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Beraunite

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Formula:
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
5
· 6H
 
2
O
System:MonoclinicColour:Dark greenish-brown, ...
Lustre:Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, PearlyHardness:3 - 4
Name:Named by August Breithaupt in 1841 for the type locality at the Hrbek Mine, Svatá Dobrotivá (St Benigna), Beroun (Beraun), Bohemia, Czech Republic. Beraunite was redefined by Fanfani and Zanazzi (1967), on the basis of a crystal structural analysis, as a mixed valence iron phosphate and left the fully oxidized end-member unnamed, although both beraunite and eleonorite had previously been applied.


A secondary mineral found in bog iron ores and as a cement in clays, sands, and bone material; also as an alteration product of triphylite in granitic pegmatites.

See also the oxidised "variety" (possibly a valid species) oxiberaunite.

Classification of Beraunite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/D.11-70
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.DC.27

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
C : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 1:1 and < 2:1
Dana 8th edition ID:42.11.16.1

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
11 : (AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Hey's CIM Ref.:19.13.10

19 : Phosphates
13 : Phosphates of Fe alone
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Type Occurrence of Beraunite

Type Locality:Hrbek Mine, Svatá Dobrotivá (St Benigna), Beroun (Beraun), Central Bohemia Region, Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen), Czech Republic
General Appearance of Type Material:Reddish-brown to reddish orange bladed crystals in foliated clusters
Place of Conservation of Type Material:Freiberg Mining Academy, Freiberg, Saxony, Germany: #21359.
Year of Discovery:1841

Occurrences of Beraunite

Geological Setting:Bog iron ores, alteration of triphyllite in granitic pegmatites.

Physical Properties of Beraunite

Lustre:Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Pearly
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent
Comment:Lustre pearly on cleavages, resinous on fractures.
Colour:Dark greenish-brown, green (unoxidized); reddish-brown, red (oxidized).
Comment:Colouration may be banded.
Streak:Olive drab (unoxidized); yellow, brownish yellow (oxidized).
Hardness (Mohs):3 - 4
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Distinct/Good
Good on {100}
Density (measured):2.8 - 3.08 g/cm3
Density (calculated):2.894 g/cm3
Comment:Calculated density value of 2.894 = greenish black material; value of 2.970 = orange material.

Crystallography of Beraunite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:B2/b
Space Group Setting:C2/c
Cell Parameters:a = 20.953(8) Å, b = 5.171(1) Å, c = 19.266(4) Å
β = 93.34°
Ratio:a:b:c = 4.052 : 1 : 3.726
Unit Cell Volume:V 2,083.89 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Morphology:Crystals rare and small, tabular {100}, elongated [010], striated on {100} parallel to [010]. Coarse radial-fibrous aggregates; globular; discoidal with a coarse-fibrous structure; as crusts.
Twinning:On {100}, may be interpenetrant.
Comment:Cell parameter values for greenish black material; orange material values = a = 20.646; b = 5.129, c = 19.213; β = 93.67.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
10.37 (100)
9.58 (50)
7.229 (50)
4.825 (60)
4.418 (50)
3.747 (30)
3.187 (40)
3.082 (60)
Comments:Unoxidized end-member from Palermo #1 Quarry, Groton, NH, USA; also ICDD 22-631

Optical Data of Beraunite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 1.707 - 1.775 nβ = 1.735 - 1.786 nγ = 1.738 - 1.820
2V:Measured: 30° to 60°, Calculated: 66°
Birefringence:0.031
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.031 - 0.045

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:High
Dispersion:relatively weak
Optical Extinction:Y^c = 1.5-5°, Z = b (unoxidized)
Pleochroism:Visible
Comments:X = Pale flesh pink, yellow, blue-green
Y = Pale flesh pink, yellow, pale olive-green
Z = Carnelian red, reddish brown, olive-green
Comments:Colors depend on state of oxidation; The low RI represents beraunite (redefined as mixed valence iron phosphate). Oxidation results in higher refractive indices and approach the original beraunite or eleonorite.

