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Clinoptilolite-Na

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Formula:
(Na,K,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
System:MonoclinicLustre:Vitreous
Hardness:3½ - 4
Member of:Zeolite Group
Name:From the Greek klino - "oblique" ptylon - "feather" and lithos - "stone." The Na-dominant member of the clinoptilolite series.

Classification of Clinoptilolite-Na

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/J.23-18
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.GE.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
G : Tektosilicates with zeolitic H2O; zeolite family
E : Chains of T10O20 Tetrahedra
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Type Occurrence of Clinoptilolite-Na

Type Locality:Barstow Formation, Owl Canyon, San Bernardino Co., California, USA

Physical Properties of Clinoptilolite-Na

Lustre:Vitreous
Hardness (Mohs):3½ - 4

Crystallography of Clinoptilolite-Na

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:B2/m
Cell Parameters:a = 17.627Å, b = 17.955Å, c = 7.399Å
β = 116.29°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.982 : 1 : 0.412
Unit Cell Volume:V 2,099.51 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Clinoptilolite-Na

Type:Biaxial (+/-)
RI values: nα = 1.476 - 1.491 nβ = 1.479 - 1.493 nγ = 1.479 - 1.497
2V:Measured: 31° to 48°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.003 - 0.006

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Dispersion:r > v to r < v strong

Chemical Properties of Clinoptilolite-Na

Formula:
(Na,K,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:(Na,K,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36·12H2O
Essential elements:Al, H, Na, O, Si
All elements listed in formula:Al, Ca, H, K, Na, O, Si

Relationship of Clinoptilolite-Na to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Heulandite-Na (see here)
Member of:Zeolite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Alflarsenite
NaCa
 
2
Be
 
3
Si
 
4
O
 
13
(OH) · 2H
 
2
O
Amicite
K
 
2
Na
 
2
Al
 
4
Si
 
4
O
 
16
· 5H
 
2
O
Ammonioleucite
(NH
 
4
,K)(AlSi
 
2
O
 
6
)
Analcime
Na
 
2
(Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
) · 2H
 
2
O
Barrerite
(Na,K,Ca
 
0.5
)
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
7
O
 
18
] · 7H
 
2
O
Beaumontite (of Lévy)
Bellbergite
(K,Ba,Sr)
 
2
Sr
 
2
Ca
 
2
(Ca,Na)
 
4
[Al
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
]
 
6
· 30H
 
2
O
Bikitaite
LiAlSi
 
2
O
 
6
· H
 
2
O
Boggsite
Ca
 
8
Na
 
3
(Si,Al)
 
96
O
 
192
· 70H
 
2
O
Brewsterite
Brewsterite-Ba
(Ba,Sr)[Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
] · 5H
 
2
O
Brewsterite-Sr
(Sr,Ba,Ca)[Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
] · 5H
 
2
O
Chabazite-Ca
(Ca,K
 
2
,Na
 
2
)
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
Chabazite-K
(K
 
2
,Ca,Na
 
2
,Sr,Mg)
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
Chabazite-Levyne Subgroup
Chabazite-Mg
(Mg
 
0.7
K
 
0.5
Ca
 
0.5
Na
 
0.1
)[Al
 
3
Si
 
9
O
 
24
]·10H
 
2
O
Chabazite-Na
(Na
 
2
,K
 
2
,Ca,Sr,Mg)
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
Chabazite-Sr
Sr
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
Chiavennite
CaMnBe
 
2
Si
 
5
O
 
13
(OH)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
Clinoptilolite-Ca
(Ca,Na,K)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Clinoptilolite-K
(K,Na,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Cowlesite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
· 6H
 
2
O
Dachiardite-Ca
(Ca,Na
 
2
,K
 
2
)
 
5
Al
 
10
Si
 
38
O
 
96
· 25H
 
2
O
Dachiardite-Na
(Na
 
2
,Ca,K
 
2
)
 
