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Baddeleyite

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Formula:
ZrO
 
2
System:MonoclinicColour:Colourless to yellow, ...
Lustre:Vitreous, GreasyHardness:
Name:For Joseph Baddeley, British Geologist, a superintendent of a railroad project in Rakwana, who first called attention to the Sri Lankan material.


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Classification of Baddeleyite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:4/D.31-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:4.DE.35

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
E : With medium-sized cations; with various polyhedra
Dana 8th edition ID:4.4.14.1

4 : SIMPLE OXIDES
4 : AX2
Hey's CIM Ref.:7.10.1

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
10 : Oxides of Zr and Th
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Type Occurrence of Baddeleyite

Type Locality:Kollonnagam, Rakwana, Ratnapura District, Sabaragamuwa Province, Sri Lanka
Place of Conservation of Type Material:The Natural History Museum, London, England.
Year of Discovery:1892

Occurrences of Baddeleyite

Geological Setting:An accessory mineral in carbonatites and kimberlites; in syenites, diabases, gabbros, anorthosites; detrital in gem gravels; also in lunar basalt, tektites and meteorites.

Physical Properties of Baddeleyite

Lustre:Vitreous, Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent
Colour:Colourless to yellow, green, greenish or reddish brown, brown, iron-black; colourless to brown in transmitted light
Streak:White to brownish white
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Very Good
nearly perfect on {001}, less perfect on {010} and {110}
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
Density (measured):5.4 - 6.02 g/cm3
Density (calculated):5.83 g/cm3

Crystallography of Baddeleyite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:P21/b
Cell Parameters:a = 5.1505Å, b = 5.2116Å, c = 5.3173Å
β = 99.23°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.988 : 1 : 1.02
Unit Cell Volume:V 140.88 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Morphology:Crystals commonly tabular on {100} and somewhat elongated on [010], or short to long prismatic along [001], to 6 cm; rarely equant; prism faces striated parallel to [001]; also botryoidal masses with radially fibrous structure and concentric banding.
Twinning:Ubiquitous; on {100} and {110}, both may be polysynthetic; rare on {201}.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
3.15 (10)
2.835 (9)
2.62 (5)
1.817 (5)
3.66 (4)
3.51 (4)
1.847 (4)
Comments:Recorded on material from Palabora Mine, South Africa

Optical Data of Baddeleyite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 2.130 nβ = 2.190 nγ = 2.200
2V:Measured: 30° to 31°, Calculated: 28°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.070

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High
Dispersion:r > v, rather strong
Comments:X = yellow, reddish brown, oil-green; Y = oil-green, reddish brown; Z = brown, light brown; Orientation: X vs. c = 13°, Y = b

Chemical Properties of Baddeleyite

Formula:
ZrO
 
2
Simplified for copy/paste:ZrO2
Essential elements:O, Zr
All elements listed in formula:O, Zr
CAS Registry number:1314-23-4

CAS Registry numbers are published by the American Chemical Society
Analytical Data:Analysis of material from Balangoda, Sri Lanka
SiO2 (0.19)
ZrO2 (98.90)
Fe2O3 (0.83)
CaO (0.06)
LOI (0.28) (loss on ignition)

sum 100.25 wt.-%
Common Impurities:Ca,Fe,Hf,Si,Ti

Relationship of Baddeleyite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
4.DE.05Downeyite
SeO
 
2
4.DE.10Koragoite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)
 
3
(Nb,Ta,Ti)
 
2
(Nb,Mn)
 
2
(W,Ta)
 
2
O
 
20
4.DE.15Koechlinite
Bi
 
2
MoO
 
6
4.DE.15Russellite
Bi
 
2
WO
 
6
4.DE.15Tungstibite
Sb
3+
2
WO
 
6
4.DE.20Tellurite
TeO
 
2
4.DE.25Paratellurite
TeO
 
2
4.DE.30Bismutotantalite
Bi(Ta,Nb)O
 
4
4.DE.30Bismutocolumbite
Bi(Nb,Ta)O
 
4
4.DE.30Cervantite
Sb
3+
 
Sb
5+
 
O
 
4
4.DE.30Stibiotantalite
Sb(Ta,Nb)O
 
4
4.DE.30Stibiocolumbite
Sb(Nb,Ta)O
 
4
4.DE.30Clinocervantite
Sb
3+
 
Sb
5+
 
O
 
4
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
7.10.2Arkelite
ZrO
 
2
7.10.3Painite
CaZrAl
 
9
(BO
 
3
)O
 
15
7.10.4Srilankite
ZrTi
 
2
O
 
6
7.10.5Zirconolite
CaZrTi
 
2
O
 
7
7.10.6Calzirtite
CaZr
 
3
TiO
 
9
7.10.7Tazheranite
(Zr,Ti,Ca)O
 
2-x
7.10.8Zirkelite
(Ti,Ca,Zr)O
 
2-x
7.10.9Uhligite
Ca
 
3
(Ti,Al,Zr)
 
9
O
 
20
?
7.10.10Thorianite
ThO
 
2

Other Names for Baddeleyite

Synonyms:
Baddeleyite (of Fletcher)Brazilite (of Hussak)Reitingerite
Other Languages:
German:Baddeleyit
Buddleyit
Reitingerit
Russian:Бадделеит
Simplified Chinese:斜锆石
Spanish:Baddeleyita
Reitingerita

Other Information

Fluorescence in UV light:Shows a blue-green cathodoluminescence
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
External LinksSearch for toxicity information at the United States National Library of Medicine

References for Baddeleyite

Reference List:

- +
Fletcher (1892), Nature: 46: 620.

