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Pleonaste

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Name:From the greek for 'abundant' for its many crystal forms.
A variety of Spinel

An intermediate variety of the Hercynite-Spinel Series,
= iron-rich spinel or magnesium-rich hercynite.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Pleonaste. Currently in public beta-test.

Classification of Pleonaste

IMA status:Rejected
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Other Names for Pleonaste

Other Languages:
German:Pleonast
Simplified Chinese:亚铁尖晶石

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Pleonaste

Reference List:

- +
Haüy (1801).

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 689.

Internet Links for Pleonaste

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  • Localities for Pleonaste

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Algeria
     
    • Sahara Desert
      • Lakhbi
    www.meteoriticalsociety.org/bulletin/mb88.pdf.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Clarke Co.
        • Mt Mitchell
    L.B. Gilligan et al. Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets.
      • Gough Co.
        • Elsmore
    R.E Brown and W.J Stroud, Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets, 1997.
    • South Australia
      • Murray Basin
        • Murray Mallee
          • Karoonda
    J. S. Delaney, C. P. Stokes, C. O'Neill & M. Prinz (1985). The Karoonda Chondrule Corundum Conundrum (Abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XVI, pp. 175-176.
      • Western Region
        • Maralinga
    Keller, L. P. (1992) Petrography and Mineral Chemistry of Calcium-and Aluminum-rich Inclusions in the Maralinga CK4 Chondrite (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXIII: 671-672. (March 1992)
    • Tasmania
      • Blue Tier district
    Bottrill, R.S. & Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Bull. 73. Minerals Resources Tasmania
    • Victoria
      • Belgrave
      • Rural City of Wangaratta
        • Eldorado
    Dunn, E.J.,(1913). Bulletins of the Geological Survey of Victoria No. 25. The Woolshed Valley, Beechworth. Department of Mines.
    Austria
     
    • Lower Austria
      • Mostviertel
        • Dunkelstein Forest
          • Dunkelsteinerwald
            • Gansbach
    D.A. Carswell et al., Eur.J. Mineral., 1989, 1, pp. 455-466.
      • Waldviertel
        • Kottes-Purk
    R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993); MEIXNER, H. (1976): 378. Spinell (Pleonast) von Kottes, Waldviertel, NÖ. P. 37 in MEIXNER, H. (1976): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XXVI. Carinthia II, 166./86., 11-42.
    • Upper Austria
      • Mühlviertel
        • Perg
          • St Georgen an der Gusen
    Brandstetter, G. & M. Reich (1998): Luftenberg - eine bedeutende Pegmatitmineralisation in Oberösterreich. OÖ. Geonachr. 13, 11-25; Brandstetter, G. & Reich, M. (1999): Luftenberg - eine bedeutende Pegmatitmineralisation in Oberösterreich. Mineralien-Welt 10 (3), 12-18.
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
    Jour. of South American Earth Sci. 15:709–723
    Burma (Myanmar)
     
    • Mandalay Division
      • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
        • Mogok Township
          • Kyauk-Pyat-That
    Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
    Canada
     
    • Northwest Territories
    Anton R. Chakhmouradian and Roger H. Mitchell (2001) Three compositional varieties of perovskite from kimberlites of the Lac de Gras Field (Northwest Territories, Canada). Mineralogical Magazine 65:133-148
    China
     
    • Tibet Autonomous Region
      • Ngari Prefecture
        • Gê'gyai Co. (Geji Co.)
    Zhi Zhang, Yuchuan Chen, Juxing Tang, Lin He, Xiaofeng Yao, Yi Yang, Zhenghua Hu, Hongxing Wang, and Junlong Song (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(5), 915-931
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Liberec Region
        • Jizerské Mtn (Iser Mtn)
    Lukas Jankaj specimen
    Finland
     
    • Eastern Finland Region
    O´Brien Hugh,Tyni Matti 2005 Eastern Finland kimberlite province. Fifth international dyke conference 31.7-3.8. 2005 Rovaniemi, Finland
    • Southwestern Finland Region
      • Pargas (Parainen)
    Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 370 pp.(p 283)
    France
     
    • Auvergne
      • Cantal
        • Cantal Mts
          • Mandailles-Saint-Julien
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
      • Haute-Loire
        • Lavoûte-Chilhac
          • Saint-Ilpize
    FORESTIER F. H., LASNIER B. (1969) – Découverte de niveaux d’amphibolites à pargasite, anorthite, corindon et saphirine dans les schistes cristallins de la vallée du Haut-Allier – Existence du faciès granulite dans la massif Central Français, Contr. Mineral. And Petrol. 23, pp. 194-235.
        • Le Puy-en-Velay
          • Ceyssac
    LACROIX A. (1892) - Minéralogie de la France
    Germany
     
