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Becquerelite

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Antoine Henri Becquerel
Formula:
Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Amber-yellow, golden to ...
Lustre:
Adamantine, Greasy
Hardness:
Name:
For French physicist Antoine Henri Becquerel (1852-1908), who discovered radioactivity in 1896.
This page provides mineralogical data about Becquerelite.

Classification of Becquerelite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
4.GB.10

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
G : Uranyl Hydroxides
B : With additional cations (K, Ca, Ba, Pb, etc.); with mainly UO2(O,OH)5 pentagonal polyhedra
5.7.1.2

5 : OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
7 : AX6O19·xH2O
7.16.11

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
16 : Oxides of U
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http://www.mindat.org/min-597.html
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Type Occurrence of Becquerelite

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Natural History Museum, Paris, France (No. 122.135)
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Among weathering products of uraninite in the oxidized portions of a uranium deposit

Occurrences of Becquerelite

Geological Setting:
In oxidized portions of uranium deposits; also in pegmatites

Physical Properties of Becquerelite

Adamantine, Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
Amber-yellow, golden to lemon-yellow, yellow-orange, brownish yellow; yellow in transmitted light
Streak:
Yellow
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
on {001}; imperfect on {101}, {010} and {110}
Density:
5.09 - 5.2 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.1 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Becquerelite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mm2 - Pyramidal
Space Group:
Pna21
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.8378Å, b = 12.3781Å, c = 14.9238Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.118 : 1 : 1.206
Unit Cell Volume:
V 2,556.23 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Crystals usually tabular on {001}, with a pseudohexagonal outline, also prismatic, elongated along [010] into thick laths; striations parallel to [100] on {010}; also as coatings and fine-grained aggregates
Twinning:
On {110}, polysynthetic, producing pseudohexagonal aggregates.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
7.50 (10)
3.22 (9)
3.75 (8)
3.56 (8)
2.58 (7)
4.71 (6)
1.943 (5)
Comments:
Recorded on material from Shaba Province, Congo

Optical Data of Becquerelite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.725 - 1.735 nβ = 1.815 - 1.825 nγ = 1.825 - 1.830
2V:
Measured: 32°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.100
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r > v, marked
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X = colourless to pale yellow, Y = Z = yellow to deep yellow; Orientation: X = c, Y = a, Z = b

Chemical Properties of Becquerelite

Formula:
Ca(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Analytical Data:
Averages of two electron microprobe analyses of Congolese material, water content calculated from the mass balance
UO3 (86.4)
CaO (3.2)
H2O (10.4)

sum 100.0 wt.-%
Empirical Formula:
Ca1.15(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 8.6H1.97O
Common Impurities:
Pb