Hussak (1892), Jb. Min.: 2: 141.

Fletcher (1893), Mineralogical Magazine: 10: 148.

Hussak (1895), Min. Mitt.: 14: 395.

Zambonini (1912), Acc. Napoli, Att.: 15: 1.

Yardley (1920), Mineralogical Magazine: 21: 169.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 608-610.

Heimstra, S. A. (1955): Baddeleyite from Phalaborwa, Eastern Transvaal. American Mineralogist 40, 275-282.

Keil, K. and Fricker, P. E. (1974): Baddeleyite (ZrO2) in gabbroic rocks from Axel Heiberg island, Canadian Arctic Archipelago. American Mineralogist 59, 249-253.

Scatena-Wachel, D. E. and Jones, A. P. (1984): Primary baddeleyite (ZrO2) in kimberlite from Benfontein, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine 48, 257-261.

Howard, C. J., Hill, R. J. and Reichert, B. E. (1988): Structures of the ZrO2 polymorphs at room temperature by high-resolution neutron powder diffraction. Acta Crystallographica 44, 116-120.

Heaman, L. M. and LeCheminant, A. N. (1993): Paragenesis and U-Pb systematics of baddeleyite (ZrO2). Chemical Geology. 110, 95-126.

Bayanova, T. B., Kirnarsky, Yu. M. and Levkovich, N. V. (1997): U-Pb isotope dating of baddeleyite from rocks of the Kovdor massif. Doklady Rossiiskoi Akademii Nauk 356: 509-511 (in Russian).

Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 33.

Internet Links for Baddeleyite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
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  • Baddeleyite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Baddeleyite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Algeria
     
    www.meteoriticalsociety.org/bulletin/mb89preview.pdf.
    Angola
     
    • Cuanza Sul Province (Kwanza Sul Province)
      • Sumbe City Council
    Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 33; 33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPI-07 Alkaline and carbonatite magmatism and related ore deposits: Extrusive calcite carbonatite from Catanda, Angola: Magmatic and hydrothermal history from studies of pyrochlore
    • Lunda Sul Province
      • Catoca kimberlite field
    Cruz, S. R., Watangua, M., Melgarejo, J. C., & Gali, S. (2008). New insights into the concept of ilmenite as an indicator for diamond exploration, based on kimberlit petrographic analysis. Revista de la sociedad española de mineralogia, 9, 205-206.
    Antarctica
     
    • Eastern Antarctica
      • Queen Maud Land (Dronning Maud Land)
        • Roberts Massif
    Takafumi Niihara, Hiroshi Kaiden, Keiji Misawa (2011) Petrology and Mineralogy of the RBT 04261 Shergottite. Japan Geooscience Union Meeting Makuhari, Chiba Japan.
    Argentina
     
    • Jujuy
      • Cochinoca Department
    ZAPPETTINI, Eduardo O and SANTOS, Joao O. Finding of baddeleyite in Jujuy: Mineralogical data and U/Pb SHRIMP age. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 540-543.
    Armenia
     
    • Loṙi Province (Lori)
    Kogarko, L. N., Konova, V. A., Orlova, M. P., & Woolley, A. R. (1995). Caucasus (Armenia, Azerbai’an, Georgia). In Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World (pp. 59-64). Springer Netherlands.
    • Syunik' Province
    Atlantic Ocean
     
    • Mid-Atlantic Ridge complex
      • Sierra Leone fracture zone
        • Markov Deep
    Sharkov, E.V., Abramov, S.S., Simonov, V.A., Krinov, D.I., Skolotnev, S.G., Bel’tenev, V.E., and Bortnikov, N.S. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 467-486.
    Australia
     
    • Queensland
      • Tablelands Region
        • Mount Garnet
    Sutherland et al, 2013
    • South Australia
      • Western Region
        • Nullarbor Plain
    Hsu, W., Wang, L. & Zhang, A. (Sept 2013) SIMS Dating of Eucritic Zircons: 76th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society. Published in Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, id.5022. (Sept 2013)
    • Tasmania
    Sebastian Meffre, pers comm
    • Western Australia
      • Derby-West Kimberley Shire
    Rasmussen et. al, 2011, Tranquillityite: The last lunar mineral comes down to Earth, in Geology, January 2012; v. 40; no. 1; p. 83–86
      • East Pilbara Shire
    Rasmussen et. al, 2011, Tranquillityite: The last lunar mineral comes down to Earth, in Geology, January 2012; v. 40; no. 1; p. 83–86.
    Rasmussen et. al, 2011, Tranquillityite: The last lunar mineral comes down to Earth, in Geology, January 2012; v. 40; no. 1; p. 83–86.; Hickman, A.H. (1978) Nullagine, Western Australia: Geological Survey of Australia 1:250,000 Geological Series Explanatory Notes, 22p. Rasmussen, B., and Fletcher, I.R. (2004) Zirconolite, a new U-Pb geochronometer. Geology, 32, 785-788. doi:10.1130/G20658.1. Rasmussen, B. et al (2012) Tranquillityite: the last lunar mineral comes down to Earth. Geology, 40(1) 83-86.
        • Shaw River District
    Rasmussen et. al, 2011, Tranquillityite: The last lunar mineral comes down to Earth, in Geology, January 2012; v. 40; no. 1; p. 83–86.
    Rasmussen et. al, 2011, Tranquillityite: The last lunar mineral comes down to Earth, in Geology, January 2012; v. 40; no. 1; p. 83–86
        • Yarrie Station
    http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/40/1/83.abstract
      • Halls Creek Shire
        • Lamboo Station
          • Mount Dockrell pegmatites
    Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
      • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
        • Kalgoorlie-Boulder
    Rasmussen, B. et al. (2009): Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 157, 559-572.
      • Wiluna Shire
        • Mount Keith
    Grguric, B.A. (2003) Minerals of the MKD5 nickel deposit, Mount Keith, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 9, No. 2 , pg. 55-71.
        • Wiluna
    Hsu, W., Wang, L. & Zhang, A. (2013). SIMS Dating of Eucritic Zircons. 76th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society. Published in Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, id.5022 (Sept 2013)
    Austria
     
