Mindat Logo

Zirconolite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.



Formula:
CaZrTi
 
2
O
 
7
Colour:Black to brown, redHardness:


A complex zirconium titanium oxide with three polytypoids known (2M, 3O, 3T).

Gieré et al. (1998) identified five hypothetical end-members, CaZrTi2O7, CaZrMe5+Me3+O7, ACTZrTiMe2+O7, REEZrTiMe3+O7 and REEZrMe5+Me2+O7.
The last one has been observed as a 53% percentage of REEZrNb(Mn,Fe)O7 in a sample from the Eifel volcanic region (Della Ventura et al., 2000).

Related to laachite.

Classification of Zirconolite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:4/C.15-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:4.DH.30

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
H : With large (+- medium-sized) cations; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
Dana 8th edition ID:8.2.5.5

8 : MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
2 : A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
Hey's CIM Ref.:7.10.5

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
10 : Oxides of Zr and Th
mindat.org URL:http://www.mindat.org/min-4422.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Zirconolite

Type Locality:Afrikanda Massif, Afrikanda, Kola Peninsula, Murmanskaja Oblast', Northern Region, Russia

Physical Properties of Zirconolite

Lustre:Resinous, Sub-Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent, Opaque
Colour:Black to brown, red
Streak:Dark brown, brownish yellow
Hardness (Mohs):

Optical Data of Zirconolite

Type:Biaxial
Dispersion:r > v strong

Chemical Properties of Zirconolite

Formula:
CaZrTi
 
2
O
 
7
Simplified for copy/paste:CaZrTi2O7
Essential elements:Ca, O, Ti, Zr
All elements listed in formula:Ca, O, Ti, Zr

Relationship of Zirconolite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
4.DH.05Brannerite
(U
4+
 
,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe
3+
 
,Nb)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
6
4.DH.05Orthobrannerite
U
4+
 
U
6+
 
Ti
 
4
O
 
12
(OH)
 
2
4.DH.05Thorutite
(Th,U,Ca)Ti
 
2
(O,OH)
 
6
4.DH.10Kassite
CaTi
 
2
O
 
4
(OH)
 
2
4.DH.10Lucasite-(Ce)
CeTi
 
2
(O,OH)
 
6
4.DH.15Bariomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Bariopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno)
4.DH.15Ceriopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Cesstibtantite
4.DH.15Jixianite
Pb(W,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
7
4.DH.15Hydropyrochlore
(H
 
2
O,□)
 
2
Nb
 
2
(O,OH)
 
6
(H
 
2
O)
4.DH.15Natrobistantite
4.DH.15Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.)
4.DH.15Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Plumbobetafite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Stibiomicrolite (of Groat et al.)
4.DH.15Strontiopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Stannomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Stibiobetafite (of Černý et al.)
4.DH.15Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)
(U,Ca,Ce)
 
2
(Nb,Ta)
 
2
O
 
6
(OH,F)
4.DH.15Yttrobetafite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Fluornatromicrolite
(Na,Ca,Bi)
 
2
Ta
 
2
O
 
6
F
4.DH.15Bismutopyrochlore (of Chukanov et al.)
4.DH.15Hydrokenoelsmoreite
 
2
W
 
2
O
 
6
(H
 
2
O)
4.DH.20Bismutostibiconite
Bi(Sb
5+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
O
 
7
4.DH.20Bindheimite
Pb
 
2
Sb
 
2
O
 
6
O
4.DH.20Monimolite
4.DH.20Cuproroméite
Cu
 
2
Sb
 
2
(O,OH)
 
7
4.DH.20Stetefeldtite
Ag
 
2
Sb
 
2
(O,OH)
 
7
4.DH.20Stibiconite
4.DH.25Rosiaite
PbSb
5+
2
O
 
6
4.DH.35Liandratite
U(Nb,Ta)
 
2
O
 
8
4.DH.35Petscheckite
UFe(Nb,Ta)
 
