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Phillipsite-K

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Formula:
(K,Na,Ca
 
0.5
,Ba
 
0.5
)
 
4-7
[Al
 
4-7
Si
 
12-9
O
 
32
]
.
 
12H
 
2
O
System:MonoclinicColour:White
Lustre:VitreousHardness:4 - 5
Member of:Zeolite Group
Name:
Named after William Phillips (1775-1828), English mineralogist and founder of the Geologial Society of London. The K-dominant member of the phillipsite series.

Classification of Phillipsite-K

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/J.25-55
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.GC.10

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
G : Tektosilicates with zeolitic H2O; zeolite family
C : Chains of doubly-connected 4-membered rings
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Type Occurrence of Phillipsite-K

Type Locality:Capo di Bove, Alban Hills, Rome Province, Latium, Italy

Physical Properties of Phillipsite-K

Lustre:Vitreous
Colour:White
Streak:White
Hardness (Mohs):4 - 5

Crystallography of Phillipsite-K

Crystal System:Monoclinic
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Phillipsite-K

Type:Biaxial (+/-)
RI values: nα = 1.483 - 1.505 nβ = 1.484 - 1.511 nγ = 1.486 - 1.514
2V:Measured: 60° to 90°, Calculated: 70° to 72°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.003 - 0.009

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Dispersion:r > v or r < v

Chemical Properties of Phillipsite-K

Formula:
(K,Na,Ca
 
0.5
,Ba
 
0.5
)
 
4-7
[Al
 
4-7
Si
 
12-9
O
 
32
]
.
 
12H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Essential elements:Al, H, K, O, Si
All elements listed in formula:Al, Ba, Ca, H, K, Na, O, Si

Relationship of Phillipsite-K to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Phillipsite-Ca (see here)
Forms a series with Phillipsite-Na (see here)
Member of:Zeolite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Alflarsenite
NaCa
 
2
Be
 
3
Si
 
4
O
 
13
(OH) · 2H
 
2
O
Amicite
K
 
2
Na
 
2
Al
 
4
Si
 
4
O
 
16
· 5H
 
2
O
Ammonioleucite
(NH
 
4
,K)(AlSi
 
2
O
 
6
)
Analcime
Na
 
2
(Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
) · 2H
 
2
O
Barrerite
(Na,K,Ca
 
0.5
)
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
7
O
 
18
] · 7H
 
2
O
Beaumontite (of Lévy)
Bellbergite
(K,Ba,Sr)
 
2
Sr
 
2
Ca
 
2
(Ca,Na)
 
4
[Al
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
]
 
6
· 30H
 
2
O
Bikitaite
LiAlSi
 
2
O
 
6
· H
 
2
O
Boggsite
Ca
 
8
Na
 
3
(Si,Al)
 
96
O
 
192
· 70H
 
2
O
Brewsterite
Brewsterite-Ba
(Ba,Sr)[Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
] · 5H
 
2
O
Brewsterite-Sr
(Sr,Ba,Ca)[Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
] · 5H
 
2
O
Chabazite-Ca
(Ca,K
 
2
,Na
 
2
)
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
Chabazite-K
(K
 
2
,Ca,Na
 
2
,Sr,Mg)
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
Chabazite-Levyne Subgroup
Chabazite-Mg
(Mg
 
0.7
K
 
0.5
Ca
 
0.5
Na
 
0.1
)[Al
 
3
Si
 
9
O
 
24
]·10H
 
2
O
Chabazite-Na
(Na
 
2
,K
 
2
,Ca,Sr,Mg)
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
Chabazite-Sr
Sr
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
Chiavennite
CaMnBe
 
2
Si
 
5
O
 
13
(OH)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
Clinoptilolite-Ca
(Ca,Na,K)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Clinoptilolite-K
(K,Na,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Clinoptilolite-Na
(Na,K,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Cowlesite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
· 6H
 
2
O
Dachiardite-Ca
(Ca,Na
 
2
,K
 
2
)
 
