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Bindheimite

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Formula:
Pb
 
2
Sb
 
2
O
 
6
O
System:IsometricColour:Yellow, yellow-brown, ...
Hardness:4 - 4½
Name:For Johann Jacob Bindheim (1750-1825), German chemist who made the first chemical analysis of the mineral.


"Bindheimite" is a common but inadequately described mineral, much of which corresponds to the more recently described Oxyplumboroméite, although further studies of individual occurrences would be required to determine this with certainty.

A secondary mineral occurring in the oxidized zones of antimony-bearing lead deposits, a frequent oxidation product of Pb-Sb-sulphosalts.

Classification of Bindheimite

IMA status:Questionable/Doubtful
Explanation of status:A "grandfathered" (pre-IMA) mineral, not formally discredited, but suspected to perhaps be Oxyplumboroméite in whole or in part.
Strunz 8th edition ID:4/C.11-70
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:4.DH.20

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
H : With large (+- medium-sized) cations; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
Dana 8th edition ID:44.1.1.2

44 : ANTIMONATES
1 : A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
Hey's CIM Ref.:24.3.5

24 : Antimonates and Antimonites
3 : Antimonates of Ti and Pb
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Type Occurrence of Bindheimite

Type Locality:Nerchinsk Ag-Pb-Zn deposit, Nerchinsk (Nertschinsk), Chitinskaya Oblast', Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye), Eastern-Siberian Region, Russia
Year of Discovery:1800

Occurrences of Bindheimite

Geological Setting:In the oxidized portions of antimony-bearing lead deposits.

Physical Properties of Bindheimite

Lustre:Resinous, Dull, Earthy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent, Opaque
Colour:Yellow, yellow-brown, brown, white, grey, greenish; colourless to yellow and brown in transmitted light
Streak:White, yellowish white
Hardness (Mohs):4 - 4½
Fracture:Conchoidal
Density (measured):4.6 - 8.4 g/cm3
Density (calculated):6.8 g/cm3

Crystallography of Bindheimite

Crystal System:Isometric
Class (H-M):m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:Fd3m
Cell Parameters:a = 10.4Å
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,124.86 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:8
Morphology:Fibrous (pseudomorphs ?); dense to earthy cryptocrystalline masses and incrustations; rarely opaline.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
3.03 (100)
1.85 (80)
1.58 (80)
2.62 (60)
0.884 (50)
1.20 (40)
1.17 (40)
Comments:Recorded on material from an unknown locality

Optical Data of Bindheimite

Type:Isotropic
RI values: n = 1.84 - 1.87
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.000 - Isotropic minerals have no birefringence
Surface Relief:Very High

Chemical Properties of Bindheimite

Formula:
Pb
 
2
Sb
 
2
O
 
6
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Pb2Sb2O6O
Essential elements:O, Pb, Sb
All elements listed in formula:O, Pb, Sb
Analytical Data:Chemical analysis of material from Wamsley Mine, Mineral Co., Nevada, USA
Sb2O5  (40.35)
Fe2O3   (5.22)
PbO    (44.12)
H2O     (5.31)
insol.  (3.63)

sum     98.63 wt.-%
Common Impurities:As,Bi,Ca,Fe,Na

Relationship of Bindheimite to other Species

Common Associates:
ZinkeniteTetrahedriteQuartzPyritePlumbojarosite
MiniumMassicotJamesoniteGalenaDolomite
ChalcopyriteCerussiteCalciteBournoniteBaryte
Argentojarosite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
4.DH.05Brannerite
(U
4+
 
,REE,Th,Ca)(Ti,Fe
3+
 
,Nb)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
6
4.DH.05Orthobrannerite
U
4+
 
U
6+
 
Ti
 
4
O
 
12
(OH)
 
2
4.DH.05Thorutite
(Th,U,Ca)Ti
 
2
(O,OH)
 
6
4.DH.10Kassite
CaTi
 
2
O
 
4
(OH)
 
2
4.DH.10Lucasite-(Ce)
CeTi
 
2
(O,OH)
 
6
4.DH.15Bariomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Bariopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Calciobetafite (of Mazzi & Munno)
4.DH.15Ceriopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Cesstibtantite
4.DH.15Jixianite
Pb(W,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
7
4.DH.15Hydropyrochlore
(H
 
2
O,□)
 
2
Nb
 
2
(O,OH)
 
6
(H
 
2
O)
4.DH.15Natrobistantite
4.DH.15Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.)
4.DH.15Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Plumbobetafite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Stibiomicrolite (of Groat et al.)
4.DH.15Strontiopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Stannomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Stibiobetafite (of Černý et al.)
4.DH.15Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)
(U,Ca,Ce)
 
2
(Nb,Ta)
 
2
O
 
6
(OH,F)
4.DH.15Yttrobetafite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Fluornatromicrolite
(Na,Ca,Bi)
 
