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Zunyite

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Formula:
Al
 
13
Si
 
5
O
 
20
(OH,F)
 
18
Cl
System:IsometricColour:Colourless, grey, white, ...
Hardness:7
Name:Named after the type locality, the Zuni mine near Silverton, San Juan County, Colorado (USA).
This page provides mineralogical data about Zunyite.

Classification of Zunyite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/C.36-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.BJ.55

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
B : Sorosilicates
J : Sorosilicates with Si3O10, Si4O11, etc. anions; cations in octahedral [6] and greater coordination
Dana 8th edition ID:57.3.1.1

57 : SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
3 : Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si5O16] groups
Hey's CIM Ref.:17.3.2

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
3 : Silicates with chloride (including aluminosilicates)
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Type Occurrence of Zunyite

Type Locality:Zuni Mine (Zuñi Mine), Anvil Mountain, Red Mountain District, San Juan Co., Colorado, USA

Physical Properties of Zunyite

Lustre:Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent
Colour:Colourless, grey, white, flesh-red
Streak:White
Hardness (Mohs):7
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Distinct/Good
{111}
Density (measured):2.88 g/cm3

Crystallography of Zunyite

Crystal System:Isometric
Class (H-M):4 3m - Hextetrahedral
Space Group:F4 3m
Cell Parameters:a = 13.925Å
Unit Cell Volume:V 2 ų
Z:4
Morphology:Commmonly in octahedral crystals
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Chemical Properties of Zunyite

Formula:
Al
 
13
Si
 
5
O
 
20
(OH,F)
 
18
Cl
Simplified for copy/paste:Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Essential elements:Al, Cl, H, O, Si
All elements listed in formula:Al, Cl, F, H, O, Si

Relationship of Zunyite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.BJ.05Orientite
Ca
 
2
Mn
2+
 
Mn
3+
2
(Si
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
4
9.BJ.10Rosenhahnite
HCa
 
3
[Si
 
3
O
 
9
(OH)]
9.BJ.15Trabzonite
Ca
 
4
(Si
 
3
O
 
10
) · 2H
 
2
O
9.BJ.20Thalénite-(Y)
Y
 
3
(Si
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
9.BJ.20Fluorthalénite-(Y)
Y
 
3
(Si
 
3
O
 
10
)F
9.BJ.25Tiragalloite
Mn
2+
4
(HAsSi
 
3
O
 
13
)
9.BJ.30Medaite
(Mn,Ca)
 
6
(V,As)Si
 
5
O
 
18
OH
9.BJ.35Ruizite
Ca
 
2
Mn
3+
2
[(OH)
 
2
|H
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
13
] · 2H
 
2
O
9.BJ.40Ardennite-(As)
Mn
2+
4
(Al,Mg)
 
6
(Si
 
3
O
 
10
)(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
,VO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
9.BJ.40Ardennite-(V)
Mn
2+
4
Al
 
4
(Mg,Al,Fe
3+
 
,Mn
3+
 
)
 
2
(Si
 
3
O
 
10
)(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(VO
 
4
,SiO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
9.BJ.45Kilchoanite
Ca
 
6
(SiO
 
4
)(Si
 
3
O
 
10
)
9.BJ.50Kornerupine
Mg
 
3
Al
 
6
(Si,Al,B)
 
5
O
 
21
(OH)
9.BJ.50Prismatine
(◻,Fe,Mg)(Mg,Al,Fe)
 
5
Al
 
4
Si
 
2
(Si,Al)
 
2
(B,Si,Al)(O,OH,F)
 
22
9.BJ.60Hubeite
Ca
 
2
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
 
[HSi
 
4
O
 
13
] · 2H
 
2
O
9.BJ.65Cassagnaite
(Ca,Mn
2+
 
)
 
4
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
3+
 
,Al)
 
4
(V
3+
 
,Mg,Al)
 
2
(Si
 
3
O
 
10
)(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,O)
 
