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Burbankite

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Formula:
(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
System:
Hexagonal
Hardness:
Name:
Named after W.S. Burbank
This page provides mineralogical data about Burbankite.

Classification of Burbankite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
5/B.05-100
5.AC.30

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
A : Carbonates without additional anions, without H2O
C : Alkali and alkali-earth carbonates
14.4.4.1

14 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
4 : Miscellaneous
11.8.14

11 : Carbonates
8 : Carbonates of the rare earths
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First Recorded Occurrence of Burbankite

Year of Discovery:
1953

Physical Properties of Burbankite

Hardness (Mohs):

Crystallography of Burbankite

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.47Å, c = 6.45Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.616
Unit Cell Volume:
V 612.33 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Burbankite

Type:
Uniaxial
RI values:
nα = 1.615 nβ = 1.627
Max Birefringence:
δ = 1.615
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate

Chemical Properties of Burbankite

Formula:
(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Burbankite to other Species

5.AC.05EiteliteNa2Mg(CO3)2
5.AC.10NyerereiteNa2Ca(CO3)2
5.AC.10ZemkoriteNa2Ca(CO3)2
5.AC.15BütschliiteK2Ca(CO3)2
5.AC.20FairchilditeK2Ca(CO3)2
5.AC.25ShortiteNa2Ca2(CO3)3
5.AC.30CalcioburbankiteNa3(Ca,REE,Sr)3(CO3)5
5.AC.30Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
5.AC.30SanromániteNa2CaPb3[CO3]5
11.8.1Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
11.8.2Lanthanite-(La)(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
11.8.3Lanthanite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
11.8.4Lanthanite-(Nd)(Nd,La)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
11.8.5Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(CO3)(OH,F)
11.8.6Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,La)(CO3)(OH,F)
11.8.7Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
11.8.8Rémondite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Sr)3(CO3)5
11.8.9Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
11.8.10Kimuraite-(Y)Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
11.8.11Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
11.8.12Calcioancylite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO3)2(OH).H2O
11.8.13Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ca,Sr)Ce(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
11.8.15Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
11.8.16Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
11.8.17Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
11.8.18Ancylite-(Ce)SrCe(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
11.8.19EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
11.8.20Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
11.8.21Sahamalite-(Ce)(Mg,Fe)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)4

Other Names for Burbankite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Burbankit
Simplified Chinese:黄碳锶钠石
Spanish:Burbankita
Traditional Chinese:黃碳鍶鈉石

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Burbankite

Reference List:
American Mineralogist: 38: 1169-1183.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1985): 161-170.

Internet Links for Burbankite

Specimens:
The following Burbankite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Burbankite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Afghanistan
 
  • Helmand Province (Hilmend Province; Hilmand Province)
    • Dushan District
      • Khanneshin complex
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Bolivia
 
  • Cochabamba Department
    • Ayopaya Province
Powder XRD and EDS by Dr. Anthony R. Kampf, April-May 2005.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Araxá
Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
No reference listed
      • Poços de Caldas
Horváth, Menezes, Toft ollections - confirmed by XRD & microprobe
  • São Paulo
    • Cajati
Costanzo, A., Moore, K. R., Wall, F., & Feely, M. (2006). Fluid inclusions in apatite from Jacupiranga calcite carbonatites: evidence for a fluid-stratified carbonatite magma chamber. Lithos, 91(1), 208-228.
Cameroon
 
  • South Region
    • Kribi
Cesbron et al. (1988)
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Williston Lake
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • O'Meara Township
Platt & Wooley (1990)
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
Chen & Chao (1975) Can. Min. 12, 342.
Chen, T.T., Chao, G.Y. (1974), Burbankite from Mont St-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 12: 342-345.
    • Montréal
SABINA, A.P. (1978) Some new mineral occurrences in Canada. Geological Survey of Canada,Paper 78-1A, 253-258.
    • Nord-du-Québec
Nadeau, O., Stevenson, R. and Jébrak, M. (2014) The geology, petrology and geochemistry of the Montviel alkaline-carbonatite hosted lanthanide-Nb ore deposit, Abitibi, Canada. Abstract with Program, GAC/MAC Annual meeting 2014. 1p.
China
 
  • Hubei Province
    • Shennongjia Forest District
Tong Wang and Faming Yan (1989): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 9(4), 345-351
    • Shiyan Prefecture
      • Zhushan Co.
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189, 174 pp.
Finland
 
