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Melanite

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Colour:
Black
Name:
Named in 1799 by Augustus Gottlob Werner from the Greek μελανός for "black".
A variety of Andradite

A black Ti-bearing (up to 11.5 mass% TiO2, usually ~5 or less mass%) variety of Andradite garnet.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Melanite.

Classification of Melanite

mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-7443.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Physical Properties of Melanite

Colour:
Black

Other Names for Melanite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Melanit
Simplified Chinese:黑榴石
Spanish:Melanita
Traditional Chinese:黑榴石

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Melanite

Reference List:
Werner, Augustus Gottlob (1799) in L. A. Emmerling, Lehrbuch fur Mineralogie, second edition, volume 1, p. 172.

Howie, R.A., A.R. Wooley, J.H. Scoon, R.C. Tyler & J.N. Walsh (1968), The role of titanium and the effect of TiO2 on the cell size, refractive index, and specific gravity in the andradite-melanite-schorlomite series: Mineralogical Magazine: 36: 775-790.

Huggins, F.E., D. Virgo & H.G. Huckenbolz (1977), Titanium-containing silicate garnets: II. The crystal chemistry of melanites and schorlomites: American Mineralogist: 62: 646-665.

Schwartz, K.B., Nolet, D.A., and Burns, R.G. (1980) Mössbauer spectroscopy and crystal chemistry of natural Fe-Ti garnets. American Mineralogist: 65: 142-153.

Agrosì, G., Scandale, E., and Digennaro, M.A. (2001) Growth defects of a melanite crystal. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Abhandlungen: 176: 89-107.

Agrosì, G., Schingaro, E., Pedrazzi, G., Scandale, E., and Scordari, F. (2002) A crystal chemical insight into sector zoning of a titanian andradite ('melanite') crystal. European Journal of Mineralogy: 14: 785-794.

Internet Links for Melanite

Specimens:
The following Melanite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Melanite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Salta
Woolley, A.R. (1987) Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world. p 163.
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • King Island
      • Grassy
Austria
 
  • Tyrol
    • East Tyrol
      • Virgen Valley
        • Prägraten
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Bolivia
 
  • Cochabamba Department
    • Ayopaya Province
Schultz (2004)
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Serra do Salitre
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
  • Santa Catarina
Comin-Chiaramonti, P., de Barros Gomes, C., Castorina, F., di Censi, P., Antonini, P., Furtado, S., ... & Scheibe, L. F. (2008). Geochemistry and geodynamic implications of the Anitápolis and Lages alkaline-carbonatite complexes, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 32(1), 43-58.; G Traversa et al (1994) Petrology and Mineral Chemistry of the Alkaline District of Lages, SC, Brazil. Geochem Brazil 8:179-214
  • São Paulo
http://www.igc.usp.br/geologiausp/iga/art.php?artigo=7
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Golden Mining Division
Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
    • Liard Mining Division
Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. British Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
Neill, I. & Russel, J.K. (1983) Mineralogy and chemistry of the Rugged Mountain pluton: a melanite-bearing alkaline intrusion. British Columbia Geological Survey Paper 1993-1, 149-157.
  • Ontario
    • Sudbury District
      • Chapleau Township
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
      • Lackner Township
R. P. Sage (1988) Geology of Carbonatite - Alkalic Rock Complexes in Ontario: Lackner Lake Alkalic Rock Complex District of Sudbury. Mines and Minerals Division Ontario Geological Survey Study 32
  • Québec
    • Laurentides
      • Deux-Montagnes RCM
        • Oka
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; David H. Watkinson (1972) Electron microprobe analysis of melilite and garnet from the Oka complex, Quebec. Can Mineral 11:457-463
  • Yukon Territory
    • Dawson Mining District
Flanders, A.M., Harris, M.J., Kearns, L. and Hart, C.J.R., 2007. Micropetrology and mineral geochemistry of the Tombstone and Deadman plutons, Tombstone Plutonic Suite, central Yukon. In: Yukon Exploration and Geology 2006, D.S. Emond, L.L. Lewis and L.H. Weston (eds.), Yukon Geological Survey, p. 149-156.; Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
Chile
 
