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Bassetite

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Formula:
Fe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
brownish yellow, ...
Hardness:
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1915 by Arthur Francis Hallimond after the Basset Mine group, Cornwall, England, UK, from which the mineral was first described.
Isostructural with:
An uncommon secondary mineral occurring in the oxidized zones of uranium-bearing hydrothermal mineral deposits.

Crystal structure details (Dal Bo et al., 2016): (1) autunite-type sheets, [(UO2)(PO4)]-, built of corner-sharing UO6 square bipyramids and tetrahedral phosphate groups; (2) interlayer Fe(H2O)6 octahedra; (3) 2 isolated interlayer water molecules.

Classification of Bassetite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.EB.10

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
E : Uranyl phosphates and arsenates
B : UO2:RO4 = 1:1
40.2a.16.1

40 : HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
2a : AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
19.11.41

19 : Phosphates
11 : Phosphates of U
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Type Occurrence of Bassetite

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Mineralogical Museum, Cambridge: #1297. Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Occurrences of Bassetite

Geological Setting:
Oxdized zones of uranium-bearing hydrothermal deposits.

Physical Properties of Bassetite

Sub-Vitreous, Waxy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
brownish yellow, olive-green, yellow, bronze-yellow.
Comment:
Observed as sectored in transmitted light due to twinning
Streak:
Pale yellow to greenish white
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {010}, perfect; on {100} and {001}, good/distinct.
Fracture:
Micaceous
Density:
3.40 - 3.63 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.63 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Bassetite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.98Å, b = 17.07Å, c = 7.01Å
β = 90.53°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.409 : 1 : 0.411
Unit Cell Volume:
V 835.20 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Crystals thin tablets, flattened on [010], with a square or rectangular outline, and exhibiting {111}, {101}, {110}, {001}, and {010}. Commonly in parallel or fanlike groups.
Twinning:
Common, with two or more individuals at ~90° with [001] of one individual parallel to [100] of the other, with the contact surface being (010) in some instances, and (110) against (011) in other instances.
Comment:
Space group P21/n (previous one: P21/m); Pseudotetragonal; synthetic material
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
8.59 (60)
4.89 (100)
4.24 (30)
4.05 (30)
3.46 (100)
2.96 (30)
2.20 (60)

Optical Data of Bassetite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.603 nβ = 1.610 nγ = 1.617
2V:
Measured: 90° , Calculated: 88°
Birefringence:
0.014
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.014
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
strong r > v
Optical Extinction:
Y^c = 18.5°, X=b
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X = b = Pale yellow
Y = Deep yellow
Z = ^c -4° = Deep yellow (sometimes dark olive brown to brownish black)
Comments:
Biaxial negative property probable.