Chemical Properties of Beraunite

Formula:
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
5
· 6H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5·6H2O
Essential elements:Fe, H, O, P
All elements listed in formula:Fe, H, O, P

Relationship of Beraunite to other Species

Common Associates:
WavelliteVivianiteTriphyliteStrunziteStewartite
RockbridgeiteMitridatiteLimoniteLeucophosphiteLaueite
HureauliteFrondeliteFerrostrunziteFerristrunziteDufrénite
Cacoxenite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.DC.05Nissonite
Cu
 
2
Mg
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
8.DC.07Euchroite
Cu
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH) · 3H
 
2
O
8.DC.10Legrandite
Zn
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH) · H
 
2
O
8.DC.12Strashimirite
Cu
 
8
(AsO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
8.DC.15Arthurite
CuFe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
,PO
 
4
,SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,O)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DC.15Earlshannonite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DC.15Ojuelaite
ZnFe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DC.15Whitmoreite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DC.15Cobaltarthurite
(Co,Mg)Fe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DC.15Bendadaite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DC.15Kunatite
CuFe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DC.15UKI-2006-(PO:FeHZn)
ZnFe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DC.15UKI-2006-(PO:AlCuFeH)
Fe
2+
 
Al
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DC.17Kleemanite
ZnAl
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
8.DC.20Bermanite
Mn
2+
 
Mn
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DC.20Coralloite
Mn
2+
 
Mn
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DC.22Kovdorskite
Mg
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(OH) · 3H
 
2
O
8.DC.25Ferristrunzite
Fe
3+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
3
· 5H
 
2
O
8.DC.25Ferrostrunzite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
8.DC.25Metavauxite
Fe
2+
 
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DC.25Metavivianite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
8.DC.25Strunzite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
8.DC.30Gordonite
MgAl
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DC.30Laueite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DC.30Mangangordonite
Mn
2+
 
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DC.30Paravauxite
Fe
2+
 
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DC.30Pseudolaueite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DC.30Sigloite
Fe
3+
 
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
3
· 7H
 
2
O
8.DC.30Stewartite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DC.30Ushkovite
MgFe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DC.30Ferrolaueite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DC.30Kastningite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DC.30Maghrebite
MgAl
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.DC.30Nordgauite
MnAl
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(F,OH)
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
8.DC.32Tinticite
Fe
3+
5.34
(PO
 
4
)
 
3.62
(VO
 
4
)
 
0.38
(OH)
 
4
· 6.7H
 
2
O
8.DC.35Vauxite
Fe
2+
 
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
8.DC.37Vantasselite
Al
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
· 9H
 
2
O
8.DC.40Cacoxenite
Fe
3+
24
Al(PO
 
4
)
 
17
O
 
6
(OH)
 
12
· 17H
 
2
O
8.DC.45Gormanite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
3
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
8.DC.45Souzalite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
8.DC.47Kingite
Al
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
F
 
2
(OH) · 7H
 
2
O
8.DC.50Wavellite
Al
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,F)
 
3
· 5H
 
2
O
8.DC.50Allanpringite
Fe
3+
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
3
· 5H
 
2
O
8.DC.52Kribergite
Al
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DC.55Mapimite
Zn
 
2
Fe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
4
· 10H
 
2
O
8.DC.57Ogdensburgite
Ca
 
2
Fe
3+
4
(Zn,Mn
2+
 
)(AsO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
6
· 6H
 
2
O
8.DC.60Nevadaite
(Cu
2+
 
,Al,V
3+
 
)
 
6
Al
 
8
(PO
 
4
)
 
8
F
 
8
(OH)
 
2
· 22H
 
2
O
8.DC.60Cloncurryite
(Cu,VO)Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(F,OH)
 
2
· 4.5-5H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
19.13.1Barbosalite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
19.13.2Strengite
FePO
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
19.13.3Phosphosiderite
FePO
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
19.13.4Dufrénite
Ca
 
0.5
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
19.13.5Giniite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
5
· 2H
 
2
O
19.13.6Whitmoreite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
19.13.7Tinticite
Fe
3+
5.34
(PO
 
4
)
 
3.62
(VO
 
4
)
 
0.38
(OH)
 
4
· 6.7H
 
2
O
19.13.8Ferristrunzite
Fe
3+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
3
· 5H
 
2
O
19.13.9Ferrostrunzite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
19.13.11Vivianite
Fe
2+
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.13.12Metavivianite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O

Other Names for Beraunite

Synonyms:
DufreniberauniteFerroberaunite
Other Languages:
German:Beraunit
Russian:Бераунит
Spanish:Beraunita

Other Information

Fluorescence in UV light:Not fluorescent
Other Information:Readily soluble in HCl.

