huanghoite-(Ce) or Kukharenkoite-(Ce). Formula and the revised monoclinic cell parameters seen in e.g. webmineral.com (from Dana 8?) suggest identity with kukharenkoite-(Ce).

Originally reported from West Mine, Bayan Obo (Bayun-Obo; Baiyunebo) deposit, Darhan Muminggan United Banner, Baotou League, Nei Mongol Autonomous Region (Inner Mongolia), China.

Classification of Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)

Notes:
Unnamed (probably valid)
Approval History:
Unnamed, but probably valid.
5/C.07-160
5.BD.10

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
D : With rare earth elements (REE)
16a.1.8.1

16a : ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
1 : (AB)(XO3)Zq
12.1.20

12 : Carbonates with other anions
1 : Carbonates with halides
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Physical Properties of Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)

Vitreous, Resinous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
Yellow
Hardness (Mohs):

Crystallography of Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.07Å, b = 5.07Å, c = 9.82Å
α = 90°, β = 90°, γ = 120°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1 : 1 : 1.937
Unit Cell Volume:
V 218.60 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1

Optical Data of Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.745 nε = 1.565
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.180
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate

Chemical Properties of Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)

Formula:
Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Zhonghuacerite-(Ce) to other Species

5.BD.05Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
5.BD.05Lukechangite-(Ce)Na3Ce2(CO3)4F
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(La)Ba2(La,Ce,Th)(CO3)3F
5.BD.15Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
5.BD.15Cebaite-(Nd)Ba3(Nd,Ce)2(CO3)5F2
5.BD.18Arisite-(Ce)NaCe2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
5.BD.18Arisite-(La)NaLa2(CO3)2[F2x(CO3)1-x]F
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)F
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)F
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)(OH)
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)(OH)
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
5.BD.20bParisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
5.BD.20bParisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
5.BD.20dRöntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Nd)CaNd(CO3)2F
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
5.BD.20aThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)F
5.BD.25Horváthite-(Y)NaY(CO3)F2
5.BD.25Qaqarssukite-(Ce)Ba(Ce,REE)(CO3)2F
5.BD.35Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2F
12.1.1NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
12.1.2BarentsiteNa7Al(HCO3)2(CO3)2F4
12.1.3RouvilleiteNa3(Ca,Mn,Fe)2(CO3)3F
12.1.4ChlormagaluminiteMg4Al2(OH)12Cl2 · 3H2O
12.1.5DeferniteCa6(CO3)2-x(SiO4)x(OH)7(Cl,OH)1-2x (x<0.5)
12.1.6BrenkiteCa2(CO3)F2
12.1.7Stenonite(Sr,Ba,Na)2Al(CO3)F5
12.1.8Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
12.1.9Bastnäsite-(La)La(CO3)F
12.1.10Bastnäsite-(Y)Y(CO3)F
12.1.11Parisite-(Ce)CaCe2(CO3)3F2
12.1.12Parisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
12.1.13Synchysite-(Ce)CaCe(CO3)2F
12.1.14Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
12.1.15Synchysite-(Nd)CaNd(CO3)2F
12.1.16Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
12.1.17Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
12.1.19Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2F
12.1.21Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
12.1.22ThorbastnäsiteThCa(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
12.1.23PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
12.1.24BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
12.1.25AlbrechtschraufiteCa4Mg(UO2)2(CO3)6F2 · 17-18H2O
12.1.26KettneriteCaBiCO3OF

Other Names for Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)

Reference List:
Zhang Peishan and Tao Kejie (1981): Zhonghuacerite Ba2Ce(CO3)3F - A new mineral. Scientia Geologica Sinica 1981(2), 195-196 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Zhang Peishan, Tao Kejie, and Li Fanghua (1981): Zhonghuacerite - A new rare earth mineral. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 1(2), 65-74 (in Chinese with English abstract). - American Mineralogist (1982) 67, 1078 (abstract).

Zaitsev et al. (1996): European Journal of Mineralogy 8, 1327-1336.

Internet Links for Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)

Localities for Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
China
 
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo Mining District
        • Bayan Obo
          • Bayan Obo deposit (Bayun-Obo deposit; Baiyunebo deposit)
Zhang Peishan, Tao Kejie, and Li Fanghua (1981): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 1(2), 65-74.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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