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Bustamite

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Anastasio Bustamente
Formula:
CaMn2+(Si2O6)
System:
Triclinic
Colour:
Pale to medium pink; ...
Hardness:
5½ - 6½
Name:
Name re-used in 1922 by Esper Signius Larsen, Jr. and Earl Victor Shannon for a new mineral somewhat chemically similar to the original material, but which had proved to be a mixtur. The original bustamite from Real de Minas, Fetela (Tetela de Ocampo), Jonotla, Mexico was a mixture of rhodonite and johannsenite. Originally named in 1826 by Alexandre Brongniart in honor of Anastasio Bustamente y Oseguera [July 27, 1780 Jiquilpan, Michoacán, Mexico - February 6, 1853 San Miguel de Allende, Mexico], a medical doctor, revolutionary, general, and three time president of Mexico. Keatingine described in 1876 by Charles Upham Shepard is bustamite (Palache, 1935), but was discredited (Dana, 1892) before the ability to determine the structure of the mineral.
Isostructural with:
The Mn analogue of ferrobustamite.

May appear visually similar to marshallsussmanite.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Bustamite.

Classification of Bustamite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.DG.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
G : Inosilicates with 3-periodic single and multiple chains
65.2.1.2

65 : INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
2 : Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
14.18.13

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
18 : Silicates of Mn and Na, K, Mg, Ca or Fe
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Type Occurrence of Bustamite

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Carbonate-silicate hosted zinc deposit

Occurrences of Bustamite

Geological Setting:
In metamorphosed manganese ores, typically skarns

Physical Properties of Bustamite

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Pale to medium pink; brownish red; colourless to yellowish pink in transmitted light
Comment:
Usually paler pink than rhodonite
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
5½ - 6½
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {100} perfect; on {110} and {110} good; on {010} poor.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Splintery
Density:
3.32 - 3.43 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.421 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Bustamite

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 15.41Å, b = 7.15Å, c = 13.82Å
α = 89.48°, β = 94.85°, γ = 102.93°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 2.155 : 1 : 1.933
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,478.71 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
12
Morphology:
Crystals prismatic, acicular; tabular on {001}. Commonly fibrous, cleavable massive.
Twinning:
On {110} as the composition plane, simple twins, rare.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.45 (50)
3.24 (50)
3.04 (50)
2.99 (100)
2.73 (50)
2.59 (50)
2.42 (50)
1.791 (80)
Comments:
ICDD 27-86 (synthetic); also 26-1066 (ferroan)

Optical Data of Bustamite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.640 - 1.695 nβ = 1.651 - 1.708 nγ = 1.653 - 1.710
2V:
Measured: 34° to 60°
Birefringence:
0.014
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.013 - 0.015
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r > v or r < v
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X=Z= orange
Y= rose

Chemical Properties of Bustamite

Formula:
CaMn2+(Si2O6)
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Mg,Zn,Fe