Alters to limonite and alters from Vivianite.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Beraunite

Reference List:

- +
Breithaupt, A. (1841) Vollständige Handbuch der Mineralogie. Vol. 2: 156.

Breithaupt, A. (1853) Berg.- und hüttenmännisches Zeitung, Freiberg, Leipzig (merged into Glückauf): 402.

Bořický (1867) Konigliche Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna, Sitzber.: 56.

Streng (1881) Jahrbuch Min.: I: 102.

Koenig (1890) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 17: 85.

Wherry (1914) Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum: 47: 509 (as Dufreniberaunite).

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 46.

Hintze, Carl (1931) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [3B]: 898.

Le Mesurier (1943) Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia: 27: 133.

Frondel, C. (1949) American Mineralogist: 34: 536.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 959-961.

Fanfani, Luca and Pier Francesco Zanazzi (1967) The crystal structure of beraunite. Acta Cryst., 22, 173–181.

Moore, P.B. (1970) Crystal chemistry of the basic iron phosphates. American Mineralogist: 55: 135–169.

Moore, P.B. and A.R. Kampf (1992) Beraunite: refinement, comparative crystal chemistry, and selected bond valences. Zeits. Krist., 201, 263–281.

Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.: 58.

Internet Links for Beraunite

Search Engines:
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  • Look for Beraunite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Beraunite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Beraunite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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    Localities for Beraunite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Yancowinna Co.
        • Broken Hill
    Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
    Australian Mineralogist (1997): 3: 1.
    [UKJMM 19:28]
    • South Australia
      • Flinders Ranges
        • South Flinders Ranges
          • Wilmington
    Mineral. Mag. 63, 735-741
      • Mt Lofty Ranges
        • North Mt Lofty Ranges
          • Barossa Valley
            • Angaston
          • Kapunda
    Peter Elliott
    • Victoria
      • Castlemaine
        • Campbells Creek
    Pat Sutton & Museum Victoria
      • South Gippsland Shire
        • Hoddle Range
          • Fish Creek
    B.Day 1996. What's New in Australia, Australian Journal of Mineralogy Vol.2, No.2 Dec 1996, pg. 77
    Austria
     
    • Styria
      • Eisenerz
    Aufschluss 1972(SB), 15-20
      • Koralpe
        • Modriach
          • Herzogberg
    R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
      • Leoben
    Josef Taucher,Mineralien des Bundeslandes Steiermark
    Belgium
     
    • Hainaut Province (Henegouwen; Hennegau)
      • Mons
        • Blaton
    Peacor, D.R., Dunn, P.J.,Simmons,W.B. and Ramik, R.A. (1987): Ferristrunzite, a new member of the strunzite group, from Blaton, Belgium. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1987, 453-457
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
      • Doce Valley
    Mineralogical Record 24: 384-385
        • Divino das Laranjeiras
          • Linópolis
    [MinRec 14:233]
        • Galiléia
          • Sapucaia do Norte
    Sergio Varvello photo
    Cameroon
     
    • Adamaoua Region
      • Adamaoua Plateau (Adamawa Plateau)
    FRANSOLET, A.-M., OUSTRIERE, P., FONTAN, F. & PILLARD, F. (1984) La mantiennéite, une nouvelle espèce minérale du gisement de vivianite d'Anloua, Cameroun. Bulletin de Minéralogie 107, 737-744.
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
        • Beroun (Beraun)
          • Svatá Dobrotivá (St Benigna)
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 960; Canadian Mineralogist (1989): 27: 441.
        • Kutná Hora (Kuttenberg)
    Povondra, P., Pivec, E. (eds.) et al.: Přibyslavice peraluminuous granite. Acta universitatis carolinae, Geologica, 1987, no. 3, s . 183 – 283.
      • Karlovy Vary Region
    No reference listed
          • Krásno (Schönfeld)
    Petr Pauliš (2000): Nejzajímavější mineralogická naleziště Čech, Kuttna, Kutná Hora; Sejkora, J., Škoda, R., Ondruš, P., Beran, P. & Susser, C. (2006): Mineralogy of phosphate accumulations in the Huber stock, Krásno ore district, Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 103-147.
      • Plzeň Region
        • Poběžovice (Ronsperg; Ronsberg; Ronsperk)
          • Otov
    Čech F., Staněk J., Dávidová Š. (1981): Minerály pegmatitů. - in: Bernard J.H. [ed.]: Mineralogie Československa. Academia, Praha.
        • Rokycany (Rokitzan; Rokytzan)
    Janouš, F.: Minerály z Kněží hory u Těškova (okres Rokycany), Minerál, 1995, roč. 3, č. 6, s. 367-369.
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Vysočina Region
        • Žďár nad Sázavou
    Staněk, J.: Parageneze minerálů pegmatitových žil z Hatí u Dolních Borů na západní Moravě. Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. nat., vol. 76, pages 19-49.
    France
     
