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Brianyoungite

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Formula:
Zn
 
3
(CO
 
3
,SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
Ration CO3:SO4 ~ 3:1.
System:MonoclinicColour:White, colourless
Hardness:2 - 2½
Name:For Brian Young (b. 1947), British Geological Survey.


A secondary zinc carbonate-sulphate visually similar to hydrozincite.

Classification of Brianyoungite

IMA status:Approved 1991
Strunz 8th edition ID:5/C.01-105
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:5.BF.30

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
F : With (Cl), SO4, PO4, TeO3
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Type Occurrence of Brianyoungite

Type Locality:Brownley Hill Mine (Bloomsberry Horse Level), Nenthead, Alston Moor District, North Pennines, North and Western Region (Cumberland), Cumbria, England, UK
Year of Discovery:1991

Physical Properties of Brianyoungite

Lustre:Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent
Colour:White, colourless
Streak:White
Hardness (Mohs):2 - 2½
Density (measured):3.93 - 4.09 g/cm3
Density (calculated):4.11 g/cm3

Crystallography of Brianyoungite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:P21/m
Cell Parameters:a = 15.724Å, b = 6.256Å, c = 5.427Å
β = 90°
Ratio:a:b:c = 2.513 : 1 : 0.867
Unit Cell Volume:V 533.85 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Morphology:Thin tapering blades elongated along [001]; crystals intergrown to form rosettes.
Comment:Crystal structure unknown; monoclinic or orthorhombic - space group assumed to be either P21/m, P21 or P2221.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
15.44 (100)
7.88 (100)
5.25 (20)
2.714 (40)
2.577 (20)
2.397 (20)
1.565 (30b)

Optical Data of Brianyoungite

Type:Biaxial
RI values: nα = 1.635 nβ = 1.650
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 1.635

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Dispersion:r > v
Comments:gamma and 2V not determined.

Chemical Properties of Brianyoungite

Formula:
Zn
 
3
(CO
 
3
,SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4


Ration CO3:SO4 ~ 3:1.
Simplified for copy/paste:Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Essential elements:C, H, O, Zn
All elements listed in formula:C, H, O, S, Zn
Empirical Formula:
Zn2.93[(CO3)0.75(SO4)0.28]Σ=1.03(OH)3.97

Relationship of Brianyoungite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
5.BF.05Ferrotychite
Na
 
6
(Fe,Mn,Mg)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
5.BF.05Manganotychite
Na
 
6
Mn
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
5.BF.05Northupite
Na
 
3
Mg(CO
 
3
)
 
2
Cl
5.BF.05Tychite
Na
 
6
Mg
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
5.BF.10Bonshtedtite
Na
 
3
Fe
2+
 
(CO
 
3
)(PO
 
4
)
5.BF.10Bradleyite
Na
 
3
Mg(CO
 
3
)(PO
 
4
)
5.BF.10Crawfordite
Na
 
3
Sr(CO
 
3
)(PO
 
4
)
5.BF.10Sidorenkite
Na
 
3
Mn
2+
 
(CO
 
3
)(PO
 
4
)
5.BF.15Daqingshanite-(Ce)
(Sr,Ca,Ba)
 
3
(Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)
 
3-x
(PO
 
4
)(OH,F)
 
2x
5.BF.20Reederite-(Y)
(Na,Mn)
 
15
Y
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
9
(FSO
 
3
)Cl
5.BF.25Mineevite-(Y)
Na
 
25
Ba(Y,Gd,Dy)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
11
(HCO
 
3
)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
F
 
2
Cl
5.BF.35Philolithite
Pb
 
12
Mn
2+
 
(Mg,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)O
 
6
(OH)
 
12
Cl
 
4
5.BF.40Leadhillite
Pb
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
5.BF.40Macphersonite
Pb
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
5.BF.40Susannite
Pb
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2

Other Names for Brianyoungite

Synonyms:
IMA1991-053
Other Languages:
German:Brianyoungit
Simplified Chinese:布里扬石
羟硫碳锌石
Spanish:Brianyoungita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Brianyoungite

Reference List:

- +
New Mins. (1997), New Minerals 1990-1994.

Livingstone, A. and Champness, P. E. (1993): Brianyoungite, a new mineral related to hydrozincite, from the north of England orefield. Mineralogical Magazine: 57, 665-670.

Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1994): Brianyoungit, ein neues basisches Zink-Carbonat. Teil I: Sieben Fundstellen in Westdeutschland. Lapis, 19 (5), 24-27.