    • Styria
      • Weiz
        • Stubenberg am See
    Tropper, P. et al. (2001, 2003, 2005, 2007)
    Mineralogical Magazine, 49, 523-529
    Brazil
     
    • Goiás
      • Arenópolis
    Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
      • Catalão I Carbonatite Complex
        • Ouvidor
    Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits, Vol 85, No. 1 pp14-18
    • Minas Gerais
      • Patrocínio
        • São João da Serra Negra
    Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
      • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
        • Caldas
          • Campo do Cercado
    Waber (1991)
    Christopher O'Neill collection
        • Poços de Caldas
    Wedow (1967)
    Horstpeter H. G. J. Ulbrich (1984) A Petrografia, a Estrutura e o Quimismo de Nefelina Sienitos do Maciço Alcalino de Poços de Caldas MG-SP
    • Rio de Janeiro
      • Angra dos Reis
        • Ilha Grande
    Prinz, M., Keil, K., Hlava, P. F., Berkely, J. L., Gomes, C. B. & Curvello, W. S. (1977) Studies of Brazilian meteorites. III - Origin and history of the Angra DOS Reis achondrite: Earth and Planetary Science Letters 35 (2): 317-330. (June 1977)
    • Santa Catarina
      • Anitápolis
    Comin-Chiaramonti, P., de Barros Gomes, C., Castorina, F., di Censi, P., Antonini, P., Furtado, S., ... & Scheibe, L. F. (2008). Geochemistry and geodynamic implications of the Anitápolis and Lages alkaline-carbonatite complexes, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 32(1), 43-58.
    • São Paulo
      • Cajati
    Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Costanzo, A., Moore, K. R., Wall, F., & Feely, M. (2006). Fluid inclusions in apatite from Jacupiranga calcite carbonatites: evidence for a fluid-stratified carbonatite magma chamber. Lithos, 91(1), 208-228.
      • Ilhabela
        • São Sebastião island
    33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session AMS-04 South American alkaline igneous complexes: Zircon and baddeleyite U-Pb dating (TIMS) of mesozoic alkaline rocks from the São Sebastião Island, southeastern Brazil
    33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session AMS-04 South American alkaline igneous complexes: Zircon and baddeleyite U-Pb dating (TIMS) of mesozoic alkaline rocks from the São Sebastião Island, southeastern Brazil
      • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
        • Águas da Prata
    Franco, R. R. & Loewenstein, W. (1948): Zirconium from the region of Poços de Caldas. Am. Mineral. 33, 142-151. [http://www.minsocam.org/ammin/AM33/AM33_142.pdf]
    Burma (Myanmar)
     
    • Mandalay Division
      • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
        • Mogok Township
          • Kyauk-Pyat-That
    Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
            • Thurein-taung
    Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, material of Sieghard Ellenberger; Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok; Kyaw Thu (2007) The Igneous Rocks of the Mogok Stone Tract: Their Distributions, Petrography, Petrochemistry, Sequence, Geochronology and Economic Geology. PhD Thesis University of Yangon, Myanmar
    RRUFF data
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Golden Mining Division
    No reference listed
      • Omenica Mining Division
        • Williston Lake
    Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
    • Newfoundland and Labrador
      • Labrador
        • Voisey´s Bay
    Yuri Amelin, Chusi Li, A.J Naldrett, Geochronology of the Voisey's Bay intrusion, Labrador, Canada, by precise U–Pb dating of coexisting baddeleyite, zircon, and apatite, Lithos, Volume 47, Issues 1–2, June 1999, Pages 33-51
    • Nunavut Territory
    AmMin 59:249-253
    Am. Min. 59, 249
      • Coppermine River area
    Roach, T. S., Roeder, P. L., & Hulbert, L. J. (1998). Composition of chromite in the upper chromitite, Muskox layered intrusion, Northwest Territories. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36(1), 117-135.
    • Ontario
      • Kenora District
    Sage, R.P. (1983) Geology of the Schryburt Lake Carbonatite Complex. Ontario Geological Survey Open File Report 5413, 114 p.
      • Thunder Bay District
    McLaughlin (1990)
        • Killala Lake Area
    Mariano, A. N., Roeder, P. L., 1989. Wöhlerite: chemical composition, cathodoluminescence and environment of crystallization. Canadian Mineralogist, 27: 709-720.
    • Québec
      • Montérégie
        • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
          • Mont Saint-Hilaire
    SCHILLING, J., MARKS, M.A.W., WENZEL, T., VENNEMANN, T., HORVÁTH, L., TARASSOFF, P., JACOB, D.E. and MARKL, G. (2011b) The magmatic to hydrothermal evolution of the intrusive Mont Saint-Hilaire complex: Insights into the late-stage evolution of peralkaline rocks. Journal of Petrology 52, 2147-2185.
      • Montréal
    TARASSOFF, P., HORVÁTH, L. and PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2006) Famous mineral localities: the Francon quarry, Montréal, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 37, 5-60.
      • Nord-du-Québec
        • Baie-James
    Mitchell, R.H. and Letendre, J.P.L. (2003) Mineralogy and petrology of kimberlite from Wemindji, Québec. Eighth International Kimberlite Conference, Program Abstract: 120.; Zurevinski, Shannon; Mitchell, Roger.(2011) Highly evolved hypabyssal kimberlite sills from Wemindji, Quebec, Canada: insights into the process of flow differentiation in kimberlite magmas. Contributions to Mineralogy & Petrology. Vol. 161 Issue 5, p765-776.
    Chile
     