2
O
 
8
4.DH.40Ingersonite
Ca
 
3
MnSb
 
4
O
 
14
4.DH.45Pittongite
Na
 
0.22
(W,Fe
3+
 
)(O,OH)
 
3
· 0.44H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
7.10.1Baddeleyite
ZrO
 
2
7.10.2Arkelite
ZrO
 
2
7.10.3Painite
CaZrAl
 
9
(BO
 
3
)O
 
15
7.10.4Srilankite
ZrTi
 
2
O
 
6
7.10.6Calzirtite
CaZr
 
3
TiO
 
9
7.10.7Tazheranite
(Zr,Ti,Ca)O
 
2-x
7.10.8Zirkelite
(Ti,Ca,Zr)O
 
2-x
7.10.9Uhligite
Ca
 
3
(Ti,Al,Zr)
 
9
O
 
20
?
7.10.10Thorianite
ThO
 
2

Other Names for Zirconolite

Other Languages:
German:Zirkonolith
Russian:Цирконолит
Spanish:Zirconolita
Varieties:
NiobozirconolitePolymignite

Polytypes for Zirconolite

Polytypes:
Zirconolite-2MZirconolite-3OZirconolite-3T

Other Information

Health Warning:May be slightly radioactive.

References for Zirconolite

Reference List:

- +
Mazzi, F. and Munno, R. (1983) Calciobetafite (new mineral of the pyrochlore group) and related minerals from Campi Flegrei, Italy; crystal structures of polymignite, and zirkelite: comparison with pyrochlore and zirconolite. American Mineralogist: 68: 262-276.

Bayliss, P., Mazzi, F., Munno, R. and White, T. J. (1989) Mineral nomenclature: zirconolite. Mineral. Mag. 53, 565-569.

Mineralogical Magazine (1994): 5: 259-269.

Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 110: 845-848.

Gieré, R., Williams, C. T. and Lumpkin, G. R. (1998) Chemical characteristics of natural zirconolite. Schweiz. Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt. 78, 433-459.

Bulakh, Andrei G.; Nesterov, Alexander R.; Anastasenko, Galina F.; Anisimov, Ilija S. (1999) Crystal morphology and intergrowths of calzirtite Ca2Zr5TiO16, zirkelite (Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x, zirconolite CaZrTi2O7 in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kola Peninsula (Russia). Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Monatsh. 1999, 11-20.

Della Ventura, G., Bellatreccia, F. and Williams, C. T. (2000) Zirconolite with significant REEZrNb(Mn,Fe)O7 from a xenolith of the Laacher See eruptive center, Eifel volcanic region, Germany. Can. Mineral. 38, 57-65.

Bellatreccia, F., Della Ventura, G., Williams, C. T., Lumpkin, G. R., Smith, K. L. and Colella, M. (2002) Non-metamict zirconolite polytypes from the feldspathoid-bearing alkali-syenitic ejecta of the Vico volcanic complex (Latium, Italy). Eur. J. Mineral. 14, 809-820.

G. Blaß, H.-W. Graf and U. Kolitsch (2003) Zirconolite (CaZrTi2O7) from the volcanic Eifel - Verification of three different polytypoids. Mineralien-Welt 14 (3), 32-35. (in German)

Internet Links for Zirconolite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Zirconolite on Google
  • Look for Zirconolite images on Google
  • External Links:
  • Look for Zirconolite on Webmineral
  • Look for Zirconolite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Zirconolite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Zirconolite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Zirconolite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • Top quality minerals from Kristalle of California
  • Buy from Dave Bunk Minerals
  • Fine and rare minerals from mintreasure.com
  • Buy RARE Minerals from Rocks of Africa
  • High-end worldwide specimens & outstanding customer service
  • Buy from David K Joyce minerals
  • DAKOTA MATRIX offers Cabinet and Rare Species from Worldwide Localities.
  • Fabre Minerals - search for Zirconolite specimens
  • Wilensky Fine Minerals
  • Mineral Classics - Worldwide Collector Quality Minerals and Gems
  • Fine minerals from bisbeeborn.com
  • SpiriferMinerals.com - high quality low prices
  • Localities for Zirconolite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Algeria
     
