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Brianyoungite

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Formula:
Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Ratio CO3:SO4 ~ 3:1.
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
White, colourless
Hardness:
2 - 2½
Name:
For Brian Young (b. 1947), British Geological Survey.
A secondary zinc carbonate-sulphate visually similar to hydrozincite.

Classification of Brianyoungite

Approved 1991
5/C.01-105
5.BF.30

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
F : With (Cl), SO4, PO4, TeO3
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Type Occurrence of Brianyoungite

Year of Discovery:
1991

Physical Properties of Brianyoungite

Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent
Colour:
White, colourless
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
2 - 2½
Density:
3.93 - 4.09 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.11 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Brianyoungite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 15.724Å, b = 6.256Å, c = 5.427Å
β = 90°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 2.513 : 1 : 0.867
Unit Cell Volume:
V 533.85 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Thin tapering blades elongated along [001]; crystals intergrown to form rosettes.
Comment:
Crystal structure unknown; monoclinic or orthorhombic - space group assumed to be either P21/m, P21 or P2221.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
15.44 (100)
7.88 (100)
5.25 (20)
2.714 (40)
2.577 (20)
2.397 (20)
1.565 (30b)

Optical Data of Brianyoungite

Type:
Biaxial
RI values:
nα = 1.635 nβ = 1.650
Max Birefringence:
δ = 1.635
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v
Comments:
gamma and 2V not determined.

Chemical Properties of Brianyoungite

Formula:
Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4

Ratio CO3:SO4 ~ 3:1.
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Empirical Formula:
Zn2.93[(CO3)0.75(SO4)0.28]Σ=1.03(OH)3.97

Relationship of Brianyoungite to other Species

5.BF.05FerrotychiteNa6(Fe,Mn,Mg)2(CO3)4(SO4)
5.BF.05ManganotychiteNa6Mn2(CO3)4(SO4)
5.BF.05NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
5.BF.05TychiteNa6Mg2(CO3)4(SO4)
5.BF.10BonshtedtiteNa3Fe2+(CO3)(PO4)
5.BF.10BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
5.BF.10CrawforditeNa3Sr(CO3)(PO4)
5.BF.10SidorenkiteNa3Mn2+(CO3)(PO4)
5.BF.15Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
5.BF.20Reederite-(Y)(Na,Mn)15Y2(CO3)9(FSO3)Cl
5.BF.25Mineevite-(Y)Na25Ba(Y,Gd,Dy)2(CO3)11(HCO3)4(SO4)2F2Cl
5.BF.35PhilolithitePb12Mn2+(Mg,Mn2+)2(Mn2+,Mg)4(CO3)4(SO4)O6(OH)12Cl4
5.BF.40LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
5.BF.40MacphersonitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
5.BF.40SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2

Other Names for Brianyoungite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Brianyoungite

Reference List:
New Mins. (1997), New Minerals 1990-1994.

Livingstone, A. and Champness, P. E. (1993): Brianyoungite, a new mineral related to hydrozincite, from the north of England orefield. Mineralogical Magazine: 57, 665-670.

Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1994): Brianyoungit, ein neues basisches Zink-Carbonat. Teil I: Sieben Fundstellen in Westdeutschland. Lapis, 19 (5), 24-27.

Internet Links for Brianyoungite

Localities for Brianyoungite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill
BIRCH, W.D. (ed.). 1999. Minerals of Broken Hill
BIRCH, W.D. (ed.). 1999. Minerals of Broken Hill
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Murau
      • Teufenbach
Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2007)
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
          • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
            • Geyer - Silberberg District
              • Silberberg
R. Poeverlein and J. Gröbner (2007): "Der Bergbau Geyer bei Rattenberg in Tirol und seine Mineralien", Lapis 32(2), 34-38.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Příbram
RÜSENBERG, K. A. & PAULIŠ, P. (1996): Umbildungen und Neubildungen in den Schlackehalden der Blei- und Silberhütte von Příbram/ČR. Aufschluss 47, 267-287 (in German).
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Olomouc Region
      • Zlaté Hory (Zuckmantel)
Pauliš, P. (2012), Neues Mineral Fund in den mährischen und schlesischen mineralogische Fundstellen Kutná Hora: Kuttna.
France
 
  • Auvergne
    • Haute-Loire
      • Pinols
        • Pinols
http://micromineral.geoglob-market.com/catalogue/
  • Midi-Pyrénées
    • Ariège
Raman Spectroscopy by Ivano Rocchetti
Patrice Queneau Collection
    • Aveyron
      • Villefranche-de-Rouergue
Patrice Queneau Collection
    • Haute-Garonne
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
      • Aure Valley
Patrice Queneau Collection
Germany
 
