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Named in 1799 by Augustus Gottlob Werner from the Greek μελανός for "black".
A variety of Andradite

A black Ti-bearing (up to 11.5 mass% TiO2, usually ~5 or less mass%) variety of Andradite garnet.

Visit for gemological information about Melanite.

Classification of Melanite URL:
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Physical Properties of Melanite


Other Names for Melanite

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:黑榴石
Traditional Chinese:黑榴石

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Melanite

Reference List:
Werner, Augustus Gottlob (1799) in L. A. Emmerling, Lehrbuch fur Mineralogie, second edition, volume 1, p. 172.

Howie, R.A., A.R. Wooley, J.H. Scoon, R.C. Tyler & J.N. Walsh (1968), The role of titanium and the effect of TiO2 on the cell size, refractive index, and specific gravity in the andradite-melanite-schorlomite series: Mineralogical Magazine: 36: 775-790.

Huggins, F.E., D. Virgo & H.G. Huckenbolz (1977), Titanium-containing silicate garnets: II. The crystal chemistry of melanites and schorlomites: American Mineralogist: 62: 646-665.

Schwartz, K.B., Nolet, D.A., and Burns, R.G. (1980) Mössbauer spectroscopy and crystal chemistry of natural Fe-Ti garnets. American Mineralogist: 65: 142-153.

Agrosì, G., Scandale, E., and Digennaro, M.A. (2001) Growth defects of a melanite crystal. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Abhandlungen: 176: 89-107.

Agrosì, G., Schingaro, E., Pedrazzi, G., Scandale, E., and Scordari, F. (2002) A crystal chemical insight into sector zoning of a titanian andradite ('melanite') crystal. European Journal of Mineralogy: 14: 785-794.

Internet Links for Melanite

The following Melanite specimens are currently listed for sale on

Localities for Melanite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
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