    • Tamanghasset Province
      • Ahaggar Mtn (Hoggar Mtn)
        • Laouni
    Can Miner. 25, 687-693 (1987)
    Angola
     
    • Cuanza Sul Province (Kwanza Sul Province)
      • Sumbe City Council
    33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPI-07 Alkaline and carbonatite magmatism and related ore deposits: Extrusive calcite carbonatite from Catanda, Angola: Magmatic and hydrothermal history from studies of pyrochlore
    • Huíla Province
      • Lubango City Council
    Mariano, A. N., Roeder, P. L., 1989. Wöhlerite: chemical composition, cathodoluminescence and environment of crystallization. Canadian Mineralogist, 27: 709-720.
    Antarctica
     
    • Eastern Antarctica
      • Princess Elizabeth Land
        • Ingrid Christensen Coast
    MinMag 58:259 (1994)
      • Queen Maud Land (Dronning Maud Land)
        • Sør Rondane Mts
    Grew, E. Et Al (1991) Dissakisite-(Ce), a new member of the epidote group and the Mg analogue of allanite-(Ce), from Antarctica. American Mineralogist: 76: 1990-1997.
    Australia
     
    • Queensland
      • Tablelands Region
        • Mount Garnet
    Sutherland et al, 2013
    • Tasmania
    Sebastian Meffre, pers comm
    • Western Australia
      • Derby-West Kimberley Shire
    Rasmussen et. al, 2011, Tranquillityite: The last lunar mineral comes down to Earth, in Geology, January 2012; v. 40; no. 1; p. 83–86
      • East Pilbara Shire
    Rasmussen et. al, 2011, Tranquillityite: The last lunar mineral comes down to Earth, in Geology, January 2012; v. 40; no. 1; p. 83–86.
    Rasmussen et. al, 2011, Tranquillityite: The last lunar mineral comes down to Earth, in Geology, January 2012; v. 40; no. 1; p. 83–86.; Hickman, A.H. (1978) Nullagine, Western Australia: Geological Survey of Australia 1:250,000 Geological Series Explanatory Notes, 22p. Rasmussen, B., and Fletcher, I.R. (2004) Zirconolite, a new U-Pb geochronometer. Geology, 32, 785-788. doi:10.1130/G20658.1. Rasmussen, B. et al (2012) Tranquillityite: the last lunar mineral comes down to Earth. Geology, 40(1) 83-86.
        • Shaw River District
    Rasmussen et. al, 2011, Tranquillityite: The last lunar mineral comes down to Earth, in Geology, January 2012; v. 40; no. 1; p. 83–86.
    Rasmussen et. al, 2011, Tranquillityite: The last lunar mineral comes down to Earth, in Geology, January 2012; v. 40; no. 1; p. 83–86
      • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
        • Kalgoorlie-Boulder
    Rasmussen, B. et al. (2009): Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 157, 559-572.
    Austria
     
    • Styria
      • Weiz
        • Stubenberg am See
    Tropper, P. et al. (2001, 2003, 2005, 2007); http://www.franzbernhard.x10hosting.com/polishedslabs.html
    Brazil
     
    • Goiás
      • Catalão I Carbonatite Complex
        • Ouvidor
    Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits, Vol 85, No. 1 pp14-18
    • Minas Gerais
      • Araxá
    Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
    • São Paulo
      • Cajati
    MinMag 63:649; Costanzo, A., Moore, K. R., Wall, F., & Feely, M. (2006). Fluid inclusions in apatite from Jacupiranga calcite carbonatites: evidence for a fluid-stratified carbonatite magma chamber. Lithos, 91(1), 208-228.
    Burma (Myanmar)
     
