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Melanite

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Colour:Black
Name:Named in 1799 by Augustus Gottlob Werner from the Greek μελανός for "black".
A variety of Andradite

A black Ti-bearing (up to 11.5 mass% TiO2, usually ~5 or less mass%) variety of Andradite garnet.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Melanite. Currently in public beta-test.

Classification of Melanite

mindat.org URL:http://www.mindat.org/min-7443.html
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Physical Properties of Melanite

Colour:Black

Other Names for Melanite

Other Languages:
German:Melanit
Simplified Chinese:黑榴石
Spanish:Melanita
Traditional Chinese:黑榴石

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Melanite

Reference List:

- +
Werner, Augustus Gottlob (1799) in L. A. Emmerling, Lehrbuch fur Mineralogie, second edition, volume 1, p. 172.

Howie, R.A., A.R. Wooley, J.H. Scoon, R.C. Tyler & J.N. Walsh (1968), The role of titanium and the effect of TiO2 on the cell size, refractive index, and specific gravity in the andradite-melanite-schorlomite series: Mineralogical Magazine: 36: 775-790.

Huggins, F.E., D. Virgo & H.G. Huckenbolz (1977), Titanium-containing silicate garnets: II. The crystal chemistry of melanites and schorlomites: American Mineralogist: 62: 646-665.

Schwartz, K.B., Nolet, D.A., and Burns, R.G. (1980) Mössbauer spectroscopy and crystal chemistry of natural Fe-Ti garnets. American Mineralogist: 65: 142-153.

Agrosì, G., Scandale, E., and Digennaro, M.A. (2001) Growth defects of a melanite crystal. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Abhandlungen: 176: 89-107.

Agrosì, G., Schingaro, E., Pedrazzi, G., Scandale, E., and Scordari, F. (2002) A crystal chemical insight into sector zoning of a titanian andradite ('melanite') crystal. European Journal of Mineralogy: 14: 785-794.

Internet Links for Melanite

Search Engines:
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  • Search for Melanite on Well-Arranged Molecules
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  • Fabre Minerals - search for Melanite specimens
  • Specimens:The following Melanite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Melanite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • Tasmania
      • King Island
        • Grassy
    Austria
     
    • Tyrol
      • East Tyrol
        • Virgen Valley
          • Prägraten
    R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    Bolivia
     
    • Cochabamba Department
      • Ayopaya Province
    Schultz (2004)
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
      • Serra do Salitre
    Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
    • Santa Catarina
    Comin-Chiaramonti, P., de Barros Gomes, C., Castorina, F., di Censi, P., Antonini, P., Furtado, S., ... & Scheibe, L. F. (2008). Geochemistry and geodynamic implications of the Anitápolis and Lages alkaline-carbonatite complexes, Santa Catarina State, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 32(1), 43-58.; G Traversa et al (1994) Petrology and Mineral Chemistry of the Alkaline District of Lages, SC, Brazil. Geochem Brazil 8:179-214
    • São Paulo
    http://www.igc.usp.br/geologiausp/iga/art.php?artigo=7
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Golden Mining Division
    Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
      • Liard Mining Division
    Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. British Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
    Neill, I. & Russel, J.K. (1983) Mineralogy and chemistry of the Rugged Mountain pluton: a melanite-bearing alkaline intrusion. British Columbia Geological Survey Paper 1993-1, 149-157.
    • Ontario
      • Sudbury District
        • Chapleau Township
    Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
        • Lackner Township
    R. P. Sage (1988) Geology of Carbonatite - Alkalic Rock Complexes in Ontario: Lackner Lake Alkalic Rock Complex District of Sudbury. Mines and Minerals Division Ontario Geological Survey Study 32
    • Québec
      • Laurentides
        • Deux-Montagnes RCM
          • Oka
    Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; David H. Watkinson (1972) Electron microprobe analysis of melilite and garnet from the Oka complex, Quebec. Can Mineral 11:457-463
    • Yukon Territory
      • Dawson Mining District
    Flanders, A.M., Harris, M.J., Kearns, L. and Hart, C.J.R., 2007. Micropetrology and mineral geochemistry of the Tombstone and Deadman plutons, Tombstone Plutonic Suite, central Yukon. In: Yukon Exploration and Geology 2006, D.S. Emond, L.L. Lewis and L.H. Weston (eds.), Yukon Geological Survey, p. 149-156.; Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
    Chile
     
