Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on MindatThe Mindat Store
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryHow to Link to MindatDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Beryllonite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Formula:
NaBePO4
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Colourless, white, ...
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, Greasy
Hardness:
5½ - 6
Name:
Named by Edward S. Dana in 1888 in allusion to its composition, containing beryllium.

Classification of Beryllonite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
8.AA.10

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
A : Phosphates, etc. without additional anions, without H2O
A : With small cations (some also with larger ones)
Dana 7th ed.:
38.1.5.1
38.1.5.1

38 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
1 : ABXO4
19.3.2

19 : Phosphates
3 : Phosphates of Be and Mg
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-644.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Beryllonite

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Yale University, Connecticut 3.1946
Year of Discovery:
1888
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Granite Pegmatite

Occurrences of Beryllonite

Geological Setting:
Granitic and alkali pegmatites

Physical Properties of Beryllonite

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Comment:
Pearly at times on {010}.
Colour:
Colourless, white, rarely pale light yellow; colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
5½ - 6
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {010} perfect; on {100} good but interrupted; on {101} poor; on {001}, in traces.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
2.77 - 2.85 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.805 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Beryllonite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Space Group Setting:
P21/c
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.178(3) Å, b = 7.818(3) Å, c = 14.114(6) Å
β = 90°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.046 : 1 : 1.805
Unit Cell Volume:
V 902.39 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
12
Morphology:
Crystals tabular {010} to short prismatic [010]. Crystals are frequently very complex, especially in the zones [100] and [010]. Faces in the zone [010] near {100} may be united in oscillatory combination. Crystal faces often dull or roughened, or, in some cases, delicately etched. Crystals frequently exhibit a columnar structure due to the presence of hollow canals and fluid cavities arranged parallel to [010].
Twinning:
On plane {101}, as both contact and penetration twins; repeated at times, or in pseudo-hexagonal stellate forms; also polysynthetic {110} and {100}.
Comment:
Marked orthorhombic pseudo-symmetry.

Crystallographic forms of Beryllonite

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Beryllonite no.2 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

Toggle
Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

View
Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.90 (70)
3.62 (80)
3.61 (40)
2.82 (100)
2.35 (40)
2.25 (60)
Comments:
Powder Diffraction (1993) 8:47; also ICDD 33-1213 (synthetic), 6-443.

Optical Data of Beryllonite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.552 nβ = 1.558 nγ = 1.561
2V:
Measured: 68°
Birefringence:
0.009
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.009
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
weak to distinct r < v
Optical Extinction:
XYZ = bac
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic
Comments:
Fluid inclusions common.

Chemical Properties of Beryllonite

Formula:
NaBePO4
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Beryllonite to other Species

8.AA.05AlarsiteAlAsO4
8.AA.05BerliniteAlPO4
8.AA.05RodolicoiteFe3+PO4
8.AA.15HurlbutiteCaBe2(PO4)2
8.AA.20LithiophosphateLi3PO4
8.AA.25NalipoiteNaLi2PO4
8.AA.30OlympiteNa5Li(PO4)2
19.3.1MoraesiteBe2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2O
19.3.3HurlbutiteCaBe2(PO4)2
19.3.4HydroxylherderiteCaBe(PO4)(OH,F)
19.3.5GlucineCaBe4(PO4)2(OH)4 · 0.5H2O
19.3.6FransoletiteCa3Be2(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
19.3.7UraloliteCa2Be4(PO4)3(OH)3 · 5H2O
19.3.9PahasapaiteLi8(Ca,Li,K)10.5Be24(PO4)24 · 38H2O
19.3.10TiptopiteK2(Na,Ca)2Li3Be6(PO4)6(OH)2 · H2O
19.3.11GainesiteNa(Na,K)(Be,Li)Zr2(PO4)4 · 1.5-2H2O
19.3.12RoscheriteCa2Mn52+Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
19.3.13Faheyite(Mn,Mg,Na)Be2Fe2(PO4)4 · 6H2O
19.3.14FarringtoniteMg3(PO4)2
19.3.15HoltedahliteMg2(PO4)(OH)
19.3.16AlthausiteMg4(PO4)2(OH,O)(F,☐)
19.3.17NewberyiteMg(HPO4) · 3H2O
19.3.18PhosphorrössleriteMg(HPO4) · 7H2O
19.3.19BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
19.3.20Barićite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
19.3.21Panethite(Na,Ca)2(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)2
19.3.22Dittmarite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · H2O
19.3.23Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
19.3.24Hannayite(NH4)2Mg3H4(PO4)4 · 8H2O

Other Names for Beryllonite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Beryllonit
Simplified Chinese:磷钠铍石
Spanish:Beryllonita
Traditional Chinese:磷钠鈹石

Other Information

Other Information:
Slowly soluble in acids.

Alters to Herderite.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Beryllonite

Reference List:
Dana (1888) American Journal of Science: 36: 290.

Dana and Wells (1889) American Journal of Science: 37: 23.

Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 759.

Gaubert (1907) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 30: 108.

Berman in: Palache and Shannon (1928) American Mineralogist: 13: 392.

Gossner and Besslein (1934) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 144.

Strunz (1937) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 98: 76.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 677-679.

Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 20: 1-12.