8
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
17.3.1Rustumite
Ca
 
10
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
Cl
 
2
17.3.3Sodalite
Na
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)Cl
 
2
17.3.4Marialite
Na
 
4
Al
 
3
Si
 
9
O
 
24
Cl
17.3.5Tugtupite
Na
 
4
(AlBeSi
 
4
O
 
12
)Cl
17.3.6Eudialyte
Na
 
15
Ca
 
6
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
3
Zr
 
3
[Si
 
25
O
 
73
](O,OH,H
 
2
O)
 
3
(OH,Cl)
 
2
17.3.7Alluaivite
Na
 
19
(Ca,Mn)
 
6
(Ti,Nb)
 
3
Si
 
26
O
 
74
Cl · 2H
 
2
O
17.3.8Nasonite
Pb
 
6
Ca
 
4
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
3
Cl
 
2
17.3.9Asisite
Pb
 
7
SiO
 
9
Cl
 
2
17.3.10Jagoite
Pb
 
18
Fe
3+
4
[Si
 
4
(Si,Fe
3+
 
)
 
6
][Pb
 
4
Si
 
16
(Si,Fe)
 
4
]O
 
82
Cl
 
6
17.3.11Friedelite
(Mn,Fe)
 
8
Si
 
6
O
 
15
(OH,Cl)
 
10
17.3.12Pyrosmalite-(Fe)
(Fe,Mn)
 
8
Si
 
6
O
 
15
(OH,Cl)
 
10
17.3.13Pyrosmalite
17.3.14Pyrosmalite-(Mn)
(Mn,Fe)
 
8
Si
 
6
O
 
15
(OH,Cl)
 
10
17.3.16Mcgillite
(Mn,Fe)
 
8
Si
 
6
O
 
15
(OH)
 
8
Cl
 
2
17.3.17Traskite
Ba
 
21
Ca(Fe
2+
 
,Mn,Ti)
 
4
(Ti,Fe,Mg)
 
12
(Si
 
12
O
 
36
)(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
6
(O,OH)
 
30
Cl
 
6
·14H
 
2
O
17.3.18Muirite
Ba
 
10
Ca
 
2
Mn
2+
 
Ti[(OH,Cl,F)|HSi
 
2
O
 
7
]
 
5
17.3.19Verplanckite
Ba
 
2
(Mn,Fe,Ti)Si
 
2
O
 
6
(O,OH,Cl,F)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O or near

Other Names for Zunyite

Other Languages:
German:Zuñyit
Russian:Зуниит
Simplified Chinese:氯黄晶
Spanish:Zuñyita
Varieties:
Dillnite

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Zunyite

Reference List:

- +
Proceedings of the Colorado Scientific Society (1884): 1: 124-132.

Bulletin de Mineralogie: 97: 271-277.

Acta Crystallographica (1982): B38: 390.

Louisnathan S J , Gibbs G V , American Mineralogist , 57 (1972) p.1089-1108, Aluminium-silicon distribution in zunyite

Best Localities for Zunyite

Best of Species:Zunyite

Internet Links for Zunyite

Search Engines:
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  • External Links:
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  • Look for Zunyite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Zunyite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Zunyite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Zunyite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • Find Zunyite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • SpiriferMinerals.com - high quality low prices
  • Zunyite specimens for sale - minfind.com
  • Buy from David K Joyce minerals
  • Fine Minerals from Weinrich Minerals, Inc.
  • Specimens:The following Zunyite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Zunyite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Algeria
     
    • Béjaïa Province
    Antarctica
     
    • Western Antarctica
      • Antarctic Peninsula
        • South Shetland Islands
          • King George Island
    Goldschmidt Conference: Journal of Conference Abstracts Volume 5(2), 1090
    Argentina
     
    • Catamarca
      • Andalgalá Department
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; FRANCHINI, Marta et al. Alterationand mineralization along the central section of the Agua Rica deposit(27º26'S-66º16'O), Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 391-408; Econ Geol (1976) 71:849-863
    • La Rioja
      • Chilecito department
        • Chilecito
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
    • Salta
      • Salar de Arizaro
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    Australia
     
    • South Australia
      • Stuart Shelf
        • Roxby Downs
    Ehrig, K., McPhie, J., Kamenetsky, V. (2012) Geology and mineralogical zonation of the Olympic Dam iron oxide Cu-U-Au-Ag deposit, South Australia. Economic Geology Special Publication 16, pg. 237-267.
    • Tasmania
      • Queenstown district
    Ralph Bottrill et al in prep.
    Bottrill RS & Baker, WE (in prep) Catalogue of Minerals of Tasmania. Mineral Resources Tasmania
    AGSO Research Newsletter May 2000
    Azerbaijan
     