    • Atacama Region
      • Copiapó Province
    José Carlos Mañuz Sanz specimen
    China
     
    • Hebei Province
      • Handan Prefecture
        • She Co.
    Zhang Jinmin and Cao Zhengmin (1988): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 3(2)
    • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
      • Dandong Prefecture
        • Fengcheng Co.
          • Saima complex
    Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
    • Sichuan Province
      • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
        • Xichang Co.
          • Taihe intrusion
    Rubo Zhang, Chongliang Du, and Zaoyun Long (2003): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 24(3), 5-8
    • Yunnan Province
      • Honghe Autonomous Prefecture
        • Gejiu Co.
    Baiyou Chen, Yuru Yu, and Hongfei Jiang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 901-905
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Kraslice (Graslitz)
    Beran, P.: Mineralogie ložiska Cu (Ag, Au, Co) rud Tisová u Kraslic. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1997, roč. 4-5, s. 65-77.
      • Ústí Region
        • Ústí nad Labem (Aussig)
    Ulrych, J. et al. (2000): Tertiary phonolite laccolith of Mariánská hora hill, N. Bohemia: geological, petrological and mineralogical characteristics. Acta Montana IRSM AS CR, series A No. 15 (116), p. 5-44.
    Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
     
    • Kasaï (Kasaï-Occidental)
    Edwards, M.G. (1917) The American Mineralogist, 2, #7, 88-89.
    • Kivu
    Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
    France
     
    • Auvergne
      • Cantal
        • Menet
    J. Aubouin, R. Brousse, J.P. Lehman : "Précis de Géologie", Dunod, 1967
    • Rhône-Alpes
      • Rhône
        • Le Bois d'Oingt
          • Chessy-les-Mines
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Kaiserstuhl
        • Bötzingen
    Fricke, G., (1988): Der Kaiserstuhl und seine Minerale, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 39(2), 74-76
        • Niederrotweil
    http://omnibus.uni-freiburg.de/~weisenbt/9Kaiserstuhl/Kaiserstuhl.pdf
        • Oberbergen
    Aufschluss 1988(2), 79
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Oberrotweil
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    Fricke, G., (1988): Der Kaiserstuhl und seine Minerale, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 39(2), 74-76
        • Schelingen
          • Orberg - Badberg area
    Keller, J., Williams T. (1995): Niocalite and Wöhlerite from the alkaline and carbonatite rocks at Kaiserstuhl, Germany, Mineralogical Magazine, Vol.: 59, 561-566
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Eifel
        • Laach lake volcanic complex
          • Mendig
            • Niedermendig
    in the collection of Christof Schäfer
        • Niederzissen
          • Hannebach
    in the collection of Ch.&H. Schäfer
    Greece
     
    • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
      • Kykládes Prefecture
        • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
          • Tinos Island
    Econ. Geol. 102 (2007) 1269-1294.
    Greenland
     
    • Sermersooq
      • Paamiut (Frederikshåb)
    http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
    Guinea
     
    India
     
    • Gujarat
      • Vadodara District
        • Chhota Udaipur
    R. N. Sukheswala and S. F. Sethna (1967) Giant pseudoleucites of Ghori, Chhota Udaipur, India. American Mineralogist 52:1904-1910.
    Italy
     
