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Burbankite

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Formula:
(Na,Ca)
 
3
(Sr,Ba,Ce)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
System:HexagonalHardness:
Name: Named after W.S. Burbank
This page provides mineralogical data about Burbankite.

Classification of Burbankite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:5/B.05-100
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:5.AC.30

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
A : Carbonates without additional anions, without H2O
C : Alkali and alkali-earth carbonates
Dana 8th edition ID:14.4.4.1

14 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
4 : Miscellaneous
Hey's CIM Ref.:11.8.14

11 : Carbonates
8 : Carbonates of the rare earths
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Type Occurrence of Burbankite

Type Locality:Vermiculite prospect No. 6, Big Sandy Creek, Bearpaw Mts, Hill Co., Montana, USA
Year of Discovery:1953

Physical Properties of Burbankite

Hardness (Mohs):

Crystallography of Burbankite

Crystal System:Hexagonal
Cell Parameters:a = 10.47Å, c = 6.45Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 0.616
Unit Cell Volume:V 612.33 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Burbankite

Type:Uniaxial
RI values: nα = 1.615 nβ = 1.627
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 1.615

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate

Chemical Properties of Burbankite

Formula:
(Na,Ca)
 
3
(Sr,Ba,Ce)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
Simplified for copy/paste:(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
Essential elements:C, Na, O, Sr
All elements listed in formula:Ba, C, Ca, Ce, Na, O, Sr

Relationship of Burbankite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
5.AC.05Eitelite
Na
 
2
Mg(CO
 
3
)
 
2
5.AC.10Nyerereite
Na
 
2
Ca(CO
 
3
)
 
2
5.AC.10Zemkorite
Na
 
2
Ca(CO
 
3
)
 
2
5.AC.15Bütschliite
K
 
2
Ca(CO
 
3
)
 
2
5.AC.20Fairchildite
K
 
2
Ca(CO
 
3
)
 
2
5.AC.25Shortite
Na
 
2
Ca
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
5.AC.30Calcioburbankite
Na
 
3
(Ca,REE,Sr)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
5.AC.30Khanneshite
(Na,Ca)
 
3
(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
5.AC.30Sanrománite
Na
 
2
CaPb
 
3
[CO
 
3
]
 
5
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
11.8.1Calkinsite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 4H
 
2
O
11.8.2Lanthanite-(La)
(La,Ce)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
11.8.3Lanthanite-(Ce)
(Ce,La,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
11.8.4Lanthanite-(Nd)
(Nd,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
11.8.5Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)(OH,F)
11.8.6Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)
(Nd,Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)(OH,F)
11.8.7Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)
(La,Nd,Ce)(CO
 
3
)(OH,F)
11.8.8Rémondite-(Ce)
Na
 
3
(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Sr)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
11.8.9Tengerite-(Y)
Y
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 2-3H
 
2
O
11.8.10Kimuraite-(Y)
Ca(Y,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
11.8.11Lokkaite-(Y)
Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
7
· 9H
 
2
O
11.8.12Calcioancylite-(Nd)
Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)
 
.
H
 
2
O
11.8.13Calcioancylite-(Ce)
(Ca,Sr)Ce(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
11.8.15Khanneshite
(Na,Ca)
 
3
(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
11.8.16Donnayite-(Y)
NaCaSr
 
3
Y(CO
 
3
)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
11.8.17Carbocernaite
(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
11.8.18Ancylite-(Ce)
SrCe(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
11.8.19Ewaldite
Ba(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
· 2.6H
 
2
O
11.8.20Mckelveyite-(Y)
NaCaBa
 
3
Y(CO
 
3
)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
11.8.21Sahamalite-(Ce)
(Mg,Fe)(Ce,La,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4

Other Names for Burbankite

Other Languages:
German:Burbankit
Russian:Бурбанкит
Simplified Chinese:黄碳锶钠石
Spanish:Burbankita
Traditional Chinese:黃碳鍶鈉石
Varieties:
Strontioburbankite

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Burbankite

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist: 38: 1169-1183.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1985): 161-170.

Internet Links for Burbankite

Search Engines:
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  • External Links:
  • Look for Burbankite on Webmineral
  • Look for Burbankite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Burbankite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Burbankite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • Rare and Unusual minerals at Mineralogical Research Company
  • Burbankite specimens for sale - minfind.com
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  • Fine Minerals from Weinrich Minerals, Inc.
  • Specimens:The following Burbankite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Burbankite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Afghanistan
     
    • Helmand Province (Hilmend Province; Hilmand Province)
      • Dushan District
        • Khanneshin complex
    Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
    Bolivia
     
    • Cochabamba Department
      • Ayopaya Province
    Powder XRD and EDS by Dr. Anthony R. Kampf, April-May 2005.
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
      • Araxá
    Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
    No reference listed
        • Poços de Caldas
    Horváth, Menezes, Toft ollections - confirmed by XRD & microprobe
    • São Paulo
      • Cajati
    Costanzo, A., Moore, K. R., Wall, F., & Feely, M. (2006). Fluid inclusions in apatite from Jacupiranga calcite carbonatites: evidence for a fluid-stratified carbonatite magma chamber. Lithos, 91(1), 208-228.
    Cameroon
     
