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Cabriite

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Formula:
Pd
 
2
CuSn
System:OrthorhombicColour:White, pink with a ...
Lustre:MetallicHardness:4
Name:Named in honor of Louis Jean Cabri (b. 1934), Canadian mineralogist, formerly with Canada Centre for Mineral and Energy Technology (CANMET), Ottawa, a world renown specialist in platinum-group minerals (PGM), for his many contributions to the mineralogy and geochemistry of this group. Cabri described many new PGM species from localities around the world and was the coeditor of Canadian Mineralogist (1975-1982).
This page provides mineralogical data about Cabriite.

Classification of Cabriite

IMA status:Approved 1981
Strunz 8th edition ID:1/A.17-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:1.AG.30

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
G : PGE-metal alloys
Dana 8th edition ID:1.2.11.

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
2 : Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Hey's CIM Ref.:1.70

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)
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Type Occurrence of Cabriite

Type Locality:Oktyabr'skoe Cu-Ni deposit (Oktyabr'skoye; Oktyabr'sky), Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit, Noril'sk, Putoran Plateau, Taimyr Peninsula, Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug, Eastern-Siberian Region, Russia
Place of Conservation of Type Material:Fersman Museum
Year of Discovery:1981

Physical Properties of Cabriite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:White, pink with a slight violet tint
Hardness (Mohs):4
Hardness (Vickers):VHN50=258 - 282 kg/mm2
Density (measured):11.1 g/cm3
Density (calculated):10.7 g/cm3

Crystallography of Cabriite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:Pmmm {P2/m 2/m 2/m}
Space Group Setting:Pmmm
Cell Parameters:a = 7.88(5) Å, b = 7.88(5) Å, c = 3.94(2) Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 1 : 1 : 0.5
Unit Cell Volume:V 244.65 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Morphology:Grains to 200 microns
Twinning:Polysynthetic

Optical Data of Cabriite

Type:Anisotropic
Anisotropism:Strong in grayish brown to golden colors
Pleochroism:Weak

Chemical Properties of Cabriite

Formula:
Pd
 
2
CuSn
Simplified for copy/paste:Pd2CuSn
Essential elements:Cu, Pd, Sn
All elements listed in formula:Cu, Pd, Sn
Common Impurities:Pt,Ag,Sb

Relationship of Cabriite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
1.AG.05Hexaferrum
(Fe,Os,Ru,Ir)
1.AG.05Garutiite
(Ni,Fe,Ir)
1.AG.10Atokite
(Pd,Pt)
 
3
Sn
1.AG.10Rustenburgite
(Pt,Pd)
 
3
Sn
1.AG.10Zvyagintsevite
(Pd,Pt,Au)
 
3
(Pb,Sn)
1.AG.15Taimyrite-I
(Pd,Cu,Pt)
 
3
Sn
1.AG.15Tatyanaite
(Pt,Pd,Cu)
 
9
Cu
 
3
Sn
 
4
1.AG.20Paolovite
Pd
 
2
Sn
1.AG.25Plumbopalladinite
Pd
 
3
Pb
 
2
1.AG.25Stannopalladinite
(Pd,Cu)
 
3
Sn
 
2
1.AG.35Chengdeite
Ir
 
3
Fe
1.AG.35Isoferroplatinum
Pt
 
3
Fe
1.AG.40Ferronickelplatinum
Pt
 
2
FeNi
1.AG.40Tetraferroplatinum
PtFe
1.AG.40Tulameenite
Pt
 
2
CuFe
1.AG.45Hongshiite
PtCu
1.AG.45Skaergaardite
PdCu
1.AG.50Yixunite
Pt
 
3
In
1.AG.55Damiaoite
PtIn
 
2
1.AG.60Niggliite
PtSn
1.AG.65Bortnikovite
Pd
 
4
Cu
 
3
Zn
1.AG.70Nielsenite
PdCu
 
3
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
1.1Copper
Cu
1.2Silver
Ag
1.5Gold
Au
1.6Auricupride
Cu
 
3
Au
1.7Tetra-auricupride
AuCu
1.8Zinc
Zn
1.9Cadmium
Cd
1.10Danbaite
CuZn
 
2
1.11Zhanghengite
CuZn
1.12Mercury
Hg
1.13Kolymite
Cu
 
7
Hg
 
6
1.14Moschellandsbergite
Ag
 
2
Hg
 
3
1.15Eugenite
Ag
 
11
Hg
 
2
1.16Schachnerite
Ag
 
1.1
Hg
 
0.9
1.17Paraschachnerite
Ag
 
3
Hg
 
2
1.18Luanheite
Ag
 
3
Hg
1.19Weishanite
(Au,Ag)
 
3
Hg
 
2
1.20Indium
In
1.21Aluminium
Al
1.22Khatyrkite
(Cu,Zn)Al
 
2
1.23Cupalite
(Cu,Zn)Al
1.24Diamond
C
1.25Graphite
C
1.26Chaoite
C
1.27Lonsdaleite
C
1.28Silicon
Si
1.29Tin
Sn
1.30Lead
Pb
1.31Anyuiite
Au(Pb,Sb)
 