    • Abruzzo
      • L'Aquila Province
        • Carsoli
          • Pietrasecca
    Comodi, P., Liu, Y., Stoppa, F., & Woolley, A. (1999). A multi-method analysis of Si-, S- and REE-rich apatite from a new find of kalsilite-bearing leucitite (Abruzzi, Italy). Mineralogical Magazine, 63: 661-672.
    • Campania
      • Naples Province
        • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
          • Monte Somma
            • Pollena - Trocchia area
    Carati M., 1982. Guida alla mineralogia vesuviana. Guide Calderini, Bologna.
    M. Carati - Guida alla mineralogia vesuviana - Calderini, Bologna, 1982
    Rath, G. vom, 1877: Über einige durch vulkanische Dämpfe gebildete Mineralien des Vesuvs, Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Rheinlande, 144-167
    • Latium
      • Frosinone Province
        • Patrica
    Stoppani, F.S. & Curti, E. (1982): I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
        • Supino
    Fratangeli, G., Severa, C. (1996): I minerali nei proietti di Supino (FR). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/1996, 251-256
      • Rome Province
        • Alban Hills
    De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
    Mariani P., Scaini G.: "I minerali d'Italia" - Rizzoli, 1978 –
    Klaproth, M.H. (1810): Chemische Untersuchung des Melanits, Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Fünfter Band, Rottmann Berlin, 168-172
          • Rocca di Papa
    A. Del Caldo, C. Moro, C.M. Gramaccioli, M. Boscardin: Guida ai Minerali - Fabbri ed. 1973
        • Rome
    No reference listed
          • Osteria dell'Osa
    A. Del caldo - Località mineralogiche consigliate: Le vulcaniti laziali: Notizie del Guppo Min. Lombardo - 1, March 1971, pp. 6-8 - (This publication later changed its name in Rivista Minealogica Italiana)
        • Sacrofano Caldera
          • Magliano Romano
    Stoppani, F.S. & Curti, E. (1982): I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
        • Tolfa Mts District
          • Allumiere
    Della Ventura G., Bellatreccia F., Cámara F., Oberti F., Lorand J.P., Parodi G.C., Carlier G., Di Domenico D. – 2006 - Carbon-bearing cordierite from Allumiere (Tolfa volcanic center, Latium, Italy): occurrence, crystal-structure and FTIR microspectroscopy. Periodico di Mineralogia, V. 75, pp. 113–126.
      • Viterbo Province
    Di Domenico Dario specimen
        • Làtera volcano
          • Gradoli
    - Signoretti, E. & Bosco, P. (2001): Le cave di Gradoli e Onano. Il Cercapietre, 1/2-2001, 10-25
          • Onano
    Cresta, S., Duronio, F., Mancinella, D. (2002): Geositi e sistema delle arre protette del Lazio: idee per la geoconservazione. Il Cercapietre, 1-2/2002, 48-55
          • Valentano
    Burli, M., Caponera, I., Signoretti, E. (2007): Le "sanidiniti" di Monte Saliette (Valentano, VT). Il Cercapietre. Not. del Gruppo Mineralogico Romano, 1-2: 13-18
        • Vico Lake
    No reference listed
    • Lombardy
      • Bergamo Province
        • Cene
          • Rossa Valley
    Maida, F. (2002): Descrizione delle specie e varietà di minerali e loro ritrovamento nella Bergamasca. G.O.M. Gruppo Orobico Minerali - Novecento Grafico, Ed., Bergamo 82 pp. (geologic part by F. Pezzotta).
    • Sardinia
      • Cagliari Province
        • Assemini
    Stara, P. (1990): La miniera di San Leone (CA). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/1990, 121-136.
    • Trentino-Alto Adige
      • Trento Province
        • Fassa Valley
          • Monzoni Mts
    De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
    • Tuscany
      • Grosseto Province
        • Pitigliano
    Liotti L., 1991. I minerali dei vulcani laziali a Pitigliano (Grosseto). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 15 (3): 121-139.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu region
        • Gifu prefecture
          • Neo-mura
    Sawaki, T. (1988) Journal of Mineralogy, Petrology and Economic Geology, 83, 357-373 (in Japanese with English abstract).
      • Chugoku Region
        • Hiroshima prefecture
          • Hiba-gun
    Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
        • Okayama Prefecture
          • Takahashi City
            • Bicchu-cho (Bitchu-cho)
              • Fuka
    Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
      • Tohoku Region
        • Iwate Prefecture
          • Esashi City
    Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
          • Tono City
            • Miyamori
    Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Kostanay Province (Qostanay Oblysy; Kostanai Oblast')
    Yaiba Sakaguchi
    Richard Dale collection & prior Mindat photos
    Kenya
     
    • Nyanza Province
    USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
    • Rift Valley Province
      • South Rift Valley
    Peterson, TD 1989 Peralkaline Nephelinites I. Comparative petrology of Shombole and Oldoinyo Lengai, East Africa. Contrib Mineral Petrol v 101, p 458-478
    Kyrgyzstan
     