5
Al
 
10
Si
 
38
O
 
96
· 25H
 
2
O
Dachiardite-Na
(Na
 
2
,Ca,K
 
2
)
 
5
Al
 
10
Si
 
38
O
 
96
· 25H
 
2
O
Direnzoite
NaK
 
6
MgCa
 
2
(Al
 
13
Si
 
47
O
 
120
) · 36H
 
2
O
Edingtonite
Ba[Al
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
] · 4H
 
2
O
Epistilbite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
· 5H
 
2
O
Erionite-Ca
(Ca,K
 
2
,Na
 
2
)
 
2
[Al
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
] · 15H
 
2
O
Erionite-K
(K
 
2
,Ca,Na
 
2
)
 
2
[Al
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
] · 15H
 
2
O
Erionite-Na
(Na
 
2
,K
 
2
,Ca)
 
2
[Al
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
] · 15H
 
2
O
Faujasite Subgroup
Faujasite-Ca
(Ca,Na
 
2
,Mg)
 
3.5
[Al
 
7
Si
 
17
O
 
48
] · 32H
 
2
O
Faujasite-Mg
(Mg,Na
 
2
,Ca)
 
3.5
[Al
 
7
Si
 
17
O
 
48
] · 32H
 
2
O
Faujasite-Na
(Na
 
2
,Ca,Mg)
 
3.5
[Al
 
7
Si
 
17
O
 
48
] · 32H
 
2
O
Ferrierite
Ferrierite-K
(K
 
2
,Na
 
2
,Mg,Ca)
 
3-5
Mg[Al
 
5-7
Si
 
27.5-31
O
 
72
] · 18H
 
2
O
Ferrierite-Mg
(Mg,Na
 
2
,K
 
2
,Ca)
 
3-5
Mg[Al
 
5-7
Si
 
27.5-31
O
 
72
] · 18H
 
2
O
Ferrierite-Na
(Na
 
2
,K
 
2
,Mg,Ca)
 
3-5
Mg[Al
 
5-7
Si
 
27.5-31
O
 
72
] · 18H
 
2
O
Ferrochiavennite
Ca
 
1-2
Fe[(Si,Al,Be)
 
5
Be
 
2
O
 
13
(OH)
 
2
]•2H
 
2
O
Flörkeite
(K
 
3
Ca
 
2
Na)[Al
 
8
Si
 
8
O
 
32
] · 12H
 
2
O
Garronite
Na
 
2
Ca
 
5
Al
 
12
Si
 
20
O
 
64
· 27H
 
2
O
Gaultite
Na
 
4
Zn
 
2
Si
 
7
O
 
18
· 5H
 
2
O
Gismondine
Gismondine-Ba
Ba
 
2
Al
 
4
Si
 
4
O
 
16
· 4-6H
 
2
O
Gismondine-Ca
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
· 4H
 
2
O
Gmelinite
Gmelinite-Ca
(Ca,Na
 
2
)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
Gmelinite-K
(K
 
2
,Na
 
2
,Ca)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
Gmelinite-Na
(Na
 
2
,Ca)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
Gobbinsite
Na
 
4
(Ca,Mg,K
 
2
)Al
 
6
Si
 
10
O
 
32
· 12H
 
2
O
Gonnardite
(Na,Ca)
 
2
(Si,Al)
 
5
O
 
10
· 3H
 
2
O
Goosecreekite
Ca[Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
] · 5H
 
2
O
Gottardiite
Na
 
3
Mg
 
3
Ca
 
5
Al
 
19
Si
 
117
O
 
272
· 93H
 
2
O
Harmotome
(Ba
 
0.5
,Ca
 
0.5
,K,Na)
 