Relationship of Becquerelite to other Species

4.GB.05AgrinieriteK2(Ca,Sr)[(UO2)3O3(OH)2]2 · 5H2O
4.GB.05CompreignaciteK2(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 7H2O
4.GB.05RameauiteK2Ca(UO2)6(OH)16 · H2O
4.GB.10BillietiteBa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O
4.GB.10ProtasiteBa(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
4.GB.15RichetitePb(UO2)4O5 · 4H2O
4.GB.20BauranoiteBa(UO2)2(OH)6 · 1-2H2O
4.GB.20Calciouranoite(Ca,Ba,Pb)U2O7 · 5H2O
4.GB.20Metacalciouranoite(Ca,Ba,Pb,K2)U2O7 · 2H2O
4.GB.25FourmarieritePb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
4.GB.30Wölsendorfite(Pb,Ca)U2O7 · 2H2O
4.GB.35MasuyitePb(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
4.GB.40MetavandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · nH2O n < 12
4.GB.40VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2O
4.GB.45VandenbrandeiteCu(UO2)(OH)4
4.GB.50SayritePb2(UO2)5O6(OH)2 · 4H2O
4.GB.55CuritePb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
4.GB.60Iriginite(UO2)Mo2O7 · 3H2O
4.GB.65UranosphaeriteBi(UO2)O2(OH)
4.GB.70HolfertiteCaxU6+2-xTi(O8-xOH4x) · 3H2O
7.16.1UraniniteUO2
7.16.2Schoepite(UO2)8O2(OH)12 · 12H2O
7.16.3ParaschoepiteUO3 · 2H2O
7.16.4MetaschoepiteUO3 · 1-2H2O
7.16.5MetastudtiteUO4 · 2H2O
7.16.6Studtite[(UO2)(O2)(H2O)2] · H2O
7.16.7IanthiniteU4+(UO2)5O7 · 10H2O
7.16.8CompreignaciteK2(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 7H2O
7.16.9VandenbrandeiteCu(UO2)(OH)4
7.16.10RoubaultiteCu2(UO2)3(OH)10 · 5H2O
7.16.12RameauiteK2Ca(UO2)6(OH)16 · H2O
7.16.13AgrinieriteK2(Ca,Sr)[(UO2)3O3(OH)2]2 · 5H2O
7.16.14ProtasiteBa(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
7.16.15BillietiteBa(UO2)6O4(OH)6 · 4-8H2O
7.16.16BauranoiteBa(UO2)2(OH)6 · 1-2H2O
7.16.17Metacalciouranoite(Ca,Ba,Pb,K2)U2O7 · 2H2O
7.16.18Calciouranoite(Ca,Ba,Pb)U2O7 · 5H2O
7.16.19OrthobranneriteU4+U6+Ti4O12(OH)2
7.16.20Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6
7.16.21Davidite-(La)(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
7.16.22Davidite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)20(O,OH)38
7.16.23Brannerite(U4+,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe3+,Nb)2(O,OH)6
7.16.24FourmarieritePb(UO2)4O3(OH)4 · 4H2O
7.16.25RichetitePb(UO2)4O5 · 4H2O
7.16.26CuritePb3(UO2)8O8(OH)6 · 3H2O
7.16.27MasuyitePb(UO2)3O3(OH)2 · 3H2O
7.16.28VandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · 12H2O
7.16.29MetavandendriesscheitePbU7O22 · nH2O n < 12
7.16.30SayritePb2(UO2)5O6(OH)2 · 4H2O
7.16.31Wölsendorfite(Pb,Ca)U2O7 · 2H2O
7.16.32Clarkeite(Na,Ca,Pb)(UO2)O(OH) · 0-1H2O
7.16.33UranosphaeriteBi(UO2)O2(OH)

Other Names for Becquerelite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Becquerelite

Reference List:
Schoep (1922), C. R. 174, 1240.

Schoep (1923), Soc. géol. Belgique, Bull. 33, 197.

Schoep (1923), Bull. soc. min. 46, 9.

Schoep (1924), Bull. soc. min. 47, 147.

Schoep (1930), Ann. mus. Congo belge 1(1), 2, 13.

Palache, C. and Berman, H. (1933), American Mineralogist 18, 20.

Palache, C. (1934), American Mineralogist 19, 311.

Blliet and de Jong (1935), Natuurw. Tijdschr. 17, 157.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944): The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc. (New York), 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 625-627.

Protas, J. (1957): Propriétés et synthèse d'un oxyde hydraté d'uranium et de calcium de Shinkolobwe, Katanga. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, Paris, 244, 91-93 (in French). - American Mineralogist (1957), 42, 920 (abstract).

Frondel, C. (1958): Systematic mineralogy of uranium and thorium. U.S. Geol. Sur. Bull. 1064, 62-68.

American Mineralogist (1960), 45, 1026-1061.

Pagoaga, M. K., Appleman, D. E., and Stewart, J. M. (1987): Crystal structures and crystal chemistry of the uranyl oxide hydrates becquerelite, billietite, and protasite. American Mineralogist 72, 1230-1238.

Vochten, R. and van Haverbeke, L. (1990): Transformation of schoepite into the uranyl oxide hydrates becquerelite, billietite and wölsendorfite. Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 65-72.

Sowder, A. G., Clark, S. B. and Fjeld, R. A. (1996): The effect of silica and phosphate on the transformation of schoepite to becquerelite and other uranyl phases. Radiochimica Acta 74, 45-49.

Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 49.

Burns, P. C. and Li, Y. (2002): The structures of becquerelite and Sr-exchanged becquerelite. American Mineralogist 87, 550-557.

Glatz, R. E., Li, Y., Hughes, K.-A., Cahill, C. L., and Burns, P. C. (2002): Synthesis and structure of a new Ca uranyl oxide hydrate, Ca[(UO2)4O3(OH)4](H2O)2, and its relationship to becquerelite. Canadian Mineralogist 40, 217-224.

