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Bowieite

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Formula:
(Rh,Ir,Pt)
 
2
S
 
3
System:OrthorhombicHardness:7
Name:For British geologist, Stanley Hay Umphray Bowie (1917-2008).
This page provides mineralogical data about Bowieite.

Classification of Bowieite

IMA status:Approved 1980
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/D.06-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.DB.15

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
D : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 3 :4 and 2:3
B : M:S = 2:3
Dana 8th edition ID:2.11.12.1

2 : SULFIDES
11 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Hey's CIM Ref.:3.12.10

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
12 : Sulphides etc. of the platinum metals
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Type Occurrence of Bowieite

Type Locality:Salmon River - Red Mountain District, Goodnews Bay, Bethel Borough, Alaska, USA
Place of Conservation of Type Material:Smithsonian
Year of Discovery:1980
Geological Setting of type material:Placer platinum deposit
Associated Minerals at type locality:
PlatinumOsmiumLauriteLaurite

Occurrences of Bowieite

Geological Setting:Platinum deposits

Physical Properties of Bowieite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Hardness (Mohs):7
Hardness (Vickers):VHN100=858 - 1288 kg/mm2
Tenacity:Brittle
Density (calculated):6.93(3) g/cm3

Crystallography of Bowieite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:a = 8.46Å, b = 6.00Å, c = 6.13Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 1.41 : 1 : 1.022
Unit Cell Volume:V 311.16 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Morphology:Anhedral grains to 0.5mm

Optical Data of Bowieite

Type:Anisotropic
Anisotropism:Weak - dark gray to very dark brown
Colour in reflected light:Pale gray to pale gray-brown

Chemical Properties of Bowieite

Formula:
(Rh,Ir,Pt)
 
2
S
 
3
Simplified for copy/paste:(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
Essential elements:Rh, S
All elements listed in formula:Ir, Pt, Rh, S

Relationship of Bowieite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.DB.05Antimonselite
Sb
 
2
Se
 
3
2.DB.05Bismuthinite
Bi
 
2
S
 
3
2.DB.05Guanajuatite
Bi
 
2
(Se,S)
 
3
2.DB.05Metastibnite
Sb
 
2
S
 
3
2.DB.05Pääkkönenite
Sb
 
2
AsS
 
2
2.DB.05Stibnite
Sb
 
2
S
 
3
2.DB.10Ottemannite
beta Sn
 
2
S
 
3
2.DB.10Suredaite
PbSnS
 
3
2.DB.15Kashinite
(Ir,Rh)
 
2
S
 
3
2.DB.20Montbrayite
(Au,Sb)
 
2
Te
 
3
2.DB.25Edgarite
FeNb
 
3
S
 
6
2.DB.30Tarkianite
(Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)
 
4
S
 
8
2.DB.35Cameronite
AgCu
 
7
Te
 
10
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
3.12.1Seinäjokite
(Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)
 
2
3.12.2Laurite
RuS
 
2
3.12.3Ruthenarsenite
(Ru,Ni)As
3.12.4Anduoite
(Ru,Os)As
 
2
3.12.5Ruarsite
(Ru,Os)AsS
3.12.6Xingzhongite
(Pb,Cu,Fe)(Ir,Pt,Rh)
 
2
S
 
4
3.12.7Rhodplumsite
Rh
 
3
Pb
 
2
S
 
2
3.12.8Cuprorhodsite
(Cu,Fe)Rh
 
2
S
 
4
3.12.9Konderite
Cu
 
3
Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)
 
8
S
 
16
3.12.11Cherepanovite
RhAs
3.12.12Hollingworthite
(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
3.12.13Vysotskite
(Pd,Ni)S
3.12.14Vasilite
(Pd,Cu)
 
16
(S,Te)
 
7
3.12.15Palladseite
Pd
 
17
Se
 
15
3.12.16Oosterboschite
(Pd,Cu)
 