5
[Al
 
5
Si
 
11
O
 
32
] · 12H
 
2
O
Heulandite-Ba
(Ba,Ca,K,Na,Sr)
 
5
Al
 
9
Si
 
27
O
 
72
· 22H
 
2
O
Heulandite-Ca
(Ca,Na)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Heulandite-K
(K,Na,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Heulandite-Na
(Na,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Heulandite-Sr
(Sr,Na,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Hsianghualite
Ca
 
3
Li
 
2
(Be
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
)F
 
2
Kirchhoffite
Cs(BSi
 
2
O
 
6
)
Laumontite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
· 4H
 
2
O
Leucite
K(AlSi
 
2
O
 
6
)
Lévyne
Lévyne-Ca
(Ca,Na
 
2
,K
 
2
)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
Lévyne-Na
(Na
 
2
,Ca,K
 
2
)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
Lovdarite
K
 
2
Na
 
6
Be
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
•9H
 
2
O
Maricopaite
Pb
 
7
Ca
 
2
(Si,Al)
 
48
O
 
100
· 32H
 
2
O
Mazzite-Mg
(Mg,K,Ca)
 
5
(Si
 
26
Al
 
10
)O
 
72
· 28H
 
2
O
Mazzite-Na
Na
 
8
[Al
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
]
 
2
· 30H
 
2
O
Merlinoite
(K,Na)
 
5
(Ca,Ba)
 
2
Al
 
9
Si
 
23
O
 
64
· 23H
 
2
O
Mesolite
Na
 
2
Ca
 
2
Si
 
9
Al
 
6
O
 
30
· 8H
 
2
O
Montesommaite
(K,Na)
 
9
Al
 
9
Si
 
23
O
 
64
· 10H
 
2
O
Mordenite
(Na
 
2
,Ca,K
 
2
)Al
 
2
Si
 
10
O
 
24
· 7H
 
2
O
Mutinaite
Na
 
3
Ca
 
4
Si
 
85
Al
 
11
O
 
192
· 60H
 
2
O
Nabesite
Na
 
2
BeSi
 
4
O
 
10
· 4H
 
2
O
Natrolite
Na
 
2
Al
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
· 2H
 
2
O
Natrolite Subgroup
Offretite
KCaMgAl
 
5
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 16H
 
2
O or near
Pahasapaite
Li
 
8
(Ca,Li,K)
 
10.5
Be
 
24
(PO
 
4
)
 
24
· 38H
 
2
O
Paranatrolite
Na
 
2
Al
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
· 3H
 
2
O
Parthéite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
· 2H
 
2
O
Paulingite
Paulingite-Ca
(Ca,K
 
2
,Na
 
2
,Ba)
 
5
[Al
 
10
Si
 
35
O
 
90
] · 45H
 
2
O
Paulingite-K
(K
 
2
,Ca,Na
 
2
,Ba)
 
5
[Al
 
10
Si
 
35
O
 
90
] · 45H
 
2
O
Paulingite-Na
(Na
 
2
,K
 
2
,Ca,Ba)
 
5
[Al
 
10
Si
 
35
O
 
90
] · 45H
 
2
O
Perlialite
K
 
9
Na(Ca,Sr)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
6
· 15H
 
2
O
Phillipsite-Ca
(Ca
 
0.5
,K,Na,Ba
 
0.5
)
 
4-7
[Al
 
4-7
Si
 
12-9
O
 
32
.
 
12H2O
Phillipsite-Na
(Na,K,Ca
 
0.5
,Ba
 
0.5
)
 