2
Ta
 
2
O
 
6
F
4.DH.15Bismutopyrochlore (of Chukanov et al.)
4.DH.15Hydrokenoelsmoreite
 
2
W
 
2
O
 
6
(H
 
2
O)
4.DH.20Bismutostibiconite
Bi(Sb
5+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
O
 
7
4.DH.20Monimolite
4.DH.20Cuproroméite
Cu
 
2
Sb
 
2
(O,OH)
 
7
4.DH.20Stetefeldtite
Ag
 
2
Sb
 
2
(O,OH)
 
7
4.DH.20Stibiconite
4.DH.25Rosiaite
PbSb
5+
2
O
 
6
4.DH.30Zirconolite
CaZrTi
 
2
O
 
7
4.DH.35Liandratite
U(Nb,Ta)
 
2
O
 
8
4.DH.35Petscheckite
UFe(Nb,Ta)
 
2
O
 
8
4.DH.40Ingersonite
Ca
 
3
MnSb
 
4
O
 
14
4.DH.45Pittongite
Na
 
0.22
(W,Fe
3+
 
)(O,OH)
 
3
· 0.44H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
24.3.2Derbylite
Fe
3+
4
Ti
 
3
Sb
3+
 
O
 
13
(OH)
24.3.3Hemloite
(Ti,V
3+
 
,Fe
3+
 
,Al)
 
12
(As
3+
 
,Sb
3+
 
)
 
2
O
 
23
(OH)
24.3.4Nadorite
PbSbClO
 
2
24.3.6Monimolite
24.3.7Thorikosite
Pb
 
3
Cl
 
2
(OH)(SbO
 
3
,AsO
 
3
)

Other Names for Bindheimite

Synonyms:
Antimoniate of LeadArsenbleiniereArsenbleinieriteBleinieriteLead-kidney-ite
MoffrasitePfaffite (of Adam)Stibiogalenites
Other Languages:
German:Antimonbleispath
Antimonsaures Bleioxyd
Bindheimit
Bleiniere
Blumit (of Fischer)
Oxyplumboroméit
Japanese:ビンドハイム石
Russian:Биндгеймит
Simplified Chinese:水锑铅矿
Spanish:Bindheimita
Traditional Chinese:水銻鉛礦
Varieties:
Argentian BindheimiteTaznite

Other Information

Other Information:Dissolves in nitric acid, leaving a residue of antimonic oxide; also dissolves in hydrochloric acid, leaving a residue of lead chloride.

May alter to Massicot. Pseudomorphically replaces Jamesonite, Tetrahedrite, Galena, Bournonite, and Zinkenite.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Bindheimite

Reference List:

- +
Bindheim (1792) Schriften der Gesellschaft naturforschender Freunde in Berlin, Schr.: 10: 374.

Karsten, D.L.G. (1800) Mineralogische Tabellen, Berlin. First edition: 77 (as Bleiniere).

Glocker, E.F. (1847) Generum et specierum mineralien secundum ordines naturals digestorum synopsis. Halle: 257 (as Stibiogalenites).

Nicol, J (1849) Manual of Mineralogy, Edinburgh: 319 (as Bleinierite).

Leymérie, A.F.G.A. (1859) Cours de minéraogie. Toulouse. Third edition, 2 volumes: 2: 283 (as Moffrasite).

Fischer (1863) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: 559 (as Blumit).

Dana, J.D. (1868) System of Mineralogy, 5th. Edition, New York: 591.

Adam, M. (1869) Tableau minéralogique, Paris: 37 (as Pfaffite).

Prior and Spencer (1895) Mineralogical Magazine: 11: 23.

Lacroix, A. (1910) Minéralogie de la France et des ses colonies, Paris. 5 volumes: vol. 4: 514.

Knopf (1918) U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 660: 249.

Shannon, Earl V. (1920) Economic geology: 15: 88.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 47.

Shannon, Earl V. (1926) “The Minerals of Idaho,” U.S. National Museum Bulletin 131: 438.

Hintze, Carl (1931) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [4B]: 838.

Natta and Baccaredda (1933) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 85: 271.

Hägele (1937) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 45.

Meixner (1937) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 38.

Le Mesurier (1939) Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia: 25: 137.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 1018-1020.

Mason, B. and Vitaliano, C. J. (1953): The mineralogy of the antimony oxides and antimonates. Mineralogical Magazine 30, 100-112.

Bothwell, D. I., Davis, R. J. and Moss, A. A. (1960): A bismuth-bearing variety of bindheimite. Mineralogical Magazine 32, 664-666.

Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (1997) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume III. Halides, Hydroxides, Oxides. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 628pp.: 57.

Internet Links for Bindheimite

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    Localities for Bindheimite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
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