    • Auvergne
      • Allier
        • Ébreuil
          • Échassières
    Pierre Le Roch & Jean-Marc Johannet collections (visual ID)
    Le Règne Minéral, (33), 5-25.
    • Brittany
      • Morbihan
        • Plumelin
    Le Roc'h P., Bocianowski M. ((2001), La carrière de la Lande, Plumelin (Morbihan), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°72, pp: 7-10
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Pyrénées-Orientales
    BERBAIN,C., RILEY, T., FAVREAU, G., (2012)Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères (Pyrénées-Orientales), 117, 121-172, le Cahier des Micromonteurs, Association Française de Micromineralogie
          • Collioure (Cotlliure)
    BERBAIN. C, RILEY. T, FAVREAU. G, (2012) Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères. Ed Association Française de Microminéralogie
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Tarn
        • Castelnau-de-Brassac
          • Fumade
    PIERROT R., PICOT P., FORTUNE J.-P. & TOLLON F. (1976) Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 6 : Tarn, BRGM ed., 27. (in french)
    Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, p. 521.
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
    • Bavaria
      • Lower Bavaria
        • Zwiesel
          • Rabenstein
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 960; Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Upper Palatinate
        • Auerbach
    Stanjek, H. (1983): Auerbach/Oberpfalz. Phosphatmineralien aus der Grube Leonie. Lapis 8 (3), 9-18; 42. (in German)
          • Nitzlbuch (Nitzelbuch)
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 772, 803, 960
        • Pleystein
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 960.; Dill, H.G., Weber, B. (2009), Pleystein-City on Pegmatite, 4th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, Recife, Brazil.
    DILL, H.G., MELCHER, F., GERDES, A. and WEBER, B. (2008): The origin and zoning of hypogene and supergene Fe-Mn-Mg-Sc-U-REE-Zn phosphate mineralization from the newly discovered Trutzhofmühle aplite (Hagendorf pegmatite province, Germany). Canadian Mineralogist 46, 1131-1157.
        • Plößberg
    Andreas Gerstenberg collection
        • Waidhaus
    H.G. Dill, A. Gerdes, B. Weber, Age and mineralogy of supergene uranium minerals — Tools to unravel geomorphological and palaeohydrological processes in granitic terrains (Bohemian Massif, SE Germany), Geomorphology 117 (2010) 44–65
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    http://www.berthold-weber.de/h_miner.htm
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Hesse
      • Wetzlar
        • Rodheim-Bieber
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 960.
        • Waldgirmes
    Dana 6: 797, 823; Dana 7:II:874, 960.
        • Weilburg
          • Essershausen
    Müller, H.D. and Legner, M. (2012) Rhodochrosit und Phosphatmineralien aus der Grube "Fritz" bei Essershausen. Lapis, 37, #6, 45-47.
    Blaß, G. (2002): Eine neue Phosphatmineralien-Paragenese von der Grube Mark bei Essershausen, mittleres Lahngebiet, Taunus. Mineralien-Welt, 13 (6), 18-43. (in German); Blaß, G. & Möhn, G. (2010): Neue Mineralien von der Grube Mark bei Essershausen im Taunus. Mineralien-Welt 21 (2), 26-29.
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Sauerland
        • Arnsberg
          • Uentrop
    S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Wuppertal
        • Aprath castle
    Emser Hefte 1988(4), 35-40
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Lahn valley
    S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Annaberg District
    Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 960.
      • Oberlausitz
        • Görlitz
          • Neißeaue
    Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2013): Seltene Phosphate und Vanadate von Emmerichswalde bei Görlitz/Sachsen. Mineralien-Welt 24 (2), 40-55
          • Rengersdorf
    T. Witzke & T. Giesler (1997): Neufunde aus Sachsen (VI): Churchit-(Y), Cyrilovit, Faustit, Kidwellit, Meurigit und Nickelhexahydrit aus der Lausitz.- Lapis 22, 9, 36-38
      • Vogtland
        • Auerbach
          • Wildenau
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 960.
    • Schleswig-Holstein
      • Bredstedt
        • Joldelund
    A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
    • Thuringia
      • Harz
        • Neustadt/Harz
          • Lange Tal
            • Neustadt dam
    Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
      • Vogtland
        • Hirschberg
          • Ullersreuth
    T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
    Lapis, 26 (12), page 13-27
    Hungary
     
    • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
      • Upponyi Mtns
        • Dédestapolcsány
    Koch: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
        • Nekézseny
    Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
    Ireland
     
    • Co. Cork
      • Glandore
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 960.
    Italy
     
    • Sardinia
      • Cagliari Province
        • Villa San Pietro
    Orlandi, P. (2011) : Zibaldone di mineralogia italiana 2010. Micro, 1/2011, 39 - 42.
    • Tuscany
      • Livorno Province
        • Elba Island
    De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
            • Rio Mine (Rio Marina Mine)
    C. Garavelli, F. Quagliarella, 1967 - Beraunite di Rio Marina (Isola d'Elba). - Per. Miner., 36: 1041-1053.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Kanto Region
        • Ibaraki Prefecture
          • Kasumigaura City
            • Chiyoda-machi
    The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
      • Kinki region
        • Hyogo Prefecture
          • Kobe city
    S. Matsubara (2000) Vivianite nodules and secondary phosphates in Pliocene-Pleistocene clay deposits from Hime-shima, Oita Prefecture and Kobe, Hyogo Prefecture, Western Japan. Memoirs of the National Science Museum (Tokyo), 33.
    S. Matsubara (2000) Vivianite nodules and secondary phosphates in Pliocene-Pleistocene clay deposits from Hime-shima, Oita Prefecture and Kobe, Hyogo Prefecture, Western Japan. Memoirs of the National Science Museum (Tokyo), 33.
    Mali
     
    • Sikasso Region
    Gineste, C. (2012): N'golokasso, une occurrence de phosphates dans le Sud Mali. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 110-120
    Morocco
     
    • Marrakech-Tensift-El Haouz Region
      • El Kelaâ des Sraghna Province
        • Sidi Bou Othmane
    Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
    Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
    • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
      • Ouarzazate Province
        • Tazenakht
    Favreau, G. (2012): Les minéralisations à phosphates de la pegmatite d'Angarf-Sud (Maroc).Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 3-70.
    Netherlands
     
    • Drenthe
    T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
    Portugal
     
    • Guarda District
      • Gouveia
        • Folgosinho
    Pedro Alves collection
      • Sabugal
        • Bendada
    Schnorrer-Köhler (1991), Mineral Occurrences.
    Pedro Alves collection
    • Viana do Castelo District
      • Caminha
        • Arga de Baixo
      • Ponte da Barca
        • São Lourenço de Touvedo
    Self-find by Nuno Afonso; optical and XRD analysed
      • Ponte de Lima
        • Moreira do Lima
    • Viseu District
      • Mangualde
        • Chãs de Tavares
    António Joaquim Monteiro
    Marzoni Fecia di Cossato Y., Orlandi P., Pasero M.(1989): Manganese-bearing beraunite from Mangualde, Portugal: mineral data and structure refinement. Can. Mineral., 27, 441-446.
    Mineralien Atlas
      • Vila Nova de Paiva
        • Queiriga
          • Lagares do Estanho Mines
    Rui Nunes collection
    Russia
     
    • Central Region
      • Moscow Oblast' (Moskovskaya Oblast')
    Pekin, A. (2011) Minerals of Moscow. Russian Journal of General Chemistry. Jun2011, Vol. 81 Issue 6, p1381-1391.
    Spain
     
