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Chelyabinskite

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Formula:
(Ca,Mg)
 
3
(SO
 
4
,CO
 
3
)
 
2
[Si(OH)
 
6
] · 9H
 
2
O (?)
System:OrthorhombicColour:White
Lustre:Silky, DullHardness:3
Name:After the area of occurrence, the Chelyabinsk coal basin, Urals Region, Russia.


A substance of anthropogenic origin (burning coal mine dumps). Current IMA regulations do not allow such substances to be validated as mineral species.

A questionable mineral, possessing many properties and values of, and possibly identical to Thaumasite.

Originally reported from Chelyabinsk coal basin, Chelyabinsk Oblast', Urals Region, Russia.

Classification of Chelyabinskite

IMA status:Rejected 1986
Explanation of status:Anthropogenic origin.
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:7.DG.45

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
G : With large and medium-sized cations; with NO3, CO3, B(OH)4, SiO4 or IO3
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Physical Properties of Chelyabinskite

Lustre:Silky, Dull
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:White
Hardness (Mohs):3
Density (measured):1.908 - 1.912 g/cm3
Density (calculated):1.938 g/cm3

Crystallography of Chelyabinskite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:a = 19.01Å, b = 20.93Å, c = 22.45Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.908 : 1 : 1.073
Unit Cell Volume:V 8,932.39 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:18

Optical Data of Chelyabinskite

Type:Biaxial
RI values: nα = 1.475 nβ = 1.495 nγ = 1.508
2V:Measured: 77° , Calculated: 76°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.033

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Dispersion:none

Chemical Properties of Chelyabinskite

Formula:
(Ca,Mg)
 
3
(SO
 
4
,CO
 
3
)
 
2
[Si(OH)
 
6
] · 9H
 
2
O (?)
Simplified for copy/paste:(Ca,Mg)3(SO4,CO3)2[Si(OH)6]·9H2O (?)
Essential elements:Ca, H, O, S, Si
All elements listed in formula:C, Ca, H, Mg, O, S, Si

Relationship of Chelyabinskite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
7.DG.05Darapskite
Na
 
3
(SO
 
4
)(NO
 
3
) · H
 
2
O
7.DG.10Clinoungemachite
(Na, K, Fe, SO
 
4
)
7.DG.10Humberstonite
Na
 
7
K
 
3
Mg
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
6
(NO
 
3
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
7.DG.10Ungemachite
K
 
3
Na
 
8
Fe(SO
 
4
)
 
6
(NO
 
3
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
7.DG.15Bentorite
Ca
 
6
(Cr
3+
 
,Al)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
12
· 26H
 
2
O
7.DG.15Charlesite
Ca
 
6
(Al,Si)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
[B(OH)
 
4
](OH,O)
 
12
· 26H
 
2
O
7.DG.15Ettringite
Ca
 
6
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
12
· 26H
 
2
O
7.DG.15Jouravskite
Ca
 
3
Mn
4+
 
(SO
 
4
}(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
6
· 12H
 
2
O
7.DG.15Sturmanite
Ca
 
6
(Fe
3+
 
,Al,Mn
3+
 
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
[B(OH)
 
4
](OH)
 
12
· 25H
 
2
O
7.DG.15Thaumasite
Ca
 
3
(SO
 
4
)[Si(OH)
 
6
](CO
 
3
) · 12H
 
2
O
7.DG.15Carraraite
Ca
 
3
(SO
 
4
)[Ge(OH)
 
6
](CO
 
3
) · 12H
 
2
O
7.DG.15Buryatite
Ca
 
3
(Si,Fe,Al)(SO
 
4
)[B(OH)
 
4
]O(OH)
 
5
· 12H
 
2
O
7.DG.20Rapidcreekite
Ca
 
2
(SO
 
4
)(CO
 
3
) · 4H
 
2
O
7.DG.20Korkinoite
Ca
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
2
· 9(H
 
2
O)
7.DG.25Tatarskite
Ca
 
6
Mg
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
Cl
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.DG.30Nakauriite
Cu
 
8
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
6
· 48H
 
2
O
7.DG.35Chessexite
(Na,K)
 
4
Ca
 
2
(Mg,Zn)
 
3
Al
 
8
(SO
 
4
)
 
10
(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
· 40H
 
2
O
7.DG.40Carlosruizite
K
 
6
(Na,K)
 
4
Na
 
6
Mg
 
10
(SeO
 
4
)
 
12
(IO
 
3
)
 
12
· 12H
 
2
O
7.DG.40Fuenzalidaite
K
 
6
(Na,K)
 
4
Na
 
6
Mg
 
10
(SO
 
4
)
 
12
(IO
 
3
)
 
12
· 12H
 
2
O

Other Names for Chelyabinskite

Other Languages:
German:Chelyabinskit
Spanish:Chelyabinskita

Other Information

Fluorescence in UV light:Bluish white fluorescence (UV).
Other Information:Boils intensely in HCl, leaving a siliceous residue.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Chelyabinskite

Reference List:

- +
Chesnokov, B.V., L.F. Bazhenova, E.P. Shcherbakova, T.A. Michal, T.N. Deriabina (1988) New minerals from the burned dumps of the Chelyabinsk coal basin. In Mineralogy, technogenesis, and mineral-resource complexes of the urals, 5-31. Akad. Nauk SSSR-Uralskoe Otdel. (in Russian).

Jambor, John L. and Puziewicz, Jacek (1993) New Mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1108-1112.

Cesnokov, B., Kotrly, M. and Nisanbajev, T. (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).

Internet Links for Chelyabinskite

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  • Localities for Chelyabinskite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Russia
     
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
    Mineralogical Magazine 60:527
    Cesnokov, B., M. Kotrly, and T. Nisanbajev (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
    Igor Pekov (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
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    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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