    • Bavaria
      • Lower Bavaria
        • Bavarian Forest
          • Zwiesel
            • Bodenmais
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    Hungary
     
    • Nógrád Co.
      • Karancs-Medves Mtns
        • Salgótarján
    Koch: Minerals of Hungary
    India
     
    • Andhra Pradesh
      • Guntur District
    Canadian Mineralogist (1965) 8:334-338
    Ireland
     
    • Co. Louth
      • Carlingford
    S. R. Nockolds and H. G. C. Vincent (1947) On Tilleyite and Its Associated Minerals from Carlingford, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine 28:151-158.
    Italy
     
    • Campania
      • Naples Province
        • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
    AmMin: 12:14-19 (1927)
    • Latium
      • Rome Province
        • Bracciano Lake
          • Castel Giuliano
    Dario Di Domenico collection
      • Viterbo Province
    Lapis 28(12), 19-28 (2003)
    • Lombardy
      • Bergamo Province
        • Cene
          • Rossa Valley
    Maida, F. (2002): Descrizione delle specie e varietà di minerali e loro ritrovamento nella Bergamasca. G.O.M. Gruppo Orobico Minerali - Novecento Grafico, Ed., Bergamo 82 pp. (geologic part by F. Pezzotta).
    • Trentino-Alto Adige
      • Trento Province
        • Fassa Valley
          • Monzoni Mts
    De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
    De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
    De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
    De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
    Madagascar
     
    • Toamasina Province (Tamatave)
      • Eastern Region (Atsinanana Region)
        • Toamasina II District (Tamatave)
    Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
    • Tuléar Province (Toliara)
      • Anosy Region (Fort Dauphin Region)
    Knut Edvard Larsen collection (# M-323)
    Knut Edvard Larsen collection & photo
    [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
    Morocco
     
    • Meknès-Tafilalet Region
      • Er Rachidia Province (Errachidia Province)
        • Erfoud (Erfud)
    Weisberg et al., (2008) Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 94: Meteoritics and Planetary Science 43 (9): 1551-1588. (Sept 2008) ; Anorthite, Diopside, Olivine; Merrillite, Pleonaste, Spinel, Troilite
    New Zealand
     
    • South Island
      • Otago
        • Kakanui
    Railton, G. L. and Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin #104 (1990).
      • Southland
        • Fiordland
    C. M. Ward (1984) Magnesium staurolite and green chromian staurolite from Fiordland, New Zealand . American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 531-540.
    Nigeria
     
    • Katsina State
    Meteoritics (ISSN 0026-1114), vol. 20, pt. 1, June 30, 1985, p. 229-243.
    Norway
     
    • Aust-Agder
      • Arendal
        • Arendal Iron Mines
          • Neskilen Mines
    Scheerer, Th. (1845): Bidrag til Kundskab om norske Mineralier. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne.4:333-349
          • Øyestad
    Weibye, P. C. (1848): Beiträge zur topograpischen Mineralogie Norwegens. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde. 22: 465-544
        • Tromøy
    Weibye, P. C. (1848): Beiträge zur topograpischen Mineralogie Norwegens. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde. 22: 465-544
    SCHEERER, Th. (1845): Geognostisk-mineralogiske Skizzer- samlede paa en Reise i sommeren 1842. Nyt Magasin for Naturvidenskaberne, 4, 126-164
    • Vest-Agder
      • Kristiansand
    Scheerer, Th. (1845):Geognostisk-mineralogiske skizzer, samlede paa en Reise i Sommeren 1842. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne 4:126-164 (p. 159); Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68. p. 53
    Oman
     
    • Dhofar Province (Al Janubiyah Province)
    Meteoritical Bulletin No. 86
    The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 88, 2004 JULY, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 39, Axxx–Axxx (2004)
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Ząbkowice District
        • Ząbkowice (Frankenstein)
    Sachanbiński et al. 2000: Heavy minerals in the serpentinite weathering cover of the Szklary massif. Geologia Sudetica, vol. 33, pp. 131-141.
    • Podlaskie
      • Suwałki District
        • Suwałki Massif
    Morgan, J.W., Stein, H.J., Hannah, J.L., Markey, R.J., and Wiszniewska, J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 391-401.
    Morgan, J.W., Stein, H.J., Hannah, J.L., Markey, R.J., and Wiszniewska, J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 391-401.
    Kozlowski A & Wiszniewska J: (2001) The Nelsonite problem: the origin by melt immiscibility. in Abstracts – GEODE field workshop 8-12th July 2001 on ilmenite deposits in the Rogaland anorthosite province, S. Norway.
    Morgan, J.W., Stein, H.J., Hannah, J.L., Markey, R.J., and Wiszniewska, J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 391-401.
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
        • Aldan Shield
          • Aldan
            • El'konskii Gorst
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Detva Co.
    Rojkovičová,Ľ., 1982: Rudná mineralizácia v Javorí. Min.Slovaca, 14,5,461 – 470
      • Lučenec Co.
    M. Huraiova et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 901-916.
      • Žarnovica Co.
        • Hodruša-Hámre (Hodritsch)
    Pauliš,P.,Ďuďa,R.,2002: Nejzajímavejší mineralogická naletište Slovenska. Kuttna,K.Hora, 136p
      • Žiar nad Hronom Co.
    Ďuďa R., 1993 : Die mineralien der Gold und Silber - lagersttäte von Kremnitz ( Kremnica) in der Slowakei. Mineralien Welt /Haltern,Nemecko/,5, s. 20 - 32
    • Prešov Region
      • Prešov Co.
    Ďuďa,R., et al., 1981: Mineralógia severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovaca, Monografia 2, 98s
        • Vyšná Šebastová
    Ďuďa,R., et al., 1981: Mineralógia severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovaca, Monografia 2, 98s
    South Africa
     