    • Mandalay Division
      • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
        • Mogok Township
          • Kyauk-Pyat-That
    [Zirconolite-3T] Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Greenwood Mining Division
        • Grand Forks
    Richard Gunter specimens, ID by XRD
    • Ontario
      • Thunder Bay District
    Mitchell et al. (1993)
        • Killala Lake Area
    Mariano, A. N., Roeder, P. L., 1989. Wöhlerite: chemical composition, cathodoluminescence and environment of crystallization. Canadian Mineralogist, 27: 709-720.
    Can Mineral February 1997 v. 35 no. 1 p. 105-118
    • Québec
      • Laurentides
        • Deux-Montagnes RCM
          • Oka
            • Oka complex
    ZUREVINSKI, S.E. AND MITCHELL, R.H. (2004) Extreme compositional variation of pyrochlore-group minerals at the Oka carbonatite complex, Canadian Mineralogist, 42, 1159-1168.
    Cape Verde
    Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
    Czech Republic
     
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Olomouc Region
        • Šumperk (Mährisch Schönberg)
          • Ruda nad Moravou
    Novák M. Gadas P. (2010) ZONED, ANORTHITE- AND GROSSULARITE-BEARING, LEUCOTONALITIC PEGMATITE FROM SERPENTINIZED LHERZOLITE AT RUDA NAD MORAVOU, STARÉ MĚSTO UNIT, CZECH REPUBLIC. Can Miner 48 (3): 629-650.
    Finland
     
    • Lapland Region
      • Savukoski
        • Tulppio
    Lee, M. J., Lee, J. I., Garcia, D., Moutte, J., Williams, C. T., Wall, F., & Kim, Y. (2006). Pyrochlore chemistry from the Sokli phoscorite-carbonatite complex, Finland: Implications for the genesis of phoscorite and carbonatite association. GEOCHEMICAL JOURNAL-JAPAN-, 40(1), 1.
      • Sodankylä
    Mutanen, T. 1997. Geology and ore petrology of the Akanvaara and Koitelainen mafic layered intrusions and the Keivitsa-Satovaara layered complex, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin 395, 233 s.
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
    CanMin 38:57-65
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Eifel
        • Andernach
          • Eich
    Blass, G., Graf, HW., Kolitsch, U., Sebold, D., Über neue Mineralfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 6/2005
        • Laach lake volcanic complex
          • Kruft
    Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch,U., Zirkonolith (CaZrTi2O7) aus der Vulkaneifel: Nachweis drei verschiedener Polytypoide, Mineralien Welt 14/3, 352-35, 2003
          • Mendig
            • Niedermendig
    Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch,U., Zirkonolith (CaZrTi2O7) aus der Vulkaneifel: Nachweis drei verschiedener Polytypoide, Mineralien Welt 14/3, 352-35, 2003
    Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch,U., Zirkonolith (CaZrTi2O7) aus der Vulkaneifel: Nachweis drei verschiedener Polytypoide, Mineralien Welt 14/3, 352-35, 2003
              • Wingertsberg
    Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch,U., Zirkonolith (CaZrTi2O7) aus der Vulkaneifel: Nachweis drei verschiedener Polytypoide, Mineralien Welt 14/3, 352-35, 2003
        • Mayen
          • Ettringen
            • Bellerberg volcano
    Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch, U., Zirkonolith (CaZrTi2O7) aus der Vulkaneifel: Nachweis drei verschiedener Polytypoide, Mineralien-Welt 14, 352-358, 2003
        • Mendig
          • Bell
    [Zirconolite-2M] Blaß, G. & Kruijen, F. (2013): Die Mineralogischen Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel. Mineralien-Welt 24 (3), 33-41.
    India
     
    • Gujarat
    Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
    Indonesia
     
    • Lesser Sunda Islands
      • Nusa Tenggara Timur Province (East Lesser Sunda Islands Province)
        • Lomblen Island
    www.geo.uu.nl/Research/Petrology/hoog96.htm.
    Italy
     