Burns, P. C. (2005): U 6+ minerals and inorganic compounds: insights into an expanded structural hierarchy of crystal structures. Canadian Mineralogist 43, 1839-1894.

Kubatko, K.-A., Helean, K., Navrotsky, A. and Burns, P. C. (2006): Thermodynamics of uranyl minerals: Enthalpies of formation of uranyl oxide hydrates. American Mineralogist 91, 658-666.

Internet Links for Becquerelite

Localities for Becquerelite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • La Rioja
    • Coronel Felipe Varela department
      • Guandacol
Lucero, H. N., Díez, D. y Timoneri, A. (1963). Contribución al conocimiento de algunas manifestaciones uraníferas en la provincias de Córdoba, La Rioja y San Luis. Anales de las segundas Jornadas Geológicas Argentinas, Salta, Argentina.
Lucero, H. N., Díez, D. y Timoneri, A. (1963). Contribución al conocimiento de algunas manifestaciones uraníferas en la provincias de Córdoba, La Rioja y San Luis. Anales de las segundas Jornadas Geológicas Argentinas, Salta, Argentina.
American Mineralogist: 46: 12-25.
    • Vinchina Department
      • Jagüé
        • Quebrada de Cumichango
Las Especies Minerales de La Republica Argentina
Australia
 
  • Northern Territory
    • West Arnhem Region
      • South Alligator River
Henry, D.A., Pogson, R.E. and Williams, P.A. (2005) Threadgoldite from the South Alligator Valley uranium field, Northern Territory, Australia: second world occurrence. , Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 7-11
Henry, D.A., Pogson, R.E. and Williams, P.A. (2005) Threadgoldite from the South Alligator Valley uranium field, Northern Territory, Australia: second world occurrence. , Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 7-11
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • St Johann im Pongau
Paar, W. & Ruscha, S. (1978): Karinthin 78, 23-29.
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Canada
 
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
      • Great Bear Lake
Rod Tyson, The Port Radium District, Northwest Territories, Canada Mineralogical Record (1989) vol.20. #3, pp 201-208 .
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cumberland Co.
Nova Scotia Natural Resources Mineral Occurence Database
  • Saskatchewan
    • Beaverlodge region
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 49
    • Nistowiack Lake
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 49
China
 
  • Guangdong Province
    • Shaoguan Prefecture
      • Wengyuan Co.
Long Lu, Fanrong Chen, and Rucheng Wang (2006): Geological Review 71(4), 562-569
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
            • Svornost Mine (Einigkeit Mine)
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
    • Plzeň Region
      • Tachov
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Olomouc Region
      • Javorník (Jauernig)
        • Horní Hostice
Pauliš, P., Novák, F., Ševců, J.: Sekundární minerály z uranového ložiska Jelení vrch u Horních Hoštic v Rychlebských horách. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae geologicae, 2004, roč. 89, s. 121 - 138.
Sejkora, J.: Uranové ložisko Zálesí v Rychlebských horách. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1994, roč. 2, s. 105-110.
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Katanga Copper Crescent
      • Kolwezi District
        • Kamoto
J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. V (2003)
Deliens, Michel (1992): Occurrence de roubaultite à Kamoto (Shaba, Zaïre). Bulletin de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique. Sciences de la Terre. 58, 295-296.
        • Kolwezi
No reference listed
      • Shinkolobwe
C.R.Acad.Sci.Paris,(1922) 174, 1240-1242
France
 