  • Atacama Region
    • Copiapó Province
José Carlos Mañuz Sanz specimen
China
 
  • Hebei Province
    • Handan Prefecture
      • She Co.
Zhang Jinmin and Cao Zhengmin (1988): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 3(2)
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Dandong Prefecture
      • Fengcheng Co.
        • Saima complex
Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
  • Sichuan Province
    • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Xichang Co.
        • Taihe intrusion
Rubo Zhang, Chongliang Du, and Zaoyun Long (2003): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 24(3), 5-8
  • Yunnan Province
    • Honghe Autonomous Prefecture
      • Gejiu Co.
Baiyou Chen, Yuru Yu, and Hongfei Jiang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 901-905
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Kraslice (Graslitz)
Beran, P.: Mineralogie ložiska Cu (Ag, Au, Co) rud Tisová u Kraslic. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1997, roč. 4-5, s. 65-77.
    • Ústí Region
      • Ústí nad Labem (Aussig)
Ulrych, J. et al. (2000): Tertiary phonolite laccolith of Mariánská hora hill, N. Bohemia: geological, petrological and mineralogical characteristics. Acta Montana IRSM AS CR, series A No. 15 (116), p. 5-44.
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Kasaï (Kasaï-Occidental)
Edwards, M.G. (1917) The American Mineralogist, 2, #7, 88-89.
  • Kivu
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
France
 
  • Auvergne
    • Cantal
      • Menet
J. Aubouin, R. Brousse, J.P. Lehman : "Précis de Géologie", Dunod, 1967
  • Rhône-Alpes
    • Rhône
      • Le Bois d'Oingt
        • Chessy-les-Mines
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Kaiserstuhl
      • Bötzingen
Fricke, G., (1988): Der Kaiserstuhl und seine Minerale, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 39(2), 74-76
      • Niederrotweil
http://omnibus.uni-freiburg.de/~weisenbt/9Kaiserstuhl/Kaiserstuhl.pdf
      • Oberbergen
Aufschluss 1988(2), 79
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Oberrotweil
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Fricke, G., (1988): Der Kaiserstuhl und seine Minerale, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 39(2), 74-76
      • Schelingen
        • Orberg - Badberg area
Keller, J., Williams T. (1995): Niocalite and Wöhlerite from the alkaline and carbonatite rocks at Kaiserstuhl, Germany, Mineralogical Magazine, Vol.: 59, 561-566
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Laach lake volcanic complex
        • Mendig
          • Niedermendig
in the collection of Christof Schäfer
      • Niederzissen
        • Hannebach
in the collection of Ch.&H. Schäfer
Greece
 
  • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
    • Kykládes Prefecture
      • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
        • Tinos Island
Econ. Geol. 102 (2007) 1269-1294.
Greenland
 
  • Sermersooq
    • Paamiut (Frederikshåb)
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
Guinea
 
India
 
  • Gujarat
    • Vadodara District
      • Chhota Udaipur
R. N. Sukheswala and S. F. Sethna (1967) Giant pseudoleucites of Ghori, Chhota Udaipur, India. American Mineralogist 52:1904-1910.
Italy
 
