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Colourless, grey, white, ...
Named after the type locality, the Zuni mine near Silverton, San Juan County, Colorado (USA).
This page provides mineralogical data about Zunyite.

Classification of Zunyite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
B : Sorosilicates
J : Sorosilicates with Si3O10, Si4O11, etc. anions; cations in octahedral [6] and greater coordination

57 : SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
3 : Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si5O16] groups

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
3 : Silicates with chloride (including aluminosilicates) URL:
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Zunyite

Physical Properties of Zunyite

Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Colourless, grey, white, flesh-red
Hardness (Mohs):
2.88 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Crystallography of Zunyite

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
4 3m - Hextetrahedral
Space Group:
F4 3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.925Å
Unit Cell Volume:
V 2 ų
Commmonly in octahedral crystals
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Chemical Properties of Zunyite

Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Zunyite to other Species

9.BJ.05OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
9.BJ.35RuiziteCa2Mn23+[(OH)2|H2Si4O13] · 2H2O
9.BJ.60HubeiteCa2Mn2+Fe3+[HSi4O13] · 2H2O
17.3.7AlluaiviteNa19(Ca,Mn)6(Ti,Nb)3Si26O74Cl · 2H2O
17.3.19VerplanckiteBa2(Mn,Fe,Ti)Si2O6(O,OH,Cl,F)2 · 3H2O or near

Other Names for Zunyite

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:氯黄晶

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Zunyite

Reference List:
Proceedings of the Colorado Scientific Society (1884): 1: 124-132.

Bulletin de Mineralogie: 97: 271-277.

Acta Crystallographica (1982): B38: 390.

Louisnathan S J , Gibbs G V , American Mineralogist , 57 (1972) p.1089-1108, Aluminium-silicon distribution in zunyite

Zhou B, Sherriff B L, Taulelle F, Wu G (2003): Nuclear magnetic resonance study of Al:Si and F:OH order in zunyite. Canadian Mineralogist 41, 891-903.

