Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on MindatThe Mindat Store
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryHow to Link to MindatDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Botryogen

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Formula:
MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Light to dark orange-red.
Hardness:
2 - 2½
Name:
From the Greek βότρυς = "bunch of grapes" and γεννάν = "to bear", in allusion to the appearance of the original botryoidal and stalactitic masses found at Falun, Sweden.
This page provides mineralogical data about Botryogen.

Classification of Botryogen

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
7.DC.25

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
C : With only medium-sized cations; chains of edge-sharing octahedra
31.9.6.1

31 : HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
9 : (AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
25.11.19

25 : Sulphates
11 : Sulphates of Fe and other metals
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-733.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Botryogen

Physical Properties of Botryogen

Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Light to dark orange-red.
Streak:
Ocher-yellow
Hardness (Mohs):
2 - 2½
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {010}, perfect; on {110}, good.
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
2.14 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Crystallography of Botryogen

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Morphology:
Crystals prismatic [001]; smaller crystals commonly long prismatic; large crystals short prismatic with {_101} large and often striated [100]. The vertical zone is striated [001]. Reniform, botryoidal, or globular aggregates with a radiating structure and crystalline surfaces.

Optical Data of Botryogen

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.522 nβ = 1.529 nγ = 1.577
2V:
Measured: 41° , Calculated: 44°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.055
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
none
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X = b = Colourless to light brown
Y = Cinnamon-brown
Z ^c +12° = Golden yellow

Chemical Properties of Botryogen

Formula:
MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Botryogen to other Species

7.DC.05AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
7.DC.05Meta-aluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 5H2O
7.DC.10ButleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
7.DC.10ParabutleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
7.DC.15FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
7.DC.20XitieshaniteFe3+(SO4)Cl · 6H2O
7.DC.25Zincobotryogen(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)Fe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
7.DC.30ChaidamuiteZnFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
7.DC.30GuilditeCuFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
25.11.1NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
25.11.2SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
25.11.3MetasideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
25.11.4FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
25.11.5AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
25.11.6YavapaiiteKFe(SO4)2
25.11.7KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
25.11.8GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
25.11.9JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
25.11.10VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
25.11.11UngemachiteK3Na8Fe(SO4)6(NO3)2 · 6H2O
25.11.12MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
25.11.13Sabieite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2
25.11.14Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
25.11.15Clairite(NH4)2Fe3(SO4)4(OH)3 · 3H2O
25.11.16Mohrite(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
25.11.17Lonecreekite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 12H2O
25.11.18Godovikovite(NH4)Al(SO4)2
25.11.21Slavíkite(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
25.11.23SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
25.11.24Millosevichite(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
25.11.25AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
25.11.26HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
25.11.27Idrizite(Mg,Fe)(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3(OH)2 · 15H2O or near
25.11.28LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
25.11.29ZincovoltaiteK2Zn5Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O

Other Names for Botryogen

Other Information

Other Information:
Partially soluble in boiling water, rendering an ocherous residue. Soluble in HCl.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Botryogen

Reference List:
Berzelius (1815) Afhandlingar I Fysik, Kemi och Mineralogi, Stockholm: 4: 307 (as Rother Eisen-Vitriol).

Haidinger (1828) Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 12: 491.

Beudant, F.S. (1832), Trailé élémentaire de Minéralogie, second edition, 2 volumes: 2: 483 (as Neoplase).

Cleve (1862) Upsala University Åarskrift: 22.

Blaas (1883) Konigliche Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna, Sitzber.: 87: 161.

Hockauf (1886) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 12: 251.

Darapsky (1890) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: I: 65 (as Rubrite).

Frenzel (1890) Mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, Vienna: 11: 217 (as Quetenite).

Darapsky (1898) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: I: 163 (as Kubeite).

Eakle (1903) University of california Department of Geology Bull.: 3: 231 (as Palacheite).

Bandy (1938) American Mineralogist: 23: 749 (as Kubeite).

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 617-618.

Acta Crystallographica: 24B: 760-767.

Internet Links for Botryogen

Specimens:
The following Botryogen specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Botryogen

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • San Juan
    • Calingasta Department
      • Calingasta
        • Quebrada Alcaparrosa
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 480, 609, 618, 1014.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Mount Isa - Cloncurry area
[MinRec 19:478]
Sielecki, R. (1988) The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field. Mineralogical Record, Vol. 19, pg. 469-490.
Austria
 
  • Tyrol
    • East Tyrol
      • Puster valley
        • Sillian
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Sierra Gorda District
Rob Lavinky samples; analysed by XRD methods in USA
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
        • Cerritos Bayos
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 618.; Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
        • Chuquicamata District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 618; Mineralogical Record: 9: 329.
          • Toki Cu deposit (Toki Cluster)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 618; Mineralogical Record: 14: 356.
  • Arica and Parinacota Region
    • Arica Province
      • Los Camarones
Kampf, A. R., Mills, S. J., Nash, B. P., Housley, R. M., Rossman, G. R., Dini, M. and Gatta G.D. (2013): Camaronesite, [Fe3+(H2O)2(PO3OH)]2(SO4)•1–2H2O, a new phosphate-sulfate from the Camarones Valley, Chile, structurally related to taranakite. Mineral. Mag. 77, 453-465.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 618.
  • Tarapacá Region
    • El Tamarugal Province
      • Pampa del Tamarugal
Peter G. Seroka collection
China
 