  • Abruzzo
    • L'Aquila Province
      • Carsoli
        • Pietrasecca
Comodi, P., Liu, Y., Stoppa, F., & Woolley, A. (1999). A multi-method analysis of Si-, S- and REE-rich apatite from a new find of kalsilite-bearing leucitite (Abruzzi, Italy). Mineralogical Magazine, 63: 661-672.
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
        • Monte Somma
          • Pollena - Trocchia area
Carati M., 1982. Guida alla mineralogia vesuviana. Guide Calderini, Bologna.
M. Carati - Guida alla mineralogia vesuviana - Calderini, Bologna, 1982
Rath, G. vom, 1877: Über einige durch vulkanische Dämpfe gebildete Mineralien des Vesuvs, Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Rheinlande, 144-167
  • Latium
    • Frosinone Province
      • Patrica
Stoppani, F.S. & Curti, E. (1982): I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
      • Supino
Fratangeli, G., Severa, C. (1996): I minerali nei proietti di Supino (FR). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/1996, 251-256
    • Rome Province
      • Alban Hills
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
Mariani P., Scaini G.: "I minerali d'Italia" - Rizzoli, 1978 –
Klaproth, M.H. (1810): Chemische Untersuchung des Melanits, Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Fünfter Band, Rottmann Berlin, 168-172
        • Rocca di Papa
A. Del Caldo, C. Moro, C.M. Gramaccioli, M. Boscardin: Guida ai Minerali - Fabbri ed. 1973
      • Rome
No reference listed
        • Osteria dell'Osa
A. Del caldo - Località mineralogiche consigliate: Le vulcaniti laziali: Notizie del Guppo Min. Lombardo - 1, March 1971, pp. 6-8 - (This publication later changed its name in Rivista Minealogica Italiana)
      • Sacrofano Caldera
        • Magliano Romano
Stoppani, F.S. & Curti, E. (1982): I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
      • Tolfa Mts District
        • Allumiere
Della Ventura G., Bellatreccia F., Cámara F., Oberti F., Lorand J.P., Parodi G.C., Carlier G., Di Domenico D. – 2006 - Carbon-bearing cordierite from Allumiere (Tolfa volcanic center, Latium, Italy): occurrence, crystal-structure and FTIR microspectroscopy. Periodico di Mineralogia, V. 75, pp. 113–126.
    • Viterbo Province
Di Domenico Dario specimen
      • Làtera volcano
        • Gradoli
- Signoretti, E. & Bosco, P. (2001): Le cave di Gradoli e Onano. Il Cercapietre, 1/2-2001, 10-25
        • Onano
Cresta, S., Duronio, F., Mancinella, D. (2002): Geositi e sistema delle arre protette del Lazio: idee per la geoconservazione. Il Cercapietre, 1-2/2002, 48-55
        • Valentano
Burli, M., Caponera, I., Signoretti, E. (2007): Le "sanidiniti" di Monte Saliette (Valentano, VT). Il Cercapietre. Not. del Gruppo Mineralogico Romano, 1-2: 13-18
      • Vico Lake
No reference listed
  • Lombardy
    • Bergamo Province
      • Cene
        • Rossa Valley
Maida, F. (2002): Descrizione delle specie e varietà di minerali e loro ritrovamento nella Bergamasca. G.O.M. Gruppo Orobico Minerali - Novecento Grafico, Ed., Bergamo 82 pp. (geologic part by F. Pezzotta).
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • Assemini
Stara, P. (1990): La miniera di San Leone (CA). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/1990, 121-136.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province
      • Fassa Valley
        • Monzoni Mts
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Pitigliano
Liotti L., 1991. I minerali dei vulcani laziali a Pitigliano (Grosseto). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 15 (3): 121-139.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu region
      • Gifu prefecture
        • Neo-mura
Sawaki, T. (1988) Journal of Mineralogy, Petrology and Economic Geology, 83, 357-373 (in Japanese with English abstract).
    • Chugoku Region
      • Hiroshima prefecture
        • Hiba-gun
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
      • Okayama Prefecture
        • Takahashi City
          • Bicchu-cho (Bitchu-cho)
            • Fuka
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Tohoku Region
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Esashi City
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
        • Tono City
          • Miyamori
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Kostanay Province (Qostanay Oblysy; Kostanai Oblast')
    • Rudny
Yaiba Sakaguchi
Richard Dale collection & prior Mindat photos
Kenya
 
  • Nyanza Province
USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
  • Rift Valley Province
    • South Rift Valley
Peterson, TD 1989 Peralkaline Nephelinites I. Comparative petrology of Shombole and Oldoinyo Lengai, East Africa. Contrib Mineral Petrol v 101, p 458-478
Kyrgyzstan
 