Chemical Properties of Bassetite

Formula:
Fe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Bassetite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
HeinrichiteBa(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
KahleriteFe(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
MetarauchiteNi(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Nováčekite-IMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Nováčekite-IIMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
RauchiteNi(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
SabugaliteHAl(UO2)4(PO4)4 · 16H2O
SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
UranocirciteBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
UranospiniteCa(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
8.EB.05AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
8.EB.05HeinrichiteBa(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
8.EB.05KahleriteFe(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
8.EB.05Nováčekite-IMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
8.EB.05SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
8.EB.05TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
8.EB.05UranocirciteBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
8.EB.05UranospiniteCa(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
8.EB.05Xiangjiangite(Fe3+,Al)(UO2)4(PO4)2(SO4)2(OH) · 22H2O
8.EB.05ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
8.EB.05MetarauchiteNi(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.05RauchiteNi(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
8.EB.10LehneriteMn2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.10Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
8.EB.10MetasaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.10Metauranocircite-IBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 7H2O
8.EB.10MetauranospiniteCa(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.10MetaheinrichiteBa(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.10MetakahleriteFe2+(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.10MetakirchheimeriteCo(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.10MetanováčekiteMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.10MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.10MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.10PrzhevalskitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
8.EB.10Meta-lodèvite
8.EB.15AbernathyiteK(UO2)(AsO4) · 3H2O
8.EB.15Chernikovite(H3O)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
8.EB.15Meta-ankoleiteK2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
8.EB.15Natrouranospinite(Na2,Ca)(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 5H2O
8.EB.15Trögerite(H3O)(UO2)(AsO4) · 3H2O
8.EB.15Uramphite(NH4)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
8.EB.15Uramarsite(NH4,H3O)2(UO2)2(AsO4,PO4)2 · 6H2O
8.EB.20ThreadgolditeAl(UO2)2(PO4)2(OH) · 8H2O
8.EB.20ChistyakovaiteAl(UO2)2(AsO4)2(F,OH) · 6.5H2O
8.EB.25ArsenuranospathiteAl[(UO2)(AsO4)]2F(H2O)20
8.EB.25Uranospathite(Al,☐)(UO2)2(PO4)2F · 20(H2O,F)
8.EB.30Vochtenite(Fe2+,Mg)Fe3+(UO2)4(PO4)4(OH) · 12-13H2O
8.EB.35CoconinoiteFe23+Al2(UO2)2(PO4)4(SO4)(OH)2 · 20H2O
8.EB.40RanunculiteHAl(UO2)(PO4)(OH)3 · 4H2O
8.EB.45TrianguliteAl3(UO2)4(PO4)4(OH)5 · 5H2O
8.EB.50FurongiteAl13(UO2)7(PO4)13(OH)14 · 58H2O
8.EB.55SabugaliteHAl(UO2)4(PO4)4 · 16H2O
19.11.1LermontoviteU(PO4)(OH) · H2O
19.11.2MetavanmeersscheiteU6+(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6 · 2H2O
19.11.3VanmeersscheiteU6+(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
19.11.4Chernikovite(H3O)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
19.11.5VyacheslaviteU(PO4)(OH) · nH2O
19.11.6MetanatroautuniteNa(UO2)(PO4)(H2O)3
19.11.7YingjiangiteK2Ca(UO2)7(PO4)4(OH)6 · 6H2O
19.11.8Meta-ankoleiteK2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
19.11.9Uramphite(NH4)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
19.11.10TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
19.11.11MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
19.11.12SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
19.11.13NingyoiteCaU(PO4)2 · 1-2H2O
19.11.14Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
19.11.15AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
19.11.16Pseudo-autunite(H3O)4Ca2(UO2)2(PO4)4 · 5H2O
19.11.17PhurcaliteCa2(UO2)3(PO4)2O2 · 7H2O
19.11.18Phosphuranylite(H3O)3KCa(UO2)7(PO4)4O4 · 8H2O
19.11.19UlrichiteCaCu(UO2)(PO4)2 · 4H2O
19.11.20BergeniteCa2Ba4(UO2)9(PO4)6O6 · 16H2O
19.11.21Metauranocircite-IBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 7H2O
19.11.22UranocirciteBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
19.11.23RanunculiteHAl(UO2)(PO4)(OH)3 · 4H2O
19.11.24TrianguliteAl3(UO2)4(PO4)4(OH)5 · 5H2O
19.11.25MunditeAl(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5.5H2O
19.11.26UpaliteAl(UO2)3(PO4)2O(OH) · 7H2O
19.11.27FurongiteAl13(UO2)7(PO4)13(OH)14 · 58H2O
19.11.28ThreadgolditeAl(UO2)2(PO4)2(OH) · 8H2O
19.11.29PhuralumiteAl2(UO2)3(PO4)3(OH)2 · 13H2O
19.11.30MoreauiteAl3(UO2)(PO4)3(OH)2 · 13H2O
19.11.31SabugaliteHAl(UO2)4(PO4)4 · 16H2O
19.11.32Uranospathite(Al,☐)(UO2)2(PO4)2F · 20(H2O,F)
19.11.33AlthupiteAlTh(UO2)7(PO4)4(OH)5O2 · 15H2O
19.11.34Françoisite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,Sm)(UO2)3(PO4)2O(OH) · 6H2O
19.11.35Kivuite(Th,Ca,Pb)(UO2)4(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 7H2O
19.11.36ParsonsitePb2(UO2)(PO4)2
19.11.37DewindtiteH2Pb3(UO2)2(PO4)4O4 · 12H2O
19.11.38DumontitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
19.11.39PrzhevalskitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
19.11.40LehneriteMn2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
19.11.42Vochtenite(Fe2+,Mg)Fe3+(UO2)4(PO4)4(OH) · 12-13H2O

Other Names for Bassetite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Bassetit
Spanish:Bassetita

Other Information

Not fluorescent in UV.
Other Information:
Radioactive.
Health Risks:
Contains uranium - always wash hands after handling. Avoid inhaling dust when handling or breaking. Never lick or ingest. Avoid prolonged exposure in proximity of the body. Store away from inhabited areas.