    • Antofagasta Region
      • Antofagasta Province
        • Taltal
    Kimura, M., Ikeda, Y., Ebihara, M., & Prinz, M. (1991). New enclaves in the Vaca Muerta mesosiderite: Petrogenesis and comparison with HED meteorites. Antarctic Meteorite Research, 4, 263.
    China
     
    • Anhui Province
      • Anqing Prefecture
        • Qianshan Co.
    Xu, S. et al. (2008): Moissanite in serpentinite from the Dabie Mountains in China. Mineral. Mag. 72, 899-908.
    • Fujian Province
      • Sanming Prefecture
        • Mingxi Co.
          • Gaiyang
    Qiu Zhili, Wu Fuyuan, Yu Qingyuan, Xie Liewen, and Yang Shufeng (2005): Chinese Science Bulletin 50(22), 2602-2611.
    • Heilongjiang Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
      • Daxing'anling Prefecture
        • Songling District
    Jian Shao, Wenlan Zhang, Xinhua Zhou, and Cong Zhang (2009): Acta Petrologica Sinica 25(10), 2642-2650
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Liberec Region
    Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
      • Ústí Region
        • Šluknov (Schluckenau)
    Vavřín, I., Frýda, J.: Pt-Pd-As-Te mineralizace na ložiskách měďnato-niklových rud z Kunratic a Rožan na Šluknovsku. Bulletin of the Czech Geological Survey, 1998, 73, 2, p. 177-180.
    Vavřín, I., Frýda, J.: Pt-Pd-As-Te mineralizace na ložiskách měďnato-niklových rud z Kunratic a Rožan na Šluknovsku. Bulletin of the Czech Geological Survey, 1998, 73, 2, p. 177-180.
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Olomouc Region
        • Šumperk (Mährisch Schönberg)
          • Ruda nad Moravou
    Novák M. Gadas P. (2010) ZONED, ANORTHITE- AND GROSSULARITE-BEARING, LEUCOTONALITIC PEGMATITE FROM SERPENTINIZED LHERZOLITE AT RUDA NAD MORAVOU, STARÉ MĚSTO UNIT, CZECH REPUBLIC. Can Miner 48 (3): 629-650.
      • Vysočina Region
        • Třebíč
    Houzar, S. & Novák, M. (2006): Clintonite-bearing assemblages in chondrodite marbles from the contact aureole of the Trebic Pluton, Moldanubian Zone, Bohemian Massif. J. Czech Geol. Soc. 51, 249-258. [http://www.jgeosci.org/content/JCGS2006_3-4__houzar.pdf]
    Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
     
    • Kivu
    Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 33; Mineral. Deposita (Berl.) 6, 153-155 (1971)
    Finland
     
    • Eastern Finland Region
    No reference listed
    • Lapland Region
      • Penikat complex
        • Sompujärvi Reef
    Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1663-1686.
      • Savukoski
        • Tulppio
    Vartiainen, H. 1980 The petrography, mineralogy and petrochemistry of the Sokli carbonative massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin, 313; Lee, M. J., Lee, J. I., Garcia, D., Moutte, J., Williams, C. T., Wall, F., & Kim, Y. (2006). Pyrochlore chemistry from the Sokli phoscorite-carbonatite complex, Finland: Implications for the genesis of phoscorite and carbonatite association. GEOCHEMICAL JOURNAL-JAPAN-, 40(1), 1.
    • Southern Finland Region
      • Nummi-Pusula
        • Palmottu Lake
    Pérez del Villar, L. et al. 1997.. Structural, lithological and mineralogical analyses of Borehole R-385 (386) from the Palmottu site. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti 50/97/05.
    France
     
    • Champagne-Ardenne
      • Haute-Marne
        • Chassigny
    Floran, R. J., Prinz, M., Hlava, P. F., Keil, K., Nehru, C. E., & Hinthorne, J. R. (1978). The Chassigny meteorite: A cumulate dunite with hydrous amphibole-bearing melt inclusions. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 42(8), 1213-1229.
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Pyrénées-Orientales
        • Prats de Mollo-La Preste (Prats de Molló-La Presta)
    Dubru. M, (1986) Pétrologie et géochimie du marbre à brucite et des borates associés au gisement de tungstène de Costabonne, (Pyrénées orientales, France) 930p
    Gabon
     