Internet Links for Zunyite

The following Zunyite specimens are currently listed for sale on

Localities for Zunyite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
  • Béjaïa Province
Turco, G. (1962). La zunyite: recherches expérimentales physico-chimiques en liaison avec l'étude du nouveau gisement de Beni-Embarek. Masson et Cie.
  • Western Antarctica
    • Antarctic Peninsula
      • South Shetland Islands
        • King George Island
Goldschmidt Conference: Journal of Conference Abstracts Volume 5(2), 1090
  • Catamarca
    • Andalgalá Department
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; FRANCHINI, Marta et al. Alterationand mineralization along the central section of the Agua Rica deposit(27º26'S-66º16'O), Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 391-408; Econ Geol (1976) 71:849-863
  • La Rioja
    • Chilecito department
      • Chilecito
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
  • Salta
    • Los Andes department
      • Salar de Arizaro
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • South Australia
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Roxby Downs
Ehrig, K., McPhie, J., Kamenetsky, V. (2012) Geology and mineralogical zonation of the Olympic Dam iron oxide Cu-U-Au-Ag deposit, South Australia. Economic Geology Special Publication 16, pg. 237-267.
  • Tasmania
    • Queenstown district
Ralph Bottrill et al in prep.
Bottrill RS & Baker, WE (in prep) Catalogue of Minerals of Tasmania. Mineral Resources Tasmania
AGSO Research Newsletter May 2000
  • Tartar District
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Potosí Department
    • Nor Chichas Province
      • Atocha-Quechisla District
        • Cerro Tazna
Sillitoe, R.H., Steele, G.B., Thompson, J.F.H., and Lang, J.R. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 539-546.
  • Bahia
Luiz Menezes
      • Serra das Éguas
Barbosa et al, "Minaerals of the Brumado Magnesite Deposits, Serra das Eguas, Bahia, Brazil", Rocks and Minerals, January 2000
  • Pazardzhik Oblast (Pazardjik Oblast)
    • Panagyurishte (Panagurishte) Obshtina
      • Popintsi
Hikov, C. A. (2004)
  • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
    • Chelopech
Chambefort, I., and Moritz, R. (2007): Mineralium Deposita 42, 665-690.; Georgieva, S. & Velinova, N. (2012): Alunite from the advanced argillic alterations in the Chelopech high-sulphidation epithermal Cu-Au deposit, Bulgaria: Chemistry, morphology and genetic significance. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 49, 17-31.; Georgieva, S., & Георгиева, С. Albite in the propylitic zone of alteration from the Chelopech high-sulphidation epithermal Cu-Au deposit, Bulgaria: new data Албит от пропилитовата зона на изменения във високосулфидизираното епитермално Cu-Au находище Челопеч, България: нови данни.
  • British Columbia
    • Nanaimo Mining Division
      • Vancouver Island
        • Holberg
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
  • Atacama Region
    • Chañaral Province
      • Diego de Almagro
        • Potrerillos
Maksaev, V., Townley, B., Palacios, C., and Camus, F. (2007): Metallic ore deposits. In: Moreno, T., and Gibbons, W. (editors): The Geology of Chile. The Geological Society (London), pp. 414.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
      • El Salvador district
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    • Huasco Province
      • Alto del Carmen
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Economic Geology; January 2005; v. 100; no. 1; p. 131-148
  • Fujian Province
    • Longyan Prefecture
      • Shanghang Co.
        • Zijinshan ore field
So, C.-S., Zhang, D.-Q., Yun, S.T., and Li, D.-X. (1998): Economic Geology 93, 961-980; Tianjun Gao and Rensheng Huang (1998): Volcanology and Mineral Resources 19(4), 283-294
  • Hebei Province
    • Qinhuangdao Prefecture
      • Qinglong Co.
Wenhao Zhao, Keqiao Chen, Lihe Guo, and Jiashan Huang (1987): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 7(4), 353-358
  • Fejér Co.
    • Velencei Mts
      • Nadap
GEODA,2007, L. Kupi
      • Pázmánd
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Nagano Prefecture
        • Chisagata-gun
Masutomi Museum specimen (Kyoto)
        • Minami-Saku-gun
          • Sakuho
            • Kaize-mura
Alfredo Petrov specimen, via Kotaro Watanabe.
Alfredo Petrov specimens, from Yamamoto collection.
    • Tohoku Region
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Ishidoriya
Masui, J. & Shimizu, Y. (1944): "Kochite", a zunyite-diaspore-sericite rhyolite from Ishidoriya, A preliminary report. Journ. Japanese Assoc. Min. Pet. & Econ. Geol. 32, 97-111 (in japanese)
  • Ömnögovi Aimag
    • Erdenetsogt
[var: Dillnite] Fengjun Nie, Sihong Jiang, Yi Zhang, Yan Liu, and Peng Hu (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(6), 176-189
Economic Geology September 2001 v. 96 no. 6 p. 1407-1428
Economic Geology; December 2009; v. 104; no. 8; p. 1087-1110
  • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Berrada, S. H. et al. (2009): Pyrophyllite – zunyite – diaspore mineralization at Chouichiat, Anti-Atlas, Morocco. Can. Mineral. 47, 441-456
  • La Libertad Department
    • Otuzco Province
      • Otuzco
Dill, H.G., Bosse, H.-R., Henning, K.-H., Fricke, A., and Ahrendt, H. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 149-163.
  • Pasco department
    • Pasco province
      • Tinyahuarco district
        • Colquijirca mining district
Economic Geology November 2009 vol. 104 no. 7 905-944
  • Luzon
    • Cordillera Administrative Region
      • Benguet Province
        • Mancayan mineral district (Mankayan)
          • Bato Tabio
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Alba Co.
    • Apuseni District
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Mineralium Deposita (2004) 39:173-188
  • Bor District
    • Bor-Majdanpek mining district
      • Bor
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Štiavnica Co.
      • Banská Belá
Jakub Jirasek -
Koděra M., Andrusovová-Vlčeková G., Belešová O., Briatková D., Dávidová Š., Fejdiová V., Hurai V., Chovan M., Nelišerová E., Ženiš P., 1986-1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska. I-III. Veda, Bratislava, 1592 p. (in Slovak)
    • Detva Co.
Rojkovičová,Ľ., 1982: Rudná mineralizácia v Javorí. Min.Slovaca, 14,5,461 – 470
  • Košice Region
    • Sobrance Co.
      • Remetské Hámre
Bacsó Z., 1971: Nové minerály a nové surovinové možnosti Vihorlatu. Min. Slovaca, 3, 11, 247-250.
South Africa
  • Northern Cape Province
Minerals of South Africa
Minerals of South Africa
Alfredo Petrov collection (ex- Vandall King)
Knoll collection #1720
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Níjar
A. Arribas, F. Hernández, M. A. Fernández Périz, J. Gröbner, G. Leal (2005): Rodalquilar - El oro del capo del ágata. BOCAMINA 15, 12-88.
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Embleton
No reference listed
  • Arizona
    • La Paz Co.
      • Dome Rock Mts
Rob Lavinsky (ex. Al Ordway specimen)
        • Middle Camp-Oro Fino District
Galbraith. F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 93; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 432; Wilson, W.E. (1986), What's new in minerals, Min.Rec.: 17: 210, 404-405.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Pinal Mts
        • Pioneer District
          • Superior
Winant, A. R. (2010). Sericitic and advanced argillic mineral assemblages and their relationship to copper mineralization, Resolution Porphyry Cu-(Mo) Deposit, Superior District, Pinal County, Arizona (Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona).
      • San Manuel District
        • San Manuel
          • San Manuel Mine (Apex Lead & Vanadium Mining Corp Mine; Quarelli group)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 432; Schwartz, G.M. (1953), Geology of the San Manuel copper deposit, AZ, USGS PP 256.
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Patagonia Mts
        • Harshaw District
          • Alum Gulch
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Colorado
    • Custer Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Dolores Co.
      • Rico Mts
        • Rico District (Pioneer District)
          • Horse Creek
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Ouray Co.
      • Red Mountain District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
        • Red Mountain
Robert Stoufer collection
    • Saguache Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • San Juan Co.
      • Animas District
[MinRec 10:359]
      • Red Mountain District
        • Anvil Mountain
Minerals of Colorado (1997)
Rocks & Minerals 71:2 pp94-101
Hillebrand, W.F. (1885): On zunyite and guitermanite, two new minerals from Colorado. Proceedings of the Colorado Scientific Society 1, 124-131.; MinRec 7:302, MinRec 7:270
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
USGS Prof. Paper 750C
  • Montana
    • Silver Bow Co.
The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen
  • Nevada
    • Douglas Co.
      • Buckskin Range
        • Buckskin District (Smith Valley District)
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Scraper Springs District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Bull 106 Geology and Mineral Resources of Elko County, Nevada
    • White Pine Co.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
  • North Carolina
Genth,F.A and Kerr,W.C,1881,Mineral and Mineral Localities of North Carolina,Geological Survey
U.S Bureau of Mines/Spatial Data from the Minerals System/Mineral Industry Location System(Mas/Mils)CD-Rom,Sep,1995
    • Orange Co.
      • Hillsborough
Jason B. Smith collection.
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • Tintic District
various added photos
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; American Mineralogist, Volume 30, pages 76-77
No reference listed
    • Utah Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
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