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Bultfonteinite

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Formula:
Ca
 
2
(HSiO
 
4
)F · H
 
2
O
System:TriclinicColour:colourless, pink
Hardness:
Name:Named in 1932 by John Parry, Alpheus Fuller Williams, and Frederick Eugene Wright for the type locality at Bultfontein, Free State Province, South Africa.
This page provides mineralogical data about Bultfonteinite.

Classification of Bultfonteinite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/B.22-40
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.AG.80

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
G : Nesosilicates with additional anions; cations in > [6] +- [6] coordination
Dana 8th edition ID:52.4.7.2

52 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
4 : Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Hey's CIM Ref.:17.1.16

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
1 : Silicates with fluoride (not containing Al)
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Type Occurrence of Bultfonteinite

Type Locality:Bultfontein, Lejweleputswa District, Free State Province, South Africa
Year of Discovery:1932

Physical Properties of Bultfonteinite

Colour:colourless, pink
Streak:white
Hardness (Mohs):
Cleavage:Distinct/Good

Crystallography of Bultfonteinite

Crystal System:Triclinic
Cell Parameters:a = 10.99Å, b = 8.18Å, c = 5.67Å
α = 93.95°, β = 91.32°, γ = 89.85°
Ratio:a:b:c = 1.344 : 1 : 0.693
Unit Cell Volume:V 508.38 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Bultfonteinite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 1.587 nβ = 1.590 nγ = 1.597
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.010

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Dispersion:r > v

Chemical Properties of Bultfonteinite

Formula:
Ca
 
2
(HSiO
 
4
)F · H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Ca2(HSiO4)F·H2O
Essential elements:Ca, F, H, O, Si
All elements listed in formula:Ca, F, H, O, Si
Common Impurities:B,Al,Na,P

Relationship of Bultfonteinite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.AG.05Abswurmbachite
CuMn
3+
6
(SiO
 
4
)O
 
8
9.AG.05Braunite
Mn
2+
 
Mn
3+
6
(SiO
 
4
)O
 
8
9.AG.05Neltnerite
CaMn
3+
6
(SiO
 
4
)O
 
8
9.AG.05Braunite-II
CaMn
3+
14
(SiO
 
4
)O
 
20
9.AG.10Långbanite
(Mn
2+
 
,Ca)
 
4
(Mn
3+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)
 
9
Sb
5+
 
(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
O
 
16
9.AG.15Malayaite
CaSn(SiO
 
4
)O
9.AG.15Titanite
CaTi(SiO
 
4
)O
9.AG.15Vanadomalayaite
CaV
4+
 
(SiO
 
4
)O
9.AG.15Natrotitanite
(Na
 
0.5
Y
 
0.5
)Ti(SiO
 
4
)O
9.AG.20Cerite-(Ce)
(Ce,Ca)
 
9
(Mg,Fe)(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
(HSiO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
3
9.AG.20Cerite-(La)
(La,Ce,Ca)
 
9
(Fe,Ca,Mg)(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
(HSiO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
3
9.AG.20Aluminocerite-(Ce)
(Ce,La,Ca)
 
9
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
(HSiO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
3
9.AG.25Trimounsite-(Y)
Y
 
2
Ti
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)O
 
5
9.AG.25Yftisite-(Y)
(Y,Dy,Er)
 
4
(Ti,Sn)(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
O(F,OH)
 
6
9.AG.30Sitinakite
KNa
 
2
Ti
 
4
(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
O
 
5
(OH) · 4H
 
2
O
9.AG.35Kittatinnyite
Ca
 
2
Mn
 
2
Mn(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
· 9H
 
2
O
9.AG.40aNatisite
Na
 
2
Ti(SiO
 
4
)O
9.AG.40bParanatisite
Na
 
2
Ti(SiO
 
4
)O
9.AG.45Törnebohmite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)
 
2
Al(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
9.AG.45Törnebohmite-(La)
(La,Ce)
 
2
Al(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
9.AG.50Kuliokite-(Y)
Y
 
4
Al(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
F
 
5
9.AG.55Chantalite
CaAl
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
9.AG.60Mozartite
CaMn
3+
 