4-7
[Al
 
4-7
Si
 
12-9
O
 
32
] · 12H
 
2
O
Pollucite
(Cs,Na)
 
2
(Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
) · 2H
 
2
O
Roggianite
Ca
 
2
Be(OH)
 
2
Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
13
· 2.5H
 
2
O
Scolecite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
· 3H
 
2
O
Stellerite
Ca[Al
 
2
Si
 
7
O
 
18
] · 7H
 
2
O
Stilbite-Ca
NaCa
 
4
[Al
 
9
Si
 
27
O
 
72
] · nH
 
2
O
Stilbite-Na
(Na,Ca,K)
 
6-7
[Al
 
8
Si
 
28
O
 
72
] · nH
 
2
O
Strontiohurlbutite
SrBe
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
Terranovaite
(Na,Ca)
 
8
(Si
 
68
Al
 
12
)O
 
160
· 29H
 
2
O
Tetranatrolite
Thomsonite-Ca
NaCa
 
2
[Al
 
5
Si
 
5
O
 
20
] · 6H
 
2
O
Thomsonite-Sr
Na(Sr,Ca)
 
2
[Al
 
5
Si
 
5
O
 
20
] · 7H
 
2
O
Tschernichite
(Ca,Na
 
2
)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 4-8H
 
2
O
Tschörtnerite
Ca
 
4
(Ca,Sr,K,Ba)
 
3
Cu
 
3
[(OH)
 
2
|Al
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
]
 
4
· nH
 
2
O
Wairakite
Ca(Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
) · 2H
 
2
O
Weinebeneite
CaBe
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
Wenkite
(Ba,K)
 
4
(Ca,Na)
 
6
[(SO
 
4
)
 
3
|(Si,Al)
 
20
O
 
39
(OH)
 
2
] · 0.5H
 
2
O
Willhendersonite
KCa[Al
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
] · 5H
 
2
O
Yugawaralite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
· 4H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.GC.05Amicite
K
 
2
Na
 
2
Al
 
4
Si
 
4
O
 
16
· 5H
 
2
O
9.GC.05Garronite
Na
 
2
Ca
 
5
Al
 
12
Si
 
20
O
 
64
· 27H
 
2
O
9.GC.05Gismondine-Ca
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
· 4H
 
2
O
9.GC.05Gobbinsite
Na
 
4
(Ca,Mg,K
 
2
)Al
 
6
Si
 
10
O
 
32
· 12H
 
2
O
9.GC.10Harmotome
(Ba
 
0.5
,Ca
 
0.5
,K,Na)
 
5
[Al
 
5
Si
 
11
O
 
32
] · 12H
 
2
O
9.GC.10Phillipsite-Ca
(Ca
 
0.5
,K,Na,Ba
 
0.5
)
 
4-7
[Al
 
4-7
Si
 
12-9
O
 
32
.
 
12H2O
9.GC.10Phillipsite-Na
(Na,K,Ca
 
0.5
,Ba
 
0.5
)
 
4-7
[Al
 
4-7
Si
 
12-9
O
 
32
] · 12H
 
2
O
9.GC.10Flörkeite
(K
 
3
Ca
 
2
Na)[Al
 
8
Si
 
8
O
 
32
] · 12H
 
2
O
9.GC.15Merlinoite
(K,Na)
 
5
(Ca,Ba)
 
2
Al
 
9
Si
 
23
O
 
64
· 23H
 
2
O
9.GC.20Mazzite-Mg
(Mg,K,Ca)
 
5
(Si
 
26
Al
 
10
)O
 
72
· 28H
 
2
O
9.GC.20Mazzite-Na
Na
 
8
[Al
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
]
 
2
· 30H
 
2
O
9.GC.25Perlialite
K
 
9
Na(Ca,Sr)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
6
· 15H
 
2
O
9.GC.30Boggsite
Ca
 
8
Na
 
3
(Si,Al)
 
96
O
 
192
· 70H
 
2
O
9.GC.35Paulingite-Ca
(Ca,K
 
2
,Na
 
2
,Ba)
 
5
[Al
 
10
Si
 
35
O
 
90
] · 45H
 
2
O
9.GC.35Paulingite-K
(K
 
2
,Ca,Na
 
2
,Ba)
 
5
[Al
 
10
Si
 
35
O
 
90
] · 45H
 
2
O

Other Names for Phillipsite-K

Other Languages:
German:Phillipsit-K
Russian:Филлипсит-K

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Phillipsite-K

Reference List:

- +
Steinfink, H. (1962): The crystal structure of the zeolite, phillipsite. Acta Crystallogr., 15, 644-652.

