Mindat Logo

Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.



Formula:
Ba
 
2
Ce(CO
 
3
)
 
3
F
System:TrigonalColour:Yellow
Lustre:Vitreous, ResinousHardness:
Name:From Chinese for "a cerium mineral from China."


Bastnäsite Group.

Not valid, type material may be either Huanghoite-(Ce) or Kukharenkoite-(Ce). Formula and the revised monoclinic cell parameters seen in e.g. webmineral.com (from Dana 8?) suggest identity with kukharenkoite-(Ce).

Originally reported from West Mine, Bayan Obo (Bayun-Obo; Baiyunebo) deposit, Darhan Muminggan United Banner, Baotou League, Nei Mongol Autonomous Region (Inner Mongolia), China.

Classification of Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)

IMA status:Published without Approval
Explanation of status:The so called zhonghuacerite-(Ce) was never submitted to the IMA CNMMN hence it was never approved. It entered the mineralogical literature via a review in the New Minerals section of Am. Min. 67, 1078. The description was published in Chinese and the reviewer was not aware that the mineral was not approved by IMA. The mineral was listed in the Glossary of Mineral Species (Fleischer 1983 and Fleisher and Mandarino 1995).

Zhonghuacerite was published in 1981 without having been submitted to the CNMMN. The name was changed by the CNMMN in 1987 to zhonghuacerite-(Ce) as part of the update of mineral names with Levinson modifiers, without realizing that it was an unapproved mineral and mineral name. Officially this species does not exist.

Strunz 8th edition ID:5/C.07-160
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:5.BD.10

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
D : With rare earth elements (REE)
Dana 8th edition ID:16a.1.8.1

16a : ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
1 : (AB)(XO3)Zq
Hey's CIM Ref.:12.1.20

12 : Carbonates with other anions
1 : Carbonates with halides
mindat.org URL:http://www.mindat.org/min-4401.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Physical Properties of Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)

Lustre:Vitreous, Resinous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent
Colour:Yellow
Hardness (Mohs):

Crystallography of Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)

Crystal System:Trigonal
Cell Parameters:a = 5.07Å, b = 5.07Å, c = 9.82Å
α = 90°, β = 90°, γ = 120°
Ratio:a:b:c = 1 : 1 : 1.937
Unit Cell Volume:V 218.60 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:1

Optical Data of Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)

Type:Uniaxial (-)
RI values: nω = 1.745 nε = 1.565
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.180

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate

Chemical Properties of Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)

Formula:
Ba
 
2
Ce(CO
 
3
)
 
3
F
Simplified for copy/paste:Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
Essential elements:Ba, C, Ce, F, O
All elements listed in formula:Ba, C, Ce, F, O

Relationship of Zhonghuacerite-(Ce) to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
5.BD.05Cordylite-(Ce)
NaBaCe
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
F
5.BD.05Lukechangite-(Ce)
Na
 
3
Ce
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
F
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(Ce)
Ba
 
2
Ce(CO
 
3
)
 
3
F
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(La)
Ba
 
2
(La,Ce,Th)(CO
 
3
)
 
3
F
5.BD.15Cebaite-(Ce)
Ba
 
3
Ce
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
F
 
2
5.BD.15Cebaite-(Nd)
Ba
 
3
(Nd,Ce)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
F
 
2
5.BD.18Arisite-(Ce)
NaCe
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3-x
F
 
2x+1
5.BD.18Arisite-(La)
NaLa
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3-x
F
 
2x+1
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)F
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(La)
(La,Ce)(CO
 
3
)F
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Y)
(Y,Ce)(CO
 
3
)F
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)(OH,F)
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)
(Nd,Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)(OH,F)
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(La)
(La,Nd,Ce)(CO
 
3
)(OH,F)
5.BD.20bParisite-(Ce)
Ca(Ce,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
F
 
2
5.BD.20bParisite-(Nd)
Ca(Nd,Ce,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
F
 
2
5.BD.20dRöntgenite-(Ce)
Ca
 
2
(Ce,La)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
F
 
3
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Ce)
Ca(Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Nd)
Ca(Nd,Y,Gd)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Y)
Ca(Y,Ce)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
5.BD.20aThorbastnäsite
Th(Ca,Ce)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Nd)
Nd(CO
 
3
)F
5.BD.25Horváthite-(Y)
NaY(CO
 
3
)F
 
2
5.BD.25Qaqarssukite-(Ce)
Ba(Ce,REE)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
5.BD.35Huanghoite-(Ce)
BaCe(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
12.1.1Northupite
Na
 
