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Chromspinel

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Formula:
Mg(Al,Cr
3+
 
)
 
2
O
 
4
Name:For the chemical composition.
A variety of Spinel

A chromian variety of spinel containing a large proportion of Cr in substitution for Al. Compare magnesiochromite, the Mg-Cr end-member.

Classification of Chromspinel

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Chemical Properties of Chromspinel

Formula:
Mg(Al,Cr
3+
 
)
 
2
O
 
4
Simplified for copy/paste:Mg(Al,Cr3+)2O4
Essential elements:Al, Mg, O
All elements listed in formula:Al, Cr, Mg, O

Other Names for Chromspinel

Synonyms:
Chromian Spinel
Other Languages:
German:Chromspinell
Simplified Chinese:硬铬尖晶石

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Chromspinel

Reference List:

- +
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 692.

Osborne, M.D., Fleet, M.E., and Bancroft, G.M. (1981) Fe 2+ - Fe 3+ ordering in chromite and Cr-bearing spinels. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 77: 251-255.

Votyakov, S.L., Chashchukhin, I.S., Uimin, S.G., and Bykov, V.N. (1998) Oxygen thermometry and barometry of chromite-bearing ultramafic rocks, examples from the South Urals: I. Mössbauer Spectroscopy of chrome spinels and the problems of olivine-spinel thermometry. Geochemistry International: 36: 706-716.

Quintiliani, M., Andreozzi, G.B., and Graziani, G. (2006) Fe 2+ and Fe 3+ quantification by different approaches and fO2 estimation for Alabanian Cr-spinels. American Mineralogist: 91: 907-916.

Internet Links for Chromspinel

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  • Localities for Chromspinel

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Albania
     
    • Dibër County
      • Mat District
        • Bater-Martanesh District
          • Bulqiza Complex (Bulqiza Massif)
    American Mineralogist: 91: 907-916.
    American Mineralogist: 91: 907-916.
    American Mineralogist: 91: 907-916.
    American Mineralogist: 91: 907-916.
    • Elbasan County
      • Librazhd District
    American Mineralogist: 91: 907-916.
    Quintiliani, M., Andreozzi, G.B., and Graziani, G. (2006) Fe 2+ and Fe 3+ quantification by different approaches and fO2 estimation for Alabanian Cr-spinels. American Mineralogist: 91: 907-916.
    Argentina
     
    • San Luis
    Brodtkorb, Milka K. de (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la República Argentina. Tomo I. (Asociación Mineralógica Argentina)
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Buccleuch Co.
        • Tumut
    Wagga Wagga Mine Data Sheets, 1982
    Austria
     
    • Styria
      • Fischbacher Alpen
        • St. Jakob-Breitenau
          • Hochlantsch
    Tufar, W., Siewers, U. & Weber, Ch. (2008): Zur Genese der paläozoischen Spatmagnesit-Lagerstätte Breitenau am Hochlantsch (Grazer Paläozoikum, Steiermark, Österreich). Joannea - Mineralogie, 4, 5-52.
    Bosnia and Herzegovina
     
    • Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
      • Central Bosnia Canton
        • Busovača
          • Zagradski Creek
    Jurkoviae, I., Slovenec, D., and Namjesnik, K. (1993): Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece 28(3), 677-690.
      • Sarajevo Canton
        • Vareš
    Bermanec, V., Sijaric, G., Kniewald, G., and Mandarino, J.A. (2000): The Canadian Mineralogist 38, 1371-1376.
    Botswana
     
    • Central District
      • Letlhakane
    Stiefenhofer, J., Viljoen, K.S., and Marsh, J.S. (1997): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 127, 147-158.
    Brazil
     
    • Goiás
      • Sanclerlândia
    Candia, M.A.F., and Gaspar, J.C. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 60, 27-40.
    Candia, M.A.F., and Gaspar, J.C. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 60, 27-40.
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Liard Mining Division
    Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. British Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
    • Manitoba
      • Bird River area
    C. J. A. Coats, H. R. Stockford, and R. Buchan (1979) Geology of the Maskwa West nickel deposit, Manitoba Can Mineral, 17:309-318; C. J. A. Coats and R. Buchan (1979) Petrology of serpentinized metamorphic olivine, Bird River Sill, Manitoba Can Mineral, 17:847-855; Phillips, K. A. (1979) Minerals of Manitoba: Volume II: Metallic minerals. Manitoba Mineral Resources Division Educational Series 78/2.
    • Québec
      • Nord-du-Québec
        • Nunavik
          • Ungava
            • Abloviak fjord
    Sebastian Tappe, Stephen F. Foley, Bruce A. Kjarsgaard, Rolf L. Romer, Larry M. Heaman, Andreas Stracke, George A. Jenner, Between carbonatite and lamproite—Diamondiferous Torngat ultramafic lamprophyres formed by carbonate-fluxed melting of cratonic MARID-type metasomes, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 72, Issue 13, 1 July 2008, Pages 3258-3286
    China
     