Malawi
 
  • Phalombe District
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
  • Zomba District
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Mali
 
  • Kayes Region
    • Cercle de Bafoulabé
      • Commune Diakon
Karel Bal Collection
          • Bendougou village (Bendoukou village; Benduko village)
Currier, R. H., Pohl, D., (2011), Mineral Collecting in Mali, Mineralogical Record: 42(3): 231-250
Rock H. Currier, Demetrius Pohl (2011) Mineral Collecting in Mali. Mineralogical Record 42:231-250
    • Cercle de Nioro du Sahel
      • Commune Sandaré
        • Arrondissement Sandaré
Russ Rizzo specimens
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Julimes
      • General Lázaro Cárdenas (Colonia Lázaro Cárdenas)
Peter Megaw
  • San Luis Potosí
    • Mun. de Charcas
      • Charcas
Yves Masson specimen
Morocco
 
  • Meknès-Tafilalet Region
    • Er Rachidia Province (Errachidia Province)
various added photos
Namibia
 
  • Karas Region
    • Lüderitz District
Jour Pet 39:2123-2136
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Otjiwarongo District
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Norway
 
  • Finnmark
    • Hasvik
Bøe, P. (2001): Geologi og mineralogi på Sørøya i Finnmark. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 18, 23-29
Sturt, B.A. & Ramsay, D.M. (1965): The alkaline complex of the Breivikbotn area, Sørøy, northern Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 231, 1-164. ; Michalsen, A. (2010): Minerallokaliteter på Sørøya, Vest-Finnmark- den grønne øya i nord. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift.43: 41-52
  • Telemark
    • Nome
Årtveit, J. T. (2014): Fensfeltet. Fensfeltet Geologiforening, Ulefoss 2014, 192p.
Mitchell, R.H. (1980): Pyroxenes of the Fen alkaline complex, Norway. American Mineralogist. 65: 45-54
Paraguay
 
  • Concepción Department
Alan R. Woolley: Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, part 1, 206 (BMNH, London, 1987)
Peru
 
  • Ucayali Department
    • Coronel Portillo Province
Stewart, J.W. (1971) Neogene peralkaline igneous activity in eastern Peru. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 82, 2307-2312.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Turii Cape
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/tury.htm
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
      • Tisovec
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
Solomon Islands
 
  • Malaita Province
    • Malaita Island (Mala Island)
Mineralogical Magazine,1980, VOL. 43, PP. 587-96
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Eastern Bushveld Complex
USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
Spain
 
  • Canary Islands
    • Las Palmas Province
      • Fuerteventura
-Barrera J.L.,Fernandez S., Fuster J.M.,Ibarrola E., (1981) Ijolitas-Sienitas-Carbonatitas de los macizos del norte del Complejo Plutónico Basal de Fuerteventura (Islas Canarias). Bol.Geol y Minero T. XCII-IV (309-321).
-Barrera J.L.,Fernandez S., Fuster J.M.,Ibarrola E., (1981) Ijolitas-Sienitas-Carbonatitas de los macizos del norte del Complejo Plutónico Basal de Fuerteventura (Islas Canarias). Bol.Geol y Minero T. XCII-IV (309-321).
  • Extremadura
    • Badajoz
      • Burguillos del Cerro
Monchi Mine, Burguillos del Cerro, Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain
  • Murcia
Minerales de la Región de Murcia; M. Muelas, Jordi Gil (1996)
  • Valencian Community
    • Alicante
      • Albatera
        • Hondón de los Frailes
Sri Lanka
 
  • Sabaragamuwa Province
    • Ratnapura District
      • Ratnapura
Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Sweden
 
  • Medelpad
    • Sundsvall
Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
    • Timrå
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Poschiavo Valley
      • Poschiavo (Puschlav)
        • Selva
Romani E. (2000): Andar per cristalli - Tesori nascosti. Centro studi del Museo mineralogico naturalistico di Bormio, 151 p.
  • Schaffhausen
    • Bargen
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 39
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Zermatt - Saas Fee area
      • Matt Valley
        • Zermatt
          • Findel glacier (Findeln glacier; Findelen glacier) area
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 38
          • Gorner glacier area
Christian Bracke Collection
Christian Bracke Collection
      • Saas Valley
        • Saas Fee
          • Fee glacier
Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz, Wepf Verlag, 1998, ISBN 3-85977-200-7
Taiwan
 