    • Moyen-Ogooué Province
    Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
    Germany
     
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Eifel
        • Laach lake volcanic complex
          • Kruft
    Hentschel, G., Einige Funde ungewöhnlicher Minerale aus quartären Vulkanvorkommen der Eifel, Mainzer Geowiss. Mitt, 7, 151-154, 1978
          • Mendig
            • Niedermendig
    Hentschel, G., Einige Funde ungewöhnlicher Minerale aus quartären Vulkanvorkommen der Eifel, Mainzer geowiss. Mitt. 7, 151-154, 1978; Blaß, G. & Kruijen, F. (2013): Die Mineralogischen Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel. Mineralien-Welt 24 (3), 33-41.
    Hentschel, G., Einige Funde ungewöhnlicher Minerale aus quartären Vulkanvorkommen der Eifel, Mainzer geowiss. Mitt. 7, 151-154, 1978] [Minealien Welt 1/93:14]
              • Wingertsberg
    Hentschel, G., Einige Funde ungewöhnlicher Minerale aus quartären Vulkanvorkommen der Eifel, Mainzer geowiss. Mitt. 7, 151-154, 1978
        • Mayen
          • Ettringen
            • Bellerberg volcano
    [Hentschel, G., Einige Funde ungewöhnlicher Minerale aus quartären Vulkanvorkommen der Eifel, Mainzer geowiss. Mitt. 7, 151-154 , 1978] [Lapis, 15 (5), 9-36]
      • Palatinate
        • Wolfstein
          • Kreimbach-Kaulbach
    Müller, G. (1989): Baddeleyit von Kreimbach - MGAS-INFO Nr.7; Saarbrücken, April 1989.; Bungert, R. & Frey, W.-G. (2010): Der Steinbruch Kreimbach in der Pfalz. Lapis 35 (3), 13-23; 54. ["tiny bronze needles"]
    Greenland
     
    • Kujalleq
      • Narsaq
    Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
    • Tunu Province (East Greenland)
      • Kangerlussuaq Firth
        • Kangerlussuaq complex
    Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632
    Hungary
     
    • Heves Co.
      • Bükk Mtns
        • Szarvaskő
    Koch: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
    India
     
    • Bihar
      • Gaya District
    Lundberg, L. L., Crozaz, G., McKay, G., & Zinner, E. (1988). Rare earth element carriers in the Shergotty meteorite and implications for its chronology. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 52(8), 2147-2163.
    Indian Ocean
     
    Bibhuranjan Nayak, Swapan Kumar Das, Kalyan Kumar Bhattacharyya (2011) Detrital and authigenic(?) baddeleyite (ZrO2) in ferromanganese nodules of Central Indian Ocean Basin. Geoscience Frontiers 2:571-576
    Iraq
     
    • Qala-Diz (Qala-Dizeh; Qala-Diza)
      • Hero
    Al-Hermezi, H. M., McKie, D., & Hall, A. J. (1986). Baghdadite, a new calcium zirconium silicate mineral from Iraq. Mineralogical Magazine, 50, 119-123.
    Italy
     