Relationship of Bustamite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
Barrydawsonite-(Y)Na1.5Y0.5CaSi3O9H
CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
MarshallsussmaniteNaCaMnSi3O8(OH)
PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
SéranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
TanohataiteLiMn2(HSi3O9)
VistepiteSnMn4B2Si4O16(OH)2
WollastoniteCaSiO3
9.DG.05FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
9.DG.05PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
9.DG.05SéranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
9.DG.05WollastoniteCaSiO3
9.DG.05Wollastonite-1ACaSiO3
9.DG.07CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
9.DG.08Plombièrite[Ca4Si6O16(OH)2 · 2H2O]·(Ca·5H2O)
9.DG.10Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
9.DG.10RiversideiteCa5(HSi3O9)2 · 2H2O
9.DG.10Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
9.DG.15FoshagiteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2
9.DG.20JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
9.DG.25ParaumbiteK3Zr2H(Si3O9)2 · nH2O
9.DG.25UmbiteK2(Zr,Ti)Si3O9 · H2O
9.DG.30SørenseniteNa4SnBe2Si6O16(OH)4
9.DG.35XonotliteCa6(Si6O17)(OH)2
9.DG.40HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2
9.DG.45ZoriteNa8(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,O)5 · 14H2O
9.DG.45ChivruaiiteCa4(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,O)5 · 13-14H2O
9.DG.50Haineaultite(Na,Ca)5Ca(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,F)8 · 5H2O
9.DG.55EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
9.DG.60EudidymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
9.DG.65ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
9.DG.70Fenaksite(K,Na)4(Fe,Mn)2(Si4O10)2(OH,F)
9.DG.70LitidioniteCuNaKSi4O10
9.DG.70ManaksiteKNaMnSi4O10
9.DG.75TinaksiteK2Na(Ca,Mn2+)2Ti[O|Si7O18(OH)]
9.DG.75TokkoiteK2Ca4[Si7O18(OH)](OH,F)
9.DG.75SenkevichiteCsKNaCa2Ti[O|Si7O18(OH)]
9.DG.80CanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4
9.DG.80FluorcanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30F4 · H2O
9.DG.85MiseriteK1.5-x(Ca,Y,REE)5(Si6O15)(Si2O7)(OH,F)2 · yH2O
9.DG.90FrankameniteK3Na3Ca5(Si12O30)(F,OH)4 · H2O
9.DG.92Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
9.DG.95YuksporiteK4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3
9.DG.97Eveslogite(Na,K,Ca,Sr,Ba)48 [(Ti,Nb,Mn,Fe2+)12Si48O144(OH)12](F,OH,Cl)14
14.18.1Nambulite(Li,Na)Mn4Si5O14(OH)
14.18.2Natronambulite(Na,Li)(Mn,Ca)4Si5O14OH
14.18.3ZakharoviteNa4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2O
14.18.4NorrishiteKLiMn23+(Si4O10)O2
14.18.5Shafranovskite(Na,K)6(Mn,Fe)3Si9O24 · 6H2O
14.18.6AbswurmbachiteCuMn63+(SiO4)O8
14.18.7Donpeacorite(Mn2+,Mg)Mg[SiO3]2
14.18.8KanoiteMn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6
14.18.9CaryopiliteMn32+Si2O5(OH)4
14.18.10Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
14.18.11Tirodite
14.18.12Manganhumite(Mn2+,Mg)7(SiO4)3(OH)2
14.18.14GlaucochroiteCaMn2+SiO4
14.18.15Truscottite(Ca,Mn)14Si24O58(OH)8 · 2H2O
14.18.16SantaclaraiteCaMn4[Si5O14OH](OH) · H2O
14.18.17FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)
14.18.18JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
14.18.19NeltneriteCaMn63+(SiO4)O8
14.18.20OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2O
14.18.21InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
14.18.22OrientiteCa8Mn103+(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O
14.18.23RuiziteCa2Mn23+[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2O
14.18.24BostwickiteCaMn6Si3O16 · 7H2O
14.18.25KittatinnyiteCa2Mn2Mn(SiO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2O
14.18.26LithiomarsturiteLiCa2Mn2Si5O14(OH)
14.18.27SéranditeNaMn22+Si3O8(OH)
14.18.28KvanefjelditeNa4(Ca,Mn)(Si3O7)2(OH)2
14.18.29MarsturiteNaCaMn3Si5O14(OH)
14.18.30RaiteNa4Mn32+Ti0.25Si8O20(OH)2 · 10H2O
14.18.31Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
14.18.32Byelorussite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2MnTi2[Si4O12]2O2(F,OH) · H2O
14.18.33Deerite(Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5
14.18.34Calderite(Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3
14.18.35PyroxmangiteMnSiO3
14.18.36Dannemorite
14.18.37Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2O
14.18.38BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
14.18.39ManganbabingtoniteCa2(Mn,Fe)FeSi5O14(OH)
14.18.40ÖrebroiteMn32+(Sb5+,Fe3+)(SiO4)(O,OH)3

Other Names for Bustamite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Magenta-red to cherry red (LW UV)(Franklin Mine, NJ).
Special Storage/
Display Requirements:
Pink color fades on exposure to sunlight.
Health Risks:
None.

References for Bustamite

Reference List:
Larsen, E.S. and Shannon, E.V. (1922) Bustamite from Franklin Furnace, New Jersey. American Mineralogist: 7: 95-100.

Peacor, D.R. and Buerger, M.J. (1962) Determination and refinement of the crystal structure of bustamite, CaMnSi2O6. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 117: 331-343.

Harada, K., Sekino, H., Nagashima, K., Watanabe, T., and Momoi, K. (1974) High-iron bustamite and fluorapatite from the Broken Hill mine, New South Wales, Australia. Mineralogical Magazine: 39: 601-604.

Deer, W.A., Howie, R.A., and Zussman, J. (1978) Rock-forming minerals, 2nd. edition, Vol. 2A: 574-585.

Ohashi, Y. and Finger, L.W. (1978) The role of octahedral cations in pyroxenoid crystal chemistry. I. Bustamite, wollastonite, and the pectolite-schizolite-serandite series. American Mineralogist: 63: 274-288.

Mineralogical Magazine: 49: 37-48.