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Bockswies veins
          • Oberschulenberg
No reference listed
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
No reference listed
        • Grane Reservoir
No reference listed
      • St Andreasberg District
        • Oder valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Bergisches Land
      • Engelskirchen
        • Loope
Habel, B. & Linder, R. (2009): Die Grube "Castor" bei Loope und ihre Mineralien. Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 10-23
    • Sauerland
      • Meschede
        • Ramsbeck
No reference listed
Min. Mag.:57:665-670.
    • Siegerland
      • Eiserfeld
        • Kohlenbach Valley
Henrich, M. (2009): Mineralien-Welt 20 (5), 14-27.
      • Müsen
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Der Aufschluss 2000(2), 71-123
      • Niederschelden
Heinrich, M. & Reinhardt, M. (2011): Die Mineralien der Kobaltgrube "Alte Buntekuh" bei Niederschelden im Siegerland. Mineralien Welt. 22 (3): 14-27; SCHNORRER, G. (1995): Mineralogische Neuheiten von bekannten deutschen Fundorten. Lapis 20 (12), 43-48; 62.
      • Wilnsdorf
Lapis, 19 (5), 24 and Mineralien-Welt 17, (4), 36-37; Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 24-26
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Lahn valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Frücht
Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
    • Siegerland
      • Niederfischbach
        • Niederndorf
Henrich, J. M. (2007: Die Mineralien der Grube Fürst Moritz bei Niederndorf. Mineralien-Welt 18 (4), 20-26. (in German)
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Wernigerode
        • Hasserode
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Annaberg District
        • Königswalde
J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2006): Neufunde aus dem Erzgebirge (II). Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 22-27.
      • Breitenbrunn District
        • Breitenbrunn
T. Witzke (1994): Brianyoungit, ein neues basisches Zink-Carbonat. Teil II: Sechs Fundstellen in Ostdeutschland.- Lapis 19, 5, 28
      • Freiberg District
        • Brand-Erbisdorf
XRD analysis (T. Witzke)
Thomas Witzke specimen, Photo ID: 12156
        • Freiberg
          • Himmelfahrt Mine
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Marienberg District
        • Wolkenstein
Haake, R., Flach, S., Bode, R. (1994): Mineralien und Fundstellen Deutschland, Teil 2, S.71-75.
      • Schwarzenberg District
        • Beierfeld
T. Witzke (1994): Brianyoungit, ein neues basisches Zink-Carbonat. Teil II: Sechs Fundstellen in Ostdeutschland.- Lapis 19, 5, 28; [MinRec 30:203]
        • Pöhla
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
LAPIS 24 (7/8) 1999; Wendel, W. and Markl, G. (1999) Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24 (7/8):34-52
No reference listed
J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
        • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion. Mineralien-Welt 9 (2), 46-48 (in German).
        • Sounion area
Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion. Mineralien-Welt 9 (2), 46-48 (in German).
Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999); J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Nuxis
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)": The specimen is identical to brianyoungite of the near San Pietro mine (Nuxis), analysed by Raman spettroscopy.
        • Tamara Mt.
IR analysis at Zannato Museum of Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza)
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
      • Isarco Valley (Eisack Valley)
        • Ridanna Valley (Ridnaun Valley)
Giorgio Bortolozzi collection (Raman spectroscopic analysis by Ivano Rocchetti)
    • Trento Province
      • Mocheni Valley
        • Palù del Fersina
Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Valsugana
        • Roncegno
-Bortolozzi G., Blass G., Boscardin M., Rocchetti I. and Ferretti P. (2013): La Miniera di Cinquevalli (Valsugana, Trentino-Alto Adige): aggiornamento sulle specie accertate negli ultimi anni. Studi Trent. Sci. Nat., 93, pagg. 149-165.
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Torrebelvicino
        • Contrada Trentini
XRD analysis at Euratom of Ispra (Varese) (IR confirmation)
        • Mercanti Valley
          • Monte Trisa Mines
- Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Niigata Prefecture
        • Uonuma City
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
    • Kinki Region
      • Osaka Prefecture
        • Minoh (Minoo)
          • Onsen-cho
Chigaku-Kenkyu 50:137-159 (2001)
Namibia
 
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
[mineralmining.com - pers comm.]
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Drammen
      • Konnerud
Raade, G.(1995): Secondary Zn and Cu minerals from contact deposits of the Oslo region, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skrift. 9, 18-26
    • Modum
      • Åmot
Raade,G.(1995): "Secondary Zn and Cu minerals from contact deposits of the Oslo region, Norway".Bergverksmuseet Skrift nr 9, 18-26
  • Oppland
    • Lunner
      • Grua
        • Grua Mining District
Knut Eldjarn
Raade,G.(1995): "Secondary Zn and Cu minerals from contact deposits of the Oslo region, Norway".Bergverksmuseet Skrift nr 9, 18-26
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Štiavnica Co.
Martin Števko-unpublished, PXRD confirmed
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Ochtiná (Achten)
Martin Števko-unpublished, PXRD confirmed
  • Trenčín Region
    • Prievidza Co.
Martin Števko-unpublished, PXRD and FT-IR confirmed
Slovenia
 
  • Radlje ob Dravi (Mahrenberg)
- Žorž, Z., Moser, B. (2002): Remšnik - zgodovina, geologija, minerali / Geschichte, Geologie, Mineralien. Ravne na Koroškem: Voranc, 2002 (In Slovenian and German language)
Spain
 
  • Murcia
    • Cartagena
      • Sierra Minera de Cartagena-La Unión
        • Llano del Beal
Calvo, M. (2012): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V, Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 pp.
UK (TL)
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Alston Moor District
        • Nenthead
Min.Mag.(1993) 57, 665-670; BMS Collection
Min.Mag.: 57:665-670.
      • Caldbeck Fells
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006; Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
      • City of Carlisle District
        • Tindale (Tindale Fell)
Braithwaite, R.S.W., Lamb, R.P.H. and Nattrass, A.L. (2006): Secondary species associated with weathering of industrial residues at Tindale Fell Spelter Works, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society 9, 61-64.
  • Wales
    • Ceredigion
      • Ceulanymaesmawr
        • Bontgoch (Elerch)
Russell Society Journal No8
      • Upper Llanfihangell-y-Creuddyn
        • Pontrhydygroes
Journal of the Russell Society No 8.
USA
 
  • Illinois
    • Vermilion Co.
      • Danville
        • Hegeler
Piatak, N. M. & Seal, R. R., II (2010): Mineralogy and the release of trace elements from slag from the Hegeler Zinc smelter, Illinois (USA). Applied Geochemistry, 25, 302-320.
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