    • Campania
      • Caserta Province
        • Roccamonfina Volcanic Complex
          • Sessa Aurunca
    -Della Ventura, G., Williams, T.C., Raudsepp, M., Bellatreccia, F., Caprilli, E., Giordano, G. (2001): Perrierite-(Ce) and zirconolite from a syenitic ejectum ofthe Roccamonfina volcano (Latium, Italy): implications for the mobility of Zr, Ti and Ree in volcanic environments, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 2001, 385-402.
      • Naples Province
    Pascal, M.-L., Di Muro, A., Boudouma, O., Fointeilles, M., Principe, C. (2008): Zirconlite, calzirtite, baddeleyite, betafite, geikielite and qandilite in skarn ejecta from Vesuvius - inferences for the magma-wallrock interactions. EGU General Assembly 2008. Geophysical Research Abstract, 10, EGU2008-A-06674, 2008. ; Pascal, M.-L., Di Muro, A., Boudouma, O., Fointeilles, M., Principe, C. (2008): Zirconolite, calzirtite, baddeleyite, betafite, geikielite and qandilite in skarn ejecta from Vesuvius - inferences for the magma-wallrock interactions. EGU General Assembly 2008. Geophysical Research Abstract, 10, EGU2008-A-06674, 2008.
    [Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
            • Ercolano
              • San Vito
    Collection from Elmar Lackner; Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
    • Latium
      • Latina Province
        • Ponza Island
    H.E. Belkin, B. De Vivo, A. Lima : "Magmatic (silicte/saline/sulfur-rich/CO2) immiscibility and zirconium and rare-earth element enrichment from alkaline magam chamber margins : evidence from Ponza Island, Pontine Archipelago, Italy", Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, 1401-1420.
      • Rome Province
    Caponera, I., Fiori, S., Pucci, R., & Signoretti, E. (2007). I minerali dei Colli Albani. Un aggiornamento sugli ultimi dieci anni di ricerche. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 31 (2), 74-91.
          • Albano Laziale
    Gianfagna, A., Merlino, S., Perchiazzi, N. (1988). Guarinite, a new finding in the sanidinite ejecta of the IV Hydromagmatic Unit from Albano lake crater, Latium, Italy. Periodico di Mineralogia, 57: 81-84.
          • Marino
    Gianfagna A. (1985) - Occurrence of baddeleyite - ZrO2 - in an ejected block from Colle Cimino, Marino (Alban Hills, Italy). Periodico di Mineralogia, Roma, pp. 129-133
        • Bracciano Lake
    Luigi Mattei collection
    Gottardi, G. (1952). La sabbia di Nettuno (Roma). Rendiconti della Società Mineralogica Italiana, 8, 56-57.
        • Rome
    A. Borrelli collection
        • Sacrofano Caldera
          • Campagnano di Roma
          • Sacrofano
      • Viterbo Province
    Carloni, L., Signoretti, E., (2002): Le sanadiniti di Bassano Romano. Distretto Vulcanico Sabatino. Il Cercapietre. Not. del Gruppo Mineralogico Romano, 1-2: 28-36
        • Làtera volcano
          • Gradoli
    - Signoretti, E. & Bosco, P. (2001): Le cave di Gradoli e Onano. Il Cercapietre, 1/2-2001, 10-25
    Dario Di Domenico collection
          • Onano
    Cresta, S., Duronio, F., Mancinella, D. (2002): Geositi e sistema delle arre protette del Lazio: idee per la geoconservazione. Il Cercapietre, 1-2/2002, 48-55
          • Valentano
    Burli M. et. al. (2010): La ricerca in località Casale Rosati (Valentano, VT), Il Cercapietre 2010, pp. 13-30
    Burli, M., Caponera, I., Signoretti, E. (2007): Le "sanidiniti" di Monte Saliette (Valentano, VT). Il Cercapietre. Not. del Gruppo Mineralogico Romano, 1-2: 13-18
        • Vico Lake
    American Mineralogist, Volume 86, pages 1066–1075, 2001
          • Vetralla
    Cámara,F., Williams,C.T., Della Ventura,G., Oberto,R. & Caprilli,E. (2004): Non-metamict betafite from Le Carcarelle (Vico volcanic complex, Italy): occurrence and crystal structure, Mineralogical Magazine, 68, 939-950
    Pierini, G. (2004): Homilite in un proietto vulcanico a Tre Croci di Vetralla (VT). Micro (notizie mineralogiche), 2004, 5-12; American Mineralogist, Volume 91, pages 1170–-1177, 2006
    Carlini, R., Signoretti, E., 2003. Località minori del vulcano Vicano: Villa S.Giovanni in Tuscia e Mazzocchio. Il Cercapietre. Not. del Gruppo Mineralogico Romano, 1-2: 33-41
    • Liguria
      • Genova Province
    Can. Miner. 35, 899-908 (1997)
    • Piedmont
      • Torino Province
        • Lanzo Valleys
          • Viù Valley
            • Viù
    Airaudi, D., Ambrino, P., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G. (2009). Baddelleyite in cristalli dalla rodingite del Malpass, Val di Viù, Piemonte. Micro (UK report), 2/2009, 100-111
      • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
        • Different Municipalities
    http://www.unileoben.ac.at/~chemie/zaccarini%20et%20al%20finero%20Platinumsymposium%202005.pdf
      • Vercelli Province
        • Sesia Valley
          • Quarona
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Tuscany
      • Grosseto Province
        • Pitigliano
    Liotti L., 1991. I minerali dei vulcani laziali a Pitigliano (Grosseto). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 15: 121-139.
    Ivory Coast (Côte d'Ivoire)
     
    • Worodougou region
      • Séguéla department
        • Toubabouko
    Pouclet A. et al. (2004) C.R.Geoscience 336, 9-17
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chugoku Region
        • Okayama Prefecture
          • Takahashi City
            • Bicchu-cho (Bitchu-cho)
              • Fuka
    Mineralogical Record: 27: 303-304.; Henmi, C., Kusachi, I., & Henmi, K. (1996). Zirconium minerals and zirconian garnet from Fuka, Okayama Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Journal, 18(2), 54-59.
      • Tohoku Region
        • Iwate Prefecture
          • Miyako City
            • Neichi mine
    The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Akmola Province (Aqmola Oblysy; Akmolinskaya Oblast')
      • Prirechnoye
        • Lake Kumdikol (Lake Kumdykol'; Ozero Kumdykol')
    Kogarko, L. N., Konova, V. A., Orlova, M. P., & Woolley, A. R. (1995). Kazakhstan. In Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World (pp. 71-88). Springer Netherlands.
    • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    Madagascar
     
    • Antsiranana Province
      • Diana Region (Northern Region)
        • Ambanja District
          • Ampasindava Peninsula
            • Befitina
    Hatzl, T. (2010): Mineralogische und geochemische Untersuchungen an der Probe TANT2-477067 aus Madagaskar unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Seltenerdelemente, Zirkon, Hafnium, Yttrium, Niob, Tantal, Thorium und Uran.- Report for Tantalus Rare Earths AG, 56 pages.
    • Tuléar Province (Toliara)
      • Anosy Region (Fort Dauphin Region)
        • Amboasary District
          • Maromby Commune
    www.gemresearch.ch/andranon/madcon.htm.
    Mexico
     
    • Chihuahua
      • Pueblito de Allende
    Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
    Morocco
     
