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Chrombismite

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Formula:
Bi
 
16
CrO
 
27
System:TetragonalLustre:Adamantine
Hardness:3 - 3½
This page provides mineralogical data about Chrombismite.

Classification of Chrombismite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:4/C.02-50
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:4.CC.05

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
C : Metal: Oxygen = 2: 3,3: 5, and similar
C : With large and medium-sized cations
Dana 7th edition ID:35.4.5.1
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Type Occurrence of Chrombismite

Type Locality:Jialu Mine, Luonan Co., Shangluo Prefecture, Shaanxi Province, China

Physical Properties of Chrombismite

Lustre:Adamantine
Hardness (Mohs):3 - 3½

Crystallography of Chrombismite

Crystal System:Tetragonal

Optical Data of Chrombismite

Type:Uniaxial (+)
RI values: nω = 2.500 nε = 2.550
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.050

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High

Chemical Properties of Chrombismite

Formula:
Bi
 
16
CrO
 
27
Simplified for copy/paste:Bi16CrO27
Essential elements:Bi, Cr, O
All elements listed in formula:Bi, Cr, O

Relationship of Chrombismite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
4.CC.10Freudenbergite
Na
 
2
(Ti,Fe)
 
8
O
 
16
4.CC.15Grossite
CaAl
 
4
O
 
7
4.CC.20Chlormayenite
Ca
 
12
Al
 
14
O
 
32
Cl
 
2
4.CC.25Yafsoanite
Ca
 
3
Zn
 
3
(TeO
 
6
)
 
2
4.CC.30Latrappite
(Ca,Na)(Nb,Ti,Fe)O
 
3
4.CC.30Lueshite
NaNbO
 
3
4.CC.30Natroniobite
NaNbO
 
3
4.CC.30Perovskite
CaTiO
 
3
4.CC.30Barioperovskite
BaTiO
 
3
4.CC.30Lakargiite
Ca(Zr,Sn,Ti)O
 
3
4.CC.30Megawite
CaSnO
 
3
4.CC.35Loparite-(Ce)
(Na,Ce,Ca,Sr,Th)(Ti,Nb,Fe)O
 
3
4.CC.35Macedonite
PbTiO
 
3
4.CC.35Tausonite
SrTiO
 
3
4.CC.35Isolueshite
(Na,La,Ca)(Nb,Ti)O
 
3
4.CC.40Crichtonite
(Sr,La,Ce,Y)(Ti,Fe
3+
 
,Mn)
 
21
O
 
38
4.CC.40Davidite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)
 
20
(O,OH)
 
38
4.CC.40Davidite-(La)
(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)
 
20
(O,OH)
 
38
4.CC.40Davidite-(Y)
(La,Ce,Na,Ca,Pb)(Y,Fe
2+
 
,◻)(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
(Ti,Fe
3+
 
,Nb,Zr)
 
18
O
 
38
(hypothetical)
4.CC.40Landauite
NaMnZn
 
2
(Ti,Fe)
 
6
Ti
 
12
O
 
38
4.CC.40Lindsleyite
(Ba,Sr)(Zr,Ca)(Fe,Mg)
 
2
(Ti,Cr,Fe)
 
18
O
 
38
4.CC.40Loveringite
(Ca,Ce,La)(Zr,Fe)(Mg,Fe)
 
2
(Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)
 
18
O
 
38
4.CC.40Mathiasite
(K, Ba, Sr)(Zr, Fe)(Mg,Fe)
 
2
(Ti,Cr,Fe)
 
18
O
 
38
4.CC.40Senaite
Pb(Ti,Fe,Mn)
 
21
O
 
38
4.CC.40Dessauite-(Y)
(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe
3+
 
)
 
20
O
 
38
4.CC.40Cleusonite
(Pb,Sr)(U
4+
 
,U
6+
 
)(Fe
2+
 
,Zn)
 
2
(Ti,Fe
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)
 
18
(O,OH)
 
38
4.CC.40Gramaccioliite-(Y)
(Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe
3+
2
(Ti,Fe
3+
 
)
 
18
O
 
38
4.CC.45Diaoyudaoite
NaAl
 
11
O
 
17
4.CC.45Hawthorneite
Ba(MgTi
 
3
Cr
 
4
Fe
 
4
)O
 
19
4.CC.45Hibonite
(Ca,Ce)Al
 
12
O
 
19
4.CC.45Lindqvistite
Pb
 
2
Mn
2+
 
Fe
 
16
O
 
27
4.CC.45Magnetoplumbite
(Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)
 
12
O
 
19
4.CC.45Plumboferrite
Pb
 
2
Fe
3+
11-x
Mn
2+
x
O
 
19-2x
, x = 1/3
4.CC.45Yimengite
K(Cr,Ti,Fe,Mg)
 
12
O
 
19
4.CC.45Haggertyite
Ba[Fe
2+
6
Ti
 
5
Mg]O
 
19
4.CC.45Nežilovite
PbZn
 
2
(Mn
4+
 
,Ti
4+
 
)
 
2
Fe
3+
8
O
 
19
4.CC.45Batiferrite
Ba[Ti
 
2
Fe
3+
8
Fe
2+
2
]O
 
19
4.CC.45Hibonite-(Fe)
(Fe,Mg)Al
 
12
O
 
19
4.CC.45Barioferrite
BaFe
3+
12
O
 
19
4.CC.50Jeppeite
(K,Ba)
 
2
(Ti,Fe)
 
6
O
 
13
4.CC.55Zenzénite
Pb
 
3
(Fe,Mn)
 
4
Mn
 
3
O
 
13
4.CC.60Mengxianminite
(Ca,Na)
 
3
(Fe,Mn)
 
2
Mg
 
2
(Sn,Zn)
 
5
Al
 
8
O
 
29

Other Names for Chrombismite

Synonyms:
IMA1995-044
Other Languages:
German:Chrombismit
Spanish:Crombismita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Chrombismite

Reference List:

- +
Zhou Xinchun, Yan Jincai, Wang Guanxin, Wang Shizhong, Liu Liang, and Shu Guiming (1996): A new oxide of bismuth and chromium - Chrombismite. Acta Mineralogica Sinica 16(1), 335-339 (in Chinese with English abstract). - New Minerals 1995-1999, 48 (abstract).

Zhou Xinchun, Yan Jincai, Wang Guanxin, Wang Shizhong, Liu Liang, and Shu Guiming (1997): Chrombismite, Bi16CrO27, a new mineral species from the Jialu gold mine, Shaanxi Province, China. Canadian Mineralogist 35, 35-38.

Mineralogical Record 28, 484.

Internet Links for Chrombismite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Chrombismite on Google
  • Look for Chrombismite images on Google
  • External Links:
  • Look for Chrombismite on Webmineral
  • Look for Chrombismite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Chrombismite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Chrombismite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • Buy fine minerals and gemstones from Pala International
  • Find Chrombismite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • Top quality minerals from Kristalle of California
  • Search for Chrombismite on Well-Arranged Molecules
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  • Localities for Chrombismite

    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
      • Conceição do Mato Dentro
        • São José de Brejaúba (São José de Bryamba)
    Gunnar Farber
    China
     
    • Shaanxi Province
      • Shangluo Prefecture
        • Luonan Co.
    Xinchun Zhou, Jincai Yan, Guanxin Wang, Shizhong Wang, Liang Liu, and Guiming Shu (1997): The Canadian Mineralogist 35, 35-38.
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