    • Anhui Province
      • Lu'an Prefecture
        • Shou Co.
    Am. Min. , V 90, pp. 801-813, 2005 / Journal of Petrology, June 2004, V 45, N° 6, pp. 1125-1145.
    • Gansu Province
      • Jinchang Prefecture
        • Jinchuan District
    Ruiqi Wang (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(4), 45-47; Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Nuxia Song (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(3), 36-39; Barnes, S.J. and Zhong-Li, T. (1999): Economic Geology 94(3), 343-356
      • Jiuquan Prefecture
        • Aksai Co. (Aksay Co.; Akesai Co.)
    Peisheng Bao and Xibin Wang (1989): Mineral Deposits 8(1), 3-18
        • Subei Co.
    Jianguo Yang, Lei Wang, Xiaohong Wang, Xie Xie, and Zhengguang Qie (2012): Geological Bulletin of China 31(2/3), 448-454
    • Hebei Province
      • Chengde Prefecture
        • Luan River valley (Luanhe valley)
    Bilun Luo (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(3), 11-15
      • Tangshan Prefecture
        • Zunhua Co.
    Xia Qiongxia, Zhi Xiachen, Li Jianghai, and Huang Xiongnan (2003): Chinese Science Bulletin 49(23), 2515-2520.
    Xia Qiongxia, Zhi Xiachen, Li Jianghai, and Huang Xiongnan (2003): Chinese Science Bulletin 49(23), 2515-2520.
    • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
      • Alxa League (Alashan Prefecture)
        • Alxa Right Banner (Alashan Youqi)
    Xu Dongqing, Jiang Sihong, Zhang Jianhua, Hu Peng, Zhao Yongfa, Wang Yuecheng, and Lai Xinrong (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(3), 231-242
      • Xilin Gol League (Xilinguole Prefecture)
        • West Ujimqin Banner (Xiwuzhumuqin Co.)
          • Hegenshan Ophiolite
    Zhengyong Qin (1976): Geology and Prospecting 12(7), 21-29.
    • Jiangsu Province
      • Lianyungang Prefecture
        • Donghai Co.
    Jinsheng Wei, Zili Zheng, and Sisong Chen (1985): Acta Mineralogica Sinica (2), 184-186
      • Nanjing Prefecture
        • Luhe District
    Zhang, W.L., Chen, L.H., and Xu, X.S. (2007): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts, A 1160.
    • Jiangxi Province
      • Shangrao Prefecture
        • Yanshan Co. (Qianshan Co.)
    Rengui Wu and Dagan Yu (2000): Uranium Geology 16(4), 204-211
    • Jilin Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
      • Jilin Prefecture
        • Jiaohe Co.
    Rui Liu (2001): Geology and Prospecting 37(6), 17-19
    • Qinghai Province
      • Golog Autonomous Prefecture (Guoluo Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Maqên Co.
          • Dur'ngoi Ophiolite
    Guolian Duan (1998): Geology of Chemical Minerals 20(4), 287-294
      • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
        • Da Qaidam Co. (Dachaidan Co.)
    Shuguang Song, Lifei Zhang, Yaoling Niu, Li Su, Ping Jian, Dunyi Liu (2005): Earth and Planetary Science Letters 234, 99-118.
    • Shaanxi Province
      • Hanzhong Prefecture
        • Mian Co.
    Ruiting Wang, Ying He, Zhongli Tang, Dongsheng Wang, and Minwu Liu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 1041-1044
    • Shandong Province
      • Jiaodong Peninsula (Jiaodong Gold Province)
        • Weihai Prefecture
          • Rongcheng Co.
            • Macaokuang
    Yufeng Ren, Jingsui Yang, Tianfu Li, and Zhongming Zhang (2006): 3rd Annual Meeting of the Asia Oceania Geosciences Society (AOGS), July 10-14, 2006, Abstract 59-SE-A0302.
    • Sichuan Province
      • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
        • Huili Co.
    Yan Tao, Chusi Li, Xieyan Song, and Ripley, E.M. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 849-872
      • Ya'an Prefecture
        • Shimian Co.
    Shaoying Jiang, Guangrong Zhang, Hui'e Liang, and Weiqi Huang (1984): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 4(4), 296-302
    • Tibet Autonomous Region
      • Nagchu Prefecture (Naqu Prefecture)
        • Amdo Co. (Anduo Co.)
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
      • Ngari Prefecture
        • Burang Co. (Purang Co.; Pulan Co.)
    Fahui Xiong, Jingsui Yang, Zhao Liu, Guolin Guo, Songyong Chen, Xiangzhen Xu, Yuan Li, and Fei Liu (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(6), 1878-1908
        • Gêrzê Co. (Gaize Co.)
    Bao Peisheng, Xiao Xuchang, Su Li, and Wang Jun (2007): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 50(5), 660-671.
        • Rutog Co. (Ritu Co.)
    Rendeng Shi, Jinsui Yang, Zhiqin Xu, and Xuexiang Qi (2007): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 32(5/6), 438-457
      • Shannan Prefecture (Lhokha Prefecture; Lhoka Prefecture)
        • Qusum Co. (Qusong Co.)
    Wenji Bai, Robinson, P.T., Qingsong Fang, Jingsui Yang, Binggang Yan, Zhongming Zhang, Xufeng Hu, Meifu Zhou, and Malpas, J. (2000): Canadian Mineralogist 38(3), 585-598.
    • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
      • Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Ruoqiang Co. (Qakilik Co.; Chaqiliq Co.)
          • Pobei ore district
    Jingwen Mao, Pirajno, F., Zuoheng Zang, Fengmei Chai, Hua Wu, Shiping Chen, Linsong Cheng, Jianmin Yang, and Changqing Zhang (2007): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences (in press).
      • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
        • Hami Co. (Kumul Co.; Qumul Co.)
          • Baishiquan ore district
    Linshan Song, Lijin Wang, Gang Deng, Jun Li, and Fengmei Chai (2008): Metal Mine 381(3), 114-117
          • Huangshan-Jing'erquan ore belt
    Jingwen Mao, Pirajno, F., Zuoheng Zang, Fengmei Chai, Hua Wu, Shiping Chen, Linsong Cheng, Jianmin Yang, and Changqing Zhang (2007): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences (in press).
      • Kashi Prefecture (Kashgar Prefecture; Qeshqer Prefecture)
        • Bachu Co. (Maralbexi Co.; Maralbeshi Co.)
          • Wajiertage
    Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
        • Kargilik Co. (Yecheng Co.)
    Zhihong Wang, Shu Sun, Jiliang Li, and Quanlin Hou (2002): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 143, 471-483.
      • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Tacheng Prefecture (Tarbaghatay Prefecture)
          • Tuoli Co. (Toli Co.)
            • Sartohay (Sartokay; Sartuohai; Saertuohai)
    Kobayashi, S., and Kaneda, H. (2010): Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 105(3), 112-122
    • Yunnan Province
      • Honghe Autonomous Prefecture
        • Gejiu Co.
    Fusheng Dai (1990): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 9(3), 224-233
        • Jinping Co.
    Chuanjie Pu, Dexian Qin, Hong Nian, Xueshu Zhang, Pirajno, F., and Zhuguo Fan (2007): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 26(4), 374-383.
    Egypt
     