References for Bassetite

Reference List:
Hallimond (1915) Mineralogical Magazine: 17: 221.

Meixner (1939) Naturwissenschaftliche Abhandlungen, Vienna: 27: 454.

Meixner (1940) Chemie der Erde, Jena: 12: 433.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 994-995.

American Mineralogist (1954): 39: 683.

Mineralogical Magazine: 17: 221-236.

Mineralogical Magazine: 30: 343-353.

Frondel, C. (1958) Systematic mineralogy of uranium and thorium. U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1064, 200–204.

Vochten, R., E. De Grave, and J. Pelsmaekers (1984) Mineralogical study of bassetite in relation to its oxidation. American Mineralogist, 69, 967–978.

Vochten, R. and G. Brizzi (1987) Bassetite and other uranium minerals from Arcu su Linnarbu, Capoterra, Cagliari, Sardinia. Mineralogical Record, 18, 181–184.

Dal Bo, F., Hatert, F., Mees, F., Philippo, S., Baijot, M., Fontaine, F. (2016): Crystal structure of bassetite and saléeite: new insight into autunite-group minerals. European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, (in press).

Internet Links for Bassetite

Specimens:
The following Bassetite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Bassetite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Brazil
 
  • São Paulo
    • São Paulo
Revista Brasileira de Geociências 24(1):43-51, March 1994; D Atencio & R Hypolito ()Fosfatos e silicatos secunderos de uranio de Perus, Sao Paulo
Fosfatos e Silicatos Secundários de Urânio de Perus, São Paulo - Atencio, Daniel and Hypolito, Raphael - Revista Brasileira de Geociências, março de 1994
Canada
 
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cumberland Co.
A.K. Chatterjee, "Uranium Mineralization at McLean Point, Cumberland County", Nova Scotia Dept. Mines Report 77-1, 1977.
China
 
  • Guangdong Province
    • Meizhou Prefecture
      • Xingning Co.
National Geological Archives of China database, record no. X00034885
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Jiujiang Prefecture
      • Xiushui Co.
        • Xiushui Uranium ore field
Dahlkamp, F.J., Ed. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 31-156
Dahlkamp, F.J., Ed. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 31-156
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
    • Plzeň Region
      • Planá u Mariánských Lázní (Plan)
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
France
 
  • Brittany
    • Morbihan
      • Le Faouët
        • Berné
R. Pierrot, L. Chauris, C. Laforêt and F. Pillard : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 9 : Morbihan", BRGM, 1980.
R. Pierrot, L. Chauris, C. Laforêt and F. Pillard : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 9 : Morbihan", BRGM, 1980.; Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV, 1998
      • Pontivy
        • Guern
Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV (1998)
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Hérault
      • Colombières
Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV, 1998
  • Limousin
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Bessines-sur-Gartempe
Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV, 1998
      • Razès
Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV, 1998
      • Saint-Sylvestre
Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV, 1998
  • Poitou-Charentes
    • Deux-Sèvres
      • La Chapelle Largeau
Le Cahier des micromonteurs, 2002, N°75, pp 8-25
Gabon
 
