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Braggite

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Formula:
(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
System:
Tetragonal
Hardness:
5
Name:
After Sir William H. Bragg (1862-1942), and his son, Professor W.L. Bragg (1890-1971), this being the first new mineral isolated and determined by x-ray methods.
Dimorph of:
Isostructural with:

Classification of Braggite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
2.CC.35a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
C : With Ni, Fe, Co, PGE, etc.
2.8.5.3

2 : SULFIDES
8 : AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
3.12.45

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
12 : Sulphides etc. of the platinum metals
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Type Occurrence of Braggite

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
British Natural History Museum
Year of Discovery:
1932

Occurrences of Braggite

Geological Setting:
Norites in mafic layered intrusives.

Physical Properties of Braggite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Hardness (Mohs):
5
Hardness (Vickers):
VHN100=946 - 1064 kg/mm2
Density:
10 g/cm3 (Measured)    9.383 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Braggite

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.367Å, c = 6.561Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.03
Unit Cell Volume:
V 265.97 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
8
Morphology:
Prisms to 2cm
Twinning:
Sometimes observed

Optical Data of Braggite

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Distinct in purplish and pinkish shades of gray and brown
Colour in reflected light:
White

Chemical Properties of Braggite

Formula:
(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Braggite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Vysotskite (see here)
2.CC.UM2007-26-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Ir,Cu,Ni,Pt,Rh,Fe)9S11
2.CC.05Achavalite(Fe,Cu)Se
2.CC.05BreithauptiteNiSb
2.CC.05FrebolditeCoSe
2.CC.05KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)
2.CC.05Langisite(Co,Ni)As
2.CC.05NickelineNiAs
2.CC.05Sederholmitebeta-NiSe
2.CC.05SobolevskitePd(Bi,Te)
2.CC.05StumpflitePt(Sb,Bi)
2.CC.05Sudburyite(Pd,Ni)Sb
2.CC.05JaipuriteCoS
2.CC.05ZlatogoriteNiCuSb2
2.CC.10PyrrhotiteFe7S8
2.CC.10Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
2.CC.10TroiliteFeS
2.CC.15CherepanoviteRhAs
2.CC.15Modderite(Co,Fe)As
2.CC.15Ruthenarsenite(Ru,Ni)As
2.CC.15Westerveldite(Fe,Ni,Co)As
2.CC.20MilleriteNiS
2.CC.20Mäkineniteγ-NiSe
2.CC.20UM1990-38-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Ir,Pt,Ni,Fe)S
2.CC.25Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
2.CC.30Hexatestibiopanickelite(Pd,Ni)(Sb,Te)
2.CC.30VavříniteNi2SbTe2
2.CC.35bCooperitePtS
2.CC.35aVysotskite(Pd,Ni)S
3.12.1Seinäjokite(Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)2
3.12.2LauriteRuS2
3.12.3Ruthenarsenite(Ru,Ni)As
3.12.4Anduoite(Ru,Os)As2
3.12.5Ruarsite(Ru,Os)AsS
3.12.6Xingzhongite(Pb,Cu,Fe)(Ir,Pt,Rh)2S4
3.12.7RhodplumsiteRh3Pb2S2
3.12.8Cuprorhodsite(Cu,Fe)Rh2S4
3.12.9KonderiteCu3Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)8S16
3.12.10Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
3.12.11CherepanoviteRhAs
3.12.12Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
3.12.13Vysotskite(Pd,Ni)S
3.12.14Vasilite(Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
3.12.15PalladseitePd17Se15
3.12.16Oosterboschite(Pd,Cu)7Se5
3.12.17TelluropalladinitePd9Te4
3.12.18TemagamitePd3HgTe3
3.12.19SopcheiteAg4Pd3Te4
3.12.20MicheneritePdBiTe
3.12.21KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)
3.12.22Telargpalite(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)
3.12.23Merenskyite(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
3.12.24PalladoarsenidePd2As
3.12.25StillwateritePd8As3
3.12.26AtheneitePd2As0.75Hg0.25
3.12.27MajakitePdNiAs
3.12.28PalarstanidePd5(Sn,As)2
3.12.29ArsenopalladinitePd8(As,Sb)3
3.12.30VincentitePd3As
3.12.31PalladobismutharsenidePd2(As,Bi)
3.12.32StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2
3.12.33Hexatestibiopanickelite(Pd,Ni)(Sb,Te)
3.12.34Sudburyite(Pd,Ni)Sb
3.12.35TestibiopalladitePdTe(Sb,Te)
3.12.36BorovskitePd3SbTe4
3.12.37IsomertieitePd11Sb2As2
3.12.38Mertieite-IPd11(Sb,As)4
3.12.39Mertieite-IIPd8(Sb,As)3
3.12.40SobolevskitePd(Bi,Te)
3.12.41Frooditeα-PdBi2
3.12.42PolaritePd(Bi,Pb)
3.12.43UrvantsevitePd(Bi,Pb)2
3.12.44CooperitePtS
3.12.46Kharaelakhite(Cu,Pt,Pb,Fe,Ni)9S8
3.12.47MalaniteCu(Pt3+,Ir3+)2S4
3.12.48Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
3.12.49MaslovitePtBiTe
3.12.50SperrylitePtAs2
3.12.51PlatarsitePtAsS
3.12.52GeversitePtSb2
3.12.53DaomaniteCuPtAsS2
3.12.54Genkinite(Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3
3.12.55StumpflitePt(Sb,Bi)
3.12.56InsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2
3.12.57ErlichmaniteOsS2
3.12.58Omeiite(Os,Ru)As2
3.12.59Osarsite(Os,Ru)AsS
3.12.60Kashinite(Ir,Rh)2S3
3.12.61InaglyiteCu3Pb(Ir,Pt)8S16
3.12.62Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4
3.12.63Iridarsenite(Ir,Ru)As2
3.12.64Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
3.12.65TolovkiteIrSbS