7
Se
 
5
3.12.17Telluropalladinite
Pd
 
9
Te
 
4
3.12.18Temagamite
Pd
 
3
HgTe
 
3
3.12.19Sopcheite
Ag
 
4
Pd
 
3
Te
 
4
3.12.20Michenerite
PdBiTe
3.12.21Kotulskite
Pd(Te,Bi)
3.12.22Telargpalite
(Pd,Ag)
 
3
(Te,Bi)
3.12.23Merenskyite
(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)
 
2
3.12.24Palladoarsenide
Pd
 
2
As
3.12.25Stillwaterite
Pd
 
8
As
 
3
3.12.26Atheneite
Pd
 
2
As
 
0.75
Hg
 
0.25
3.12.27Majakite
PdNiAs
3.12.28Palarstanide
Pd
 
8
(As,Sn)
 
3
3.12.29Arsenopalladinite
Pd
 
8
(As,Sb)
 
3
3.12.30Vincentite
Pd
 
3
As
3.12.31Palladobismutharsenide
Pd
 
2
(As,Bi)
3.12.32Stibiopalladinite
Pd
 
5
Sb
 
2
3.12.33Hexatestibiopanickelite
(Pd,Ni)(Sb,Te)
3.12.34Sudburyite
(Pd,Ni)Sb
3.12.35Testibiopalladite
PdTe(Sb,Te)
3.12.36Borovskite
Pd
 
3
SbTe
 
4
3.12.37Isomertieite
Pd
 
11
Sb
 
2
As
 
2
3.12.38Mertieite-I
Pd
 
11
(Sb,As)
 
4
3.12.39Mertieite-II
Pd
 
8
(Sb,As)
 
3
3.12.40Sobolevskite
Pd(Bi,Te)
3.12.41Froodite
α-PdBi
 
2
3.12.42Polarite
Pd(Bi,Pb)
3.12.43Urvantsevite
Pd(Bi,Pb)
 
2
3.12.44Cooperite
PtS
3.12.45Braggite
(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
3.12.46Kharaelakhite
(Cu,Pt,Pb,Fe,Ni)
 
9
S
 
8
3.12.47Malanite
Cu(Pt
3+
 
,Ir
3+
 
)
 
2
S
 
4
3.12.48Moncheite
(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)
 
2
3.12.49Maslovite
PtBiTe
3.12.50Sperrylite
PtAs
 
2
3.12.51Platarsite
(Pt,Rh,Ru)AsS
3.12.52Geversite
PtSb
 
2
3.12.53Daomanite
CuPtAsS
 
2
3.12.54Genkinite
(Pt,Pd,Rh)
 
4
Sb
 
3
3.12.55Stumpflite
Pt(Sb,Bi)
3.12.56Insizwaite
Pt(Bi,Sb)
 
2
3.12.57Erlichmanite
OsS
 
2
3.12.58Omeiite
(Os,Ru)As
 
2
3.12.59Osarsite
(Os,Ru)AsS
3.12.60Kashinite
(Ir,Rh)
 
2
S
 
3
3.12.61Inaglyite
Cu
 
3
Pb(Ir,Pt)
 
8
S
 
16
3.12.62Cuproiridsite
(Cu,Fe)Ir
 
2
S
 
4
3.12.63Iridarsenite
(Ir,Ru)As
 
2
3.12.64Irarsite
(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
3.12.65Tolovkite
IrSbS

Other Names for Bowieite

Synonyms:
IMA1980-022Sulrhodite
Other Languages:
German:Bowieit
Sulrhodit
Russian:Бауит
Simplified Chinese:硫铱铑矿
硫铱铂铑矿
Spanish:Bowieita
Sulrhodita
Traditional Chinese:硫銥銠礦
硫銥鉑銠礦

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Bowieite

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist: 74: 1215-1220.

Canadian Mineralogist: 22: 543-552.

Acta Crystallographica: 23: 832-840.