    • Castile-La Mancha
      • Ciudad Real
        • Minas de Horcajo
    Sáinz de Baranda, B., Palero, F.J., García, G. (2004): El Horcajo, las piromorfitas más famosas del mundo. Bocamina, 13, 32-68.
    • Castile and Leon
      • Zamora
        • Villar del Buey
          • Pinilla de Fermoselle
    • Catalonia
      • Barcelona
        • Baix Llobregat
          • Gavà
            • Bruguers
    Bareche, E (2005) "Els minerals de Catalunya. Segle XX" Ed. Grup Mineralògic Català, Barcelona, 269 p.
        • Vallès Occidental
          • Montcada i Reixac
    Rosell, J. & Garrido, J.L. (2006) The minerals of Montcada Hill Quarry. Mineral Up, 2006/2, 16-20.
    • Extremadura
      • Cáceres
        • Zarza la Mayor
    Viñals, J. and Calvo, M. (2011). Secondary phosphates of La Paloma mine, Zarza la Mayor, Cáceres, Spain. Mineral Up 2 (5), 8-31.
    • Madrid
      • Soto del Real
        • San Pedro Massif
          • Rancajales
    Gonzalez del Tánago J. (1985) Las Pegmatitas Graníticas de San Pedro, Sistema Central Español. Bol. Soc.Española de Mineralogía, pp.207-2017
    Sweden
     
    • Lappland
      • Kiruna
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 960.
      • Kiruna district
        • Svappavaara
    Bjällerud, C-G. (1989): Phospate minerals from the Leveäniemi Iron Mine, Svappavaara, Sweden. Mineralogical Record. 20(5):343-346; Augsten, R. (2009): Lapis 34, 20-23.
    Switzerland
     
    • Ticino (Tessin)
      • Lago Maggiore
        • Brissago
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 71
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
          • Kea
            • Baldhu
    Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Collins, J.H. (1892): "A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon", 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), 108 pp.
        • Liskeard District
          • Linkinhorne
            • Minions
    Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
        • Mount's Bay District
          • St Hilary
    Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
        • St Agnes District
          • Perranzabuloe
            • Perran Iron Lode (Great Perran Iron Lode)
    Sparrow, C. (1989): Russell Society Newsletter 3, 6; Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
        • St Austell District
          • Treverbyn
            • Stenalees
    M Kampf collection
      • Cumbria
        • North and Western Region (Cumberland)
          • Caldbeck Fells
            • Coombe Height
    No reference listed
    USA
     