American Mineralogist (1972): 57: 1125-1145.

Rinaldi, R., Pluth, J. J. and Smith, J. V. (1974): Zeolites of the phillipsite family. Refinement of the crystal structures of phillipsite and harmotome. Acta Crystallogr., B30, 2426-2433.

Mineralogical Magazine (1998): 62: 553-554.

Gatta, G. D., Cappelletti, P. & Langella, A. (2010): Crystal-chemistry of phillipsites from the Neapolitan Yellow Tuff. European Journal of Mineralogy 22, 779-786.

Internet Links for Phillipsite-K

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  • Localities for Phillipsite-K

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Gloucester Co.
        • Barrington Tops
          • Barrington
    Graham, I. T., Pogson, R. E. and Colchester, D. (2002): Cowlesite and associated minerals from the Barrington Tops area, New South Wales. Australian J. Mineral. 8, 3-8.
      • Westmoreland Co.
        • Oberon
    Graham, I. T., Colchester, D. and Pogson, R. E. (2002): Phillipsite and associated minerals from Hargraves quarry, Oberon, New South Wales. Austral. J. Mineral. 8, 29-32.
    • South Australia
      • Eyre Peninsula
        • Middleback Range
          • Iron Knob
    Francis, G. A. (2010): Minerals of Iron Monarch.
    • Victoria
      • Trentham
    W.D.Birch 1989. Zeolites of Victoria, The Mineralogical Association Of Victoria No. 2 pp. 75-84,100; J.D.Hollis. 1979. Some little known zeolite localities in central Victoria. The Australian Mineralogist No.21 April 1979, pp. 101-102
    Austria
     
    • Burgenland
      • Oberpullendorf
        • Kobersdorf
          • Pauliberg
    U. Kolitsch, W. Postl, H.-P. Bojar and W. Trattner (2009): Die Mineralvorkommen im Basalt des Pauliberges. In: Autorenkollektiv (Red. M. A. Götzinger und P. Huber) (2009): Die Mineralien des Burgenlandes - Geologie, Mineralogie und mineralische Rohstoffe. – Wissenschaftliche Arbeiten aus dem Burgenland, Band 126, Amt der Burgenländischen Landesregierung, Abteilung 7 - Landesmuseum, Eisenstadt, 83-99.
    • Styria
      • Bad Gleichenberg
        • Wilhelmsdorf
    Postl, W. et al. (2008)
    Canada
     
    • Québec
      • Montérégie
        • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
          • Mont Saint-Hilaire
    Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.414., Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
        • Lajemmerais RCM
          • Varennes & St-Amable
            • Saint-Amable sill
    HORVÁTH, L. (2010) The minerals of the Saint-Amable sill: an update. MICRONEWS 44(4), 23-28.
    Cyprus
     
    • Larnaca District (Larnaka District; İskele District)
    Prüfer, P. (2011): Mineralien der Insel Zypern (2). Der Aufschluss 62, 175-186 (in German).
    Czech Republic
     
