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Bismuthinite

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Formula:
Bi2S3
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Lead gray to tin white
Hardness:
2 - 2½
Name:
From the composition.
Isostructural with:

Classification of Bismuthinite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
2.DB.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
D : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 3 :4 and 2:3
B : M:S = 2:3
2.11.2.3

2 : SULFIDES
11 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
3.7.17

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
7 : Sulphides etc. of V, As, Sb and Bi
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Occurrences of Bismuthinite

Geological Setting:
Low to high temperature hydrothermal veins

Physical Properties of Bismuthinite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Lead gray to tin white
Comment:
Yellowish or iridescent tarnish.
Streak:
Lead-gray
Hardness (Mohs):
2 - 2½
Tenacity:
Flexible
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {010}
imperfect on {100} {110}
Comment:
Somewhat sectile
Density:
6.78 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.81 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Bismuthinite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.12Å, b = 11.25Å, c = 3.97Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.988 : 1 : 0.353
Unit Cell Volume:
V 496.65 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Stout prismatic to acicular
Comment:
sp. gr. Pbnm

Crystallographic forms of Bismuthinite

Crystal Atlas:
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Bismuthinite - {110}, {010}, {311}, modified
Bismuthinite - {110}, {010}, modified
Bismuthinite - {110}, {010}, {310}, modified
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

View
Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.967 (40)
3.569 (100)
3.530 (60)
3.118 (80)
2.812 (50)
2.521 (40)
1.953 (40)
Comments:
Synthetic.

Optical Data of Bismuthinite

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Strong, especially in oil
Reflectivity:
400nmR1=35.7%R2= 46.2%
420nmR1=36.4%R2= 47.2%
440nmR1=37.2%R2= 47.9%
460nmR1=37.7%R2= 48.3%
480nmR1=37.7%R2= 48.8%
500nmR1=37.6%R2= 49.4%
520nmR1=37.3%R2= 49.6%
540nmR1=37.1%R2= 49.1%
560nmR1=36.9%R2= 48.7%
580nmR1=36.8%R2= 48.3%
600nmR1=36.6%R2= 47.8%
620nmR1=36.4%R2= 47.3%
640nmR1=36.3%R2= 46.8%
660nmR1=36.1%R2= 46.3%
680nmR1=36.0%R2= 45.8%
700nmR1=35.9%R2= 45.4%

Reflectance graph
Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Top of box is 100%. Peak reflectance is 49.6%.
R1 shown in black, R2 shown in red

Chemical Properties of Bismuthinite

Formula:
Bi2S3
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Analytical Data:
Riddarhyttan, Västmanland, Sweden.
Bi (79.47)
Cu (0.57)
Fe (0.17)
Te (0.94)
S (18.42)
insol. (0.50)
Total (100.07)
Common Impurities:
Pb,Cu,Fe,As,Sb,Se,Te

Relationship of Bismuthinite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Aikinite (see here)
2.DB.05AntimonseliteSb2Se3
2.DB.05GuanajuatiteBi2Se3
2.DB.05MetastibniteSb2S3
2.DB.05PääkköneniteSb2AsS2
2.DB.05StibniteSb2S3
2.DB.10Ottemannitebeta Sn2S3
2.DB.10SuredaitePbSnS3
2.DB.15Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
2.DB.15Kashinite(Ir,Rh)2S3
2.DB.20Montbrayite(Au,Sb)2Te3
2.DB.25EdgariteFeNb3S6
2.DB.30Tarkianite(Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8
2.DB.35CameroniteCu5-x(Cu,Ag)3+xTe10 (x = 0.43)
3.7.1PatróniteVS4
3.7.2DuranusiteAs4S
3.7.3DimorphiteAs4S3
3.7.4RealgarAs4S4
3.7.5PararealgarAs4S4
3.7.6AlacrániteAs8S9
3.7.7UzoniteAs4S5
3.7.8OrpimentAs2S3
3.7.9Jeromite
3.7.10LaphamiteAs2(Se,S)3
3.7.11GetchelliteAsSbS3
3.7.12Wakabayashilite[(As,Sb)6S9][As4S5]
3.7.13PääkköneniteSb2AsS2
3.7.14StibniteSb2S3
3.7.15MetastibniteSb2S3
3.7.16TellurantimonySb2Te3
3.7.18NevskiteBi(Se,S)
3.7.19GuanajuatiteBi2Se3
3.7.21IkunoliteBi4(S,Se)3
3.7.22LaitakariteBi4Se2S
3.7.23PoubaitePbBi2(Se,Te,S)4
3.7.24TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
3.7.25SoučekitePbCuBi(S,Se)3
3.7.26TsumoiteBiTe
3.7.27PilseniteBi4Te3
3.7.28HedleyiteBi7Te3
3.7.29TetradymiteBi2Te2S
3.7.30JoséiteBi4TeS2
3.7.31Joséite-BBi4Te2S
3.7.32IngoditeBi2TeS
3.7.33SulphotsumoiteBi3Te2S
3.7.34KawazuliteBi2Te2Se
3.7.36SkippeniteBi2TeSe2
3.7.37KochkaritePbBi4Te7
3.7.38Rucklidgeite(Bi,Pb)3Te4
3.7.39AleksitePbBi2Te2S2
3.7.40JunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16

Other Names for Bismuthinite

Name in Other Languages:
Catalan:Bismutinita
Italian:Bismutina
Polish:Bizmutyn
Simplified Chinese:辉铋矿
Spanish:Bismuthinita
Swedish:Vismutglans

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
Bismuth ore.

References for Bismuthinite

Reference List:
Groth (1880) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 5: 252.

Peacock (1933) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 86: 203.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 275-278.

Kupčik, V. and Veselá-Nováková, L. (1970) Zur Kristallstruktur des Bismuthinits, Bi2S3. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 14: 55-59.

Mozgova, N.N., Nenasheva, S.N., Christykova, N.I., Mogilevkin, S.B., and Sivtsov, A.V. (1990) Compositional fields of minerals in the bismuthinite-aikinite series. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1990: 35-45.

Petrícek, Vaclav and Emil Makovicky (2006), Interpretation of selected structures of the bismuthinite – aikinite series as commensurately modulated structures: Canadian Mineralogist: 44(1): 189-206.

Internet Links for Bismuthinite

Specimens:
The following Bismuthinite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Bismuthinite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
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