Other Names for Braggite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Braggit
Simplified Chinese:硫镍钯铂矿
Spanish:Braggita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Braggite

Reference List:
Bannister and Hey (1932), Mineralogical Magazine: 23: 188.

American Mineralogist (1932): 17: 455.

Cabri, L.J., Laflamme, J.H.G., Stewart, J.M., Turner, K., and Skinner, B.J. (1978) On cooperite, braggite, and vysotskite. American Mineralogist: 63: 832-839.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 259.

American Mineralogist (1978): 63: 832-839.

Acta Crystallographica: B29: 1446-1455.

Internet Links for Braggite

Localities for Braggite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • Roebourne Shire
      • Karratha
HOATSON,DM, WALLACE,DA, SUN,S-S, MACIAS,LF, SIMPSON,CJ and KEAYS,RR (1992) Petrology and platinum-group-element geochemistry of Archaean layered mafic-ultramafic intrusions, west Pilbara block, Western Australia. AGSO Bull. 242, 319pp. plus map.
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Leoben
Min.& Pet. 73:247-277
Bulgaria
 
  • Blagoevgrad Oblast
Цинцов, З. (1998). Състав, разпространение и транспорт на минералите на елементите от групата на платината в алувиалните седименти на Благоевградския грабен. Сп. БГД, 59(2), 59-65.
  • Burgas Oblast (Bourgas Oblast)
    • Kameno Obshtina
Atanasov, A. V. (1990). Vasilite,(Pd, Cu) 16 (S, Te) 7, a new mineral species from Novoseltsi, Bulgaria. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 687-689.
Canada
 
  • New Brunswick
    • Kings Co.
      • Cardwell Parish
Grammatikopoulos, T.A., Hiebert, R.S., Barr, S.M. and Valeyev, O., (2006) Cu-Ni-PGM Mineralization In The Mechanic Settlement Pluton, Southern New Brunswick, Canada. in Geological Association of Canada, Program with Abstracts Volume 31
  • Ontario
    • Kenora District
      • Ring of Fire
        • BMA527861 Area
Musa Karkus (2010)
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Lac des Iles Area
CanMin 22:233-237
Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.22, pp. 125-136 (1984)
  • Québec
    • Chaudière-Appalaches
      • Les Appalaches RCM
        • Saint-Joseph-de-Coleraine
Can. Min. 28, 579
        • Thetford Mines
Corrivaux, L. & Laflamme, J.H. G. (1990) Minéralogie des éléments du group du platin dans les chromitites de l'ophiolite de Thetford Mines, Québec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 579-595.
China
 
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Ruoqiang Co. (Qakilik Co.; Chaqiliq Co.)
Guofan Liu, Guangbin Zhu, Jinduo Chen, Zhenjun Yang, and Shuang Qin (2005): Geology and Resources 14(1), 28-32
Ecuador
 