Dunn, Pete J. (1995): Franklin and Sterling Hill New Jersey: the world's most magnificent mineral deposits, Part 3: 438. (http://franklin-sterlinghill.com/dunn/ch17/bustamite.stm).

Internet Links for Bustamite

Specimens:
The following Bustamite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Bustamite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Algeria
 
  • Skikda Province
    • Azzaba area
Byramjee R.and Meindre M.(1956): Le gisement de manganèse de Guettara. Symposium du manganèse XX congrès international de géologie,
Argentina
 
  • Jujuy
    • Humahuaca Department
      • Aguilar district
Econ Geol (1992) 87:2085-2112; Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
Ramdohr, P. (1950): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 2(4), 291-333. Birch et al., 1982, Minerals of Broken Hill
Minerals Of Broken Hill, Worner and Mitchell Editors, AMS Ltd. Publishers
Demetrius Pohl collection, Rock Currier photo
"Minerals of Broken Hill" Worner and Mitchell editors, AMS LTD publishers
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Rosebud Station
        • Mary Kathleen district
Econ Geol (1985) 80:513-518
    • North Burnett Region
      • Gayndah
Ashley, P. M. (1980): Geology of the Ban Ban zinc deposit, a sulfide-bearing skarn, Southeast Queensland, Australia. Economic Geology 75, 15-29.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Kaprun valley
        • Mooserboden reservoir
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Bulgaria
 
  • Kardzhali Oblast (Kurdzhali; Kărdžali; Kurdjali)
    • Ardino Obshtina
Marcus Voigt and Jesse Crawford specimens
  • Smolyan Oblast
    • Rhodope Mts
[MinRec 22 p.439]
Canada
 
  • Yukon
    • Whitehorse Mining District
Gunnar Farber
China
 
  • Fujian Province
    • Longyan Prefecture
      • Liancheng Co.
        • Liancheng Mn deposit
Nanlai Zheng, Xingli Mao, and Jiansheng Ding (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(3), 17-20
      • Zhangping Co.
Yiming Zhao, Huijing Tan, and Jinghua Sun (1982): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 1(1), 11-22; Yiming Zhao, Yongguan Dong, Daxin Li, and Chengsi Bi (2003): Ore Geology Reviews 23, 153-182.; Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359; Chengshuai Zhang, Jingwen Mao, Changqing Zhang, and Miao Yu (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(2), 289-307
    • Quanzhou Prefecture
      • Dehua Co.
Yiming Zhao, Huijing Tan, and Jinghua Sun (1982): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 1(1), 11-22
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Ulanhad League (Chifeng Prefecture)
      • Bairin Left Banner (Balin Zuoqi)
Chengdong Xiao and Yongfu Wei (2004): Geological Survey and Research 27(suppl.), 9-15
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Ganzhou Prefecture
      • Shangyou Co.
Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359; Yiming Zhao, Yongguan Dong, Daxin Li, and Chengsi Bi (2003): Ore Geology Reviews 23, 153-182
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Chaoyang Prefecture
      • Chaoyang Co.
Fan, D., Ye, J., and Li, J. (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15(1), 31-53.
France
 
  • Midi-Pyrénées
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
Le Règne Minéral 47: 5-21
        • Vielle Aure
DE ASCENCAO GUEDES R., TIXADOR Y., CASTERET A. & GOUJOU JC. (2002) La mine de Coustou, Vielle-Aure, Hautes-Pyrénées. Le Règne Minéral, 47, 23-31. (in french)
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Laach lake volcanic complex
        • Kruft
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
        • Mendig
          • Niedermendig
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
            • Wingertsberg
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Elbingerode
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Honduras
 