Internet Links for Brianyoungite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Brianyoungite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Brianyoungite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Yancowinna Co.
        • Broken Hill
    BIRCH, W.D. (ed.). 1999. Minerals of Broken Hill
    BIRCH, W.D. (ed.). 1999. Minerals of Broken Hill
    Austria
     
    • Styria
      • Murau
        • Teufenbach
    Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2007)
    • Tyrol
      • North Tyrol
        • Inn valley
          • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
            • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
              • Geyer - Silberberg District
                • Silberberg
    R. Poeverlein and J. Gröbner (2007): "Der Bergbau Geyer bei Rattenberg in Tirol und seine Mineralien", Lapis 32(2), 34-38.
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
        • Příbram
    RÜSENBERG, K. A. & PAULIŠ, P. (1996): Umbildungen und Neubildungen in den Schlackehalden der Blei- und Silberhütte von Příbram/ČR. Aufschluss 47, 267-287 (in German).
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Olomouc Region
        • Zlaté Hory (Zuckmantel)
    Pauliš, P. (2012), Neues Mineral Fund in den mährischen und schlesischen mineralogische Fundstellen Kutná Hora: Kuttna.
    France
     
    • Auvergne
      • Haute-Loire
        • Pinols
          • Pinols
    http://micromineral.geoglob-market.com/catalogue/
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Ariège
    Raman Spectroscopy by Ivano Rocchetti
    Patrice Queneau Collection
      • Aveyron
        • Villefranche-de-Rouergue
    Patrice Queneau Collection
      • Haute-Garonne
    "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
    Germany
     
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
          • Bockswies veins
            • Oberschulenberg
    No reference listed
        • Goslar
          • Astfeld
    No reference listed
          • Grane Reservoir
    No reference listed
        • St Andreasberg District
          • Oder valley
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    No reference listed
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Bergisches Land
        • Engelskirchen
          • Loope
    Habel, B. & Linder, R. (2009): Die Grube "Castor" bei Loope und ihre Mineralien. Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 10-23
      • Sauerland
        • Meschede
          • Ramsbeck
    No reference listed
    Min. Mag.:57:665-670.
      • Siegerland
        • Eiserfeld
          • Kohlenbach Valley
    Henrich, M. (2009): Mineralien-Welt 20 (5), 14-27.
        • Müsen
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    Der Aufschluss 2000(2), 71-123
        • Niederschelden
    Heinrich, M. & Reinhardt, M. (2011): Die Mineralien der Kobaltgrube "Alte Buntekuh" bei Niederschelden im Siegerland. Mineralien Welt. 22 (3): 14-27; SCHNORRER, G. (1995): Mineralogische Neuheiten von bekannten deutschen Fundorten. Lapis 20 (12), 43-48; 62.
        • Wilnsdorf
    Lapis, 19 (5), 24 and Mineralien-Welt 17, (4), 36-37; Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 24-26
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Lahn valley
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
          • Frücht
    Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
      • Siegerland
        • Niederfischbach
          • Niederndorf
    Henrich, J. M. (2007: Die Mineralien der Grube Fürst Moritz bei Niederndorf. Mineralien-Welt 18 (4), 20-26. (in German)
    • Saxony-Anhalt
      • Harz
        • Wernigerode
          • Hasserode
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Annaberg District
          • Königswalde
    J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2006): Neufunde aus dem Erzgebirge (II). Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 22-27.
        • Breitenbrunn District
          • Breitenbrunn
    T. Witzke (1994): Brianyoungit, ein neues basisches Zink-Carbonat. Teil II: Sechs Fundstellen in Ostdeutschland.- Lapis 19, 5, 28
        • Freiberg District
          • Brand-Erbisdorf
    XRD analysis (T. Witzke)
          • Freiberg
            • Himmelfahrt Mine
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Marienberg District
          • Wolkenstein
    Haake, R., Flach, S., Bode, R. (1994): Mineralien und Fundstellen Deutschland, Teil 2, S.71-75.
        • Schwarzenberg District
          • Beierfeld
    T. Witzke (1994): Brianyoungit, ein neues basisches Zink-Carbonat. Teil II: Sechs Fundstellen in Ostdeutschland.- Lapis 19, 5, 28; [MinRec 30:203]
          • Pöhla
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
    LAPIS 24 (7/8) 1999; Wendel, W. and Markl, G. (1999) Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24 (7/8):34-52
    No reference listed
    J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
          • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
    Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion. Mineralien-Welt 9 (2), 46-48 (in German).
          • Sounion area
    Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion. Mineralien-Welt 9 (2), 46-48 (in German).
    Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999); J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
    Italy
     
