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Heulandite-Na

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Formula:
(Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
White, Colorless, Red, ...
Lustre:
Vitreous, Pearly
Hardness:
3 - 3½
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1822 by Henry James Brooke in honor of Johann Heinrich "John Henry" Heuland [March 21, 1778 Beyreuth, Germany - November 16, 1856 Hastings, Sussex, England, UK], a mineral collector and mineral dealer living in England and for the suffix indicating dominant Na.

Classification of Heulandite-Na

Approved
9.GE.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
G : Tektosilicates with zeolitic H2O; zeolite family
E : Chains of T10O20 Tetrahedra
Dana 7th ed.:
77.1.4.1
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Type Occurrence of Heulandite-Na

Physical Properties of Heulandite-Na

Vitreous, Pearly
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
White, Colorless, Red, Yellow, Brown, Green
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
3 - 3½
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on the {010}
Density:
2.2 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.12 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Heulandite-Na

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.46Å, b = 17.84Å, c = 15.88Å
β = 91.433°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.418 : 1 : 0.89
Unit Cell Volume:
V 2 ų
Z:
2
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Heulandite-Na

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.476 - 1.506 nβ = 1.479 - 1.510 nγ = 1.479 - 1.517
2V:
Measured: 10° to 48°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.003 - 0.011
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v

Chemical Properties of Heulandite-Na

Formula:
(Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Heulandite-Na to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Clinoptilolite-Na (see here)
Member of:
Other Members of Group:
AlflarseniteNaCa2Be3Si4O13(OH) · 2H2O
AmiciteK2Na2Al4Si4O16 · 5H2O
Ammonioleucite(NH4,K)(AlSi2O6)
AnalcimeNa2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Barrerite(Na,K,Ca0.5)2[Al2Si7O18] · 7H2O
Beaumontite (of Lévy)
Bellbergite(K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2O
BikitaiteLiAlSi2O6 · H2O
BoggsiteCa8Na3(Si,Al)96O192 · 70H2O
Brewsterite
Brewsterite-Ba(Ba,Sr)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Brewsterite-Sr(Sr,Ba,Ca)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-Levyne Subgroup
Chabazite-Mg(Mg0.7K0.5Ca0.5Na0.1)[Al3Si9O24]·10H2O
Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-SrSr2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
ChiavenniteCaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2O
Clinoptilolite-Ca(Ca,Na,K)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Clinoptilolite-K(K,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Clinoptilolite-Na(Na,K,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Dachiardite-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2O
Dachiardite-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2O
DirenzoiteNaK6MgCa2(Al13Si47O120) · 36H2O
EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Erionite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Erionite-K(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Erionite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Faujasite Subgroup
Faujasite-Ca(Ca,Na2,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Faujasite-Mg(Mg,Na2,Ca)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Faujasite-Na(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Ferrierite
Ferrierite-K(K2,Na2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Ferrierite-Mg(Mg,Na2,K2,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Ferrierite-Na(Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
FerrochiavenniteCa1-2Fe[(Si,Al,Be)5Be2O13(OH)2] · 2H2O
Flörkeite(K3Ca2Na)[Al8Si8O32] · 12H2O
GarroniteNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
GaultiteNa4Zn2Si7O18 · 5H2O
Gismondine
Gismondine-BaBa2Al4Si4O16 · 4-6H2O
Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Gmelinite
Gmelinite-CaCa2(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Gmelinite-KK4(Si8Al4O24) · 11H2O
Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2O
Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
GottardiiteNa3Mg3Ca5Al19Si117O272 · 93H2O
Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Heulandite-Ba(Ba,Ca,K,Na,Sr)5Al9Si27O72 · 22H2O
Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Heulandite-K(K,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Heulandite-Sr(Sr,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
HsianghualiteCa3Li2(Be3Si3O12)F2
KirchhoffiteCs(BSi2O6)
LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Lévyne
Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Lévyne-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
LovdariteK2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2O
MaricopaitePb7Ca2(Si,Al)48O100 · 32H2O
Mazzite-Mg(Mg,K,Ca)5(Si26Al10)O72 · 28H2O
Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Montesommaite(K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2O
Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)Al2Si10O24 · 7H2O
MutinaiteNa3Ca4Si85Al11O192 · 60H2O
NabesiteNa2BeSi4O10 · 4H2O
NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Natrolite Subgroup
OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2O
PahasapaiteLi8(Ca,Li,K)10.5Be24(PO4)24 · 38H2O
ParanatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 3H2O
ParthéiteCa2(Si4Al4) O15 (OH)2•4H2O
Paulingite
Paulingite-Ca(Ca,K,Na,Ba,◻)10 (Si, Al)42O84•34H2O
Paulingite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2O
Paulingite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2O
PerlialiteK9Na(Ca,Sr)[Al2Si4O12]6 · 15H2O
Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32 . 12H2O
Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
RoggianiteCa2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2O
ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Stilbite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
Terranovaite(Na,Ca)8(Si68Al12)O160 · 29H2O
Tetranatrolite
Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Thomsonite-SrNa(Sr,Ca)2[Al5Si5O20] · 7H2O
Tschernichite(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
TschörtneriteCa4(Ca,Sr,K,Ba)3Cu3[(OH)2|Al3Si3O12]4 · nH2O
WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
WeinebeneiteCaBe3(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(SO4)3|(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2] · 0.5H2O
WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2O
YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
9.GE.05Clinoptilolite-Ca(Ca,Na,K)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
9.GE.05Clinoptilolite-K(K,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
9.GE.05Clinoptilolite-Na(Na,K,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
9.GE.05Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
9.GE.05Heulandite-K(K,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
9.GE.05Heulandite-Sr(Sr,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
9.GE.05Heulandite-Ba(Ba,Ca,K,Na,Sr)5Al9Si27O72 · 22H2O
9.GE.10Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
9.GE.10Stilbite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
9.GE.15Barrerite(Na,K,Ca0.5)2[Al2Si7O18] · 7H2O
9.GE.15StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
9.GE.20Brewsterite-Ba(Ba,Sr)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
9.GE.20Brewsterite-Sr(Sr,Ba,Ca)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
77.1.4.1Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
77.1.4.1Heulandite-K(K,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
77.1.4.1Heulandite-Sr(Sr,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
77.1.4.3Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
77.1.4.3Stilbite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
77.1.4.5Barrerite(Na,K,Ca0.5)2[Al2Si7O18] · 7H2O