  • Santa Bárbara Department
Econ Geol (2004) 99:1223-1231
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Susa Valley
        • Cesana Torinese
Brizio, P., Ambrino, P., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G. (2010). L'affioramento a Mn, SiO, Fe, S di Roccia Rossa, Cesana, Torino. Micro (località) 1/2010, 313-328
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Antigorio Valley
          • Devero Valley
            • Baceno
              • Devero Alp
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Strona Valley
Bertolani, M. (1976): Il giacimento manganesifero di Ravinella di Sotto presso Forno (Valle Strona di Omegna).
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
http://www.minsocam.org/msa/Handbook/Bustamite.PDF
        • Campiglia Marittima
Abrecht J. (1985): Manganiferous pyroxenes and pyroxenoids from three Pb-Zn-Cu skarn deposits. Contr. Mineral. Petrol., 89, 4, 379-393.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Fukui Prefecture
        • Mikata-kaminaka-gun
          • Wakasa-cho
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
        • Ono City
          • Nakatatsu mine
Masutomi Museum specimen (Kyoto)
Tokunaga, M. (1965): Science Reports of the Tokyo Kyoiku Daigaku, 9:67-87
      • Shizuoka Prefecture
        • Shimoda City
          • Rendaiji
(unpublished species lists maintained by local collectors; needs confirmation)
      • Toyama Prefecture
Dr Yohachiro Okamoto (1876-1960) collection (curated by the Geological Survey of Japan)
      • Yamanashi Prefecture
        • Minobu
          • Shimobe
mineralhunters.hp.infoseek.co.jp/kusama.html
    • Kanto Region
      • Saitama Prefecture
        • Chichibu City
          • Ohtaki-mura
            • Nakatsugawa
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Harada, K., Sakamoto, O., Nakao, K., & Nagashima, K. (1970). Bournonite from Daikoku, Chichibu Mine, Saitama, Japan. Mineralogical Journal, 6(3), 186-188.
      • Tochigi Prefecture
        • Kanuma City
Takaharu Araki collection label; Handbook of Mineralogy.
    • Kinki Region
      • Shiga Prefecture
        • Konan City
          • Ishibe
Tanida et al. (1977) Geoscience Magazine, 28, 395-396 (in japanese).
    • Tohoku Region
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Kuji City
          • Yamagata
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
        • Kunohe-gun
          • Noda-mura
Watanabe, T. (1959) Mineralogical Journal, 2, 6, 408-421
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
        • Shimohei-gun
          • Iwaizumi-cho
Nambu, M., Tanida, K., & Kitamura, T. (1977). Mineralogical study of manganese silicate ores in Northeastern Japan (XXI) Bustamite from Hijikuzu mine, Iwate Prefecture. Bull Res Inst Mineral Dressing and Metall, Tohoku Univ, 33, 31-42.; Shimazaki, H., & Bunno, M. (1978). Subsolidus Skarn Equilibria in the System. Canadian Mineralogist, 16, 539-545.
          • Iwaizumi
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
      • Yamagata Prefecture
        • Mogami
Geological Survey of Japan, 1960.; Akira Kato (2011) Reference informations on distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, No. 1 (April, 2011).
  • Kyushu Region
    • Miyazaki Prefecture
      • Hinokage-cho
Fuzimoto, M. (2006): Manganese minerals from manganese mines, Takachiho district, Miyazaki Prefecture. Part 1. Shimozuru Mine. Chigaku Kenkyu 54, 213-221. (in Japanese)
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Saucillo
      • Naica
Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
    • Mun. de Urique
      • Piedras Verdes
http://www.diabras.com/en/bolivar_field_reports.php
  • Hidalgo
    • Mun. de Pachuca
Simmons, S. F., White, N. C., & John, D. A. (2005). Geological characteristics of epithermal precious and base metal deposits. Economic Geology 100th anniversary volume, 29, 485-522.
  • Puebla
Dana 6:569; Rammelsberg C (1866) Ueber den Xonaltit, ein neues wasserhaltiges Kalksilikat, und den Bustamit aus Mexiko, Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 18, 33-34
Mongolia
 
  • Sühbaatar Aimag (Sükhbaatar Aimag)
    • Baruun-Urt
Gottesmann, W. et al. (2009): N. Jb. Mineral. 185, 249-280
Namibia
 
  • Otjozondjupa Region
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 368 pp. (in English); Cabral, A. R., Moore, J. M., Mapani, B. S., Koubová, M., & Sattler, C. D. (2011). Geochemical and mineralogical constraints on the genesis of the Otjosondu ferromanganese deposit, Namibia: hydrothermal exhalative versus hydrogenetic (including snowball-earth) origins. South African Journal of Geology, 114(1), 57-76.
New Zealand
 
  • North Island
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Øvre Eiker
      • Gunhildrud
Jahren, J.; Berg, H.J.; Hurum, J.H. & Wulff-Pedersen, E. (1998): Nye undersøkelser av amazonitt-genthelvin pegmatitten fra Fiskum, Øvre Eiker. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 13-16
  • Oslo
    • Bjerke
      • Årvoll
Neumann, H. & Nilssen, B.(1981): Inesitt (?) Bustamitt. NAGS-Nytt 8 (2),33 (in norwegian)
  • Telemark
    • Tokke
      • Botnedal
Wel, D.van der. (1999): The Minerals of the Brandsnuten Manganes Deposit, Tokke, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 74-86
Peru
 