    • Northern Cape Province
      • Francis Baard District
        • Windsorton
    Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.
    Sri Lanka
     
    • Sabaragamuwa Province
      • Ratnapura District
        • Ratnapura
    Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
    Surinam
     
    • Sipaliwini District
    Am Min 61:3-4 pp 193-199
    Sweden
     
    • Dalarna
      • Falun
    No reference listed
    • Östergötland
      • Åtvidaberg
    No reference listed
    • Småland
      • Jönköping
        • Månsarp
    Nils Hollander: Electron microprobe analysis of iron-titanium oxides in Månsarp and Taberg, southern Sweden. GFF 91 , 1969
    • Värmland
      • Filipstad
        • Persberg district
          • Gåsgruvan ore field
    Sandström, F., Lorin, T. & Strand, U. (2009): Geologi och mineralogi i Gåsgruvefältet, Filipstad. Litofilen. 26 (2): 16-38
    Thailand
     
    • Kanchanaburi Province
      • Bo Phloi District
        • Bo Phloi
    No reference listed
    USA
     
    • California
      • Inyo Co.
        • Panamint Mts (Panamint Range)
          • Butte Valley District
            • Butte Valley (Hidden Valley)
    McAllister, James Franklin (1955), Geology of mineral deposits in the Ubehebe Peak quadrangle, Inyo County, California. California Division Mines, Special Report 42, 63 pp.: 61; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 345.
      • San Diego Co.
        • Lakeside
    SDSU Geology Department unpublished field trip guide, circa 1980.
        • Pala District
          • Pala
    Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
        • Rincon District
          • Rincon
            • Rincon Mountain
    Kunz, G. F. (1905a), Gems, jeweler's materials, and ornamental stones of California. California State Mining Bureau bulletin 37: 48; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 346.
    Rogers, A. F. 1910. Minerals From The Pegmatite Veins Of Rincon, San Diego Co., California. Columbia University School Of Mines Quarterly Journal Of Applied Science, Vol. 31 pp. 208-218.
    • Georgia
      • Columbia Co.
        • Phinizy
    Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
      • Towns Co.
        • Youngstown
    Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
    • Hawaii
      • Honolulu Co.
        • Oahu Island
    Geology; January 1988; v. 16; no. 1; p. 69-72
    • Kentucky
      • Elliott Co.
    Jeffrey J. Agee, James R. Garrison, Jr. and Lawrence A. Taylor (1982) Petrogenesis of oxide minerals in kimberlite, Elliot County, Kentucky. American Mineralogist 67:28-42
    • Massachusetts
      • Middlesex Co.
    Hitchcock, 1841. Geology of Massachusetts
    • Montana
      • Judith Basin Co.
        • Little Belt Mts
          • Yogo District
    http://www.eos.ubc.ca/personal/groat/sapphires.htm
    • Nevada
    AmMin 27:462
        • Kinkaid Siding
    American Mineralogist 27:462-463
    • North Carolina
      • Cabarrus Co.
        • Concord
    Barbara A.Olsen,Harry Y.Mcsween,Jr, American Mineralogist,Vol.68,pg 315-333,1983,Petrogenesis of the Concord gabbro-syenite complex,North Carolina,pg # 324
      • Macon Co.
        • Cowee Valley
          • Ellijay District
            • Franklin
    Gerald M.Friedman,Sept 27,1951,Study Of Hoegbomite
    Dana 6: 1077.
    • Vermont
      • Windsor Co.
    Nielson, Dennis L. (1973). Silica diffusion at Ascutney Mountain, Vermont, Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 40(2):141-148.
    • Virginia
    Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
      • Hanover Co.
    Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    Vietnam
     
    • Son La Province
    Nguyôn Kinh Quèc, Nguyôn Quúnh Anh () Aquamarine, Beryl And Possibility Of Finding Emerald And Alexandrite In Việt Nam. Generations, 41, 50-58.
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