  • Gansu Province
    • Baiyin Prefecture
      • Baiyin District
        • Baiyinchang ore field
          • Baiyinchang Cu deposit
Bingbin Yang (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(2), 54-58
Bingbin Yang (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(2), 54-58
  • Qinghai Province
    • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
      • Da Qaidam Co. (Dachaidan Co.)
        • Xitieshan
Qingtong Ye (1983): Acta Geologica Sinica 57(4)
France
 
  • Alsace
    • Bas-Rhin
      • Villé Valley
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 618.
Germany
 
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Goslar
        • Rammelsberg
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 618.
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Rudabányai Mts
      • Rudabánya
Sánoor Szakáll, Mária Foldvári, Gábor Papp, Péter Kovács-pálffy, Árpád Kovács (1997) Secondary Sulphate Minerals From Hungary. Acta Mineralogica-petrographica, Szeged, Xxxviii, Supplementum, 7-63.
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Gyöngyösoroszi
Own found,2005
  • Nógrád Co.
    • Cserhát Mts
Geoda - Journal of the Hungarian Friends of Minerals, 2007 august.
Iran
 
  • Hormozgan Province
    • Bandar-Abbas County
      • Bandar Abbas (Bandar-e Abbas)
        • Haji Abad town
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 618.
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Sestri Levante
Antofilli M., Borgo E., Palenzona A. (1983): I Nostri Minerali. Geologia e Mineralogia in Liguria. Sagep, Ed., Genova, 295 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Lanzo Valleys
        • Grande Valley
          • Chialamberto
Girolami, C. (2006). I minerali delle Valli di Lanzo. Stampato in proprio.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Massa Marittima
Brizzi G., Capperi M., Masotti A. - La miniera di pirite di Niccioleta, Massa Marittima (GR) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Fasc. 4 (1989) e Fasc. 1 - 2(1990)
    • Livorno Province
      • Elba Island
        • Porto Azzurro
G. D'Achiardi, 1910 - Pickeringite (picroallumogene) dell'Isola d'Elba - Atti Soc. Tosc. Sc. Nat., P.V., 19, 23-25.
Japan
 
  • Shikoku Island
    • Ehime prefecture
Minakawa and Noto (1994) Chigaku Kenkyu, 43, 175-179.
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Gelnica Co.
Duda, Rejl, Slivka: "Mineralien", 1991
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Huelva
      • Minas de Riotinto
        • Rio Tinto Mines (Riotinto Mines)
Rui Nunes specimen
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna
Ann. Phys. Chem. (Pogg.) (1828): 12: 491; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 618, 625; Clark (1993) - "Hey's Mineral Index".
Ukraine
 
  • Crimea Oblast'
    • Crimea peninsula
      • Balaklava area
Dobrovolskaya T.I., Polkanov Y.A. The Paleovolcano Fiolent. Giude (2004) - Simferopol, 2004, 19 p. (in Russ.) Oleg V. Zinchenko at al. (2008).The mineralogy of seasonal sulfates in the cape Fiolent - Zapiski Ukrainskogo Mineralogichnogo Tovaristva (Proceeding Ukrainian Mineralogical Society), 2008, #5, p. 75-83 (in Ukr.)
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.:69
azminerals.com
    • Mohave Co.
      • Hualapai (Hualpai) Mts
        • Hualapai District
          • Arrastra Mt.
  • California
    • Merced Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Stayton District (McLeod District; Panoche District)
          • Antimony Peak
Min.Rec.: 20:427-434.
    • Napa Co.
      • Knoxville District
        • Knoxville
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 618; Eakle, Arthur Starr (1903a), Palacheite: University of California, Department of Geological Science Bulletin: 3: 231; Eakle, Arthur Starr (1903b), Note on the identity of palacheite and botryogen: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 16: 379-380; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 275.
      • Mayacmas Mts (Mayacamas Mts)
        • Calistoga District (Silverado District)
          • Calistoga
            • The Palisades [range]
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, 7th. edition, Volume II: 618; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 275.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Calico Mts (Calico Hills)
        • Calico District (Daggett District)
          • Yermo
            • Mule Canyon
Moller, W.P. (1963) Sulfur Hole. Mineralogist: 31, part 1, N. 3: 12-16; part 2, No. 4: 14-15; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 275; Joseph F. Cooper, Jr., Gail E. Dunning, Ted A. Hadley, and William P. Moller (2001) The Sulfur Hole, Calico District, San Bernardino County, California
  • Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Hot Creek Range
        • Morey District
          • Morey Mine
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Ohio
    • Franklin Co.
      • Columbus
Van King
Ernest H. Carlson. Jerret Whitford. "Occurrence And Mineralogy Of Efflorescence In Late Devonian Black Shales, North-Central Ohio." 2002 GSA Meeting: Web: http://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2002AM/finalprogram/abstract_44706.htm
    • Huron Co.
      • Monroeville
        • West Branch Huron River
http://gsa.confex.com/gsa/2002AM/finalprogram/abstract_44706.htm
    • Meigs Co.
      • Langsville
Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
  • Pennsylvania
    • Lebanon Co.
      • Cornwall Borough (Cornwall)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 618.
  • Tennessee
    • Sevier Co.
      • Great Smoky Mountains National Park
Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:235
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2015, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: May 4, 2015 07:09:09 Page generated: May 3, 2015 11:07:23