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Buckhornite

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Formula:
AuPb2BiTe2S3
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Black
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Name:
Named for the type locality at the Buckhorn mine, Jamestown, Colorado, USA.
This page provides mineralogical data about Buckhornite.

Classification of Buckhornite

Approved
2.HB.20b

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
B : With Cu, Ag, Fe, Sn and Pb
2.11.11.1

2 : SULFIDES
11 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
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Type Occurrence of Buckhornite

Year of Discovery:
1992

Physical Properties of Buckhornite

Metallic
Colour:
Black
Streak:
Grey
Hardness (Mohs):

Crystallography of Buckhornite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.09Å, b = 12.24Å, c = 9.32Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.334 : 1 : 0.761
Unit Cell Volume:
V 466.57 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Chemical Properties of Buckhornite

Formula:
AuPb2BiTe2S3
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Cu

Relationship of Buckhornite to other Species

2.HB.05aAikinitePbCuBiS3
2.HB.05aFriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18
2.HB.05aGladitePbCuBi5S9
2.HB.05aHammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9
2.HB.05cJaskólskiitePb2+xCux(Sb,Bi)2-xS6 (x = 0.2)
2.HB.05aKrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
2.HB.05aLindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15
2.HB.05bMeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
2.HB.05aPekoitePbCuBi11(S,Se)18
2.HB.05aEmilitePb2.7Cu2.7Bi5.3S12
2.HB.05UM2000-46-S:BiCuPbCu0.33Pb0.33Bi7.67S12
2.HB.05aSalzburgitePb1.6Cu1.6Bi6.4S12
2.HB.05UM1990-54-Se:BiCuPbCuPb(Ni,Co)0.3Bi3Se6
2.HB.05aPaaritePb1.7Cu1.7Bi6.3S12
2.HB.10cEclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28
2.HB.10bGiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
2.HB.10bIzoklakeitePb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57
2.HB.10aKobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
2.HB.10aTintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
2.HB.15BenavidesitePb4MnSb6S14
2.HB.15JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
2.HB.20dBerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
2.HB.20aNagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
2.HB.20eWatkinsoniteCu2PbBi4(Se,S,Te)8
2.HB.20cMuseumite[Pb2(Pb,Sb)2S8][(Te,Au)2]
2.HB.20eLitochlebiteAg2PbBi4Se8

Other Names for Buckhornite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Buckhornit
Simplified Chinese:硫碲铋铅金矿
Spanish:Buckhornita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Buckhornite

Reference List:
New Mins. (1997), New Minerals 1990-1994.

Canadian Mineralogist: 30: 1039-1047.

Internet Links for Buckhornite

Localities for Buckhornite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Armenia
 
  • Kotayk' Province
    • Hrazdan
extraLapis no. 2, Gold, p. 52
Bulgaria
 
  • Pazardzhik Oblast (Pazardjik Oblast)
    • Panagyurishte (Panagurishte) Obshtina
      • Levski
Bogdanov, K., Tsonev, D., Popov, K. (2004): Mineral assemblages and genesis of the Cu-Au epithermal deposits in the southern part of the Panagyurishte ore district, Bulgaria. In: Proceedings of the 10th International Congress, Thessaloniki, April 2004.; Bogdanov, K., Tsonev, D., & Popov, K. (2004). Mineral Assemblages And Genesis Of The Cu-Au Epithermal Deposits In The Southern Part Of The Panaguyrishte Ore District, Bulgaria. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, 36:406-415
China
 
  • Henan Province
    • Sanmenxia Prefecture
      • Lingbao Co.
        • Qinling Mine
Wei Jian, Bernd Lehmann, Jingwen Mao, Huishou Ye, Zongyan Li, Jinge Zhang, Hai Zhang, Jiangwei Feng, and Yongzhe Ye (2014) Telluride and Bi-sulfosalt Mineralogy of the Yangzhaiyu Gold Deposit, Xiaoqinling Region, Central China. Can Mineral 52:883-898
Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geology 5(4), 54-58; Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1994): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 14(3), 241-246
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Ganzhou Prefecture
      • Yudu Co.
        • Yinkeng polymetallic ore field
Mingxing Shi and Guirong Gao (2006): Resources Survey and Environment 27(2), 164-172
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Jílové (Eule)
        • Jílové Gold mining District
          • Bohuliby
Lapis 2000(4), 13-30
          • Studené (Kaltengrund)
Lapis 2000(4), 13-30
Norway
 
  • Finnmark
    • Kautokeino
Cook, N.J. (1999): Telluride minerales in the Proterozoic Bidjovagge Au-Cu deposit, Finnmark, Norway and their formation conditions. Abstract volume, Gold ’99 Trondheim, Norway, 60-62.
Romania
 
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Deva
Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., Capraru, N., Damian, G., & Cristea, P. (2005). Mineral assemblages from the vein salband at Sacarimb, Golden Quadrilateral, Romania: II. Tellurides. Geokhimiia, Mineralogiia i Petrologiia, 43, 56-63.
USA (TL)
 
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Jamestown District
        • Jamestown
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Montana
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Whitehall District (Cardwell District)
Spry, P.G., Foster, F., Truckle, J.S., and Chadwick, T.H. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 59, 143-164.; Economic Geology,(1996) Vol. 91-3, pp.507-526
Mineral and/or Locality  
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