  • Auvergne
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Puy-Guillaume
        • Lachaux
Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV (1998)
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Hérault
      • Lodève
[Le Règne Minéral 1997, 13, p.5-18]; Bariand, P., Bachet, B., Brassy, C., Medenbach, O., Deliens, M., Vautier, R., & Piret, P. (1993) A New Uranium Mineral from the Talmessi Mine, Iran, and Rabejac, France. Mineral. Rec.: 24: 463-467
  • Limousin
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Compreignac
Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV, 1998
      • Saint-Sylvestre
Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV, 1998
  • Rhône-Alpes
    • Loire
      • Saint-Just-en-Chevalet
        • Saint-Priest-la-Prugne
Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV, 1998
J.-J. Périchaud: "Où trouver les minéraux d'Auvergne", Vol. 1, Editions l'Instant Durable (Clermont-Ferrand), 1985, p. 92; J.-J. Périchaud: "Où trouver les minéraux d'Auvergne", Vol. 1, Editions l'Instant Durable (Clermont-Ferrand), 1985, p. 92
    • Savoie
      • La Lauzière massif
DE ASCENCAO GUEDES R. (2000). Uranium et fentes tardi-hercyniennes. Le Règne Minéral hors-série n°6, pp. 21-23. Editions du Piat.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German); WALENTA, K. (1999): Neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Clara. 8. Folge, 1. Teil. Lapis 24 (11), 34-37.
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Wölsendorf Fluorite Mining District
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Hunsrück
      • Birkenfeld
        • Ellweiler
Aufschluss 69/(7+8), Lapis 79/(7+8)
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Johanngeorgenstadt District
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 49
No reference listed
    • Vogtland
      • Oelsnitz
Gröbner, J. and Kolitsch, U. (2007): The minerals of the uranium prospect at Tirpersdorf, Vogtland. Lapis 32, 37-42; 58. (in German)
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Lecco Province
      • Colico
        • Piona Peninsula
Vignola P., Fransolet A.-M., Guastoni A., Appiani R. (2011): Le pegmatiti di Piona. Recenti studi sui filoni Malpensata, Luna e Sommafiume. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 35, 1, 30-38.
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valchiavenna
        • Novate Mezzola
          • Codera Valley
De Michele V., Zezza U. (1979) - Le pegmatidi dell'alta Val codera (Sondrio) nell'area di Punta trubinasca - Atti Soc. Ital. Sc. nat., Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, Vol. 120, n. 1-2, pp. 180-194
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Giudicarie Valleys
        • Chiese Valley
          • Condino
Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., & Gramaccioli, C. M. (2006). Rio Giulis. Minerali secondari del giacimento uranifero presso Condino, Trento. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 30(3), 152-165.
          • Daone
            • Daone Valley
              • Limes
Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M. (2005): Val Daone. Minerali secondari del giacimento uranifero presso Limes, Daone (TN). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2005, 228-240.
        • Rendena Valley
          • Bocenago & Spiazzo
- Ravagnani D.(1974): I giacimenti uraniferi italiani e i loro minerali. Gruppo Mineralogico Italiano Ed., Milano (pagg.188).
Madagascar
 
  • Antsiranana Province
    • Sava Region (Northeastern Region)
      • Vohémar District
        • Maromokotra Commune
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive p 19
  • Fianarantsoa Province
    • Matsiatra Region
      • Ampandramaika-Malakialina Pegmatite Field
        • Ikalamavony District
          • Fitampito Commune
            • Andanoa
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive. p 19
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Aldama
      • Peña Blanca District
        • Sierra Peña Blanca
http://www.swri.org/4org/d20/ghs/PBlanca/mineral.html; Econ Geol (1991) 86:233-248
New Zealand
 
  • South Island
    • Buller River
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
Norway
 
  • Troms
    • Salangen
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68 p. 89
    • Tromsø
C.D. Thorkildsen (1976, pers. com. to R. Kristiansen); Neumann (1985, p. 89).
Romania
 