    • Sardinia
      • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
        • Nuxis
    "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)": The specimen is identical to brianyoungite of the near San Pietro mine (Nuxis), analysed by Raman spettroscopy.
          • Tamara Mt.
    IR analysis at Zannato Museum of Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza)
    • Trentino-Alto Adige
      • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
        • Isarco Valley (Eisack Valley)
          • Ridanna Valley (Ridnaun Valley)
    Giorgio Bortolozzi collection (Raman spectroscopic analysis by Ivano Rocchetti)
      • Trento Province
        • Mocheni Valley
          • Palù del Fersina
    Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)
        • Valsugana
          • Roncegno
    -Bortolozzi G., Blass G., Boscardin M., Rocchetti I. and Ferretti P. (2013): La Miniera di Cinquevalli (Valsugana, Trentino-Alto Adige): aggiornamento sulle specie accertate negli ultimi anni. Studi Trent. Sci. Nat., 93, pagg. 149-165.
    • Veneto
      • Vicenza Province
        • Torrebelvicino
          • Contrada Trentini
    XRD analysis at Euratom of Ispra (Varese) (IR confirmation)
          • Mercanti Valley
            • Monte Trisa Mines
    - Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Kinki Region
        • Osaka Prefecture
          • Minoh (Minoo)
            • Onsen-cho
    Chigaku-Kenkyu 50:137-159 (2001)
    Namibia
     
    • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
      • Tsumeb
    [mineralmining.com - pers comm.]
    Norway
     
    • Buskerud
      • Drammen
        • Konnerud
    Raade, G.(1995): Secondary Zn and Cu minerals from contact deposits of the Oslo region, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skrift. 9, 18-26
      • Modum
        • Åmot
    Raade,G.(1995): "Secondary Zn and Cu minerals from contact deposits of the Oslo region, Norway".Bergverksmuseet Skrift nr 9, 18-26
    • Oppland
      • Lunner
        • Grua
          • Grua Mining District
    Knut Eldjarn
    Raade,G.(1995): "Secondary Zn and Cu minerals from contact deposits of the Oslo region, Norway".Bergverksmuseet Skrift nr 9, 18-26
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Banská Štiavnica Co.
    Martin Števko-unpublished, PXRD confirmed
    • Košice Region
      • Rožňava Co.
        • Ochtiná (Achten)
    Martin Števko-unpublished, PXRD confirmed
    • Trenčín Region
      • Prievidza Co.
    Martin Števko-unpublished, PXRD and FT-IR confirmed
    Slovenia
     
    • Radlje ob Dravi (Mahrenberg)
    - Žorž, Z., Moser, B. (2002): Remšnik - zgodovina, geologija, minerali / Geschichte, Geologie, Mineralien. Ravne na Koroškem: Voranc, 2002 (In Slovenian and German language)
    Spain
     
    • Murcia
      • Cartagena
        • Sierra Minera de Cartagena-La Unión
          • Llano del Beal
    Calvo, M. (2012): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V, Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 pp.
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cumbria
        • City of Carlisle District
          • Tindale (Tindale Fell)
    Braithwaite, R.S.W., Lamb, R.P.H. and Nattrass, A.L. (2006): Secondary species associated with weathering of industrial residues at Tindale Fell Spelter Works, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society 9, 61-64.
        • North and Western Region (Cumberland)
          • Caldbeck Fells
    Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006; Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
    Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
          • North Pennines
            • Alston Moor District
              • Nenthead
    Min.Mag.(1993) 57, 665-670; BMS Collection
    Min.Mag.: 57:665-670.
    • Wales
      • Ceredigion (Dyfed; Cardiganshire)
        • Ceulanymaesmawr
          • Bontgoch (Elerch)
    Russell Society Journal No8
        • Upper Llanfihangell-y-Creuddyn
          • Pontrhydygroes
    Journal of the Russell Society No 8.
    USA
     
    • Illinois
      • Vermilion Co.
        • Danville
          • Hegeler
    Piatak, N. M. & Seal, R. R., II (2010): Mineralogy and the release of trace elements from slag from the Hegeler Zinc smelter, Illinois (USA). Applied Geochemistry, 25, 302-320.
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