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Cu2Zn3(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
2 - 3
Named after Mrs. Christel Gebhard-Giesen (b. 1950), the wife of Mr. Georg Gebhard who discovered the mineral.
See also Unnamed (Polytype of Christelite).
Note: Some of the mineral photos may in fact show the unnamed polytype, not christelite.

Cd-bearing varieties may be confused with edwardsite.

Classification of Christelite


7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra URL:
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Christelite

Physical Properties of Christelite

Hardness (Mohs):
2 - 3

Crystallography of Christelite

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.4143(8) Å, b = 6.336(1) Å, c = 10.470(3) Å
α = 94.32(3)°, β = 90.06(2)°, γ = 90.27(2)°
a:b:c = 0.855 : 1 : 1.652
As thin bladed crystals, flattened on {001}.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
10.459 (82)
5.230 (100)
3.486 (54)
3.157 (8)
2.493 (10)
2.355 (10)
1.743 (12)

Optical Data of Christelite

Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.598 nβ = 1.626 nγ = 1.635
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.038
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
r < v weak

Chemical Properties of Christelite

Cu2Zn3(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Christelite to other Species

7.DD.05FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
7.DD.10LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
7.DD.10PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
7.DD.10WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
7.DD.15SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
7.DD.20KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
7.DD.30CampigliaiteMn2+Cu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
7.DD.30DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
7.DD.30OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
7.DD.30SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
7.DD.30NiedermayriteCdCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
7.DD.35Carrboydite[(Ni1-xAlx)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35Honessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35MotukoreaiteMg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
7.DD.35Mountkeithite[(Mg1-xFex3+)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
7.DD.35WermlanditeMg7Al2(OH)18[Ca(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
7.DD.35WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35ZincaluminiteZn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
7.DD.35Hydrowoodwardite(Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35ZincowoodwarditeZn1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35NikischeriteFe62+Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
7.DD.40Lawsonbauerite(Mn2+,Mg)9Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2O
7.DD.40Torreyite(Mg,Mn2+)72Mn22+Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2O
7.DD.45MooreiteMg92Mn2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)26 · 8H2O
7.DD.50Namuwite(Zn,Cu)4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
7.DD.60Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
7.DD.65VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
7.DD.70RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
7.DD.75ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
7.DD.75Nickelalumite(Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2O
7.DD.80Guarinoite(Zn,Co,Ni)6(SO4)(OH,Cl)10 · 5H2O
7.DD.80Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
7.DD.80Thérèsemagnanite(Co,Zn,Ni)6(SO4)(OH,Cl)10 · 8H2O
7.DD.80UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn(Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
7.DD.85MontetrisaiteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2O

Other Names for Christelite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Christelite

Reference List:
Schlüter, J. Klaska, K.-H., Adiwidjaja, G. & Gebhard, G. (1996): Christelite, Zn3Cu2(SO4)2(OH)6•4H2O, a new mineral from the San Francisco Mine, Antofagasta, Chile.: Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1996): 188-192.

Mineralogical Record: 28: 401.

Adiwidjaja, G., K. Friese, K.-H. Klaska, and J. Schl ̈ter (1996): The crystal structure of christelite Zn3Cu2(SO4)2(OH)6•4H2O. Zeits. Kristallogr., 211, 518–521.

Internet Links for Christelite

Localities for Christelite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill
John Haupt collection (analysed by Peter Elliott)
Chile (TL)
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Sierra Gorda District
        • Caracoles
Neues Jahrbuch Min. Mon.: 1996:188-192.
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German). [identification announced; no description given yet]
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