    Irving, A. J., & Kuehner, S. M. (2003, March). Petrology of NWA 1460: A Baddeleyite-bearing Shergottite Paired with NWA 480. In Lunar and Planetary Institute Science Conference Abstracts (Vol. 34, p. 1503).
    www2.jpl.nasa.gov/snc/news51.html
    Namibia
     
    • Karas Region
    Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 44.
    • Khomas Region
      • Windhoek District
        • Aris
    KOLLER, F., ŠKODA, R., PALFI, A.G. & POPP, F. (2013) Phonolites of the Aris and Rehoboth areas, Central Namibia. Abstract, Mineralogical and Petrological Conference MinPet 2013, Bratislava. 40.
    Norway
     
    • Rogaland
      • Sokndal
        • Sandbekk
    Krause, H. & Pape, H. (1975): Mikroskopische Untersuchungen der Mineralvergesellschaftung in Erz und Nebengestein der Ilmenitlagerstätte Storgangen (Süd-Norwegen). Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 55: 387-422
    Gierth, E. & Krause, H. (1974): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. No 57. Baddelyit von Tellnes. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 54: 193-197
    • Telemark
      • Porsgrunn
        • Langangen
          • Rønningen (Skredderrønningen)
    Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
      • Skien
    Jamtveit B., Dahlgren S. and Austrheim H. (1997): High-grade contact metamorphism of calcareous rocks from the Oslo Rift, Southern Norway. American Mineralogist. 82 : 1241 - 1254
    • Vestfold
      • Larvik
    Widenfalk, L. & Gorbatschev, R. (1971): Contribution to the mineralogy of Norway , No. 43. A note on a New Occurence of Baddeleyite in Larvikite from Larvik, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 51, 193-194
        • Tjølling
          • Stålaker
    Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
      • Sandefjord
        • Vesterøya
    Engvoldsen, T.,Andersen, F., Berge, S. A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
    Oman
     
    • Dhofar Province (Al Janubiyah Province)
    Taylor, L. A., Nazarov, M. A., Demidova, S. I., & Patchen, A. D. (2001). Dhofar 287: A new lunar mare basalt from Oman. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, 36, 204.
    Meteoritical Bulletin No. 86
    The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 88, 2004 JULY, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 39, Axxx–Axxx (2004)
    Romania
     
    • Harghita Co.
    Pál-Molnár (2000)
    Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
    • Maramureș Co.
    http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
        • Buriatia (Buryatia)
          • Mama River Basin
            • Maigunda River
    Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
        • Irkutskaya Oblast'
          • Bodaibo
            • Lena Gold District
              • Kropotkinsky ore cluster
    http://www.igem.ru/igem/chem/pt/sukhloge.htm
          • Lake Baikal area
    Konev A.A., Samoilov V.S. (1974) Contact metamorphism and metasomatoz in aureole of Tazheran alkaline intrusion, - Novosibirsk, Nauka, p. 246. ; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
        • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
          • Vitim Plateau
    Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Khabarovskiy Kray
    Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
    • Northern Region
      • Karelia Republic
        • Northern Karelia
          • Oulanka plutonic complex
            • Olanga River (Oulanka River)
    Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 33
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Afrikanda
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Can. Miner., Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
    Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 33
    Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 33
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
    Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
    Verhulst, A., Balaganskaya, E., Kirnarsky, Y., & Demaiffe, D. (2000). Petrological and geochemical (trace elements and Sr–Nd isotopes) characteristics of the Paleozoic Kovdor ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatite intrusion (Kola Peninsula, NW Russia). Lithos, 51(1), 1-25.; Williams, C. T. (1996). The occurrence of niobian zirconolite, pyrochlore and baddeleyite in the Kovdor carbonatite complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(401), 639-646.; Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980.
    Britvin, S. N., Chukanov, N. V., Bekenova, G. K., Yagovkina, M. A., Antonov, A. V., Bogdanova, A. N., & Krasnova, N. I. (2008). Karchevskyite,[Mg18Al9 (OH) 54][Sr2 (CO3, PO4) 9 (H2O, H3O) 11], a new mineral species of the layered double hydroxide family. Geology of Ore Deposits, 50(7), 556-564.
    Bulakh, A. G., Nesterov, A. R., Anisimov, I. S., & Williams, C. T. (1998). Zirkelite from the Sebl'yavr carbonatite complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia; an X-ray and electron microprobe study of a partially metamict mineral. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(6), 837-846.
          • Turii Cape
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/tury.htm
        • Northern Karelia
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
    • Western-Siberian Region
    [Mineralien Welt 6/92:62]
    South Africa
     
    • Limpopo Province
    www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.
      • Phalaborwa
        • Loolekop
    Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: 186. Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 44. ; Heinrich, E. (1970) The Palabora Carbonatitic Complex - a Unique Copper Deposit. Can Mineral 10:585-598; Lee, M. E., Goosen, W. E., Minnaar, E. G., & Liebenberg, T. Microanalysis of mineral inclusions in primary baddeleyite from the Phalaborwa complex.
    • North West Province
      • Bojanala Platinum District
        • Western Bushveld Complex
    R. Liferovich - L. Horváth p.c. (2004)
    • Northern Cape Province
      • Francis Baard District
        • Kimberley
    MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, JUNE 1984, VOL. 48, PP. 257-61
    Sri Lanka
     
    • Sabaragamuwa Province
      • Ratnapura District
    Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 33
        • Rakwana
    Am Min 40 (1955), 275
    Sweden
     