    • Red Sea Governorate
      • Eastern Desert
        • Barramiya
    Ahmed, A.H., Arai, S., and Attia, A.K. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 72-84.
        • Bir Bitan
    Ahmed, A.H., Arai, S., and Attia, A.K. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 72-84.
        • El Galala
    Ahmed, A.H., Arai, S., and Attia, A.K. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 72-84.
    Helmy, H.M., and Mogessie, A. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 58-71.
    Ahmed, A.H., Arai, S., and Attia, A.K. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 72-84.
    Ahmed, A.H., Arai, S., and Attia, A.K. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 72-84.
    Ahmed, A.H., Arai, S., and Attia, A.K. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 72-84.
    Ahmed, A.H., Arai, S., and Attia, A.K. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 72-84.
    Ahmed, A.H., Arai, S., and Attia, A.K. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 72-84.
    France
     
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Hérault
        • Montpellier
    N. Cabanes and J.C.C. Mercier, Bull. Minéral. , 1988, 111, pp. 65-77.
    Germany
     
    • Bavaria
      • Franconia
        • Münchberg Metamorphic complex
          • Oberkotzau
            • Wurlitz
    Rost, F. (1949): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 1(5/6), 627-688.
    Greenland
     
    • Sermersooq
      • Nuuk (Godthåb)
    Petersen, O. V. & Secher, K. (1993): The Minerals of Greenland. Mineralogical Record 24 (2): 1-67
    India
     