    Malawi
     
    • Phalombe District
    Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
    • Zomba District
    Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
    Mali
     
    • Kayes Region
      • Bafoulabé Circle
    Karel Bal Collection
          • Bendougou village (Bendoukou village; Benduko village)
    Currier, R. H., Pohl, D., (2011), Mineral Collecting in Mali, Mineralogical Record: 42(3): 231-250
    Rock H. Currier, Demetrius Pohl (2011) Mineral Collecting in Mali. Mineralogical Record 42:231-250
      • Nioro du Sahel Circle
        • Arrondissement Sandaré
    Russ Rizzo specimens
    Mexico
     
    • Chihuahua
      • Mun. de Julimes
        • General Lázaro Cárdenas (Colonia Lázaro Cárdenas)
    Peter Megaw
    • San Luis Potosí
      • Mun. de Charcas
        • Charcas
    Yves Masson specimen
    Morocco
     
    • Meknès-Tafilalet Region
      • Er Rachidia Province (Errachidia Province)
    various added photos
    Namibia
     
    • Karas Region
      • Lüderitz District
    Jour Pet 39:2123-2136
    • Otjozondjupa Region
      • Otjiwarongo District
    Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
    Norway
     
    • Finnmark
      • Hasvik
    Bøe, P. (2001): Geologi og mineralogi på Sørøya i Finnmark. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 18, 23-29
    Sturt, B.A. & Ramsay, D.M. (1965): The alkaline complex of the Breivikbotn area, Sørøy, northern Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 231, 1-164. ; Michalsen, A. (2010): Minerallokaliteter på Sørøya, Vest-Finnmark- den grønne øya i nord. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift.43: 41-52
    • Telemark
      • Nome
        • Fen Complex
    Mitchell, R.H. (1980): Pyroxenes of the Fen alkaline complex, Norway. American Mineralogist. 65: 45-54
    Paraguay
     
    • Concepción Department
    Alan R. Woolley: Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, part 1, 206 (BMNH, London, 1987)
    Peru
     
    • Ucayali Department
      • Coronel Portillo Province
    Stewart, J.W. (1971) Neogene peralkaline igneous activity in eastern Peru. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 82, 2307-2312.
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
    P.M. Kartashov data
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Turii Cape
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/tury.htm
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Rimavská Sobota Co.
        • Tisovec
    Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    Solomon Islands
     
    • Malaita Province
      • Malaita Island (Mala Island)
    Mineralogical Magazine,1980, VOL. 43, PP. 587-96
    South Africa
     
    • Limpopo Province
      • Eastern Bushveld Complex
    USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
    Spain
     
    • Canary Islands
      • Las Palmas Province
        • Fuerteventura
    -Barrera J.L.,Fernandez S., Fuster J.M.,Ibarrola E., (1981) Ijolitas-Sienitas-Carbonatitas de los macizos del norte del Complejo Plutónico Basal de Fuerteventura (Islas Canarias). Bol.Geol y Minero T. XCII-IV (309-321).
    -Barrera J.L.,Fernandez S., Fuster J.M.,Ibarrola E., (1981) Ijolitas-Sienitas-Carbonatitas de los macizos del norte del Complejo Plutónico Basal de Fuerteventura (Islas Canarias). Bol.Geol y Minero T. XCII-IV (309-321).
    • Extremadura
      • Badajoz
        • Burguillos del Cerro
    Monchi Mine, Burguillos del Cerro, Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain
    • Murcia
    Minerales de la Región de Murcia; M. Muelas, Jordi Gil (1996)
    • Valencian Community
      • Alicante
        • Albatera
          • Hondón de los Frailes
    Sri Lanka
     
    • Sabaragamuwa Province
      • Ratnapura District
        • Ratnapura
    Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
    Sweden
     
    • Medelpad
      • Sundsvall
    Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
      • Timrå
    Switzerland
     
    • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
      • Puschlav (Poschiavo Valley)
        • Selva
    Romani E. (2000): Andar per cristalli - Tesori nascosti. Centro studi del Museo mineralogico naturalistico di Bormio, 151 p.
    • Schaffhausen
      • Bargen
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 39
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Zermatt - Saas Fee area
        • Matt Valley
          • Zermatt
            • Findel glacier (Findeln glacier; Findelen glacier) area
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 38
            • Gorner glacier area
    Christian Bracke Collection
    Christian Bracke Collection
        • Saas Valley
          • Saas Fee
            • Fee glacier
    Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz, Wepf Verlag, 1998, ISBN 3-85977-200-7
    Taiwan
     