5
Al
 
10
Si
 
38
O
 
96
· 25H
 
2
O
Direnzoite
NaK
 
6
MgCa
 
2
(Al
 
13
Si
 
47
O
 
120
) · 36H
 
2
O
Edingtonite
Ba[Al
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
] · 4H
 
2
O
Epistilbite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
· 5H
 
2
O
Erionite-Ca
(Ca,K
 
2
,Na
 
2
)
 
2
[Al
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
] · 15H
 
2
O
Erionite-K
(K
 
2
,Ca,Na
 
2
)
 
2
[Al
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
] · 15H
 
2
O
Erionite-Na
(Na
 
2
,K
 
2
,Ca)
 
2
[Al
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
] · 15H
 
2
O
Faujasite Subgroup
Faujasite-Ca
(Ca,Na
 
2
,Mg)
 
3.5
[Al
 
7
Si
 
17
O
 
48
] · 32H
 
2
O
Faujasite-Mg
(Mg,Na
 
2
,Ca)
 
3.5
[Al
 
7
Si
 
17
O
 
48
] · 32H
 
2
O
Faujasite-Na
(Na
 
2
,Ca,Mg)
 
3.5
[Al
 
7
Si
 
17
O
 
48
] · 32H
 
2
O
Ferrierite
Ferrierite-K
(K
 
2
,Na
 
2
,Mg,Ca)
 
3-5
Mg[Al
 
5-7
Si
 
27.5-31
O
 
72
] · 18H
 
2
O
Ferrierite-Mg
(Mg,Na
 
2
,K
 
2
,Ca)
 
3-5
Mg[Al
 
5-7
Si
 
27.5-31
O
 
72
] · 18H
 
2
O
Ferrierite-Na
(Na
 
2
,K
 
2
,Mg,Ca)
 
3-5
Mg[Al
 
5-7
Si
 
27.5-31
O
 
72
] · 18H
 
2
O
Ferrochiavennite
Ca
 
1-2
Fe[(Si,Al,Be)
 
5
Be
 
2
O
 
13
(OH)
 
2
]•2H
 
2
O
Flörkeite
(K
 
3
Ca
 
2
Na)[Al
 
8
Si
 
8
O
 
32
] · 12H
 
2
O
Garronite
Na
 
2
Ca
 
5
Al
 
12
Si
 
20
O
 
64
· 27H
 
2
O
Gaultite
Na
 
4
Zn
 
2
Si
 
7
O
 
18
· 5H
 
2
O
Gismondine
Gismondine-Ba
Ba
 
2
Al
 
4
Si
 
4
O
 
16
· 4-6H
 
2
O
Gismondine-Ca
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
· 4H
 
2
O
Gmelinite
Gmelinite-Ca
(Ca,Na
 
2
)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
Gmelinite-K
(K
 
2
,Na
 
2
,Ca)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
Gmelinite-Na
(Na
 
2
,Ca)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
Gobbinsite
Na
 
4
(Ca,Mg,K
 
2
)Al
 
6
Si
 
10
O
 
32
· 12H
 
2
O
Gonnardite
(Na,Ca)
 
2
(Si,Al)
 
5
O
 
10
· 3H
 
2
O
Goosecreekite
Ca[Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
] · 5H
 
2
O
Gottardiite
Na
 
3
Mg
 
3
Ca
 
5
Al
 
19
Si
 
117
O
 
272
· 93H
 
2
O
Harmotome
(Ba
 
0.5
,Ca
 
0.5
,K,Na)
 
5
[Al
 
5
Si
 
11
O
 
32
] · 12H
 
2
O
Heulandite-Ba
(Ba,Ca,K,Na,Sr)
 
5
Al
 
9
Si
 
27
O
 
72
· 22H
 
2
O
Heulandite-Ca
(Ca,Na)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Heulandite-K
(K,Na,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Heulandite-Na
(Na,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Heulandite-Sr
(Sr,Na,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Hsianghualite
Ca
 