  • Haut-Ogooué Province
    • Franceville
Jensen, K.A., Palenik, C.S., and Ewing, R.C. (2002) U 6+ phases in the weathering zone of the Bangombe U-deposit: observed and predicted mineralogy. Radiochim. Acta: 90: 761-769.
Lena Z. Evins, Keld A. Jensen, Rodney C. Ewing, Uraninite recrystallization and Pb loss in the Oklo and Bangombé natural fission reactors, Gabon, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 69, Issue 6, 15 March 2005, Pages 1589-1606, ISSN 0016-7037, 10.1016/j.gca.2004.07.013.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Menzenschwand
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
WALENTA, K. (1995): Neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Clara. 6. Folge, 2. Teil. - Lapis 20 (6), 41 und 46-49.
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Mähring
        • Uranium deposit
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
      • Waidhaus
        • Hagendorf
Keck, E., (1989): Uran im Pegmatit von Hagendorf-Süd, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 40, 269-290
      • Wölsendorf Fluorite Mining District
        • Wölsendorf East District
          • Schwarzach bei Nabburg
            • Wölsendorf
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Saxony
    • Vogtland
      • Oelsnitz
Gröbner, J. and Kolitsch, U. (2007): The minerals of the uranium prospect at Tirpersdorf, Vogtland. Lapis 32, 37-42; 58. (in German)
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • Capoterra
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV; Mineralogical Record 18:3, 181-184
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Giudicarie Valleys
        • Chiese Valley
          • Daone
            • Daone Valley
              • Limes
Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M. (2005): Val Daone. Minerali secondari del giacimento uranifero presso Limes, Daone (TN). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2005, 228-240.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
      • Jelenia Góra District
Siuda R., Domańska-Siuda J. & Gołębiowska B. 2010: Secondary uranium minerals from the Miedzianka-Ciechanowice deposit (Rudawy Janowickie Mts., Poland). Mineralogia - Special Papers, vol. 37, 108
Spain
 
  • Castile and Leon
    • Salamanca
      • Villares de Yeltes
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
  • Catalonia
    • Lleida (Lérida)
      • Pallars Sobirà
        • Baix Pallars
          • Peramea
  • Extremadura
    • Cáceres
      • Albalá
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
Switzerland
 
  • Vaud (Waadt)
    • Lavey-les-Bains
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 66; Meisser, N. (2012): La minéralogie de l'uranium dans le massif des Aiguilles Rouges. Matér. Géol. Suisse, Sér. géotech. 96, 183 p.
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Collonges
      • Plex
Meisser, N. (2012): La minéralogie de l'uranium dans le massif des Aiguilles Rouges. Matér. Géol. Suisse, Sér. géotech. 96, 183 p.
    • Le Trient Valley
      • Les Marécottes
UK (TL)
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
        • Carn Brea
          • Basset Mines
Mineralogical Magazine (1915): 17: 221; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 995.; Mineralogical Magazine 1989 53 : 473-478
      • St Austell District
        • St Stephen-in-Brannel
          • St Stephen
Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Prince of Wales-Outer Ketchikan Borough
      • Ketchikan District
        • Prince of Wales Island
          • Bokan Mountain
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of AZ, 3rd.ed.: 130.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 399.
        • Sierra Ancha District
          • Asbestos Point (Asbestos Peak) area
            • Bull Canyon
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 130, 295, 360; Granger, H.C. & R.B. Raup (1969), Geology of uranium deposits in the Dripping Spring quartzite, Gila Co., AZ, USGS PP 595; Granger, H.C. & R.B. Raup (1959), Uranium deposits in the Dripping Spring Quartzite, Gila Co., AZ, USGS Bull. 1046-P: 459-461.
            • Warm Spring Canyon
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 130; Granger, H.C. & R.B. Raup (1959), Uranium deposits in the Dripping Spring Quartzite, Gila Co., AZ, USGS Bull. 1046-P: 457-459; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 76; Anthony, J.W., et al, Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV.
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Central Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Michigan
www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-glm-rcim-geology-Minerals_Found_In_Michigan.Pdf.
      • Menominee iron range
        • Gaastra
          • Buck Group
Rocks & Min.:58:111.
    • Marquette Co.
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • New Mexico
    • Grant Co.
      • White Signal District
Northrup, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
  • North Carolina
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Kings Mountain District
  • Utah
    • Emery Co.
      • Green River District (S.W. Green River)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
      • San Rafael District (San Rafael Swell)
        • Temple Mountain
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
Uzbekistan
 
  • Kyzylkum Desert
    • Central Kyzylkum Region
      • Auminzatau Mts
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Mineral and/or Locality  
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