  • Lapland Region
    • Savukoski
      • Tulppio
Vartiainen, H. 1975. Esitelmäselostus. Geologi 27 (3), 79.
Greenland
 
  • Qeqqata
    • Maniitsoq (Sukkertoppen)
Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65
  • Sermersooq
http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/burbankite.pdf
Mongolia
 
  • Dornogovi Aimag
    • Hövsgöl
Kynický, J. & Samec, P. (2005): Hydrothermally-metasomatic and exsolution-like mineralization of the carbonatites from selected localities at Gobi. Mongolian Geoscientist. sv. 9, č. 27, s. 52-55.
Namibia
 
  • Kunene Region
    • Damaraland District
      • Kalkfeld
American Mineralogist, Vol. 84, pp. 1117-1125, 1999.; New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
New Zealand
 
  • South Island
    • West Coast (Westland)
      • Burke River
Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 473-482
Portugal
 
  • Faro District
    • Monchique
      • Monchique
- P. ALVES, C. LEAL GOMES (2010). Mineralização Sr-Ba tardia em cavidades de rochas filonianas subsaturadas do Maciço Alcalino de Monchique. CNG 2010 (Braga, Portugal)
Romania
 
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Hunedoara
      • Boșorod
Onac, B.P., Breban, R., Kearns, J., and Tamas, T. (2002) Unusual minerals related to phosphate deposits in Cioclovina Cave, Şureanu Mts. (Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology: 15: 27-34.; Onac, B.P.; Bernhardt, H.-J.; Effenberger, H. (2009): Authigenic burbankite in the Cioclovina Cave sediments (Romania). European Journal of Mineralogy 21, 507-514.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
        • Chara and Tokko Rivers Confluence
[var: Strontioburbankite] Konev, A.A., Vorobyev, E.I., and Lazebnik, K.A. (1996) The Mineralogy of the Murun Massif. Russian Academy of Science Press, Siberian Branch, Novosbirsk, Russia (in Russian).
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Khabarovskiy Kray
      • Aldan province
Pavel M. Kartashov data; New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Afrikanda
New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
        • Khibiny Massif
PEKOV, I.V. & NIKOLAEV, A.P. (2013) Minerals of the pegmatites and hydrothermal assemblages of the Koashva deposit (Khibiny, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogical Almanac 189(2), 7-65.
Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
            • Kirovskii apatite mine (Kirovsky Mine; Kirovskii Mine; Kirov Mine)
Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
[var: Strontioburbankite] I.V. Pekov analytical data
P.M. Kartashov data
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
        • Lovozero Massif
          • Alluaiv Mt
            • Umbozero mine (Umbozerskii mine; Umba Mine)
Pekov, I.V. (2000): Lovozero Massif. Moscow, Ocean Pictures Ltd, 480 pp.
      • Northern Karelia
SUBBOTIN, V.V., VOLOSHIN, A.V., PAKHOMOVSKY, Yu.A., and BAKHCHISARAYTSEV, A.Yu. (1999) Calcioburbankite and burbankite from the carbonatites of Vuoriyarvi massif (New data). Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 128, 78 87 (in Russian with English abstract).
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
South Africa
 
  • North West Province
    • Ngaka Modiri Molema District
VERWOERD, W.J. (1993) Update on carbonatites of South Africa and Namibia. South African Journal of Geology, 96(3), 75-95.
Ukraine
 
  • Donetsk (Donets'k) Oblast'
New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
      • Magnet Cove
Jason B. Smith specimen
  • Colorado
AmMin 62:158
  • Montana
    • Hill Co.
      • Bearpaw Mts
        • Big Sandy Creek
American Mineralogist: 38: 1169-1183
New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
  • Utah
    • Duchesne Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Uintah Co.
Am Min 46:379-393
Vietnam
 
  • Lai Chau Province
    • Phong Tho District
      • Mt Fansipan
Feldman l.G., Sarkisyan S.Sh., Boriskin V.P., Purusova S.P., Nguen Van Hoai, Chin Suan Ben (1987) Crystalline beckelite from Nam Se deposit (Northern Vietnam), - Mineralogicheskiy Zhurnal, v.9, N1, pp. 78-86 (in Rus.)
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