  • Bihor Co.
    • Nucet
Szakáll:Minerals of Carpathians,2003
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Chitinskaya Oblast'
        • Krasnokamensk
Aleshin, A.P., Velichkin, V.I., and Krylova, T.L. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(5), 392-412.
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
      • Gordonia District
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Madrid
    • Soto del Real
      • San Pedro Massif
        • Rancajales
Gonzalez del Tánago J. (1985) Las Pegmatitas Graníticas de San Pedro, Sistema Central Español. Bol. Soc.Española de Mineralogía, pp.207-2017
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Le Trient Valley
      • Finhaut
        • Giétroz
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 71; Meisser, N. (2012): La minéralogie de l'uranium dans le massif des Aiguilles Rouges. Matér. Géol. Suisse, Sér. géotech. 96, 183 p.
      • Les Marécottes
    • Riddes
      • Isérables
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 71
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • St Just District
        • St Just
          • Botallack
            • Wheal Owles
Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
          • Pendeen
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Apache Co.
      • Navajo Indian Reservation
        • Monument Valley
          • Monument No. 2 channel
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 131; Frondel, C.C. (1956), Mineral composition of gummite, Am.Min.: 41: 539-568; Frondel, C.C. (1958), Systematic Mineralogy of Uranium & Thorium, USGS Bull. 1064: 68; Finnell, T.L. (1957), Structural control of uranium ore at the Monument No. 2 mine, Apache Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 52: 25-35; Witkind, I.J. & Thaden (1963), Geology and uranium-vanadium deposits of the Monument Valley area, Apache and Navajo Cos., AZ, USGS Bull. 1103: 97 (Table 2).
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 131; Witkind, I.J. & R.E. Thaden (1963), Geology and uranium-vanadium deposits of the Monument Valley area, Apache and Navajo Cos., AZ: 115; Frondel, C. (1956), Mineral composition of gummite, Am.Min.: 41: 539-568; Finnell, T.L. (1957), Structural control of uranium ore at the Monument No. 2 mine, Apache Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 52: 25-35; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 35.
    • Mohave Co.
      • Cerbat Mts (Cerbat Range)
        • Wallapai District
Robert B. Scarborough (1981) Radioactive occurrences and uranium production in Arizona GJBX – 143(81)
    • Navajo Co.
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 35.
  • California
    • Ventura Co.
      • San Emigdio Mts
Dickinson, Kendell A.; Leventhal, Joel S. (1988) The geology, carbonaceous materials, and origin of the epigenetic uranium deposits in the Tertiary Sespe Formation in Ventura County, California. USGS Bull 1771.
  • Colorado
    • Gunnison Co.
      • Marshall Pass District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Critchell area
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Mesa Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Moffat Co.
      • Maybell District
        • Maybell Mines
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Saguache Co.
      • Marshall Pass District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.; Am Min 50:909-923
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Haddam
        • Haddam Neck
Januzzi, R.E. (1976): Mineral Localities Of Connecticut and Southern New York State. p.234.; Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
  • New Hampshire
    • Cheshire Co.
      • Marlow
Personal collection and XRD analysis by Fred E Davis
    • Grafton Co.
      • Grafton
No published reference. Probably whimsical.
  • New Mexico
    • Cibola Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. rev. ed. (1996)
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region; Kittel, Kelley Melancon (1966) Uranium Deposits of the Grants Region. New Mexico Geological Society Guidebook pp 173-183
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 49
  • North Carolina
    • Mitchell Co.
Finch,Robert J. and Ewing, Rodney C. (1997) Clarkeite: New chemical and structural data: American Mineralogist,Vol.82,pg 607-619,1997
Finch,Robert J. and Ewing,Rodney C.(1997) Clarkeite:New chemical and structural data, America Mineralogist,Vol.82 pg. 607-619,1997
      • Spruce Pine District
        • Spruce Pine
          • Greasy Creek Township
Finch,Robert J. and Ewing,Rodney C.(1997) Clarkeite: New chemical and structural data; American Mineralogist, Vol.82, pg. 607-619,1997
    • Yancey Co.
      • Spruce Pine District
        • Celo
          • Micaville
Finch,Robert J. and Ewing,Rodney C. (1997) Clarkeite:New chemical and structural data , American Mineralogist,Vol. 82,pg 607-619,1997
  • South Dakota
    • Fall River Co.
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"; Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp345-349
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone District
        • Keystone
Rocks & Min.:10:147 & 60:112,116.
  • Utah
    • Emery Co.
      • San Rafael District (San Rafael Swell)
        • Delta
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp263-279
        • Green Vein Mesa
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Grand Co.
      • Seven Mile District
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; USGS Circular 336
    • San Juan Co.
      • Big Indian District (Big Indian Wash - Lisbon Valley Area)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • White Canyon District
        • Red Canyon
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp281-284
        • White Canyon
          • Copper Point
Min Rec 2:210-211
Joe Marty photo
        • Woodenshoe Buttes
          • The Toe
            • Deer Flat
Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah. Utah Department fo Natural Resources Bulletin 117. Jan. 1981
    • Wayne Co.
      • Fremont District
        • Fruita
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Wyoming
    • Campbell Co.
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 49
    • Fremont Co.
Rocks & Minerals 76:386
Rocks & Minerals 76:386
Mineral and/or Locality  
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