    • South Region
      • Kribi
    Cesbron et al. (1988)
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Omenica Mining Division
        • Williston Lake
    Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
    • Ontario
      • Thunder Bay District
        • O'Meara Township
    Platt & Wooley (1990)
    • Québec
      • Montérégie
        • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
    Chen & Chao (1975) Can. Min. 12, 342.
    Chen, T.T., Chao, G.Y. (1974), Burbankite from Mont St-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 12: 342-345.
      • Montréal
    SABINA, A.P. (1978) Some new mineral occurrences in Canada. Geological Survey of Canada,Paper 78-1A, 253-258.
      • Nord-du-Québec
    Nadeau, O., Stevenson, R. and Jébrak, M. (2014) The geology, petrology and geochemistry of the Montviel alkaline-carbonatite hosted lanthanide-Nb ore deposit, Abitibi, Canada. Abstract with Program, GAC/MAC Annual meeting 2014. 1p.
    China
     
    • Hubei Province
      • Shennongjia Forest District
    Tong Wang and Faming Yan (1989): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 9(4), 345-351
      • Shiyan Prefecture
        • Zhushan Co.
    Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189, 174 pp.
    Finland
     
    • Lapland Region
      • Savukoski
        • Tulppio
    Vartiainen, H. 1975. Esitelmäselostus. Geologi 27 (3), 79.
    Greenland
     
    • Qeqqata
      • Maniitsoq (Sukkertoppen)
    Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65
    • Sermersooq
    http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/burbankite.pdf
    Mongolia
     
    • Dornogovi Aimag
      • Hövsgöl
    Kynický, J. & Samec, P. (2005): Hydrothermally-metasomatic and exsolution-like mineralization of the carbonatites from selected localities at Gobi. Mongolian Geoscientist. sv. 9, č. 27, s. 52-55.
    Namibia
     
    • Kunene Region
      • Damaraland District
        • Kalkfeld
    American Mineralogist, Vol. 84, pp. 1117-1125, 1999.; New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
    New Zealand
     
    • South Island
      • West Coast (Westland)
        • Burke River
    Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 473-482
    Portugal
     
    • Faro District
      • Monchique
        • Monchique
    - P. ALVES, C. LEAL GOMES (2010). Mineralização Sr-Ba tardia em cavidades de rochas filonianas subsaturadas do Maciço Alcalino de Monchique. CNG 2010 (Braga, Portugal)
    Romania
     
    • Hunedoara Co.
      • Hunedoara
        • Boșorod
    Onac, B.P., Breban, R., Kearns, J., and Tamas, T. (2002) Unusual minerals related to phosphate deposits in Cioclovina Cave, Şureanu Mts. (Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology: 15: 27-34.; Onac, B.P.; Bernhardt, H.-J.; Effenberger, H. (2009): Authigenic burbankite in the Cioclovina Cave sediments (Romania). European Journal of Mineralogy 21, 507-514.
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
    [World of Stones 12:49]
          • Chara and Tokko Rivers Confluence
    [var: Strontioburbankite] Konev, A.A., Vorobyev, E.I., and Lazebnik, K.A. (1996) The Mineralogy of the Murun Massif. Russian Academy of Science Press, Siberian Branch, Novosbirsk, Russia (in Russian).
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Khabarovskiy Kray
        • Aldan province
    Pavel M. Kartashov data; New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Afrikanda
    New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
          • Khibiny Massif
    PEKOV, I.V. & NIKOLAEV, A.P. (2013) Minerals of the pegmatites and hydrothermal assemblages of the Koashva deposit (Khibiny, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogical Almanac 189(2), 7-65.
    Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
              • Kirovskii apatite mine (Kirovsky Mine; Kirovskii Mine; Kirov Mine)
    Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
    [var: Strontioburbankite] I.V. Pekov analytical data
    P.M. Kartashov data
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
          • Lovozero Massif
            • Alluaiv Mt
              • Umbozero mine (Umbozerskii mine; Umba Mine)
    Pekov, I.V. (2000): Lovozero Massif. Moscow, Ocean Pictures Ltd, 480 pp.
        • Northern Karelia
    SUBBOTIN, V.V., VOLOSHIN, A.V., PAKHOMOVSKY, Yu.A., and BAKHCHISARAYTSEV, A.Yu. (1999) Calcioburbankite and burbankite from the carbonatites of Vuoriyarvi massif (New data). Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 128, 78 87 (in Russian with English abstract).
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
    New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
    South Africa
     
    • North West Province
      • Ngaka Modiri Molema District
    VERWOERD, W.J. (1993) Update on carbonatites of South Africa and Namibia. South African Journal of Geology, 96(3), 75-95.
    Ukraine
     
    • Donetsk (Donets'k) Oblast'
    New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
    USA
     
    • Arkansas
      • Hot Spring Co.
        • Magnet Cove
    Jason B. Smith specimen
    • Colorado
    AmMin 62:158
    • Montana
      • Hill Co.
        • Bearpaw Mts
          • Big Sandy Creek
    American Mineralogist: 38: 1169-1183
    New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
    • Utah
      • Duchesne Co.
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Uintah Co.
    Am Min 46:379-393
    Vietnam
     
    • Lai Chau Province
      • Phong Tho District
        • Mt Fansipan
    Feldman l.G., Sarkisyan S.Sh., Boriskin V.P., Purusova S.P., Nguen Van Hoai, Chin Suan Ben (1987) Crystalline beckelite from Nam Se deposit (Northern Vietnam), - Mineralogicheskiy Zhurnal, v.9, N1, pp. 78-86 (in Rus.)
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