  • Esmeraldas Province
Weiser, T. and Schmidt-Thome, M. (1993) Platinum-group minerals from the Santiago river, Esmeraldas province, Ecuador. Canadian Mineralogist, 31, 61-73.
Finland
 
Törroos Ragnar, Johanson Bo, Kojonen Kar, 1998. Alluvial nuggets of platinum group minerals and alloys from Finnish Lapland. Geological survey of Finland, Special Paper; Törnroos, Ragnar, Johanson, Bo, Kojonen, Kari 1998. Alluvial nuggets of Platinum-group minerals and alloys from Finnish Lapland. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 26
    • Inari
      • Lemmenjoki
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Pt-Pd selenides from river placers, northern Finland; Kari K. Kojonen, Andrew M. McDonald, Chris J. Stanley, and Bo Johanson (2011) Törnroosite, Pd11As2Te2, A New Mineral Species Related to Isomertieite from Miessijoki, Finnish Lapland, Finland. Can Mineral 49:1643-1651
Tuisku, Pekka 2010. Heavy minerals from gold sluicing in Lapland Gold Rush area and their bearing on the origin of gold bearing tills. Res Terrae, Ser A, N:o 31. Proceedings of the Nordic Mineralogical Network V annual Meeting.
Kojonen, K., Tarkian, M., Heidrich, S. & Johanson, B. (2014) Placer Platinum-group Minerals from Sotajoki River, Inari, Finland. 12th International Platinum Symposium p259
    • Penikat complex
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1126-1136
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1126-1136; Huhtelin, T. A., Alapieti, T. T., & Lahtinen, J. J. (1990). The Paasivaara PGE reef in the Penikat layered intrusion, northern Finland. Mineralogy and Petrology, 42(1-4), 57-70.; 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1126-1136
American Mineralogist: 85: 1564; Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1663-1686.
    • Sodankylä
Törmänen, T. and Iljina, M., 2008. The Kevitsa intrusion and associated Ni-Cu-PGE deposit. in Ojala, J. and Iljina, M., (eds.). Metallogeny and tectonic evolution of the Northern Fennoscandian Shield : field trip guidebook. 33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008., pp 58-66.; Lamberg, P., Välimaa, J., Parkkinen, J., & Kojonen, K. (2005). Structural, geochemical and magmatic modelling of the early Proterozoic Keivitsa Ni-Cu-PGE deposit in Sodankylä, northern Finland. Extended Abstract. In 10th International Platinum Symposium, Abstract volume.; Gervilla, F., Kojonen, K. and Merkle, R.K.W., 2005. Platinum-group minerals in the Proterozoic Keivitsa mafic-ultramafic intrusion, Sodankylä, northern Finland. Extended Abstract, 10th International Platinum Symposium, Abstract volume
33 IGC excursion No 15, August 15th – 21st 2008; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Greece
 
  • Epirus Department (Ipeiros)
    • Pindos Mtn
      • Pindos ophiolite complex
Argirios Kapsiotis, Tassos A. Grammatikopoulos, Basilios Tsikouras, Konstantin Hatzipanagiotou, Federica Zaccarini und Giorgio Garuti (2011): Mineralogy, composition and PGM of chromitites from Pefki, Pindos ophiolite complex (NW Greece): evidence for progressively elevated fAs conditions in the upper mantle sequence. Mineralogy and Petrology 101, 129-150.
India
 
  • Orissa
CanMin 40:277-309
Augé, T., Bailly, L., Cocherie, A., Genna, A., Guerrot, C., Lerouge, C., ... & Patra, R. N. (2002, July). Magmatic and Hydrothermal Platinum-Group Element Mineralization in the Baula Area, Orissa, India. In Proceedings of the 9th International Platinum Symposium (pp. 21-24).
Madagascar
 
  • Toamasina Province (Tamatave)
    • Eastern Region (Atsinanana Region)
      • Antanambao Manampotsy District
Legendre, O., and Augé, T. (1992): Alluvial platinum-group minerals from the Manampotsy area, east Madagascar. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences 39, 389-404
      • Vatomandry District
        • Sahafary
Augé, T. & Legendre, O. (1992): Pt-Fe nuggets from alluvial deposits in eastern Madagascar. Canadian Mineralogist 30, 983-1004
New Zealand
 
