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Iceland Spar

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Colour:Clear
Name:After the original locality in Iceland.
A variety of Calcite

An optically clear form of calcite, originally from Iceland, but may occur anywhere.
Originally reported from Helgustadir Mine, Eskifjord, Iceland.

Classification of Iceland Spar

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Physical Properties of Iceland Spar

Colour:Clear

Other Names for Iceland Spar

Synonyms:
Icelandic Spar
Other Languages:
German:Doppelspat
Doppelstein
Islandspat
Latin:Cristallus islandica
Crystallus talcosa seu Islandica
Spatum pellucidum objecta duplicans

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Iceland Spar

Reference List:

- +
Hastings (1888) American Journal of Science: 35: 60.

Offret (1890) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 13: 580.

Dufet (1893) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 16: 157.

Gifford (1902) Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: 70: 336.

Hintze, Carl (1916) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: vol. 1(3A): 2839.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 142, 155.

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  • Localities for Iceland Spar

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Afghanistan
     
    • Badakhshan Province (Badakshan Province; Badahsan Province)
      • Khash & Kuran Wa Munjan Districts
        • Koksha Valley (Kokscha Valley; Kokcha Valley)
    Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
    Argentina
     
    • Chubut
      • Cushamen Department
    Padrón de Minas de la Provincia de Chubut (2005).
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Drake Co.
        • Lionsville
    Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Grafton-Maclean Metallogenic Map, Geological Survey of New South Wales, 2001: HF Henley, RE Brown, JW Brownlow, RG Barnes and WJ Stroud.
    • Queensland
    Updated list originally distributed by University of Queensland
    Austria
     
    • Lower Austria
      • Waldviertel
        • Raabs an der Thaya
    R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    Brazil
     
    • Mato Grosso do Sul
    Bráulio França Ferreira .
    • Minas Gerais
    various added photos
    China
     
    Vik Vanrusselt Collection
    Denmark
     
    • Faroe Islands
      • Nólsoy Island
    Rock Currier
    Iceland
     
    • Capital Region
      • Mosfellsbær
    self collected by Jamison Turnbull
    • Eastern Region
      • Reydarfjörđur
    Kristjansson, L. (2002): Iceland spar: The Helgustadir Calcite Locality and its Influence on the Development of Science. Journal of Geoscience Education, 50, 419-426.
      • Suður-Múlasýsla
    No reference listed
    Mexico
     
    • Chihuahua
      • Mun. de Saucillo
    Max Wisshak, Leif Tapanila: Current Developments in Bioerosion, p.149 (http://books.google.be/books?id=6Zy6xC4rB3oC&pg=PA149&lpg=PA149&dq=%22iceland+spar%22+naica&source=bl&ots=yNZUsRoVac&sig=m0Cp9OBbvp1TJtBm0syQM_c4puc&hl=nl&ei=6F_STviGJo6VOu3mveIJ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4&sqi=2&ved=0CDYQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=%22iceland%20spar%22%20naica&f=false)
    Morocco
     
    • Meknès-Tafilalet Region
      • Er Rachidia Province (Errachidia Province)
        • Imilchil
          • Anemzi
    Anthony Geneyton Collection
    Namibia
     
    • Hardap Region
      • Mariental District
    Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 62.
    Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 62.
    Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 62.
    Norway
     
    • Svalbard
      • Spitsbergen
    Kjærnet, T. (2000): Minerallokaliteter på Svalbard. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 17: 12-18
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Krasnoyarsk Territory (Krasnoyarsk Kray; Krasnoyarskii Krai)
        • Evenkia (Evenkiyskiy Autonomous okrug)
          • Nizhnyaya Tunguska River Basin (Lower Tunguska River)
    Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva : 132: 68-74.; Evseev, A. A. (1973) Siberia's Crystals and Symmetry in the Distribution of Occurences of Minerals. World of Stone 1:11-20
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Bashkortostan Republic (Bashkiria Republic)
    http://be.sci-lib.com/article051435.html
    Spain
     
    • Basque Country
      • Vizcaya
        • Dima
          • Artaun
    - Calvo.M.(2012) "Minerales y Minas de España", Vol.V (Carbonatos y Nitratos Boratos).Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas. Madrid
    UK
     
    • England
      • Derbyshire
        • South Darley
    Rocks & Min.: 22: 1123.
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Greenlee Co.
    Phillips, K.A. (1987), Arizona Industrial Minerals, 2nd. Edition, Arizona Department of Mines & Minerals Mineral Report 4, 185 pp.; MRDS database Dep. ID #10065784, MRDS ID #TC41211.
      • Yavapai Co.
        • Bradshaw Mts (Bradshaw Range)
          • Castle Creek District
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 153; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 46.
    • California
      • Inyo Co.
        • Darwin Hills
    Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp. (includes catalog of minerals of California pp. 63-410), and miscellaneous observations on mineral products): 114; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 117.
            • Ophir Mountain
    Hall, Wayne Everett & E.M. Mackevett (1958), Economic geology of the Darwin quadrangle, Inyo County, California: Calif Division of Mines Special Report 51, 77 pp.: 72; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 102.
      • Modoc Co.
    Hughes, H. Herbert (1931), Iceland spar and optical fluorite: US Bureau Mines Information Circular 6468: 6; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 118.
        • Warner Mts
          • Squaw Peak
    Hughes, H. Herbert (1931), Iceland spar and optical fluorite: US Bureau Mines Information Circular 6468: 11; Wright, L.A. (1950), Calcite (optical), in: Mineral Commodities of California: California Division of Mines Bulletin 156: 137; Murdoch, Joseph, and Webb, R.W. (1956), Calcite, in: Minerals of California; California Division of Mines Bulletin 173: 90; Wright, L.A. (1957a) Calcite (optical grade). California Division of Mines and Geology Bulletin 176: 99-100.
      • Mono Co.
        • Mammoth Lakes area
    Mayo, Evans Blakemore (1934), Geology and mineral deposits of Laurel and Convict Basins, southwestern Mono County, California: California Division Mines Report 30: 84; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 118.
      • Riverside Co.
        • Palen Mts
          • Packard Well
            • Palen Pass
    Aubury, Lewis E. (1902), The copper resources of California: California Mining Bureau Bulletin 23: 258; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 118.
      • San Bernardino Co.
        • Cave Canyon District
    Tucker, W. Burling & Reid J. Sampson (1930), Los Angeles field division: California Mining Bureau. Report 26: 301; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 187.
      • San Diego Co.
        • Santa Rosa Mts
          • Salton City area
    Wright, L.A. (1957a) Calcite (optical grade). California Division of Mines and Geology Bulletin 176: 99-100; Weber, F.H., Jr. (1963a) Mines and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology County Report 3, 309 pp.: 52-54; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 118; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 211.
    • Maine
      • Knox Co.
        • Rockland
    Henry Minot
    • Maryland
      • Baltimore Co.
    Minerals of Maryland (1940) Ostrander & Price, JR.
    • Montana
      • Park Co.
        • Clyde Park
          • Brackett Creek
    Rocks & Min.: 18:108.
        • Livingston
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 156.
      • Sweet Grass Co.
    Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
    • Nevada
      • Lyon Co.
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Washoe Co.
        • Sand Pass District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • New Mexico
      • San Miguel Co.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    AmMin 25:151
        • Picuris District
          • Trampas
    Kelley V. C. (1940) Iceland spar in New Mexico. American Mineralogist 25:357-367
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    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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