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Brazilianite

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Formula:
NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Chartreuse yellow, pale ...
Hardness:
Name:
Named by Frederick Harvey Pough and Edward Porter Henderson in 1945 for the type locality country, Brazil, where it was first found.

Classification of Brazilianite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
8.BK.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
K : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 2:1, 2.5:1
41.5.7.1

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
5 : (AB)2(XO4)Zq
19.8.2

19 : Phosphates
8 : Phosphates of Al and other metals
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First Recorded Occurrence of Brazilianite

Place of Conservation of First Recorded Material:
Smithsonian Institution 105048.
Year of Discovery:
1945
Geological Setting of First Recorded Material:
Granite pegmatite
Associated Minerals at First Recorded Locality:

Occurrences of Brazilianite

Geological Setting:
Phosphate zones in granitic pegmatites. Metamorphosed sedimentary deposits.

Physical Properties of Brazilianite

Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
Chartreuse yellow, pale yellow, yellow green, colourless; coloured varieties are colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Good on {010}
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
2.98 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.998 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Brazilianite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P2/b
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.229(6) Å, b = 10.142(5) Å, c = 7.098(4) Å
β = 97.7°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.107 : 1 : 0.7
Unit Cell Volume:
V 801.06 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Typically short prismatic, spearhead shaped, elongated [100], with large {011} and {111}. Also may exhibit {010}, {110}, {301}, and {101}. May also occur as radially-fibrous or globular.
Comment:
P21/n
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.04 (100)
3.77 (40)
2.98 (80)
2.87 (70)
2.73 (80)
2.68 (80)
1.44 (50)
Comments:
Also 41-407

Optical Data of Brazilianite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.602 nβ = 1.609 nγ = 1.621 - 1.623
2V:
Measured: 71° to 75°, Calculated: 72° to 76°
Birefringence:
0.020
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.019 - 0.021
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r < v perceptible
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of Brazilianite

Formula:
NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Brazilianite to other Species

8.BK.10MedenbachiteBi23+Fe3+(Cu,Fe3+)(AsO4)2(OH,O)4
8.BK.10NeustädteliteBi23+Fe3+(Fe3+,Co)2(AsO4)2(OH,O)4
8.BK.10CobaltneustädteliteBi23+Fe3+(Co,Fe3+)2(AsO4)2(OH,O)4
8.BK.15CuretoniteBa4Al3Ti(PO4)4(O,OH)6
8.BK.20HeyitePb5Fe22+(VO4)2O4
8.BK.25JamesitePb2Zn(Fe2+,Zn)2Fe43+(AsO4)4(OH)10
8.BK.25LulzaciteSr2Fe2+(Fe2+,Mg)2Al4(PO4)4(OH)10
19.8.1MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
19.8.3WarditeNaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
19.8.4TancoiteLiNa2Al(PO4)(HPO4)(OH)
19.8.5Bertossaite(Li,Na)2(Ca,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)4(OH,F)4
19.8.6TinsleyiteKAl2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
19.8.7Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
19.8.8FrancoanelliteK3Al5(PO4)2(HPO4)3 · 12H2O
19.8.9GordoniteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.8.10AldermaniteMg5Al12(PO4)8(OH)22 · 32H2O
19.8.11OveriteCaMgAl(PO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
19.8.12MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
19.8.14FoggiteCaAl(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
19.8.15GatumbaiteCaAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · H2O
19.8.16CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
19.8.17Matulaite(Fe3+,Al)Al7(PO4)4(PO3OH)2(OH)8(H2O)8 · 8H2O
19.8.19Lehiite
19.8.20Millisite(Na,K)CaAl6(PO4)4(OH)9 · 3H2O
19.8.21EnglishiteK3Na2Ca10Al15(PO4)21(OH)7 · 26H2O
19.8.22KleemaniteZnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2O
19.8.23MantienneiteKMg2Al2Ti(PO4)4(OH)3 · 15H2O
19.8.24PaulkerriteK(Mg,Mn2+)2(Fe3+,Al,Ti,Mg)2Ti(PO4)4(OH)3 · 15H2O

