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Bario-orthojoaquinite

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Formula:
(Ba,Sr)
 
4
Fe
 
2
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
· H
 
2
O
System:OrthorhombicColour:Yellow-brown
Lustre:VitreousHardness:5 - 5½
Member of:Joaquinite Group
Name:Named in allusion to its composition, containing BARIum, its structure, having ORTHOrhombic symmetry, and its membership in the joaquinite group.
This page provides mineralogical data about Bario-orthojoaquinite.

Classification of Bario-orthojoaquinite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/E.08-70
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.CE.25

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
C : Cyclosilicates
E : [Si4O12]8- 4-membered single rings (vierer-Einfachringe), without insular complex anions
Dana 8th edition ID:60.1.1b.3

60 : CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
1 : Four-Membered Rings, as Titanosilicates
Hey's CIM Ref.:14.9.15

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
9 : Silicates of Ti
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Type Occurrence of Bario-orthojoaquinite

Type Locality:California State Gem Mine (Dallas Gem Mine; Benitoite Mine; Benitoite Gem Mine; Gem Mine), Dallas Gem Mine area, San Benito River headwaters area, New Idria District, Diablo Range, San Benito Co., California, USA
Year of Discovery:1982

Physical Properties of Bario-orthojoaquinite

Lustre:Vitreous
Colour:Yellow-brown
Hardness (Mohs):5 - 5½

Crystallography of Bario-orthojoaquinite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:a = 10.47Å, b = 9.59Å, c = 22.59Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 1.092 : 1 : 2.356
Unit Cell Volume:V 2,268.20 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Bario-orthojoaquinite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 1.735 nβ = 1.737 nγ = 1.800
2V:Measured: 10° to 15°, Calculated: 22°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.065

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:High
Dispersion:r > v

Chemical Properties of Bario-orthojoaquinite

Formula:
(Ba,Sr)
 
4
Fe
 
2
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
· H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:(Ba,Sr)4Fe2Ti2[Si4O12]2O2·H2O
Essential elements:Ba, Fe, H, O, Si, Ti
All elements listed in formula:Ba, Fe, H, O, Si, Sr, Ti
Common Impurities:Al,TR,Mn,Ca,Na

Relationship of Bario-orthojoaquinite to other Species

Member of:Joaquinite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Byelorussite-(Ce)
NaBa
 
2
Ce
 
2
MnTi
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(F,OH) · H
 
2
O
Joaquinite-(Ce)
NaBa
 
2
Ce
 
2
FeTi
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(OH,F) · H
 
2
O
Orthojoaquinite-(Ce)
NaBa
 
2
Ce
 
2
FeTi
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH) · H
 
2
O
Orthojoaquinite-(La)
NaBa
 
2
La
 
2
Fe
2+
 
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH) · H
 
2
O
Strontio-orthojoaquinite
(Na,Fe)
 
2
Sr
 
2
Ba
 
2
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
Strontiojoaquinite
Sr
 
2
Ba
 
2
(Na,Fe)
 
2
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.CE.05Papagoite
CaCu[H
 
3
AlSi
 
2
O
 
9
]
9.CE.10Verplanckite
Ba
 
2
(Mn,Fe,Ti)Si
 
2
O
 
6
(O,OH,Cl,F)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O or near
9.CE.15Baotite
Ba
 
4
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
Si
 
4
O
 
28
Cl
9.CE.20Nagashimalite
Ba
 
4
(V,Ti)
 
4
B
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
27
(O,OH)
 
2
Cl
9.CE.20Taramellite
Ba
 
4
(Fe
3+
 
,Ti,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
4
(B
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
27
)O
 
2
Cl
 
x
9.CE.20Titantaramellite
Ba
 
4
(Ti,Fe
3+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
4
(B
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
27
)O
 
2
Cl
 
x
9.CE.25Byelorussite-(Ce)
NaBa
 
2
Ce
 
2
MnTi
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(F,OH) · H
 
2
O
9.CE.25Joaquinite-(Ce)
NaBa
 
2
Ce
 
2
FeTi
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(OH,F) · H
 
2
O
9.CE.25Orthojoaquinite-(Ce)
NaBa
 
2
Ce
 
2
FeTi
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH) · H
 
2
O
9.CE.25Strontiojoaquinite
Sr
 
2
Ba
 
2
(Na,Fe)
 
2
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
9.CE.25Strontio-orthojoaquinite
(Na,Fe)
 