  • Taiwan Province
    • Hualien Co.
      • Wan-Lon
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • North West Highlands
      • Assynt
        • Loch Borrolan
Livingstone, 2002, p. 186
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Nome Borough
      • Koyuk District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • Sierra Ancha Mts
        • Sierra Ancha District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 111.
  • Arkansas
    • Garland Co.
American Mineralogist, Volume 74, pages 132-140, 1989
Jay Ellis Ransom,1974, Gems and Minerals of America
Erickson, Ralph Leroy; Blade, Lawrence Vernon (1963) Geochemistry and petrology of the alkalic igneous complex at Magnet Cove, Arkansas. USGS Prof. Paper 425
American Mineralogist, Volume 7 4, pages 113-131, 1989
  • California
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Coastal Range
W. S. Wise (2006) research at UCSB
    • Inyo Co.
      • Lee District
        • Nelson Range
          • Galena Peak
McAllister, James Franklin (1955), Geology of mineral deposits in the Ubehebe Peak quadrangle, Inyo County, California. California Division Mines, Special Report 42, 63 pp.: 59; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 489.
      • Panamint Mts (Panamint Range)
        • Cottonwood Mts
McAllister, James Franklin (1955), Geology of mineral deposits in the Ubehebe Peak quadrangle, Inyo County, California. California Division Mines, Special Report 42, 63 pp.: 56; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 495.
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
www.mineralsocal.org
          • Picacho Peak
            • Clear Creek area
          • San Benito River headwaters area
            • Dallas Gem Mine area
Am Min 51:381-387
Rob Lavinsky (ex. David Bristol specimen)
www.mineralsocal.org
              • South of the Dallas Gem Mine
Bolander, L. Ph., Jr. (1950), New California mineral: perovskite: The Mineralogist: 18: 65; Moller, W.P. (1965) Minerals of southern San Benito County, California. Gems and Minerals: 331: 28-32; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 195, 286, 325; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 170, 322.
Pabst, Adolf (1951), Minerals of the serpentine area in San Benito County, California Rocks & Minerals: 26: 482; Moller, W.P. (1965) Minerals of southern San Benito County, California. Gems and Minerals: 331: 28-32; Howie, R.A., Wooley, A.R., Scoon, J.H., Tyler, R.C., and Walsh, J.N. (1968) The role of titanium and the effect of TiO2 on the cell size, refractive index, and specific gravity in the andradite-melanite-schorlomite series. Mineralogical Magazine: 36: 778; Isaacs, T. (1968) Titanium substitution in andradites. Chem. Geol.: 3: 219; Schwartz, K.B., Nolet, D.A., and Burns, R.G. (1980) Mössbauer spectroscopy and crystal chemistry of natural Fe-Ti garnets. American Mineralogist: 65: 144; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 498.
  • Colorado
    • Clear Creek Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Gunnison Co.
      • White Earth District (Powderhorn District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; USGS ProfessionaL Paper 197A
  • Connecticut
    • New Haven Co.
      • New Haven
Dana, Edward S. (1877): On the occurrence of Garnets with the Trap of New Haven, Connecticut. American Journal of Science Series 3, Volume 14, page 215.
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Frankford Township
        • Wykertown
Am.Min.: 35: 500-507 (1950), Milton, C. & Davidson, N.: 500
Rock Currier
        • Franklin
Rock Currier
      • Wantage Township
        • Libertyville
Rutgers Univ. Bull. #5, Pt 1:53-54.
The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 84.
  • North Carolina
Gems and Minerals of America - Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
  • Washington
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Oroville District
        • Oroville
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.44
Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
Mineral and/or Locality  
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