    P.M. Kartashov data
    Bolivia
     
    • Potosí Department
      • Nor Chichas Province
        • Atocha-Quechisla District
          • Cerro Tazna
    Sillitoe, R.H., Steele, G.B., Thompson, J.F.H., and Lang, J.R. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 539-546.
    Brazil
     
    • Bahia
    Luiz Menezes
        • Serra das Éguas
    Barbosa et al, "Minaerals of the Brumado Magnesite Deposits, Serra das Eguas, Bahia, Brazil", Rocks and Minerals, January 2000
    Bulgaria
     
    • Pazardzhik Oblast (Pazardjik Oblast)
      • Panagyurishte (Panagurishte) Obshtina
        • Popintsi
    Hikov, C. A. (2004)
    • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
      • Chelopech
    Chambefort, I., and Moritz, R. (2007): Mineralium Deposita 42, 665-690.; Georgieva, S. & Velinova, N. (2012): Alunite from the advanced argillic alterations in the Chelopech high-sulphidation epithermal Cu-Au deposit, Bulgaria: Chemistry, morphology and genetic significance. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 49, 17-31.
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Nanaimo Mining Division
        • Vancouver Island
          • Holberg
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
    Chile
     
    • Atacama Region
      • Chañaral Province
        • Diego de Almagro
          • Potrerillos
    Maksaev, V., Townley, B., Palacios, C., and Camus, F. (2007): Metallic ore deposits. In: Moreno, T., and Gibbons, W. (editors): The Geology of Chile. The Geological Society (London), pp. 414.
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
        • El Salvador district
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
      • Huasco Province
        • Alto del Carmen
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    Economic Geology; January 2005; v. 100; no. 1; p. 131-148
    China
     
    • Fujian Province
      • Longyan Prefecture
        • Shanghang Co.
          • Zijinshan ore field
    So, C.-S., Zhang, D.-Q., Yun, S.T., and Li, D.-X. (1998): Economic Geology 93, 961-980; Tianjun Gao and Rensheng Huang (1998): Volcanology and Mineral Resources 19(4), 283-294
    • Hebei Province
      • Qinhuangdao Prefecture
        • Qinglong Co.
    Wenhao Zhao, Keqiao Chen, Lihe Guo, and Jiashan Huang (1987): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 7(4), 353-358
    Hungary
     
    • Fejér Co.
      • Velencei Mtns
        • Nadap
    GEODA,2007, L. Kupi
        • Pázmánd
    Nemecz,1984
    Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Nagano Prefecture
          • Chisagata-gun
    Masutomi Museum specimen (Kyoto)
          • Minami-Saku-gun
            • Sakuho
              • Kaize-mura
    Alfredo Petrov specimen, via Kotaro Watanabe.
    Alfredo Petrov specimens, from Yamamoto collection.
      • Tohoku Region
        • Iwate Prefecture
          • Ishidoriya
    Masui, J. & Shimizu, Y. (1944): "Kochite", a zunyite-diaspore-sericite rhyolite from Ishidoriya, A preliminary report. Journ. Japanese Assoc. Min. Pet. & Econ. Geol. 32, 97-111 (in japanese)
    Mongolia
     
    • Ömnögovi Aimag
      • Erdenetsogt
    [var: Dillnite] Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Yi Zhang, Yan Liu, and Peng Hu (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(6), 176-189
    Economic Geology September 2001 v. 96 no. 6 p. 1407-1428
    Economic Geology; December 2009; v. 104; no. 8; p. 1087-1110
    Morocco
     
    • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
      • Ouarzazate Province
        • Tazenakht
    S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
    Berrada, S. H. et al. (2009): Pyrophyllite – zunyite – diaspore mineralization at Chouichiat, Anti-Atlas, Morocco. Can. Mineral. 47, 441-456
    Peru
     