    • Andaman and Nicobar Islands
      • Andaman Islands
    Ghosh, B. & Morishita, T. (2011): Andradite-uvarovite solid solution from hydrothermally altered podiform chromitite, Rutland ophiolite, Andaman, India. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 573-580
    Italy
     
    • Basilicata
      • Potenza Province
        • Melfi
          • Vulture Mount
    Stoppa, F., and Woolley, A.R. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 59, 43-67
    • Liguria
      • Genova Province
    Can. Miner. 35, 899-908 (1997)
    • Piedmont
      • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
        • Different Municipalities
    Zaccarini, F., Stumpfl, E.F., and Garuti, G. (2004) Zirconolite and Zr-Th-U minerals in chromitites of the Finero complex, Western Alps, Italy: evidence for carbonatite-type metasomatism in a subcontinental mantle plume. Canadian Mineralogist, 42, 1825-1845.
    • Umbria
      • Terni Province
        • San Venanzo
    Stoppa, F., Sharygin, V.V., and Cundari, A. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 61, 27-45.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chugoku Region
        • Tottori Prefecture
          • Hino-gun
            • Nichinan-cho
    Bamba, Takeo (1978) The Alpine Chrome Ores from Japan. Jour. Fac. Sci., Hokkaido Univ., Ser. lV, vol. 18, nos. 1-2, Feb., 1978, 167-179
    Arai et al (1999) Mineralogical Magazine, 63, 369-377.
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
      • Kalba Range
    Kovalev, K.R., Kalinin, Y.A., Naumov, E.A., Pirajno, F., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 186-205.
    Madagascar
     
    • Antananarivo Province
      • Vakinankaratra Region
        • Antsirabé 2 District
    Rakotondrazafy, A.F.M., Giuliani, G., Ohnenstetter, D., Fallick, A.E., Rakotosamizanany, S., Andriamamonjy, A., Ralantoarison, T., Razanatseheno, M., Offant, Y., Garnier, V., Maluski, H., Dunaigre, C., Schwarz, D., and Ratrimo, V. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 134-154.
    • Mahajanga Province (Majunga)
      • Betsiboka Region
        • Tsaratanàna District
          • Andriamena Commune
    McDonald, I., Ohnenstetter, D., Ohnenstetter, M., and Vaughan, D.J. (1999): Palladium oxides in ultramafic complexes near Lavatrafo, western Andriamena, Madagascar. Mineralogical Magazine. 63: 345-352.
    Morocco
     
    • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
      • Ouarzazate Province
        • Tazenakht
    S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
    Pacific Ocean
     
    • East Pacific Rise
    Matsukage, K., and Arai, S. (1998): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 131, 111-122.
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Gogołów-Jordanów Massif
    Georg Horninger (1940): Beobachtungen am Erzinhalt von Gesteinen und an Chromerz aus Tampadel in Schlesien. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie 52, 315-346.
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
        • Daldyn-Alakit kimberlite field
          • Alakit-Markha
    Zinchuk, N.N., and Koptil, V.I. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(4), 308-317.
    Zinchuk, N.N., and Koptil, V.I. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(4), 308-317.
          • Daldyn
    Boyd, F.R., Pokhilenko, N.P., Pearson, D.G., Mertzman, S.A., Sobolev, N.V., and Finger, L.W. (1997): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 128, 228-246.
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Khabarovskiy Kray
        • Ayan-Maya district
          • Aldan shield
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Kovdor Massif
    Vorontsova, V. P. (2011). Dykes of the Kuru Vaara deposit in the Kola alkaline province. Moscow University Geology Bulletin, 66(2), 146-149.
    • Urals Region
      • Middle Urals
        • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
          • Ekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk)
            • Malyshevo
    E. Y. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of Gems, 82-83
          • Isovsky District
    [MinRec 31:203]
      • Southern Urals
        • Bashkortostan Republic (Bashkiria Republic)
    F. Zaccarini et al. , The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 42, pp. 545-562 (2004).
        • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
          • Ilmen Mts
            • Ilmen Natural Reserve
    The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 39, pp. 1095-1104 (2001)
          • Magnitogorsk
            • Sakhara District (Sakharinskii)
    Mikhailov, B.M. (2000): Lithology and Mineral Resources 35(4), 351-364.
        • Orenburgskaya Oblast'
          • Svetlyi
            • Buruktal District
    Mikhailov, B.M. (2000): Lithology and Mineral Resources 35(4), 351-364.
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Brezno Co.
        • Beňuš
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    Rojkovič I. & Hovorka D., 1979: Relation of ore mineralization to geochemistry of the West Carpathian ultramafic massifs. Geol. Zbor. Geol. Carpath., 30, 4, 449-462.
    Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
      • Poltár Co.
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
      • Revúca Co.
    Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
        • Ploské
          • Hámor - Forovo
    Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    • Košice Region
      • Gelnica Co.
        • Jaklovce (Jeckelsdorf)
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
      • Košice Co.
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
        • Medzev (Metzenseifen)
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
      • Rožňava Co.
    Pauliš P., Ďuďa R., 2002:Nejznámejší mineralogická nalezište Slovenska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora, 136p
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
      • Spišská Nová Ves Co.
    Ďuďa R., Peterec D., 1995 : Die Mineralien der siderit - baryt lagersttäte von Rudňany ( Kotterbach ) in der Slowakei. Mineralien Welt /Haltern/, 1, s.20 - 31
    • Prešov Region
      • Prešov Co.
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    South Africa
     