Other Names for Brazilianite

Name in Other Languages:
Italian:Brasilianite
Simplified Chinese:磷铝钠石
Spanish:Brazilianita
Traditional Chinese:磷鋁鈉石

Other Information

Other Information:
Slowly decomposed by HF and by hot H2SO4.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Brazilianite

Reference List:
Federico, M. (1949) Ricerche cristallografiche ed ottiche sulla Brasilianite. Periodico di Mineralogia – Roma: 33-39.

Pough and Henderson (1945) American Mineralogist: 30: 572-582.

Hurlbut and Weichel (1946) American Mineralogist: 31: 507.

Frondel, C. and M.L. Lindberg (1948) Second occurrence of brazilianite. American Mineralogist: 33: 135–141.

Pecora and Fahey (1949) American Mineralogist: 34: 83.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 841-843.

Gatehouse, B.M. and B.K. Miskin (1974) The crystal structure of brazilianite, NaAl3(PO4)2(OH)4. Acta Crystallographica: B30: 1311-1317.

Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.: 79.

Internet Links for Brazilianite

Specimens:
The following Brazilianite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Brazilianite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Salta
    • Nevados de Palermo
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); M. A. Galliski (1981). Estructura, mineralogía y génesis de las pegmatitas de El Quemado, Salta, República Argentina. Tesis doctoral, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba.; Galliski, M. A. (1983). Distrito minero El Quemado, Deptos. La Poma y Cachi, provincia de Salta. II. Geología de sus pegmatitas. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argentina, 38, 340-380.
Galliski, M. A., & Hawthorne, F. C. (2002). Refinement of the crystal structure of ushkovite from Nevados de Palermo, Republica Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 929-937.
Australia
 
  • Victoria
    • East Gippsland Shire
      • Omeo
        • Mt Wills Mining District
          • Glen Wills
Museum Victoria Natural Sciences Collection
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Millstatt lake ridge
      • Spittal
        • Millstatt lake
G. Niedermayr: Carinthia II 187./107.:176 (1997)
Walter, F. (2005)
        • Wolfsberg
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Brazil
 
  • Espírito Santo
Crystal Classics Co.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Doce Valley
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 842.
      • Divino das Laranjeiras
        • Linópolis
No reference listed
Cassedanne, J.P. (1983): Famous mineral localities: The Córrego Frio mine and vicinity, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record, 14 (4): 227-237; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 911; Mineralogical Record: 14: 233; Rocks & Minerals (1988): 63: 42.
Rob Lavinsky
Atencio et al (2005) Roscherite-Group Minerals from Brazil, Axis (Min Rec), Vol 1, #6, p.1 (2005)
Joe Freilich specimen
[MinRec 14:235]
Cassedanne, J.P. (1983): Famous minera localities: The Córrego Frio Mine and vicinity, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record 14: 227-237
[MinRec 14:235]
Cassedanne, J.P. (1983): Famous mineral localities: The Córrego Frio mine and vicinity, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record, 14 (4): 227-237 [ p.233-4]; Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:249
      • Mendes Pimentel
Atencio, D., Coutinho, J.M.V., Mascarenhas, Y.P., Ellena, J. (2006): Matioliite, the Mg-analog of burangaite, from Gentil mine, Mendes Pimentel, Minas Gerais, Brazil, and other occurrences. American Mineralogist, 91, 1932-1936.
Cassedanne, J.P. (1983): Famous mineral localities: The Córrego Frio mine and vicinity, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record, 14 (4): 227-237 [ p.233]
    • Jequitinhonha valley
      • Itinga
Van King
Natural History Museum Vienna collection
  • Paraíba
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Pedra Lavrada
Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
  • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Equador
      • Parelhas
Canada
 