  • Lima Department
    • Oyon Province
Oudin E, Picot P, Pillard F, Moëlo Y, Burke E A J, Zakrzewski M A (1982) La bénavidésite, Pb4(Mn,Fe)Sb6S14, un nouveau minéral de la série de la jamesonite, Bulletin de Minéralogie 105, 166-169; Economic Geology November 1990 v. 85 no. 7 p. 1348-1383
Republic of Macedonia
 
  • Probistip
Strmić Palinkas, Sabina and Tasev, Goran and Serafimovski, Todor and Palinkas, Ladislav and Šmajgl, Daniela and Peltekovski, Zlatko (2013) Ore-fluid evolution at the Sasa Pb-Zn skarn deposit, Republic of Macedonia. AusIMM New Zealand Branch Annual Conference 2013, 1 (1). pp. 487-494. [http://eprints.ugd.edu.mk/8626/1/Paper%20Strmic%20et%20al%20za%20E%20biblioteka%20OK.pdf]
Romania
 
  • Bihor Co.
    • Nucet
www.minerals-of-the carpathians.eu (2009)
  • Maramureș Co.
Udubasa, G., Hartopanu, P., Ilinca, G. (1996). The Regionally metamorphosed Fe-Mn Ore Deposit at Razoare, Preluca Mts., Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineralogy, 77, 3-20.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Yeniseisk Autonomous Oblast'
        • Kuznetsk Alatau Range
Kuleshov, V.N., and Bych, A.F. (2002): Lithology and Mineral Resources 37(4), 330-343.
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Primorskiy Kray
American Mineralogist, Vol. 64, 1979, pp. 432-435
  • Northern Caucasus Region
    • Kabardino-Balkarian Republic
      • Baksan Valley
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Bashkortostan Republic (Bashkiria Republic)
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Slovakia
 
  • Nitra Region
    • Levice Co.
BAHNA, B., & CHOVAN, M. (2001). Low-sulfidation type of epithermal Au-Ag mineralization near Pukanec (Central Slovakia Neogene Volcanic fields). GeoLines 13, 11, 17.
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Hotazel
Maggie Wilson Collection
      • Kuruman
        • N'Chwaning Mines
[Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) - The Kalahari (Afrique du Sud) manganese field : an update, Mineralogical Record, 22 (3), 279-302.]
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
        • Bellmunt del Priorat
Joan Abella i Creus (2008): Minerals I Mines De La Conca De Bellmunt Del Priorat.
        • El Molar
Joan Abella i Creus, pers. comm.
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna
    • Ludvika
No reference listed
  • Dalsland
    • Åmål
      • Strandhem ore field
No reference listed
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Rocks & Min.: 60:237; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
      • Persberg district
        • Pajsberg
Nysten, P. (2004): Harstigen ett mineralogisk eldorado i Bergslagen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 5-13
  • Västmanland
    • Hällefors
      • Grythyttan
No reference listed
Turkey
 
  • Aegean Region
    • Denizli Province
      • Kale
Öztürk, H. (1997): Ore Geology Reviews 12, 187-203.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Liskeard District
        • Altarnun
Russell, A. (1946). On rhodonite and tephroite from Treburland manganese mine, Altarnun, Cornwall; and on rhodonite from other localities in Cornwall and Devonshire. Mineralogical Magazine, 27(194), 221-235.
    • Devon
      • Okehampton area (Northern Dartmoor)
http://www.mineralman.f9.co.uk/quarries/meldon.htm ; BMS Database; Mineralogical Magazine 1966 35 : 991-994.
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
    • North West Highlands
      • Isle of Skye
        • Broadford
          • Torrin
USA
 
  • California
AmMin 21:69
    • Madera Co.
      • Agnew Meadows
        • Olaine Lake
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 116; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 411.
  • Colorado
    • Park Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • San Juan Co.
      • Eureka District
        • Gladstone
juanita Curtiss specimen
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Haddam
Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut minerals.
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Gary Moldovany
Palache (1935): 69; Mason, B.: Am. Min.: 60: 209-212 (1975); Dunn (1995):Pt3:438.
FOMS Millsite Committee (1986) (circa), List of Mineral Species Found on the Franklin Mill Site, Franklin-Ogdensburg Mineralogical Society (unpublished).
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Dunn(1995):Pt3:438-439.
  • New Mexico
    • Grant Co.
      • Hanover-Fierro District
Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology (1985) 89:379-393
  • Washington
    • Clallam Co.
      • Lake Crescent
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.62
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Mount Jupiter
        • Elkhorn Group
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.63
Mineral and/or Locality  
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