    • Limpopo Province
      • Bushveld Complex
        • Burgersfort
          • Sekhukhuneland
    South African Journal of Geology, Dec. 2004, V 107, N 4, pp. 505-520.
    South African Journal of Geology, Dec. 2004, V 107, N 4, pp. 505-520.
    • Mpumalanga Province
      • Eastern Bushveld Complex
        • Lydenburg
    South African Journal of Geology, Dec. 2004, V 107, N 4, pp. 505-520.
    South African Journal of Geology, Dec. 2004, V 107, N 4, pp. 505-520.
    • Northern Cape Province
      • Francis Baard District
        • Kimberley
    S.E. Haggerty, J.R. Smyth, A.J. Erlank, R.S. Rickard, R.V. Danchin: Amer. Mineral. 68:494-505 (1983)
    S.E. Haggerty, J.R. Smyth, A.J. Erlank, R.S. Rickard, R.V. Danchin: Amer. Mineral. 68:494-505 (1983)
    Spain
     
    • Castile-La Mancha
      • Ciudad Real
        • Almadén District
          • Almadenejos
    Hernández, A., Jébrak, M., Higueras, P., Oyarzun, R., Morata, D., and Munhá, J. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 539-548.
    Switzerland
     
    • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
      • Albula Valley
        • Landwasser Valley
          • Davos
            • Wolfgang
    Peters, T. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 18, 65-75.
      • Engadin
        • Sils im Engadin
    Philipp R. (1983): Die Kupfervererzung von Blaunca, Sils-Oberengadin. Bergknappe 26, 20-24.
    Taiwan
     
    • Taiwan Province
      • Penghu Co.
    S.L. Hwang et al. , Bull. Minéral. , 1988, 111, pp. 457-469.
    Turkey
     
    • Aegean Region
      • Manisa Province
        • Turgutlu
    Thorne, R., Herrington, R., and Roberts, S. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 581-595
    UK
     
    • Scotland
      • North West Highlands (Inverness-shire)
        • Isle of Rum
    Power, M.R., Pirrie, D., Andersen, J.C.O., and Butcher, A.R. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 762-775.
    USA
     
    • Arkansas
      • Pike Co.
        • Murfreesboro
    Am. Mineral. 83:1323-1329 (1998)
    • California
      • Stanislaus Co.
        • Diablo Range
          • Black Wonder District
            • Red Mountain
    Himmelberg, G.R. and Coleman, R.G. (1968) Chemistry of primary minerals and rocks from the Red Mountain-Del Puerto ultramafic mass, California. USGS Prof. Paper 600-C: 20-24; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 148.
    • Hawaii
      • Honolulu Co.
        • Oahu Island
          • Koolau Range (Koolau caldera)
    B. De Vivo et al. , Bull. Minéral. , 1988, 111, pp. 307-319.
    • Washington
      • Kittitas Co.
        • Kachess Lake
    Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; Derkey, Joseph, Lasmanis
    Venezuela
     
    • Bolívar
    Canadian Mineralogist (2000) Vol. 38, pp. 1347-137
    Vietnam
     
    • Cao Bang Province
      • Cao Bang District
    Glotov, A.I., Polyakov, G.V., Tran Trong Hoa, Ngô Thi Phuong, Izokh, A.E., Kovyazin, S.V., Balykin, P.A., Hoang Huu Thanh, Bui An Nien, and Pham Thi Dung (2006): Russian Geology and Geophysics 47(7), 821-834
    Zimbabwe
     
    • Matabeleland South
      • Beitbridge District
    Kopylova, M.G., Gurney, J.J., and Daniels, L.R.M. (1997): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 129, 366-384.
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