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • South Moravia Region
        • Moravský Krumlov
          • Jamolice
    Hrazdil, V.: Minerální asociace alpských žil od Templštejna u Jamolic, západní Morava. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae geologicae, 2001, roč. 86, s. 75 - 84.
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Kaiserstuhl
        • Sasbach
    WEISENBERGER, T. & SPÜRGIN, S. (2009): Zeolites in alkaline rocks of the Kaiserstuhl Volcanic Complex, SW Germany – new microprobe investigation and the relationship of zeolite mineralogy to the host rock. Geologica Belgica, 12, 75-91.
    • Bavaria
      • Franconia
        • Fichtelgebirge
          • Selb
            • Längenau
    Keck, E. (2008): Der Wartberg bei Längenau, nordöstlich von Selb, in Oberfranken. Aufschluss 59, 109-128.
      • Upper Palatinate
        • Kemnath
          • Waldeck
    Pöllmann et al. (2007): Aufschluss 58, 227-233.
    • Hesse
      • Greifenstein
        • Allendorf
    Betz, V., Leinweber, A., Klein, E. und Wahl, H. (2011): Prächtige Zeolithe: Die Mineralien des Steinbruchs "Alter Stein" bei Allendorf im Ulmtal, Westerwald, Hessen. Lapis, 36 (2), 15-38; 54.
      • Vogelsberg
        • Nidda
    Doelter, C. (1921) Handbuch der Mineralchemie, Band 2, 3. Teil 472 pp, Dresden und Leipzig
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Eifel
        • Andernach
          • Eich
    Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
        • Daun
          • Hinterweiler
    Personally collected by Günter Frenz, EDX by Günter Blaß
          • Üdersdorf
    [Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983] [Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors]
        • Gerolstein
          • Roth
    Blaß, G. & Schüller, W. (2012): Der Rother Kopf in der Vulkaneifel. Lapis, 37 (3), 20-29.
        • Hillesheim
    Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
        • Kelberg
          • Drees
    Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
          • Höchstberg
    Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch, U., Neue Funde aus der Vulkaneifel - ein Rückblick auf die Sammelsaison 2002, Mineralien-Welt 13/5, 2003
        • Laach lake volcanic complex
          • Mendig
            • Niedermendig
    - Blass, G., (2010): Die neuen Mineralienfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralienwelt, Vol. 05
        • Mayen
          • Ettringen
            • Bellerberg volcano
    Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
        • Niederzissen
          • Brenk
    Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors
          • Glees
    - Blass, G., (2010): Die neuen Mineralienfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralienwelt, Vol. 05
      • Siegerland
        • Herdorf
          • Malscheid (Mahlscheid; Mahlscheiderkopf; Mahlscheider Kopf)
    Klein, E. (2011): Der Steinbruch Mahlscheid bei Herdorf im Siegerland. Mineralien Welt. 22 (3): 28-35
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Niederschlag-Bärenstein District
          • Bärenstein
    T. Witzke (1994): Neufunde aus Sachsen (II): Nordstrandit vom Bärenstein bei Annaberg in Sachsen.- Lapis 19, 10, 36-39 (XRD and SEM-EDX analysis)
    Hungary
     
    • Nógrád Co.
      • Mátra Mtns
        • Hasznos
    GEODA, 2002
    • Veszprém Co.
      • Balaton Uplands
        • Tapolcai Basin
          • Zalahaláp
    Kónya, P. and Szakáll, S. (2011): Occurrence, composition and paragenesis of the zeolites and associated minerals in the alkaline basalt of a maar-type volcano at Haláp Hill, Balaton Highland, Hungary. Mineral. Mag. 75, 2869-2885.
    Italy
     