    • Campania
      • Caserta Province
        • Roccamonfina Volcanic Complex
          • Sessa Aurunca
    -Della Ventura, G., Williams, T.C., Raudsepp, M., Bellatreccia, F., Caprilli, E., Giordano, G. (2001): Perrierite-(Ce) and zirconolite from a syenitic ejectum ofthe Roccamonfina volcano (Latium, Italy): implications for the mobility of Zr, Ti and Ree in volcanic environments, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 2001, 385-402.
      • Naples Province
    Russo, M., Punzo, I., Blass, G., & Ciriotti, M. E. (2007). Zirconolite, albite ed epidoto: nuova e poco note specie del Somma-Vesuvio. Micro (UK report), 1/2007, 43-48.; Pascal, M.-L., Di Muro, A., Boudouma, O., Fointeilles, M., Principe, C. (2008): Zirconlite, calzirtite, baddeleyite, betafite, geikielite and qandilite in skarn ejecta from Vesuvius - inferences for the magma-wallrock interactions. EGU General Assembly 2008. Geophysical Research Abstract, 10, EGU2008-A-06674, 2008. ; Pascal, M.-L., Di Muro, A., Boudouma, O., Fointeilles, M., Principe, C. (2008): Zirconolite, calzirtite, baddeleyite, betafite, geikielite and qandilite in skarn ejecta from Vesuvius - inferences for the magma-wallrock interactions. EGU General Assembly 2008. Geophysical Research Abstract, 10, EGU2008-A-06674, 2008.
    Pascal, M.L. et al. (2008): Zirconolite, Calzirtite, Baddeleyite, Betafite, Geikielite and Quandilite in skarn ejecta from Vesuvius – inferences for the magma-wallrock interactions, Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 10
      • Phlegrean Volcanic complex
        • Naples Province
          • Phlegrean Fields
    CanMin 38:57-65; Mazzi, F. and Munno, R. (1983): Calciobetafite (new mineral of the pyrochlore group) and related minerals from Campi Flegrei, Italy; crystal structures of polymignite, and zirkelite: comparison with pyrochlore and zirconolite. American Mineralogist: 68: 262-276
    • Latium
      • Rome Province
    Caponera, I., Fiori, S., Pucci, R., & Signoretti, E. (2007). I minerali dei Colli Albani. Un aggiornamento sugli ultimi dieci anni di ricerche. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 31 (2), 74-91.
      • Viterbo Province
        • Vico Lake
    No reference listed
    Bill Henderson specimens
    http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista04/testo/04A04.html; Cámara,F., Williams,C.T., Della Ventura,G., Oberto,R. & Caprilli,E. (2004): Non-metamict betafite from Le Carcarelle (Vico volcanic complex, Italy): occurrence and crystal structure, Mineralogical Magazine, 68, 939-950
    http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista04/testo/04A02.html
    • Piedmont
      • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
        • Different Municipalities
    http://www.unileoben.ac.at/~chemie/zaccarini%20et%20al%20finero%20Platinumsymposium%202005.pdf; Martin, R. F., & De Vito, C. (2005). The patterns of enrichment in felsic pegmatites ultimately depend on tectonic setting. The Canadian Mineralogist, 43(6), 2027-2048.
    • Trentino-Alto Adige
      • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
        • Vizze Valley (Pfitsch valley)
    Gartner, Ar., Gartner An. (2002): Burgum im schönen Pfitschtal. Tipografia Novaprint Cavalese, 126 pp.
      • Trento Province
        • Giudicarie Valley
          • Breguzzo
            • San Pietro-Breguzzo Valley
              • Malga Trivena hut
    Giere, R. & Williams, C.T. (1992)
    • Tuscany
      • Grosseto Province
        • Pitigliano
    AMI UK Service analysis.
    Japan
     
    • Ehime Prefecture
      • Inland Sea (Setonaikai)
    Nishio & Minakawa (2003) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 201.
    • Honshu Island
      • Tohoku Region
        • Iwate Prefecture
          • Miyako City
            • Neichi mine
    Kato & Matsubara (1991) Bulletin of the National Science Museum (Tokyo), 17, 11-20.
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Aktobe Province (Aqtöbe Oblysy; Aktubinskaya Oblast')
    Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013)
    Madagascar
     