  • South Island
    • Southland
      • Orepuki
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
      • Southland District
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
          • Noril'sk
            • Noril'sk Cu-Ni deposit
              • Noril'sk-1 Cu-Ni deposit
Pavel M. Kartashov data
            • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Kovalenker, V. A., Genkin, A. D., Yevstigneyeva, T. L., & Laputina, I. P. (1975). Telargpalite, a new mineral of palladium, silver, and tellurium from the copper-nickel ores of the Oktyabr deposit. International Geology Review, 17(7), 817-822
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
Mikon specimen
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Northern Karelia
        • Oulanka plutonic complex
          • Olanga River (Oulanka River)
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 1227-1233.; Barkov, A. Y., Martin, R. F., Tarkian, M., Poirier, G., & Thibault, Y. (2001). Pd–Ag Tellurides from a Cl-rich environment in the Lukkulaisvaara layered intrusion, northern Russian Karelia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 39(2), 639-653.
Grishaenko, M. V. P., & Federation, R. (2007). Independent Report on the Shalozerskoe (Burakovsky), Lukkulaisvaara and Tsipringa Platinum, Palladium, Copper, Nickel Deposits in the Autonomous Republic of Karelia Russian Federation
(2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p63
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
Gabov, D. A. (2010). PGE and Au minerals from the low-sulfide ore of the Pana Tundra Pluton, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52(7), 624-629.
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
        • Monche-Tundra
http://www.duke.edu/~boudreau/9thPtSymposium/Grokhovskaya_Abstract.pdf
Yury L. Voytekhovsky, Yury N. Neradovsky (2008) The Cu-Ni-PGE and Cr deposits of the Monchegorsk area, the Kola Peninsula, Russia. 33 IGC excursion No 48, August 15 – 21, 2008
            • Monchegorsk Cu-Ni Deposit
(2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p88
Grokhovskaya, T.L., Griboedova, I.G. & Karimova, O.V. (2014) Diversity of PGM Assemblages in Pge Deposits of the Monchegorsk Igneous Complex, Russia. 12th International Platinum Symposium p249
Chashchin, V. V., & Petrov, S. V. (2013). Low-sulfide PGE ore in the Volchetundra gabbro-anorthosite pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(5), 357-382.
Chashchin, V. V., & Petrov, S. V. (2013). Low-sulfide PGE ore in the Volchetundra gabbro-anorthosite pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(5), 357-382.
South Africa
 
  • Eastern Cape Province
    • Alfred Nzo District
      • Insizwa
Minerals of South Africa
  • Free State Province
Minerals of South Africa
  • Limpopo Province
www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.
      • Burgersfort
        • Sekhukhuneland
Minerals of South Africa
(2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p271
Minerals of South Africa
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 1711-1734 (2005)
Minerals of South Africa
Minerals of South Africa
      • Waterberg District
Min.Mag.(1932) 23, 198-206
Minerals of South Africa
Holwell, D. A., McDonald, I., & Armitage, P. E. B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(1), 83-101.
Cabri, L. J. & Chen, T.T. (1976) : Stibiopalladinite from the type locality. American Mineralogist. 61, 1249-1254; Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, pg 190;
Minerals of South Africa
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, pg 190;
    • Eastern Bushveld Complex
      • Merensky Reef
Minerals of South Africa; Schwellnus, J. S. I., Hiemstra, S. A., & Gasparrini, E. (1976). The Merensky reef at the Atok platinum mine and its environs. Economic Geology, 71(1), 249-260.
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Eastern Bushveld Complex
      • Lydenburg
Minerals of South Africa
Minerals of South Africa
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
Minerals of South Africa
Minerals of South Africa
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, pg 190
        • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, pg 190;
Minerals of South Africa
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, pg 190;
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, pg 190;
Minerals of South Africa; Brynard, H. J., De Villiers, J. P. R., & Viljoen, E. A. (1976). A mineralogical investigation of the Merensky Reef at the Western Platinum mine, near Marikana, South Africa. Economic Geology, 71(7), 1299-1307.
Spain
 