  • Yukon Territory
    • Dawson Mining District
MinRec 23:4-47
[MinRec 23:18-19]
        • Kulan Camp (Area A; Area 1)
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Modris Baum specimens
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47.
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
China
 
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Yichun Prefecture
      • Yuanzhou District
        • Yichun complex (Yashan batholith)
Xudong Che, Rucheng Wang, Huan Hu, Wenlan Zhang, and Xiaolong Huang (2007): Acta Petrologica Sinica 23(6), 1552-1560
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Aš (Asch)
Breiter K., Škoda R., Veselovský F.: Neobvyklý P-, Li- a Sn-bohatý pegmatit z Vernéřova u Aše, Česká republika. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2009, roč. 17, č. 1, s. 41-59.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Žďár nad Sázavou
Novák, M.: Amblygonit a produkty jeho přeměny v Li pegmatitu z Rožné. Minerál, 2001, roč. 9, č. 5, s. 326-327
P. Pauliš (2001): Nejzajímavější naleziště Moravy a Slezska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora.
Finland
 
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Orivesi
      • Eräjärvi area
Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
France
 
  • Auvergne
    • Allier
      • Ébreuil
        • Échassières
NICOLAS, J. & de ROSEN, A. (1963): Le massif granitique des Colettes (Allier) et ses mineralizations. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie 86, 126-128.
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Waidhaus
        • Hagendorf
http://www.berthold-weber.de/h_miner.htm
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib District
      • Etiro Farm 50
http://portal.unesco.org/es/file_download.php/520f77b01696f95e88bb9e1ab0e64196Gondwana+Park+draft2corr.pdf.
Rwanda
 
  • Western Province
    • Gatumba District
Cook, Robert B. (2000) Brazilianite. Rocks & Minerals: January 2000; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV; Daltry, V.D.C. and O. von Knorring (1998) Type-Mineralogy of Rwanda with Particular Reference to the Buranga Pegmatite. Geologica Belgica 1:1-9
F. Hatert, P. Lefèvre, A.M. Fransolet, M.R. Spirlet, F. Fontan, P. Keller : "Ferrorosemaryite, []NaFe2+Fe3+Al(PO4)3, a new phosphate mineral from the Rubindi pegmatite, Rwanda", Bull. Liaison S.F.M.C., Vol. 16, 2004, pp 44-45.
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
      • Richtersveld
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Castile and Leon
    • Zamora
      • Villar del Buey
        • Pinilla de Fermoselle
Am Min 90:1887-1899
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Yavapai Co.
AmMin 67: 97-113 (1982)
  • Connecticut
    • Fairfield Co.
      • Ridgefield
        • Branchville
Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State, p.228.
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Portland
        • Collins Hill
          • Strickland pegmatite (Strickland-Cramer Quarry; Strickland-Cramer Mine; Strickland-Cramer Feldspar-Mica Quarries)
Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
  • Maine
    • Androscoggin Co.
      • Auburn
        • West Mount Apatite District
Dick Dionne
    • Oxford Co.
      • Greenwood
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 1.
      • Newry
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
      • Paris
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1.
  • New Hampshire
    • Cheshire Co.
      • Walpole
P. Cristofono, T. Mortimer, J.W. Nizamoff, A. Wilken, and R. Wilken (2011) The 38th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 14-17, 2011, lecture abstracts, page 17-18.
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
Rocks & Min. 65:359
Rocks & Minerals: 80: 252.
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
American Mineralogist (1948): 33: 135-141; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 842-843.; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130; USGS Prof Paper 353; American Mineralogist (1953): 38: 728-729.
    • Sullivan Co.
      • Newport
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 843.; American Mineralogist: 37: 931-940.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index; American Mineralogist (1953): 38: 728-729.
  • South Dakota
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone District
        • Keystone
Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
Zimbabwe
 
  • Mashonaland West
Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa. 35.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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