    • Tuléar Province (Toliara)
      • Anosy Region (Fort Dauphin Region)
        • Amboasary District
          • Maromby Commune
    www.gemresearch.ch/andranon/madcon.htm.
    Norway
     
    • Oslo
      • Sørkedalen
    [var: Polymignite] Barth, T.F.W. (1944): Studies of the igneous rock complex of the Oslo region. II. Systematic petrography of the plutonic rocks. Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi Skrifter. Mat,-Nat.Kl. 1944, 9, 1-104 (p.58); Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 82.
    • Telemark
      • Porsgrunn
        • Langangen
    [var: Polymignite] Larsen, A.O. & Åsheim, A.(1976): Mineraler fra Langangen. NAGS-nytt 3(1),9-12. (in norwegian)
          • Rønningen (Skredderrønningen)
    [var: Polymignite] Burvald, Ingulv (1993): To forekomster av nefelin-syenitt-pegmatitt i Telemark. STEIN 20 (3), 176-179
          • Slevolden
    [var: Polymignite] Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
        • Mørje
    [var: Polymignite] Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
    • Vestfold
      • Larvik
        • Hedrum
          • Lågendalen
    [var: Polymignite] Andersen, F. (1993): Hedrum pukkverk i Lågendalen. STEIN 20 (4), 236-238
    [var: Polymignite] Knut Edvard Larsen observation in field july 2009
    [var: Polymignite] Nordrum, F.S. (2007): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2006-2007. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 35: 61-68
        • Larvik town
    [var: Polymignite] Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
          • Rekkevikbukta
    [var: Polymignite] Knut Edvard Larsen observation in field 25.10.2012
        • Malerød
    [var: Polymignite] Andresen, P. (2011): Mineralene fra Midtfjellet larvikittbrudd, Malerød, Larvik. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 46: 41-47
    [var: Polymignite] Berzelius, J. (1824): Undersökning af några Mineralier. 2. Polymignit. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-akademiens Handlingar. 338-345
    [var: Polymignite] [MinRec 23:435]; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
    [var: Polymignite] Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. 663 pp (p. 395)
    [var: Polymignite] Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
    [var: Polymignite] Brøgger, W. C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineral. 16,p.395
    [var: Polymignite] Nordrum, F.S. (2011): Noen nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2010-2011. Stein. 38 (2): 14-23
    [var: Polymignite] Weibye, P.C. (1848): Beiträge zur topographischen Mineralogie Norwegens. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde 22:465-544
        • Tjølling
          • Håkestad
    [var: Polymignite] Hansen, R.(1981). Mineralnotater. NAGS-nytt 8(4),18;Haifler, J. & Škoda, R. (2012): Chemical characterisation and xrd study of zirconolite from Håkestad alkaline pegmatite, Larvik Plutonic Complex, Norway. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged. 7,51
          • Klåstad
    [var: Polymignite] Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
    [var: Polymignite] Svein A. Berge collection
          • Stålaker
    [var: Polymignite] Hansen, R.(1981).Mineralnotater. NAGS-nytt 8(4),18
      • Re
        • Ramnes
    [var: Polymignite] Andersen, F. & Berge, S. A. (1994): Himberg pukkverk, Ramnes, Vestfold. STEIN 21 (2), 96-102
      • Sandefjord
        • Fokserød
    [var: Polymignite] Berge, S.A. & Larsen,A.O.(1980): Mineraler fra Sandefjordsområdet-IV.Granater".NAGS-nytt 7(2),21-24. (in norwegian)
    [var: Polymignite] Berge, S.A. & Larsen, A.O.(1980): Mineraler fra Sandefjordsområdet-IV.Granater. NAGS-nytt 7(2),21-24.
    [var: Polymignite] Berge, S. A. & Hansen, R. (1975): Mineraler fra Sandefjord. NAGS-nytt nr 1, 10-12 (in norwegian)
        • Østerøya
    [var: Polymignite] Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 20, 50-59
    [var: Polymignite] Larsen, K.E. & Nordrum, F.S. (2013): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2012-2013. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 50, 111-117
        • Vesterøya
    [var: Polymignite] Berge, S. A. & Larsen, A.O.(1980): Mineraler fra Sandefjordsområdet-IV.Granater. NAGS-nytt 7 (2),21-24. (in norwegian)
    [var: Polymignite] Svein A. Berge collection
    [var: Polymignite] Berge, S.A. & Hansen, R. (1976): Mineraler i Sandefjordsområdet III-Varden. NAGS-nytt 3 (4), 13-16 (in norwegian)
    Oman
     
