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Bonattite

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Formula:
CuSO4 · 3H2O
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Pale blue
Name:
Named in honor of Stefano A. Bonatti (1902–1968), Italian petrologist, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
May form as a dehydration product of chalcanthite.

Classification of Bonattite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
7.CB.10

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations
25.2.2

25 : Sulphates
2 : Sulphates of Cu and Ag
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First Recorded Occurrence of Bonattite

Year of Discovery:
1957

Physical Properties of Bonattite

Colour:
Pale blue

Crystallography of Bonattite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.59Å, b = 13.03Å, c = 7.34Å
β = 97.1°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.429 : 1 : 0.563
Unit Cell Volume:
V 530.53 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Bonattite

Type:
Biaxial
RI values:
nα = 1.554 nβ = 1.577 nγ = 1.618
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.064
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
none

Chemical Properties of Bonattite

Formula:
CuSO4 · 3H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Bonattite to other Species

7.CB.05Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2O
7.CB.05GunningiteZnSO4 · H2O
7.CB.05KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
7.CB.05Poitevinite(Cu,Fe,Zn)SO4 · H2O
7.CB.05SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2O
7.CB.05SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
7.CB.05CobaltkieseriteCoSO4 · H2O
7.CB.07SanderiteMgSO4 · 2H2O
7.CB.15Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
7.CB.15Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
7.CB.15Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2O
7.CB.15RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
7.CB.15StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
7.CB.15DrobeciteCdSO4 · 4H2O
7.CB.15CranswickiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
7.CB.20ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
7.CB.20JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2O
7.CB.20PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
7.CB.20SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2O
7.CB.25Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
7.CB.25Chvaleticeite(Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2O
7.CB.25FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2O
7.CB.25HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
7.CB.25Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2O
7.CB.25Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
7.CB.30RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2O
7.CB.35BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.35BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.35MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.35MelanteriteFeSO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.35Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.35Alpersite(Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2O
7.CB.40EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.40GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.40MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.45AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
7.CB.45Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
7.CB.50AluminocoquimbiteFeAl(SO4)3 · 9H2O
7.CB.55CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
7.CB.55ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
7.CB.55Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
7.CB.60KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
7.CB.65QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 10H2O
7.CB.70LauseniteFe2(SO4)3·5H2O
7.CB.75LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
7.CB.75RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
7.CB.80RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2O
7.CB.85ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
7.CB.85BíliniteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 22H2O
7.CB.85Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
7.CB.85HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
7.CB.85PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
7.CB.85Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2O
7.CB.85Wupatkiite(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2O
7.CB.90MeridianiiteMgSO4 · 11H2O
25.2.1ChalcocyaniteCuSO4
25.2.3ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
25.2.4BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2O
25.2.5DolerophaniteCu2(SO4)O
25.2.6AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
25.2.7BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
25.2.8PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
25.2.9LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
25.2.10WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
25.2.11KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
25.2.12NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
25.2.13PiypiteK2Cu2(SO4)2O
25.2.14FedotoviteK2Cu3(SO4)3O
25.2.15CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
25.2.16EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3O
25.2.17DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
25.2.18LeightoniteK2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2O
25.2.19ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
25.2.20CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
25.2.21WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
25.2.22CampigliaiteMn2+Cu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
25.2.23GuilditeCuFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
25.2.24RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2O
25.2.26KlyuchevskiteK3Cu3(Fe3+,Al)(SO4)4O2
25.2.27Poitevinite(Cu,Fe,Zn)SO4 · H2O
25.2.28ArgentojarositeAgFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6

Other Names for Bonattite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Bonattit
Simplified Chinese:三水胆矾
Spanish:Bonattita

Other Information

Special Storage/
Display Requirements:
Water-soluble.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Bonattite

Reference List:
American Mineralogist (1958): 43: 180.

J. L. Jambor (1962): Second occurrence of bonattite. Can. Mineral., 7, 245-252.

American Mineralogist (1962): 47: 1223.

American Mineralogist (1966): 51: 276-284.

Zahrobsky, R.F. and Baur, W.H. (1968): On the crystal chemistry of salt hydrates V. The determination of the structure of CuSO4·3H2O, bonattite. Acta Crystallographica 24, 508-513.

Internet Links for Bonattite

Localities for Bonattite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Bulgaria
 
  • Plovdiv Oblast
    • Plovdiv
Atanassova, R. & Kerestedjian, T. (2009): Efflorescent minerals from the metallurgical waste heaps of the KCM non-ferrous metal smelter, Plovdiv, Bulgaria. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 47, 51-63.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Lillooet Mining Division
      • Bonaparte River
        • Hat Creek
Canadian Mineralogist: 7: 245-252.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Sierra Gorda District
        • Caracoles
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter, Curator of Hamburg Mineralogical Museum, Germany
China
 
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Tulufan Prefecture (Turfan Prefecture; Turpan Prefecture)
      • Shanshan Co. (Piqan Co.; Pichan Co.)
Chunqi Wen, Xinhuang Xu, and Yanshi Mao (2002): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 32(9), 29-32
Germany
 
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Sauerland
      • Meschede
        • Ramsbeck
Schnorrer, G. (2000): Mineralogische Notizen VII. Der Aufschluss, 51, 281-293.
Hungary
 
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Recsk
Sánoor Szakáll, Mária Foldvári, Gábor Papp, Péter Kovács-pálffy, Árpád Kovács (1997) Secondary Sulphate Minerals From Hungary. Acta Mineralogica-petrographica, Szeged, Xxxviii, Supplementum, 7-63.
Iran
 
  • Kerman Province
    • Pariz
Khorasanipour, M., Tangestani, M. H., Naseh, R., & Hajmohammadi, H. (2011). Hydrochemistry, mineralogy and chemical fractionation of mine and processing wastes associated with porphyry copper mines: a case study from the Sarcheshmeh mine, SE Iran. Applied Geochemistry, 26(5), 714-730.
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Sestri Levante
Carbone, C. , Marescotti, P., Cabella, R., Lucchetti, G. (2002): Sulfide alteration and related secondary minerals from the Libiola mine (Eastern Liguria, Italy). Poster at the 82° SIMP Congress , Arcavacata di Rende (CS) 18-20/09/2002. Abstract in Plinius 28 , 88-89.
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • Villaputzu
Ciriotti M.E. and Blass.G. (2010) - Pot-pourri 2009: identificazioni UKiS AMI. Minerali italiani di interesse.. Micro (UK report), pagg. 124-127
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Elba Island
        • Capoliveri
          • Cape Calamita Mine (Calamita Mine)
C.L. Garavelli (1957) – Bonattite: un nuovo minerale di alterazione del giacimento elbano di Capo Calamita – Atti Acc. Naz. Lincei, Rend., v.21, s.8, f.3: 318-327.
Norway
 
  • Sør-Trøndelag
    • Oppdal
      • Hjerkinn
Selbekk R.S. (2010): Norges mineraler. En revidert utgave av Norges mineraler (Neumann 1985). Tapir-NGU-NHM. 552p (p.234)
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Rezh District
D. Krinov data
    • Southern Urals
      • Orenburgskaya Oblast'
        • Gay
P.M. Kartashov data
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Grimentz
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Graham Co.
      • Aravaipa District
        • Santa Teresa Mts
          • Klondyke
            • Grand Reef Mountain
              • Laurel Canyon
Grant, Raymond W., Richard A. Bideaux & Sidney A. Williams (2006), Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995 to 2005: 2.
  • Nevada
    • Washoe Co.
      • Steamboat Springs District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Mineral and/or Locality  
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