    • Campania
      • Naples Province
        • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
          • Monte Somma
            • Ercolano
              • San Vito
    Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
            • Pollena - Trocchia area
    Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I Minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
            • Sant'Anastasia
    Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
          • Mt Vesuvius
            • Terzigno
    Luigi Chiappino data
            • Torre del Greco
    Russo, M. (2003): Mineralogia Vesuviana - Villa Inglese. Micro (località), 2003, 1-10
    • Latium
      • Rome Province
        • Alban Hills
    The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 35, pp. 1571-1606 (1997)
        • Rome
          • Valleranello
    Gualtieri, A.F. (2000): Accuracy of XRPD QPA using the combined Rietveld-RIR method. Journal of Applied Crystallography, 33, 267-278.
      • Viterbo Province
        • Làtera volcano
          • Onano
    Cresta, S., Duronio, F., Mancinella, D. (2002): Geositi e sistema delle arre protette del Lazio: idee per la geoconservazione. Il Cercapietre, 1-2/2002, 48-55 M.E. Ciriotti (G. Blass analysis) 2007.
    • Piedmont
      • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
        • Baveno
          • Oltrefiume
            • Mount Camoscio
    Grill, E. (1935): I minerali del granito di Baveno, la fayalite. Periodico di Mineralogia, 129-133. - Gallitelli, P. (1936): Le miche del granito di Baveno. . Periodico di Mineralogia, 61-76 - Pagliani, G. (1948): Le Zeoliti del granito di Baveno. Periodico di Mineralogia, 175-188. - Ravagnani, D. (1974): I giacimenti uraniferi italiani - Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo - Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, Ed., Milano, 188 pp. - min. Rec. 14 (3), 157-168 - Am. Min. 83, 1330-1334 (1998) - Am. Min. 84, 782-789 (1999). - Guastoni, A. & Pezzotta, F. (2004): Kristiansenite a Baveno, second ritrovamento Mondiale della specie. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2004, 247-251. - Guastoni, A., Demartin, F., Pezzotta, F. (2004): Sekaninaite delle pegmatiti granitiche di Feriolo e Baveno (VB). Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, 145, 59-68. - Mineralogist americano (2005) 90, 1442-1452.
    sergio varvello collection
    • Sicily
      • Catania Province
        • Northern Iblean plateau
    Sicurella, G., Russo, S., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G. (2010): Mineralogia della formazione di Monte Caliella, Palagonia (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 371-408
    Sicurella, G., Russo, S., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G. (2010): Mineralogia della formazione di Monte Caliella, Palagonia (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 371-408.
    • Veneto
      • Vicenza Province
        • Fara Vicentino
          • San Giorgio di Perlena
    Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chugoku region
        • Shimane Prefecture
          • Hamada City
    Matsubara, S. et al (1998) Koubutsugaku Zasshi, 27, 195-202.
    New Zealand
     
    • South Island
      • Canterbury
    S. J. Mills, Museum Victoria
      • Otago
        • Dunedin
    Graham, I.T. , Pogson, R.E., Colchester, D.M. & Baines, A. (2003) Zeolite crystal habits , composition, and paragenesis; Blackhead Quarry, Dunedin, New Zealand - Mineralogical Magazine, 67, 625-737
    J. Thornton in Micro-Scope, March 2007
    Russia
     
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Khibiny Massif
    PEKOV, I.V. & NIKOLAEV, A.P. (2013) Minerals of the pegmatites and hydrothermal assemblages of the Koashva deposit (Khibiny, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogical Almanac 189(2), 7-65.
    Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
            • Suoluaiv Mt
    Igor Pekov data
    Spain
     
    • Canary Islands
      • Santa Cruz de Tenerife Province
        • Tenerife
          • Santa Cruz de Tenerife
            • Anaga Mts.
    Analyzed by XRD by Dr. Joan Vinals (Barcelona)- Col. Agustin Agudo Espinosa
    Switzerland
     
    • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
      • Vorderrhein Valley
        • Tujetsch (Tavetsch)
          • Strem Valley
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 302.
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Maricopa Co.
    AM61_853
    • Hawaii
      • Honolulu Co.
        • Oahu Island
          • Honolulu
    Dunham, K.C. (1933): Crystal cavities in lavas from the hawaiian islands, The American Mineralogist, Vol. 18, 369-385.
    • Oregon
      • Clackamas Co.
        • Clackamas River Localities
    Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World: 423; Howard, Don & Thornton, Jocelyn (1998) MicroProbe: 8(7), Spring 1998: 7-9; Tschernich, Rudy (2001) MicroProbe: 9(9), Spring 2001: 20-23; Gladwell, Jon ( ), Crystals & Minerals, Vol 3: 24-25.
      • Tillamook Co.
    Micro Probe Volume VI Number 4
    • Washington
      • Douglas Co.
    Tschernich (1991): Zeolites of Washington State. Rock & Minerals, 66(4); American Mineralogist, Volume 67, pages 799-803, 1982
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