    • Dhofar Province (Al Janubiyah Province)
    The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 88, 2004 JULY, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 39, Axxx–Axxx (2004)
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Karkonosze Mts (Karkonosze Massif)
        • Szklarska Poręba District
    Szełęg E. & Škoda R. 2008: Y, REE-rich zirconolite from the Skalna Brama pegmatite near Szklarska Poręba (Karkonosze Massif, Lower Silesia, Poland). Mineralogia - Special Papers, vol. 32, p. 159
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Khabarovskiy Kray
        • Aldan province
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Afrikanda
    [World of Stones 95:5-6, 64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Can. Miner., Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
    [var: Polymignite] www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
    Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
            • Kukisvumchorr Mt
              • East slope
    EJM 19, 95-103(2007)
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    Shlyukova Z.V. (1986) Mineralogy of contact formations of Khibina massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 96 (in Rus.)
    Williams, C. T. (1996). The occurrence of niobian zirconolite, pyrochlore and baddeleyite in the Kovdor carbonatite complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(401), 639-646.; Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980.
    Sorokhtina, N.V., Chukanov, N.V., Voloshin, A.V., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Bogdanova, A.N., and Moiseev, M.M. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(7), 620-628.
          • Turii Cape
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/tury.htm
        • Northern Karelia
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
    South Africa
     
    • Limpopo Province
      • Phalaborwa
        • Loolekop
    [var: Niobozirconolite] No reference listed
    Sri Lanka
     
    • Sabaragamuwa Province
      • Ratnapura District
        • Bambarabotuwa
    Mineralogical Magazine, October 1997, Vol. 61, pp 721-725
    Lapis 8(9), 17 (1983)
    Sweden
     
    • Medelpad
      • Sundsvall
    [Zirconolite-3O] Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
      • Timrå
        • Tynderö
    [Zirconolite-3O] Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
    • Värmland
      • Filipstad
        • Persberg district
    Sandström, F., Lorin, T. & Strand, U. (2009): Geologi och mineralogi i Gåsgruvefältet, Filipstad. Litofilen. 26 (2): 16-38
    Zakrezewski, M.a., Lustenhouwer, W.H., Nugteren, H.J. & Williams, C.T. (1992). Rare earth minerals yttrian zirconolite and allanite-(Ce) and associated minerals from Koberg Mine, Bergslagen, Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine. 56: 27-35.
    Switzerland
     
    • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    CanMin 38:57-65
    The Moon
     
    • Mare Crisium
    Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013)
    • Mare Fecunditatis
    A.V. Mokhov and P.M. Kartashov data
    UK
     
    • Scotland
      • Strathclyde (Argyllshire)
    www.abdn.ac.uk/geology/profiles/analysis/probe.htm.
    USA
     
    • Massachusetts
      • Essex Co.
    [var: Polymignite] Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
    [var: Polymignite] Januzzi, R.E. and Seaman, David M. (1976) Mineral Localities Of Connecticut and Southern New York State and Pegmatite Minerals of the World.
    Mineral and/or Locality  
    Search Google  
    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
    Current server date and time: September 23, 2014 11:02:11
    Mineral and Locality Search
    Mineral:
    and/or Locality:
    Options
    Fade toolbar when not in focusFix toolbar to bottom of page
    Hide Social Media Links
    Slideshow frame delay seconds