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Cyprine (of Berzelius)

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Blue, occasionally ...
Name introduced in 1820 by Jöns Jakob Berzelius for a blue, Cu-bearing variety of vesuvianite from Kleppan, Sauland, Norway. Named after the Latin cuprum, copper, alluding to the copper content. The copper content was detected with a blowpipe.
A variety of Vesuvianite

Cyprine has been used as a name for a blue, green, red (?) or rarely purple variety of Vesuvianite. May be coloured by copper (Cu2+) or Manganese (Mn3+).

Visit for gemological information about Cyprine (of Berzelius).

Classification of Cyprine (of Berzelius)

First Recorded Occurrence of Cyprine (of Berzelius)

Physical Properties of Cyprine (of Berzelius)

Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Blue, occasionally lavender, rarely green
Low copper cyprine is blue or lavender, while increased copper substitution results in green color

Chemical Properties of Cyprine (of Berzelius)

All elements listed in formula:

Other Names for Cyprine (of Berzelius)

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Not fluorescent in UV
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Cyprine (of Berzelius)

Reference List:
Berzelius, Jöns Jakob (1820): Om blåsrörets Användande i Kemien och Mineralogien. 302pp., p. 257.

Berzelius, Jöns Jakob (1821): Die Anwendung des Löthrohrs in der Chemie und Mineralogie. p. 263.

Fitzgerald, S., Rheingold, A.L., and Leavens, P. B. (1986): Crystal structure of a Cu-bearing vesuvianite. American Mineralogist. 71: 1011-1014.

Internet Links for Cyprine (of Berzelius) URL:
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Localities for Cyprine (of Berzelius)

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
  • Aust-Agder
    • Valle
Kjerulf, Th. (1879): Udsigt over det sydlige Norges Geologi. Christania 1879, p 249
  • Buskerud
    • Drammen
      • Konnerud
Anonymous: (1983): Jensen-skjerpene ( P4-16). DG-nytt [A local magazine for the Drammen geological society, Norway] nr 5, 1983, p.14.
  • Telemark
    • Hjartdal
      • Sauland
        • Kleppan
Berzelius, Jöns Jakob (1820): Om blåsrörets Användande i Kemien och Mineralogien. 302pp., p. 257; Neumann, H. & Svinndal, S.(1955): The Cyprin-Thulite deposit at Øvstebø, near Kleppan in Sauland, Telemark, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 34,139-156
    • Notodden
      • Heddal
Larsen, K.E. (2016): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2015-2016. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2016: 127-135
    • Tokke
Jan Andersen photo & specimen
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
      • Nordmark district
        • Jakobsberg ore field
Kjell Gatedal
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Palache, C. (1935): The Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill, Sussex County, New Jersey, U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 180, 135pp., with map 94-95; Dunn(1995): Pt3: 423-424.
  • New Mexico
    • Taos Co.
      • Glenwoody District
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
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