3
Li
 
2
(Be
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
)F
 
2
Kirchhoffite
Cs(BSi
 
2
O
 
6
)
Laumontite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
· 4H
 
2
O
Leucite
K(AlSi
 
2
O
 
6
)
Lévyne
Lévyne-Ca
(Ca,Na
 
2
,K
 
2
)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
Lévyne-Na
(Na
 
2
,Ca,K
 
2
)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
Lovdarite
K
 
2
Na
 
6
Be
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
•9H
 
2
O
Maricopaite
Pb
 
7
Ca
 
2
(Si,Al)
 
48
O
 
100
· 32H
 
2
O
Mazzite-Mg
(Mg,K,Ca)
 
5
(Si
 
26
Al
 
10
)O
 
72
· 28H
 
2
O
Mazzite-Na
Na
 
8
[Al
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
]
 
2
· 30H
 
2
O
Merlinoite
(K,Na)
 
5
(Ca,Ba)
 
2
Al
 
9
Si
 
23
O
 
64
· 23H
 
2
O
Mesolite
Na
 
2
Ca
 
2
Si
 
9
Al
 
6
O
 
30
· 8H
 
2
O
Montesommaite
(K,Na)
 
9
Al
 
9
Si
 
23
O
 
64
· 10H
 
2
O
Mordenite
(Na
 
2
,Ca,K
 
2
)Al
 
2
Si
 
10
O
 
24
· 7H
 
2
O
Mutinaite
Na
 
3
Ca
 
4
Si
 
85
Al
 
11
O
 
192
· 60H
 
2
O
Nabesite
Na
 
2
BeSi
 
4
O
 
10
· 4H
 
2
O
Natrolite
Na
 
2
Al
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
· 2H
 
2
O
Natrolite Subgroup
Offretite
KCaMgAl
 
5
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 16H
 
2
O or near
Pahasapaite
Li
 
8
(Ca,Li,K)
 
10.5
Be
 
24
(PO
 
4
)
 
24
· 38H
 
2
O
Paranatrolite
Na
 
2
Al
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
· 3H
 
2
O
Parthéite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
· 2H
 
2
O
Paulingite
Paulingite-Ca
(Ca,K
 
2
,Na
 
2
,Ba)
 
5
[Al
 
10
Si
 
35
O
 
90
] · 45H
 
2
O
Paulingite-K
(K
 
2
,Ca,Na
 
2
,Ba)
 
5
[Al
 
10
Si
 
35
O
 
90
] · 45H
 
2
O
Paulingite-Na
(Na
 
2
,K
 
2
,Ca,Ba)
 
5
[Al
 
10
Si
 
35
O
 
90
] · 45H
 
2
O
Perlialite
K
 
9
Na(Ca,Sr)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
6
· 15H
 
2
O
Phillipsite-Ca
(Ca
 
0.5
,K,Na,Ba
 
0.5
)
 
4-7
[Al
 
4-7
Si
 
12-9
O
 
32
.
 
12H2O
Phillipsite-K
(K,Na,Ca
 
0.5
,Ba
 
0.5
)
 
4-7
[Al
 
4-7
Si
 
12-9
O
 
32
]
.
 
12H
 
2
O
Phillipsite-Na
(Na,K,Ca
 
0.5
,Ba
 
0.5
)
 