Internet Links for Bowieite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Bowieite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Bowieite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Austria
     
    • Styria
      • Leoben
    Min.& Pet. 73:247-277; Min.& Pet. 73:247-277
    Bulgaria
     
    • Blagoevgrad Oblast
    Цинцов, З. (1998). Състав, разпространение и транспорт на минералите на елементите от групата на платината в алувиалните седименти на Благоевградския грабен. Сп. БГД, 59(2), 59-65.
    • Burgas Oblast (Bourgas Oblast)
      • Kameno Obshtina
    Atanasov, A. V. (1990). Vasilite,(Pd, Cu) 16 (S, Te) 7, a new mineral species from Novoseltsi, Bulgaria. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 687-689.
    Canada
     
    • Québec
      • Chaudière-Appalaches
        • Les Appalaches RCM
          • Thetford Mines
    Corrivaux, L. & Laflamme, J.H. G. (1990) Minéralogie des éléments du group du platin dans les chromitites de l'ophiolite de Thetford Mines, Québec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 579-595.
    Corrivaux, L. & Laflamme, J.H. G. (1990) Minéralogie des éléments du group du platin dans les chromitites de l'ophiolite de Thetford Mines, Québec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 579-595.
    • Yukon Territory
      • Whitehorse Mining District
        • Kluane District
    Yana Fedortchouk, William LeBarge, Andrei Y. Barkov, Luca Fedele, Robert J. Bodnar, and Robert F. Martin (2010) Platinum-group minerals from a placer deposit in Burwash Creek, Kluane area, Yukon Territory, Canada. The Canadian Mineralogist (June 2010), 48(3):583-596
    Colombia
     
    • Chocó Department
      • Mun. de Condoto
    Stribrny, B., Wellmer, F.-W., Burgath, K.-P., Oberthür, T., Tarkian, M., and Pfeiffer, T. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 260-281.
    Ecuador
     
    • Esmeraldas Province
    Weiser, T. and Schmidt-Thome, M. (1993) Platinum-group minerals from the Santiago river, Esmeraldas province, Ecuador. Canadian Mineralogist, 31, 61-73.
    Ethiopia
     
    • Oromia Province (Oromiya Province)
      • Gimbi
        • Yubdo District (Joubdo District; Youbdo District; Joubda District)
    C. J. Stanley et al.: Mineralogical Magazine 69(4):447-453 (2005)
    Mongolia
     
    • Uvs Aimag
    Oyunchimeg, T., Izokh, A.E., Vishnevsky, A.V., and Kalugin, V.M. (2009): Russian Geology and Geophysics 50(10), 863-872.
    Oyunchimeg, T., Izokh, A.E., Vishnevsky, A.V., and Kalugin, V.M. (2009): Russian Geology and Geophysics 50(10), 863-872.
    New Caledonia
     
    • Southern Province
      • Pirogues River
    Economic Geology: 89: 1454-1468
    Russia
     
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Chukotskii Autonomous Okrug
        • Kolyma area
          • Bol'shoi Anyui River Basin
            • Baimka River
              • Aluchinskii Massif (Aluchin horst)
    Gornostayev, S.S., Crocket, J.H., Mochalov, A.G., and Lajoki, K.V.O. (1999) The platinum-group minerals of the Baimka placer deposits, Aluchin horst, Russian Far East. Canadian Mineralogist: 37: 1117-1129.
      • Kamchatka Oblast'
    Tony Nikischer specimen and analysis; Sidorov, E. G., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., & Pakhomov, I. O. (2004). Placer PGE minerals from the Filippa clinopyroxenite-dunite massif (Kamchatka). Geologiya i Geofizika (Russian Geology and Geophysics), 45(9), 1128-1144.
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
    S.N. Britvin, N.S. Rudashevsky, A.N. Bogdanova, D.K. Shcherbachev (2001) Miassite Rh17S15, a new mineral from a placer of the Miass River, Urals. Zap. Vseross. Mineral. Obshch., 130(2), 41–45 (in Russian, English abs.).
    South Africa
     
    • Limpopo Province
    www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.
    The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 1711-1734 (2005)
    USA
     
    • Alaska
      • Bethel Borough
        • Goodnews Bay
    Canadian Mineralogist: 22: 543-552.
    USGS Open-File Report 01-269
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