    • Medelpad
      • Sundsvall
    Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
    Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
    • Värmland
      • Filipstad
        • Långban district
    Kjell Gatedal
        • Persberg district
    Sandström, F., Lorin, T. & Strand, U. (2009): Geologi och mineralogi i Gåsgruvefältet, Filipstad. Litofilen. 26 (2): 16-38
    Zakrezewski, M.a., Lustenhouwer, W.H., Nugteren, H.J. & Williams, C.T. (1992). Rare earth minerals yttrian zirconolite and allanite-(Ce) and associated minerals from Koberg Mine, Bergslagen, Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine. 56: 27-35.
    • Västerbotten
      • Skellefteå
    Billström, K., Mattson, B., Söderlund, U., Årebäck, H., & Broman, C. (2012). Geology and Age Constraints on the Origin of the Intrusion-Related, Sheeted Vein-Type Åkerberg Gold Deposit, Skellefte District, Sweden. Minerals, 2(4), 385-416.
    Tanzania
     
    • Arusha Region
    Zaitsev A.N., Wenzel T., Markl G., Spratt J., Petrov S.V., Williams, C.T. (2010) Mineralogy and geochemistry of nephelinites and phonolites from the Sadiman volcano, northern Tanzania. Abstracts of XXVII International conference School «Geochemistry of Alkaline rocks». – Moscow-Koktebel’. pp. 240 pp.
    The Moon
     
    • Fra Mauro Highlands
      • Fra Mauro Base (Apollo 14 landing site)
    Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIV (2003) and XXXV (2004)
    • Mare Crisium
    Mokhov A.V., Kartashov P.M., Gornostaeva T.A., Asadulin A.A., Bogatikov O.A. (2013) Complex nanospherulites of zinc oxide and native amorphous boron in the Lunar regolith from Mare Crisium, - Doklady Earth Sciences, 448(1), p. 61-63.
    Uganda
     
    • Mbale District
      • Bukusu complex
    USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
    • Tororo District
    Econ Geol (1984) 79:716-724
    UK
     
    Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
      • North West Highlands (Inverness-shire)
        • Isle of Rum
          • Rum Central Complex
    Power, M.R., Pirrie, D., Andersen, J.C.O., and Butcher, A.R. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 762-775.
    Ukraine
     
    • Cherkasy Oblast'
      • Zvenyhorodka
    Gornostayev, S.S., Laajoki, K.V.O., and Popovchenko, S.E. (2002): The chromitites of the Kapitanov deposit, Ukrainian Shield. Presented at the 47th Annual GAC-MAC meeting, Saskatoon, Canada.
    • Zaporozhskaya Oblast' (Zaporiz'ka; Zaporozh'e)
      • Priazovie
    Ryabchikov, I.D., Kogarko, L.N., Krivdik, S.G., and Ntaflos, T. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(6), 423-432.
    • Zhytomyr Oblast' (Zhitomir Oblast')
    L. N. Kogarko, V. A. Konova, M. P. Orlova, A. R. Woolley (1995) Ukraine in Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World pp 49-58
    USA
     
    • Arkansas
      • Hot Spring Co.
    Rocks and Minerals, (2001) 76:257
    • California
      • San Benito Co.
        • Diablo Range
          • New Idria District
            • San Benito River headwaters area
              • Dallas Gem Mine area
                • Santa Rita Peak
    www.mineralsocal.org
                • South of the Dallas Gem Mine
    Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 176.
    • Colorado
      • Teller Co.
        • Cripple Creek District
    Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
    • Georgia
      • Washington Co.
    Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta Volume 59, Issue 19, October 1995, Pages 4071-4082
    • Kansas
      • Decatur Co.
    Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
    • Minnesota
      • St. Louis Co.
        • Ely-Hoyt Lakes Area
    Econ Geol (1993) 88:679-696
    • Montana
      • Gallatin Co.
        • Gallatin Gateway
    Dana 6:A3:10; AmJourSci:33(1912):54.
      • Madison Co.
    Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
    • New Hampshire
      • Carroll Co.
        • Wakefield
    XRD Czech Geol Survey Pequa Mineral Co specimen
    • New Mexico
      • Union Co.
    Sarafian, A. R., Roden, M. F. & Patiño-Douce, A. E. (2013) The volatile content of Vesta: Clues from apatite in eucrites. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 48 (11): 2135-2154. (Nov 2013)
    • Pennsylvania
      • Lancaster Co.
        • State Line Chromite District
    Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology Fall/Winter 2011; Smith, II, R. C. and Barnes, J. H. (2008)
    • Texas
      • Culberson Co.
        • Sierra Diablo
    A. Audétat (2010) Source and Evolution of Molybdenum in the Porphyry Mo(^Nb) Deposit at Cave Peak,Texas. Journal of Petrology 51:1739-60.
    • Wisconsin
      • Kenosha Co.
        • Kenosha
    Rocks & Min. Vol. 73 (1998)
      • Marathon Co.
    Falster, A.U., T.W. Buchholz, W.B. Simmons, J.D. Guidry & C.M. Johnson (2014), A New Find of Complex Na-Zr Silicates in the Stettin Complex, Marathon County, Wisconsin, a presentation before ther 41st. Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 25, 2014.
    Zimbabwe
     
    • Manicaland
      • Buhera District
        • Shawa complex
    Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 44.
    Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 45.
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