    • Taiwan Province
      • Hualien Co.
        • Wan-Lon
    UK
     
    • Scotland
      • North West Highlands (Sutherland)
        • Assynt
          • Loch Borrolan
    Livingstone, 2002, p. 186
    USA
     
    • Alaska
      • Nome Borough
        • Koyuk District
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Arizona
      • Gila Co.
        • Sierra Ancha Mts
          • Sierra Ancha District
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 111.
    • Arkansas
      • Garland Co.
    American Mineralogist, Volume 74, pages 132-140, 1989
    Jay Ellis Ransom,1974, Gems and Minerals of America
    Erickson, Ralph Leroy; Blade, Lawrence Vernon (1963) Geochemistry and petrology of the alkalic igneous complex at Magnet Cove, Arkansas. USGS Prof. Paper 425
    American Mineralogist, Volume 7 4, pages 113-131, 1989
    • California
      • Humboldt Co.
        • Coastal Range
    W. S. Wise (2006) research at UCSB
      • Inyo Co.
        • Lee District
          • Nelson Range
            • Galena Peak
    McAllister, James Franklin (1955), Geology of mineral deposits in the Ubehebe Peak quadrangle, Inyo County, California. California Division Mines, Special Report 42, 63 pp.: 59; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 489.
        • Panamint Mts (Panamint Range)
          • Cottonwood Mts
    McAllister, James Franklin (1955), Geology of mineral deposits in the Ubehebe Peak quadrangle, Inyo County, California. California Division Mines, Special Report 42, 63 pp.: 56; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 495.
      • San Benito Co.
        • Diablo Range
    www.mineralsocal.org
            • Picacho Peak
              • Clear Creek area
            • San Benito River headwaters area
              • Dallas Gem Mine area
    Am Min 51:381-387
    Rob Lavinsky (ex. David Bristol specimen)
    www.mineralsocal.org
                • South of the Dallas Gem Mine
    Bolander, L. Ph., Jr. (1950), New California mineral: perovskite: The Mineralogist: 18: 65; Moller, W.P. (1965) Minerals of southern San Benito County, California. Gems and Minerals: 331: 28-32; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 195, 286, 325; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 170, 322.
    Pabst, Adolf (1951), Minerals of the serpentine area in San Benito County, California Rocks & Minerals: 26: 482; Moller, W.P. (1965) Minerals of southern San Benito County, California. Gems and Minerals: 331: 28-32; Howie, R.A., Wooley, A.R., Scoon, J.H., Tyler, R.C., and Walsh, J.N. (1968) The role of titanium and the effect of TiO2 on the cell size, refractive index, and specific gravity in the andradite-melanite-schorlomite series. Mineralogical Magazine: 36: 778; Isaacs, T. (1968) Titanium substitution in andradites. Chem. Geol.: 3: 219; Schwartz, K.B., Nolet, D.A., and Burns, R.G. (1980) Mössbauer spectroscopy and crystal chemistry of natural Fe-Ti garnets. American Mineralogist: 65: 144; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 498.
    • Colorado
      • Clear Creek Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Gunnison Co.
        • White Earth District (Powderhorn District)
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; USGS ProfessionaL Paper 197A
    • Connecticut
      • New Haven Co.
        • New Haven
    Dana, Edward S. (1877): On the occurrence of Garnets with the Trap of New Haven, Connecticut. American Journal of Science Series 3, Volume 14, page 215.
    • New Jersey
      • Sussex Co.
        • Frankford Township
          • Wykertown
    Am.Min.: 35: 500-507 (1950), Milton, C. & Davidson, N.: 500
    Rock Currier
          • Franklin
    Rock Currier
        • Wantage Township
          • Libertyville
    Rutgers Univ. Bull. #5, Pt 1:53-54.
    The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 3, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 84.
    • North Carolina
    Gems and Minerals of America - Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
    • Washington
      • Okanogan Co.
        • Oroville District
          • Oroville
    Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.44
    Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
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