2
Sr
 
2
Ba
 
2
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
9.CE.25Orthojoaquinite-(La)
NaBa
 
2
La
 
2
Fe
2+
 
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH) · H
 
2
O
9.CE.30eLabuntsovite-Mn
Na
 
4
K
 
4
(Ba,K)
 
2
Mn
2+
 
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(O,OH)
 
8
· 10-12H
 
2
O
9.CE.30aNenadkevichite
(Na,◻)
 
8
Nb
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 8H
 
2
O
9.CE.30dLemmleinite-K
K
 
2
(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH,O)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
9.CE.30aKorobitsynite
Na
 
2
(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH,O)
 
2
· 3-4H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cKuzmenkoite-Mn
K
 
2
Mn
2+
 
(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(OH,O)
 
4
· 5-6H
 
2
O
9.CE.30bVuoriyarvite-K
K
 
2
(Nb,Ti)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(O,OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
9.CE.30bTsepinite-Na
Na
 
2
(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH,O)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cKarupmøllerite-Ca
(Na,Ca,K)
 
2
Ca(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
9.CE.30eLabuntsovite-Mg
Na
 
4
K
 
4
(Ba,K)
 
2
Mg(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(O,OH)
 
8
· 10H
 
2
O
9.CE.30eLabuntsovite-Fe
Na
 
4
K
 
4
(Ba,K)
 
2
Fe
2+
 
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(O,OH)
 
8
· 10H
 
2
O
9.CE.30dLemmleinite-Ba
Na
 
2
K
 
2
Ba(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-Fe
K
 
2
Fe
2+
 
(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
9.CE.30hNeskevaaraite-Fe
K
 
3
Na
 
2
Fe
2+
 
(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 5-6 H
 
2
O
9.CE.30bTsepinite-K
K
 
2
(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH,O)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
9.CE.30bParatsepinite-Ba
Ba
 
4
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(OH,O)
 
8
· 8H
 
2
O
9.CE.30bTsepinite-Ca
Ca(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH,O)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
9.CE.30hAlsakharovite-Zn
NaSrKZn(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-Mn
K
 
2
Mn
2+
 
(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cLepkhenelmite-Zn
(Ba,K)
 
2
Zn(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
9.CE.30bTsepinite-Sr
Sr(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH,O)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
9.CE.30bParatsepinite-Na
(Na,Sr,K,Ca)
 
7
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(O,OH)
 
8
·nH
 
2
O n ~ 8
9.CE.30fParalabuntsovite-Mg
Na
 
8
K
 
8
Mg
 
8
Ti
 
16
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
8
(O,OH)
 
16
· nH
 
2
O
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-Ca
K
 
2
Ca(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-Na
K
 
2
Na
 
2
(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(OH,O)
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
9.CE.30hGutkovaite-Mn
K
 
2
CaMn(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cKuzmenkoite-Zn
K
 
2
Zn(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(OH,O)
 
4
·6-8H
 
2
O
9.CE.30gOrganovaite-Mn
K
 
2
Mn(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 5-7H
 
2
O
9.CE.30gOrganovaite-Zn
K
 
2
Zn(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
9.CE.30gParakuzmenkoite-Fe
(K,Ba)
 
4
Fe(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(O,OH)
 
8
· 14H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cBurovaite-Ca
(Na,K)
 
4
Ca
 
2
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(OH,O)
 
8
· 12H
 
2
O
9.CE.45Komarovite
(Ca,Mn)Nb
 
2
[O
 
3
|Si
 
2
O
 
7
] · 3.5H
 
2
O
9.CE.45Natrokomarovite
(Na,Ca,H)
 
2
Nb
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
(OH,F)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
14.9.1Natisite
Na
 
2
Ti(SiO
 
4
)O
14.9.2Lorenzenite
Na
 
2
Ti
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
6
)O
 
3
14.9.3Lintisite
LiNa
 
3
Ti
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
6
)
 
2
O
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
14.9.4Davanite
K
 
2
TiSi
 
6
O
 
15
14.9.5Kazakovite
Na
 
6
Mn
2+
 
Ti(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)
14.9.6Titanite
CaTi(SiO
 
4
)O
14.9.7Ohmilite
Sr
 
3
(Ti,Fe
3+
 
)(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(O,OH) · 2-3H
 
2
O
14.9.8Lamprophyllite
(Sr,K,Ba)
 
2
(Na,Ti,Mn
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)
 