  • Galicia
    • A Coruña (La Coruña)
      • Herbeira ultramafic massif
        • Cariño
Madon, M., Gil, J.I., Via, J. and Girardeau, J. (1991). Characterization and thermodynamic properties of andradite, Ca3Fe2Si3O12. American Mineralogist, 76:1249-1260.; Moreno, T., Lunar, R., Prichard, H.M., Monterrubio, S. and Ortega, L. (1999) Platinum-group element mineralization in chromitites from the ultramafic massifs of the Cabo Ortegal complex. Geogaceta, 25:135-138.; Moreno, T., Gibbons, W., Lunar, R., Prichard, H.M., Monterrubio, S. and García-izquierdo, B. (2002) Concentraciones de cromita y elementos del grupo del platino en las rocas ultramáficas del complejo de Cabo Ortegal (NO de España): implicaciones tectónicas. Bol. Soc. Esp. Min., 25:129-144.; García, B., Lunar, R. and Capote, R. (2002). Difusión de Al-Cr en espinelas durante la deformación en rocas ultramáficas de los complejos de Cabo Ortegal (NO de España) y de BraganÇa (NE de Portugal). Bol. Soc. Esp. Min., 25A:37-44.
UK
 
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
    • North West Highlands
      • Isle of Rum
Power, M.R., Pirrie, D., Andersen, J.C.O., and Butcher, A.R. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 762-775.
USA
 
  • Minnesota
    • Lake Co.
      • Beaver Bay
        • Beaver Bay Complex
Chusi Li, Ripley, E.M., Oberthür, T., Miller, Jr., J.D., and Joslin, G.D. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 97-110.
  • Montana
    • Stillwater Co.
      • Nye
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Canadian Mineralogist; August 2006; v. 44; no. 4; p. 895-903; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp. 589-594 (1979); Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
        • Blakely Creek
Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
        • J-M Reef (Howland Reef)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 23, pp.149-162(1985)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
    • Sweet Grass Co.
      • Stillwater Complex
Robert C. Smith, II, Ph. D., P.G.
www.cotc.edu/professional/osu/faculty/jstjohn/Stillwater-Complex/Braggite.htm
  • Pennsylvania
    • Chester Co.
      • State Line Chromite District
Smith, II, R. C. and Barnes, J. H. (2011)
Zimbabwe
 
  • Masvingo
    • Chiredzi Mining District (Hartley Mining District)
      • Chiredzi
Chusi Li, Ripley, E.M., Oberthür, T., Miller, Jr., J.D., and Joslin, G.D. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 97-110.; Stribrny, B., Wellmer, F.-W., Burgath, K.-P., Oberthür, T., Tarkian, M., and Pfeiffer, T. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 260-281.; Allan H. Wilson and Martin D. Prendergast (2001) Platinum-Group Element Mineralisation in the Great Dyke, Zimbabwe, and its Relationship to Magma Evolution and Magma Chamber Structure. South African Journal of Geology, 104:319-342; Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Buchholz, P., & Locmelis, M. (2013). The oxidized ores of the Main Sulphide Zone, Great Dyke, Zimbabwe: turning resources into minable reserves-mineralogy is the key. Journal of the Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 113(3), 00-00.; LIU, J., JIN, S. and WANG, Y. (2014), The Occurrence of Useful Components in Platinum-Palladium Deposit in the Great Dyke, Zimbabwe. Acta Geologica Sinica, 88: 1466–1467
Oberthür, T., Weiser, T. W., Gast, L., & Kojonen, K. (2003). Geochemistry and mineralogy of platinum-group elements at Hartley Platinum Mine, Zimbabwe. Mineralium Deposita, 38(3), 327-343.
  • Midlands
    • Shurugwi District (Selukwe District)
Allan H. Wilson and Martin D. Prendergast (2001) Platinum-Group Element Mineralisation in the Great Dyke, Zimbabwe, and its Relationship to Magma Evolution and Magma Chamber Structure. South African Journal of Geology, 104:319-342
    • Zvishavane District
      • Zvishavane (Shabani; Shabanie; Shavani)
Allan H. Wilson and Martin D. Prendergast (2001) Platinum-Group Element Mineralisation in the Great Dyke, Zimbabwe, and its Relationship to Magma Evolution and Magma Chamber Structure. South African Journal of Geology, 104:319-342; Nashwa, Velaphi Moses. "The flotation of high talc-containing ore from the Great Dyke of Zimbabwe." (2008). MS Thesis
Mineral and/or Locality  
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