3
Mg(CO
 
3
)
 
2
Cl
12.1.2Barentsite
Na
 
7
Al(HCO
 
3
)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
 
4
12.1.3Rouvilleite
Na
 
3
(Ca,Mn,Fe)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
F
12.1.4Chlormagaluminite
Mg
 
4
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
12
Cl
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
12.1.5Defernite
Ca
 
6
(CO
 
3
)
 
2-x
(SiO
 
4
)
 
x
(OH)
 
7
(Cl,OH)
 
1-2x
(x<0.5)
12.1.6Brenkite
Ca
 
2
(CO
 
3
)F
 
2
12.1.7Stenonite
(Sr,Ba,Na)
 
2
Al(CO
 
3
)F
 
5
12.1.8Bastnäsite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)F
12.1.9Bastnäsite-(La)
(La,Ce)(CO
 
3
)F
12.1.10Bastnäsite-(Y)
(Y,Ce)(CO
 
3
)F
12.1.11Parisite-(Ce)
Ca(Ce,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
F
 
2
12.1.12Parisite-(Nd)
Ca(Nd,Ce,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
F
 
2
12.1.13Synchysite-(Ce)
Ca(Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
12.1.14Synchysite-(Y)
Ca(Y,Ce)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
12.1.15Synchysite-(Nd)
Ca(Nd,Y,Gd)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
12.1.16Röntgenite-(Ce)
Ca
 
2
(Ce,La)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
F
 
3
12.1.17Cordylite-(Ce)
NaBaCe
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
F
12.1.19Huanghoite-(Ce)
BaCe(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
12.1.21Cebaite-(Ce)
Ba
 
3
Ce
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
F
 
2
12.1.22Thorbastnäsite
Th(Ca,Ce)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
12.1.23Phosgenite
Pb
 
2
CO
 
3
Cl
 
2
12.1.24Barstowite
Pb
 
4
Cl
 
6
(CO
 
3
) · H
 
2
O
12.1.25Albrechtschraufite
Ca
 
4
Mg(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
6
F
 
2
· 17-18H
 
2
O
12.1.26Kettnerite
CaBiCO
 
3
OF

Other Names for Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)

Other Languages:
Russian:Жоньхуацерит-(Се)
Simplified Chinese:中华铈矿

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)

Reference List:

- +
Zhang Peishan and Tao Kejie (1981): Zhonghuacerite Ba2Ce(CO3)3F - A new mineral. Scientia Geologica Sinica 1981(2), 195-196 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Zhang Peishan, Tao Kejie, and Li Fanghua (1981): Zhonghuacerite - A new rare earth mineral. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 1(2), 65-74 (in Chinese with English abstract). - American Mineralogist (1982) 67, 1078 (abstract).

Zaitsev et al. (1996): European Journal of Mineralogy 8, 1327-1336.

Internet Links for Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)

Search Engines:
  • Look for Zhonghuacerite-(Ce) on Google
  • Look for Zhonghuacerite-(Ce) images on Google
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • Wilensky Fine Minerals
  • Fabre Minerals - search for Zhonghuacerite-(Ce) specimens
  • Rare and Unusual minerals at Mineralogical Research Company
  • Fine Minerals from Weinrich Minerals, Inc.
  • Lapis Mineral Magazin
  • Top quality minerals from Kristalle of California
  • Buy fine minerals and gemstones from Pala International
  • DAKOTA MATRIX offers Cabinet and Rare Species from Worldwide Localities.
  • Find Zhonghuacerite-(Ce) on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • rare and unusual minerals mainly crystallized
  • Zhonghuacerite-(Ce) specimens for sale - minfind.com
  • Buy RARE Minerals from Rocks of Africa
  • Jobs:
  • Mining & Geology Jobs
  • Localities for Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    China
     
    • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
      • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
        • Bayan Obo Mining District
          • Bayan Obo
            • Bayan Obo deposit (Bayun-Obo deposit; Baiyunebo deposit)
    Zhang Peishan, Tao Kejie, and Li Fanghua (1981): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 1(2), 65-74.
    Mineral and/or Locality  
    Search Google  
    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
    Current server date and time: January 5, 2014 06:28:54
    Mineral and Locality Search
    Mineral:
    and/or Locality:
    Options
    Fade toolbar when not in focusFix toolbar to bottom of page
    Hide Social Media Links
    Slideshow frame delay seconds