    • La Libertad Department
      • Otuzco Province
        • Otuzco
    Dill, H.G., Bosse, H.-R., Henning, K.-H., Fricke, A., and Ahrendt, H. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 149-163.
    • Pasco department
      • Pasco province
        • Tinyahuarco district
          • Colquijirca mining district
    Economic Geology November 2009 vol. 104 no. 7 905-944
    Philippines
     
    • Luzon
      • Cordillera Administrative Region
        • Benguet Province
          • Mancayan mineral district (Mankayan)
            • Bato Tabio
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    Romania
     
    • Alba Co.
      • Apuseni District
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Mineralium Deposita (2004) 39:173-188
    Serbia
     
    • Bor District
      • Bor-Majdanpek mining district
        • Bor
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Banská Štiavnica Co.
        • Banská Belá
    Jakub Jirasek - www.mindat.org/mesg-7-264340.html
    Koděra M., Andrusovová-Vlčeková G., Belešová O., Briatková D., Dávidová Š., Fejdiová V., Hurai V., Chovan M., Nelišerová E., Ženiš P., 1986-1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska. I-III. Veda, Bratislava, 1592 p. (in Slovak)
      • Detva Co.
    Rojkovičová,Ľ., 1982: Rudná mineralizácia v Javorí. Min.Slovaca, 14,5,461 – 470
    • Košice Region
      • Sobrance Co.
        • Remetské Hámre
    Bacsó Z., 1971: Nové minerály a nové surovinové možnosti Vihorlatu. Min. Slovaca, 3, 11, 247-250.
    South Africa
     
    • Northern Cape Province
    Minerals of South Africa
    Minerals of South Africa
    Alfredo Petrov collection (ex- Vandall King)
    Knoll collection #1720
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Almería
        • Níjar
    A. Arribas, F. Hernández, M. A. Fernández Périz, J. Gröbner, G. Leal (2005): Rodalquilar - El oro del capo del ágata. BOCAMINA 15, 12-88.
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cumbria
        • North and Western Region (Cumberland)
          • Embleton
    No reference listed
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • La Paz Co.
        • Dome Rock Mts
    Rob Lavinsky (ex. Al Ordway specimen)
          • Middle Camp-Oro Fino District
    Galbraith. F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 93; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 432; Wilson, W.E. (1986), What's new in minerals, Min.Rec.: 17: 210, 404-405.
      • Pinal Co.
        • San Manuel District
          • San Manuel
            • San Manuel Mine (Apex Lead & Vanadium Mining Corp Mine; Quarelli group)
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 432; Schwartz, G.M. (1953), Geology of the San Manuel copper deposit, AZ, USGS PP 256.
      • Santa Cruz Co.
        • Patagonia Mts
          • Harshaw District
            • Alum Gulch
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    • Colorado
      • Custer Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
      • Dolores Co.
        • Rico Mts
          • Rico District (Pioneer District)
            • Horse Creek
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • Ouray Co.
        • Red Mountain District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
          • Red Mountain
    Robert Stoufer collection
      • Saguache Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • San Juan Co.
        • Animas District
    [MinRec 10:359]
        • Red Mountain District
          • Anvil Mountain
    Minerals of Colorado (1997)
    Rocks & Minerals 71:2 pp94-101
    [Proc. Colorado Sci.Soc.(1884) 1, 124-132; MinRec 7:302, 7:270]
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    USGS Prof. Paper 750C
    • Montana
      • Silver Bow Co.
    The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen
    • Nevada
      • Douglas Co.
        • Buckskin Range
          • Buckskin District (Smith Valley District)
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Elko Co.
        • Scraper Springs District
    NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Bull 106 Geology and Mineral Resources of Elko County, Nevada
      • White Pine Co.
    NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
    • North Carolina
    Genth,F.A and Kerr,W.C,1881,Mineral and Mineral Localities of North Carolina,Geological Survey
    U.S Bureau of Mines/Spatial Data from the Minerals System/Mineral Industry Location System(Mas/Mils)CD-Rom,Sep,1995
      • Orange Co.
        • Hillsborough
    Jason B. Smith collection.
    • Utah
      • Juab Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
          • Tintic District
    various added photos
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; American Mineralogist, Volume 30, pages 76-77
    No reference listed
      • Utah Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
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