4-7
[Al
 
4-7
Si
 
12-9
O
 
32
] · 12H
 
2
O
Pollucite
(Cs,Na)
 
2
(Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
) · 2H
 
2
O
Roggianite
Ca
 
2
Be(OH)
 
2
Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
13
· 2.5H
 
2
O
Scolecite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
· 3H
 
2
O
Stellerite
Ca[Al
 
2
Si
 
7
O
 
18
] · 7H
 
2
O
Stilbite-Ca
NaCa
 
4
[Al
 
9
Si
 
27
O
 
72
] · nH
 
2
O
Stilbite-Na
(Na,Ca,K)
 
6-7
[Al
 
8
Si
 
28
O
 
72
] · nH
 
2
O
Strontiohurlbutite
SrBe
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
Terranovaite
(Na,Ca)
 
8
(Si
 
68
Al
 
12
)O
 
160
· 29H
 
2
O
Tetranatrolite
Thomsonite-Ca
NaCa
 
2
[Al
 
5
Si
 
5
O
 
20
] · 6H
 
2
O
Thomsonite-Sr
Na(Sr,Ca)
 
2
[Al
 
5
Si
 
5
O
 
20
] · 7H
 
2
O
Tschernichite
(Ca,Na
 
2
)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 4-8H
 
2
O
Tschörtnerite
Ca
 
4
(Ca,Sr,K,Ba)
 
3
Cu
 
3
[(OH)
 
2
|Al
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
]
 
4
· nH
 
2
O
Wairakite
Ca(Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
) · 2H
 
2
O
Weinebeneite
CaBe
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
Wenkite
(Ba,K)
 
4
(Ca,Na)
 
6
[(SO
 
4
)
 
3
|(Si,Al)
 
20
O
 
39
(OH)
 
2
] · 0.5H
 
2
O
Willhendersonite
KCa[Al
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
] · 5H
 
2
O
Yugawaralite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
· 4H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.GE.05Clinoptilolite-Ca
(Ca,Na,K)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
9.GE.05Clinoptilolite-K
(K,Na,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
9.GE.05Heulandite-Ca
(Ca,Na)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
9.GE.05Heulandite-K
(K,Na,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
9.GE.05Heulandite-Na
(Na,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
9.GE.05Heulandite-Sr
(Sr,Na,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
9.GE.05Heulandite-Ba
(Ba,Ca,K,Na,Sr)
 
5
Al
 
9
Si
 
27
O
 
72
· 22H
 
2
O
9.GE.10Stilbite-Ca
NaCa
 
4
[Al
 
9
Si
 
27
O
 
72
] · nH
 
2
O
9.GE.10Stilbite-Na
(Na,Ca,K)
 
6-7
[Al
 
8
Si
 
28
O
 
72
] · nH
 
2
O
9.GE.15Barrerite
(Na,K,Ca
 
0.5
)
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
7
O
 
18
] · 7H
 
2
O
9.GE.15Stellerite
Ca[Al
 
2
Si
 
7
O
 
18
] · 7H
 
2
O
9.GE.20Brewsterite-Ba
(Ba,Sr)[Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
] · 5H
 
2
O
9.GE.20Brewsterite-Sr
(Sr,Ba,Ca)[Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
] · 5H
 
2
O

Other Names for Clinoptilolite-Na

Other Languages:
German:Klinoptilolith-Na
Russian:Клиноптилолит-Na

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Clinoptilolite-Na

Reference List:

- +
Koyama, K. & Y. Takeuchi (1977), Clinoptilolite: The distribution of potassium atoms and its role in thermal stability: Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 145: 216-239.

Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 18: 129-146.

Armbruster, T. (1993): Dehydration mechanism of clinoptilolite and heulandite: Single-crystal X-ray study of Na-poor, Ca-, K-, Mg-rich clinoptilolite at 100K. American Mineralogist 78, 260-264.

Fahri Esenli and Isik Kumbasar (1998) X-Ray Diffraction Intensity Ratios I(111)//(311) of Natural Heulandites and Clinoptilolites, Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol. 46, No. 6, 679-686, 1998.

Johnson, M., O'Connor, D., Barnes, P., Catlow, C. R. A., Owens, S. L., Sankar, G., Bell, R., Teat, S. J. and Stephenson, R. (2003): Cation exchange, dehydration, and calcination in clinoptilolite: in situ X-ray diffraction and computer modeling. J. Phys. Chem. B, 107, 942-951.