(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
9.AG.60Vuagnatite
CaAl(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
9.AG.65Hatrurite
Ca
 
3
(SiO
 
4
)O
9.AG.70Jasmundite
Ca
 
11
(SiO
 
4
)
 
4
O
 
2
S
9.AG.75Afwillite
Ca
 
3
(HSiO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
9.AG.85Zoltaiite
BaV
4+
2
V
3+
12
(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
O
 
19
9.AG.90Tranquillityite
(Fe
2+
 
,Ca)
 
8
(Zr,Y)
 
2
Ti
 
3
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
O
 
4
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
17.1.1Hectorite
Na
 
0.3
(Mg,Li)
 
3
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
17.1.3Agrellite
NaCa
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
10
F
17.1.4Fluorapophyllite-(Na)
NaCa
 
4
(Si
 
8
O
 
20
)F · 8H
 
2
O
17.1.5Fluorapophyllite-(K)
KCa
 
4
(Si
 
8
O
 
20
)(F,OH) · 8H
 
2
O
17.1.6Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
KCa
 
4
(Si
 
8
O
 
20
)(OH,F) · 8H
 
2
O
17.1.7Hsianghualite
Ca
 
3
Li
 
2
(Be
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
)F
 
2
17.1.8Leucophanite
NaCaBeSi
 
2
O
 
6
F
17.1.9Norbergite
Mg
 
3
(SiO
 
4
)(F,OH)
 
2
17.1.10Chondrodite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
5
(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(F,OH)
 
2
17.1.11Humite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
7
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
(F,OH)
 
2
17.1.12Clinohumite
Mg
 
9
(SiO
 
4
)
 
4
F
 
2
17.1.13Canasite
K
 
2
Na
 
4
Ca
 
5
(Si
 
12
O
 
30
(OH,F)
 
4
17.1.14Charoite
(K,Sr)
 
15-16
(Ca,Na)
 
32
[Si
 
6
O
 
11
(O,OH)
 
6
]
 
2
[Si
 
12
O
 
18
(O,OH)
 
12
]
 
2
[Si
 
17
O
 
25
(O,OH)
 
18
]
 
2
(OH,F)
 
4
· ~3H
 
2
O
17.1.15Cuspidine
Ca
 
4
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(F,OH)
 
2
17.1.17Zeophyllite
Ca
 
13
(Si
 
10
O
 
28
)F
 
10
· 6H
 
2
O
17.1.18Rowlandite-(Y)
(Y,Ce)
 
4
Fe
2+
 
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
F
 
2
(?)
17.1.19Yuksporite
(K,Ba)NaCa
 
2
(Si,Ti)
 
4
O
 
11
(F,OH) · H
 
2
O
17.1.20Yftisite-(Y)
(Y,Dy,Er)
 
4
(Ti,Sn)(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
O(F,OH)
 
6
17.1.21Mosandrite
(◻,Ca,Na)
 
3
(Ca,REE)
 
4
Ti(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
[H
 
2
O,OH,F]
 
4
· H
 
2
O
17.1.22Hiortdahlite
(Ca,Na)
 
3
(Zr,Ti)(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(O,OH,F)
 
2
17.1.23Burpalite
Na
 
2
CaZr(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)F
 
2
17.1.24Seidozerite
Na
 
8
Mn
2+
2
Zr
 
3
Ti
 
3
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
4
O
 
4
F
 
4
17.1.25Thorosteenstrupine
CaMnThSi
 
4
O
 
11
(OH)F · 6H
 
2
O
17.1.26Zircophyllite
(K,Na)
 
3
(Mn,Fe
2+
 
)
 
7
(Zr,Ti)
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
24
(O,OH,F)
 
7
17.1.27Jinshajiangite
BaNaFe
2+
4
Ti
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
O
 
2
(OH)
 
2
F
17.1.28Rosenbuschite
(Ca,Na)
 
3
(Zr,Ti)(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)OF
17.1.29Narsarsukite
Na
 
4
(Ti,Fe)
 
2
[Si
 
8
O
 
20
](O,OH,F)
 
2
17.1.30Sonolite
Mn
2+
9
(SiO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH,F)
 
2

Other Names for Bultfonteinite

Other Languages:
German:Bultfonteinit
Russian:Бултфонтейнит
Simplified Chinese:氟硅钙石
水氟硅钙石
Spanish:Bultfonteinita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Bultfonteinite

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist: 17: 455.