    • Alabama
      • Calhoun Co.
        • Jacksonville
    Rocks & Min 70:5 pp 320-333; Barwood, H. & Hajek, B. (1978): Notes of Some New Occurences in Alabama. Mineralogical Record. 9: 388-391
    Rocks & Min.: 58:57-62.
      • Cherokee Co.
    Rob Lavinsky
    Min.Rec.:20(5):361; Rocks & Min.: 64:203.
    Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull 120
        • Rock Run
          • Wolfden Mountain
    Rocks & Min 70:5 pp 320-333
    Rocks & Min 70:5 pp 320-333
      • Coosa Co.
        • Rockford District
          • Two Bit pegmatite
    Rocks & Min 70:5 pp 320-333
      • Shelby Co.
        • Alabaster
    Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:235-236
      • Tuscaloosa Co.
        • Woodstock
    Rocks & Min 70:5 pp 320-333
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Mule Mts
    Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 30.
    • Arkansas
      • Garland Co.
        • Wilson Springs (Potash Sulfur Springs)
          • Union Carbide Mine
    R&M 70:3 pp 154-170
      • Independence Co.
    Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125
      • Montgomery Co.
        • North Mountain
    Rocks & Min.: 63:113; 64:294; Sick (1984).
      • Polk Co.
    Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125
        • Shady
    Rocks & Min.:63:118.
    Am Min 51:1811-1814
    Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125
        • Three Oaks Gap
    Rocks & Minerals: 63: 120.
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 960.
    • Connecticut
      • Litchfield Co.
        • Harwinton
    Observations of Januzzi material by Harold Moritz
      • Middlesex Co.
        • East Hampton (Chatham)
          • Cobalt
    Januzzi (1976) p.234-5.
    AmMin 53:2096
      • Polk Co.
        • Central Florida Phosphate District (Bone Valley)
          • Homeland
    Denicourt, R., Micromounters of New England program, NE meeting program, May 1984; Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
          • Noralyn/Phosphoria Mines (IMC-Agrico)
    Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
    Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
    Am Min 53:2096-2101
    • Georgia
      • Polk Co.
    Rocks & Minerals 54:4 pp161-165
    • Indiana
      • Pike Co.
    Coveney, R.M., A.V. Allen, J.C. Blankenship & W.B. Simmons (1984) Hawleyite and phosphate minerals from Bethel Church, Indiana, including a second occurrence for ferrostrunzite: The Mineralogical Record: 15: 351-357.
    • Maine
      • Cumberland Co.
        • Baldwin
          • West Baldwin
    Thompson, W.B., et,al., 2000, Rocks & Minerals, vol. 75, no. 6, pgs 408-418
      • Oxford Co.
        • Greenwood
          • Uncle Tom Mountain
    "Maine Mineral Localities, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et.al. 1998; Mineral News (1995) 11:2 pp1,2,5
        • Newry
    King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
    King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
        • Paris
    King, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, USA, pp. 418 + 88 plates. "Maine Mineral Localites, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et.al. , 1998
        • Rumford
    Scott Soucey and Tim Blake
    King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, Vol.1, p.264.
        • Stoneham
    W. B. Thompson, D. L. Joyner, R. G. Woodman, and V. T. King (2005) A Collector's Guide to Maine Mineral Localities. Maine Geological Survey Bulletin 41
    "Maine Mineral Localities, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et.al., 1998
    • Montana
      • Silver Bow Co.
        • Butte District (Summit Valley District)
          • Butte
    The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
    • Nevada
      • Humboldt Co.
        • Iron Point District
          • Valmy
    Dr. William S. Wise presentation to Northwest Micro Mineral Study Group on 1 May 2004, Update on Mineralogy of the Silver Coin Mine, Iron Point District, Edna Mountains, Humboldt Co., Nevada
    • New Hampshire
      • Cheshire Co.
        • Walpole
    P. Cristofono, T. Mortimer, J.W. Nizamoff, A. Wilken, and R. Wilken (2011) The 38th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 14-17, 2011, lecture abstracts, page 17-18.
      • Grafton Co.
        • Groton
    Wilken, B. in Crystals and Cabs Vol. 7 , No. 3.
    Rocks & Minerals: 80: 252.
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 960.; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130; NIZAMOFF, James W., SIMMONS, William B., and FALSTER, Alexander U. (2004) PHOSPHATE MINERALOGY AND PARAGENESIS OF THE PALERMO #2 PEGMATITE, NORTH GROTON, NEW HAMPSHIRE Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
    Rocks & Min., May 1999.; Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
    • New Jersey
      • Gloucester Co.
        • Harrison Township
    Henderson, Wm. A. (1980): Mullica Hill, New Jersey. Mineralogical Record 11, 307-311
      • Monmouth Co.
        • Upper Freehold Township
          • Arneytown
    C.G.Segeler (personal communication)
      • Morris Co.
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 960.
    • New Mexico
      • Grant Co.
    Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996, p.141
          • Santa Rita
    Min. Mag. 60:787-793.; Rocks & Minerals 84:492-500
    • North Carolina
      • Cleveland Co.
        • Kings Mountain District
    Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
      • Gaston Co.
        • Bessemer City
    Rocks & Min.: 60:89.
    • Pennsylvania
      • Cumberland Co.
        • Mount Holly Springs
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 960; Mineralogical Record: 11: 311.
      • Northampton Co.
        • Lower Saucon Township
          • Hellertown
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 960; Mineralogical Record (1980): 11(Sep-Oct): 311.
      • Snyder Co.
    Min. Col. PA; Geyer, Smith & Barnes; Pgs. 201-202
    • South Carolina
      • Cherokee Co.
        • Kings Creek District
          • Kings Creek Mine
    Rocks & Minerals 54:4 pp173-175
    • South Dakota
      • Custer Co.
        • Custer District
          • Fourmile
    Mineralogical Record: 17: 237-254; Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117.
          • Pringle
            • Cicero Peak
    Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
      • Pennington Co.
        • Keystone District
          • Glendale
    Rocks & Minerals: 60: 116.
    R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
          • Keystone
    R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
    R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
    • Tennessee
      • Wayne Co.
        • Iron City
    Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
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