Snellings, R.A., Gualtieri, A.F., Elsen, J. (2009): The Rietveld structure refinement of an exceptionally pure sample of clinoptilolite from Ecuador and its Na-, K-, and Ca-exchanged forms. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie Supplements, 30, 395-40

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  • Localities for Clinoptilolite-Na

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Kamloops Mining Division
    Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.254
    • Nova Scotia
      • Kings Co.
        • Bay of Fundy
    Can. Min. 38, 1215.
    Chile
     
    • Antofagasta Region
      • El Loa Province
        • San Pedro de Atacama
          • Cordillera de la Sal
    De Waele, J., Forti, P., Picotti, V., Galli, E., Rossi, A., Brook, G., & Cucchi, F. (2009). Cave deposits in Cordillera de la Sal (Atacama, Chile). Geological Constrains on the Onset and Evolution of an Extreme Environment: the Atacama area. Geoacta, Special Publication, 2, 113-117.
    China
     
    • Heilongjiang Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
      • Mudanjiang Prefecture
        • Muling Co.
    Shouting Zhang, Pengda Zhao, Zhanzhang Xu, and Gengdong Yang (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(1), 31-38
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Ústí Region
        • Teplice (Teplitz)
    Carles Curto Milà collection
    Indian Ocean
     
    • Ninety East Ridge (90° E Ridge; Indian Ridge)
      • D.S.D.P.
        • Leg 26
    D. Besse et al. , Bell. Minéral. , 1981, 104, pp. 56-63.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Kanto Region
        • Ibaraki Prefecture
          • Daigo-machi
    Kato, A. (2009) Explanations of distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, #27, 416-417.
    New Zealand
     
    • Kermadec Islands
    de Ronde, C.E.J.; Hannington, M.D.; Stoffers, P.; Wright, I.C.; Ditchburn, R.G.; Reyes, A.G.; Baker, E.T.; Massoth, G.J.; Lupton, J.E.; Walker, S.L.; Greene, R.R.; Soong, C.W.R.; Ishibashi, J.; Lebon, G.T.; Bray, C.J.; Resing, J.A. 2005 Evolution of a submarine magmatic-hydrothermal system : Brothers volcano, southern Kermadec arc, New Zealand. Economic geology, 100(6): 1097-1133
    • North Island
      • Northland
        • Kaipara
          • Kaipara Harbour
    K. A. Rodgers and T. Sameshima (1978) Clinoptilolite Pseudomorphs after Calcitic and Aragonitic Miocene Fossils, Kaipara Harbour, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine 42:410-412.
    Pacific Ocean
     
    • Kermadec-Tonga trench
    A. G. Reyes, C.E.J. DE Ronde, and C. W. R. Soong (2004) a Submarine Magmatic-hydrothermal System at Brothers Volcano, Kermadecs. Proceedings 26th NZ Geothermal Workshop pp 46-52
    Russia
     
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Kamchatka Oblast'
    Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (1984)
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Almería
        • Níjar
    JRG Lopez collection
    USA
     
    • California
      • Kern Co.
        • Kramer District
          • Boron
            • Kramer Borate deposit
              • U.S. Borax Mine (Pacific West Coast Borax; Pacific Coast Borax Co.; Boron Mine; U.S. Borax and Chemical Corp.; Kramer Mine; Baker Mine)
    Am Min 90:1186-1191
      • San Bernardino Co.
        • Cady Mts
    Gunnar Farber
        • Owl Canyon
    The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 35, pp. 1571-1606 (1997)
    • Oregon
      • Jefferson Co.
        • Madras
    Micro Probe Volume VI Number 4
      • Lincoln Co.
        • Agate Beach
    Micro Probe Vol. 9 No. 3, Spring 2001; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 116
      • Malheur Co.
    Armbruster, T. and Gunter, M.E (1991) Stepwise dehydration of Heulandite -Clinoptilolite from Succor Creek,Oregon,U.S.A: A single -crystal x-ray study at 100K sample name :natural; American Mineralogist 76 p.1872-1883
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