Other Names for Heulandite-Na

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Heulandite-Na

Reference List:
Merkle, A.B., and M. Slaughter (1968), Determination and refinement of the structure of heulandite: American Mineralogist: 53: 1120-1138.

Alberti, A. (1972), On the crystal structure of the zeolite heulandite: Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 18: 129-146.

Fahri Esenli and Isik Kumbasar (1998) X-Ray Diffraction Intensity Ratios I(111)//(311) of Natural Heulandites and Clinoptilolites, Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol. 46, No. 6, 679-686, 1998.

Comodi, P., G.D. Gatta, & P.F. Zanazzi (2001), High-pressure structural behavior of heulandite: European Journal of Mineralogy: 15: 247-255.

Internet Links for Heulandite-Na

Localities for Heulandite-Na

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Greece
 
  • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
    • Kykládes Prefecture
      • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
        • Tinos Island
          • Panormos Bay
Gunnar Farber specimens
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Omegna
- Albertini,C. (2000) : Ritrovamenti nel Rio Inferno, Brughiere di Omegna. Prima segnalazione nel granito di Baveno : uranofane-beta - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, XXIV, 2, 88-92.
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Gambellara
        • S.Marco hill
Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
      • Monte di Malo
        • Contrada Vanzi
Carbonin, S., Manzone, A., Boscardin M., Pegoraro, S. (2003): Zeoliti del Vicentino: caratterizzazioni chimiche e ottiche nella serie dell'heulandite. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4, 186-195.
      • Montecchio Maggiore
        • San Pietro
Carbonin
Japan
 
  • Kyushu Region
    • Fukuoka prefecture
      • Munakata
Ueno et al (1982) Sanko-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 149.
  • Tokyo Metropolis
    • Ogasawara Islands
      • Chichijima Group
Mineralogical Journal Vol. 11 (1982) , No. 1 pp1-14
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek District
      • Aris
Uwe Kolitsch (SXRD and EDS analyses)
Norway
 
  • Vestfold
    • Holmestrand
Nordrum, F. S., Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, M. (2005): Minerals of the heulandite series in Norway- additional data and summary. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 30: 98-112
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Chitinskaya Oblast'
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (1984)
USA
 
  • California
    • Kern Co.
      • Kramer District
        • Boron
          • Kramer Borate deposit
            • U.S. Borax Mine (Pacific West Coast Borax; Pacific Coast Borax Co.; Boron Mine; U.S. Borax and Chemical Corp.; Kramer Mine; Baker Mine)
Am Min 90:1186-1191; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 64; Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol. 36, No. 2, 131-136, 1988
  • Colorado
    • Mineral Co.
      • San Juan Mts
Luigi Mattei
Patrick haynes. ID via Tony Kampf
  • Idaho
    • Custer Co.
      • Bay Horse District
        • Challis
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
Fluorescent Zeolites and Associated Minerals from the Rat's Nest Mine, Challis, Idaho: John Cornish, Jan 7, 2005
Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.349
      • Warm Spring Creek District
Tom Loomis specimen
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
King, V. et al. (2015) Mineralogy of Franklin and Ogdensburg, New Jersey
Mineral and/or Locality  
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