American Mineralogist: 18: 32.

McIver, Edward J. (1963), The structure of bultfonteinite, Ca4Si3O10F2H6: Acta Crystallographica: 16: 551-558.

Internet Links for Bultfonteinite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Bultfonteinite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Specimens:The following Bultfonteinite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.
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  • Localities for Bultfonteinite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • Victoria
      • Rural City of Benalla
    Aust.Jour. Earth Sci. 46:251 (1999)
    Botswana
     
    • Central District
      • Orapa
    Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology Volume 160, Number 4, 533-55
    Canada
     
    • Northwest Territories
    Anton R. Chakhmouradian and Roger H. Mitchell (2001) Three compositional varieties of perovskite from kimberlites of the Lac de Gras Field (Northwest Territories, Canada). Mineralogical Magazine 65:133-148
    Israel
     
    • Negev
    Gross, S. (1977): The Mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, Bulletin no. 70, 80 pp.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chugoku Region
        • Okayama Prefecture
          • Ihara City (Ibara City)
            • Higashi-Mihara
          • Takahashi City
            • Bitchu-cho-fuka (Bicchu-cho-fuka)
    Mineralogical Record: 27: 303.; Mineralogical Journal Vol. 14 (1989) , No. 7 pp 299-302
      • Kinki region
        • Mie Prefecture
          • Ise City
    Minakawa, T., Inaba, S., Noto, S. (1986) Oyelite from Suisho-dani, Ise, Mie Prefecture. Ganseki Koubutsu Koushou Gakkaishi, 81, 138-142
    Jordan
     
    • Amman
      • Hashem region
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
        • Irkutskaya Oblast'
          • Lake Baikal area
    Koneva A.A., Uschapovskaya Z.F. (1991) On harkerite and bultfonteinite from skarns of Tazheran alkaline massif, - Geologiya i Geofizika, 2, p.74-78.
    • Northern Caucasus Region
      • Kabardino-Balkarian Republic
        • Verkhnechegemskaya caldera (Verkhni Chegem caldera; Upper Chegem caldera)
    American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1361–1370, 2009
    South Africa
     
    • Free State Province
      • Lejweleputswa District
    AM 40 (1955), 900; HB2/1 (1995)
      • Xhariep District
        • Jagersfontein
    Minerals of South Africa
    • Northern Cape Province
      • Francis Baard District
        • Kimberley
    Minerals of South Africa
      • Kalahari manganese field
        • Hotazel
    Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
        • Kuruman
          • N'Chwaning Mines
    [Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) - The Kalahari (Afrique du Sud) manganese field : an update, Mineralogical Record, 22 (3), 279-302.]
    Lapis (2004): 29(9):12; Bonazzi, P., Bindi, L., Medenbach, O., Pagano, R., Lampronti, Menchetti, S. (2007): Olmiite, CaMn[SiO3(OH)](OH), the Mn-dominant analogue of poldervaartite, a new mineral species from Kalahari manganese fields (Republic of South Africa), Mineralogical Magazine, 71, 193-291.
    USA
     
    • California
      • Riverside Co.
        • Crestmore
          • Crestmore quarries
            • Sky Blue Hill
    Murdoch, Joseph (1954b), Scawtite and bultfonteinite from Crestmore, California: (abstract): Geological Society of America Bulletin: 65: 1347-1348; Murdoch, Joseph (1955b), Bultfonteinite from Crestmore, California: American Mineralogist: 40: 900-906; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 115; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 477.
    • New Jersey
      • Sussex Co.
        • Franklin Mining District
          • Franklin
    Dunn(1995):Pt3:363.
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