Internet Links for Beryllonite

Specimens:
The following Beryllonite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Beryllonite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Afghanistan
 
  • Konar Province (Kunar Province; Konarh Province; Konarha Province; Nuristan)
    • Chapa Dara District
Rob Lavinsky specimen
  • Nuristan Province (Nurestan Province; Nooristan Province; Nuristan)
    • Kamdesh District
Lyckberg, P. (2011): Edelstein-Pegmatite in Afghanistan: Paprok. Mineralien-Welt. 22 (3): 46-57
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Doce valley
      • Conselheiro Pena
Canadian Mlneralogist Vol. 20, pp. 87-89 (1982)
      • Divino das Laranjeiras
        • Linópolis
Handbook of Mineralogy Vol IV p64; Mineralogical Record 24: 384-385
Rob Lavinsky (from a new find in June 2011)
Atencio et al (2005) Roscherite-Group Minerals from Brazil, Axis (Min Rec), Vol 1, #6, p.1 (2005)
Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:249
      • Galiléia
        • Laranjeiras
[MinRec 12:69]
      • Mendes Pimentel
Sergio Varvello collection
    • Jequitinhonha valley
      • Itinga
        • Taquaral
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
          • Piauí Valley
Jordi Fabre
Luis Menezes
Canada
 
  • Manitoba
Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 1339-1345.
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
HORVÁTH, L., and GAULT, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284 359.
China
 
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Yichun Prefecture
      • Yuanzhou District
        • Yichun complex (Yashan batholith)
Desong Lin (1993): Mineral Resources and Geology 7(4), 262-266; Xudong Che, Rucheng Wang, Huan Hu, Wenlan Zhang, and Xiaolong Huang (2007): Acta Petrologica Sinica 23(6), 1552-1560
Czech Republic
 
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Žďár nad Sázavou
Cempírek, J. & Novák, M.(2006) Beryllophosphate Assemblages From The Rožná Pegmatite, Czech Republic. Acta Miner.-Petrograph.,Abstract Series 5, Szeged, p.20
Finland
 
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Orivesi
      • Eräjärvi area
Handbook of Mineralogy Vol IV p64; Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
France
 
  • Auvergne
    • Allier
      • Ébreuil
Charoy, B. (1999): Beryllium speciation in evolved granitic magmas. Phosphates versus silicates. European Journal of Mineralogy 11, 135-148.
Pakistan
 
  • Gilgit-Baltistan (Northern Areas)
    • Baltistan
      • Skardu District
        • Braldu Valley
Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Blauwet, D., Smith, B., and Smith, C., 1997. A Guide to the Mineral Localities of the Northern Areas, Pakistan. Mineralogical Record 28(3), 183-200.
        • Haramosh Mts.
Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 36, Part 1, 1998, pp. 1-47.
Portugal
 
  • Viana do Castelo District
    • Ponte de Lima
      • Moreira do Lima
Sweden
 
  • Östergötland
    • Norrköping
      • Kolmården
Nysten,P. & Gustafsson, L.(2006): I jakt på sällsynta mineral. Geologiskt forum nr 49, 22-25
  • Södermanland
    • Norrö
Nysten,P. & Gustafsson, L.(2006): I jakt på sällsynta mineral. Geologiskt forum nr 49, 22-25
UK
 
  • England
    • Devon
      • Okehampton area (Northern Dartmoor)
http://www.mineralman.f9.co.uk/quarries/meldon.htm; Peter G. Embrey (1978) Fourth Supplementary List of British Minerals. Mineralogical Magazine 42:169-177
USA
 
  • Maine
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Baldwin
        • West Baldwin
Mineral News (2000) 16:1 pp1,4,5; Thompson et. al. (2000)
    • Oxford Co.
      • Greenwood
Kink, V. and Foord, E.E., 1992 Maine Mineralogy, Vol. 1, Maine Geologic Surevey, Augusta.; Mineralogical Record 22:382
        • Uncle Tom Mountain
"Maine Mineral Localities, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et.al. 1998; Mineral News (1998) 14:8 pp2,9
      • Hebron
No reference listed
      • Newry
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.; Mineralogical Record 22:382
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.; Cameron, Eugene N.; and others (1954) Pegmatite investigations, 1942-45, in New England. USGS Professional Paper 255.
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 1; King, V, 2006, Minerals of Halls Ridge and Plumbago-Puzzle Mountain, Newry, Oxford County, Maine, Mineral News, v. 22 (6), p. 1-3.
      • Rumford
"Maine Mineral Localities, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et.al., 1998)
      • Stoneham
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, 2000, Mineralogy of Maine.; Bastin, Edson Sunderland (1911) Geology of the pegmatites and associated rocks of Maine, including feldspar, quartz, mica, and gem deposits. USGS Bulletin 445.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 679; Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual", p21.
"Maine Mineral Localities, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et.al., 1998
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 1.
    • Sagadahoc Co.
      • Georgetown
J,Nizamoff ef al, Rochester Mineralogical Symposium proceedings 2013
  • Nevada
    • Elko Co.
NBMG Bull 106 Geology and Mineral Resources of Elko County, Nevada; USGS Open-File Report 76-56
        • Alladin Group
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Hampshire
    • Cheshire Co.
      • Walpole
P. Cristofono, T. Mortimer, J.W. Nizamoff, A. Wilken, and R. Wilken (2011) The 38th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 14-17, 2011, lecture abstracts, page 17-18.
    • Grafton Co.
      • Grafton
Bjareby, Gunnar (1965): Fifty Years of Mineral Collecting, Part 7 (Rocks & Minerals 40:491-493); Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
      • Groton
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
No reference listed
    • Sullivan Co.
      • Newport
American Mineralogist: 37: 931-940.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index; American Mineralogist (1953): 38: 728-729.
  • New Mexico
    • Grant Co.
Northrup, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2015, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: July 29, 2015 03:47:19 Page generated: July 22, 2015 15:21:45