4
Ti
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
O(O,OH,F)
14.9.9Benitoite
BaTi(Si
 
3
O
 
9
)
14.9.10Batisite
BaNaNaTi
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)O
 
2
14.9.11Fresnoite
Ba
 
2
Ti(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)O
14.9.12Joaquinite-(Ce)
NaBa
 
2
Ce
 
2
FeTi
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(OH,F) · H
 
2
O
14.9.13Orthojoaquinite-(Ce)
NaBa
 
2
Ce
 
2
FeTi
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH) · H
 
2
O
14.9.14Strontiojoaquinite
Sr
 
2
Ba
 
2
(Na,Fe)
 
2
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
14.9.16Strontio-orthojoaquinite
(Na,Fe)
 
2
Sr
 
2
Ba
 
2
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
14.9.17Bafertisite
Ba(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
Ti(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)O(F,OH)
 
2
14.9.18Hejtmanite
Ba(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
Ti(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)O(OH,F)
14.9.19Delindeite
(Na,K)
 
2
(Ba,Ca)
 
2
(Ti,Fe,Al)
 
3
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
O
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
14.9.20Barytolamprophyllite
(Ba,Na)
 
2
(Na,Ti,Fe
3+
 
)
 
4
Ti
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
O(OH,F)
14.9.21Trimounsite-(Y)
Y
 
2
Ti
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)O
 
5
14.9.22Perrierite-(Ce)
(Ce,Ca,Th)
 
4
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)Fe
3+
2
(Ti,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
O
 
8
14.9.23Chevkinite
(Ce,Ca,Th)
 
4
(Fe,Mn)
 
2
(Ti,Fe)
 
3
[Si
 
2
O
 
7
]
 
2
O
 
8
14.9.24Strontiochevkinite
(Sr,La,Ce,Ca)
 
4
Fe
2+
 
(Ti,Zr)
 
2
Ti
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
O
 
8
14.9.25Tisinalite
Na
 
3
H
 
3
(Mn,Ca,Fe)TiSi
 
6
(O,OH)
 
18
· 2H
 
2
O
14.9.26Neptunite
Na
 
2
KLi(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
Ti
 
2
(Si
 
8
O
 
24
)
14.9.27Manganoneptunite
Na
 
2
KLi(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
8
O
 
24
]
14.9.28Kupletskite
(K,Na)
 
3
(Mn,Fe)
 
7
Ti
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
26
(OH)
 
4
F
14.9.29Astrophyllite
(K,Na)
 
3
(Fe,Mn)
 
7
Ti
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
24
(O,OH)
 
7
14.9.30Hydroastrophyllite
(H
 
3
O,K,Ca)
 
3
(Fe,Mn)
 
5-65
Ti
 
2
Si
 
8
(O,OH)
 
31
14.9.31Magnesioastrophyllite
(Na,K)
 
4
Mg
 
2
(Fe,Fe,Mn)
 
5
Ti
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
24
(O,OH,F)
 
7
14.9.32Baratovite
KCa
 
7
(Ti,Zr)
 
2
Li
 
3
Si
 
12
O
 
36
F
 
2
14.9.34Aenigmatite
Na
 
2
Fe
2+
5
Ti(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)O
 
2
14.9.35Schorlomite
Ca
 
3
(Ti,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
((Si,Fe
3+
 
)O
 
4
)
 
3
14.9.36Tinaksite
K
 
2
Na(Ca,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
Ti[O|Si
 
7
O
 
18
(OH)]
14.9.37Janhaugite
(Na,Ca)
 
3
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
(Ti,Zr,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
O
 
2
(OH,F)
 
2
14.9.38Koashvite
Na
 
6
(Ca,Mn)(Ti,Fe)Si
 
6
O
 
18
· H
 
2
O

Other Names for Bario-orthojoaquinite

Other Languages:
German:Bario-Orthojoaquinit

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Bario-orthojoaquinite

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist: 67: 809-816.

Internet Links for Bario-orthojoaquinite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Bario-orthojoaquinite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Bario-orthojoaquinite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    USA
     
    • California
      • San Benito Co.
        • Diablo Range
          • New Idria District
            • Picacho Peak
              • Clear Creek area
    Joseph F. Cooper Jr., Gail E. Dunning, Ted A.Hadley (2003) Minerology of the Victor Claim, Clear Creek Area, New Idria District, San Benito County, California.
            • San Benito River headwaters area
              • Dallas Gem Mine area
    American Mineralogist (1982): 67: 809-816; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 470.
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    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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