2
1.31Novodneprite
AuPb
 
3
1.32Leadamalgam
Pb
 
0.7
Hg
 
0.3
1.33Arsenic
As
1.34Arsenolamprite
As
1.35Paxite
CuAs
 
2
1.36Koutekite
Cu
 
5
As
 
2
1.37Domeykite
Cu
 
3
As
1.38Algodonite
(Cu
 
1-x
As
 
x
)
1.39Novakite
Cu
 
20
AgAs
 
10
1.40Kutinaite
Cu
 
2
AgAs
1.41Antimony
Sb
1.42Stibarsen
AsSb
1.43Paradocrasite
Sb
 
3
As
1.44Horsfordite
Cu, Sb
1.45Cuprostibite
Cu
 
2
(Sb,Tl)
1.46Allargentum
(Ag
 
1-x
Sb
 
x
)
1.47Aurostibite
AuSb
 
2
1.48Dyscrasite
Ag
 
3
Sb
1.49Bismuth
Bi
1.50Maldonite
Au
 
2
Bi
1.51Sulphur
S
 
8
1.52Rosickýite
S
1.53Selenium
Se
1.54Tellurium
Te
1.55Chromium
Cr
1.56Rhenium
Re
1.57Iron
Fe
1.58Chromferide
Fe
 
3
Cr
 
1-x
(x=0.6)
1.59Ferchromide
Cr
 
1.5
Fe
 
0.5-x
1.60Wairauite
CoFe
1.61Nickel
Ni
1.62Kamacite
(Fe,Ni)
1.63Taenite
(Fe,Ni)
1.64Tetrataenite
FeNi
1.65Awaruite
Ni
 
3
Fe
1.66Palladium
(Pd,Pt)
1.67Potarite
PdHg
1.68Paolovite
Pd
 
2
Sn
1.69Stannopalladinite
(Pd,Cu)
 
3
Sn
 
2
1.71Taimyrite-I
(Pd,Cu,Pt)
 
3
Sn
1.72Atokite
(Pd,Pt)
 
3
Sn
1.73Rustenburgite
(Pt,Pd)
 
3
Sn
1.74Zvyagintsevite
(Pd,Pt,Au)
 
3
(Pb,Sn)
1.75Plumbopalladinite
Pd
 
3
Pb
 
2
1.76Osmium
(Os,Ir,Ru)
1.77Iridium
(Ir,Os,Ru)
1.82Platinum
Pt
1.83Hongshiite
PtCu
1.84Niggliite
PtSn
1.85Isoferroplatinum
Pt
 
3
Fe
1.86Tetraferroplatinum
PtFe
1.87Tulameenite
Pt
 
2
CuFe
1.88Ferronickelplatinum
Pt
 
2
FeNi
1.89Rhodium
(Rh,Pt)

Other Names for Cabriite

Synonyms:
IMA1981-057
Other Languages:
German:Cabriit
Spanish:Cabriita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Cabriite

Reference List:

- +
ESTIGNEEVA, T.L. & GENKIN, A.D. (1983): Cabriite, Pd2SnCu, a new mineral species in the mineral group of palladium, tin and copper compounds. Canadian Mineralogist, 21, 481-487. Abstracted in: American Mineralogist: 69: 1190.

Internet Links for Cabriite

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  • Look for Cabriite on Wikipedia
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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Cabriite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • DAKOTA MATRIX offers Cabinet and Rare Species from Worldwide Localities.
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  • Localities for Cabriite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Canada
     
    • Northwest Territories
      • Coppermine River area
    Wilson, G. C., Rucklidge, J. C., & Cermignani, C. (2002). COARSE-GRAINED CABRIITE FROM NORIL’SK, RUSSIA. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 473-479.
    • Québec
      • Chaudière-Appalaches
        • Les Appalaches RCM
          • Thetford Mines
            • Black Lake
    Corrivaux, L. & Laflamme, J.H. G. (1990) Minéralogie des éléments du group du platin dans les chromitites de l'ophiolite de Thetford Mines, Québec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 579-595.; Corrivaux, L. & Laflamme, J.H. G. (1990) Minéralogie des éléments du group du platin dans les chromitites de l'ophiolite de Thetford Mines, Québec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 579-595.
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
        • Taimyr Peninsula
          • Putoran Plateau
            • Noril'sk
              • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
    ESTIGNEEVA, T.L. & GENKIN, A.D. (1983): Cabriite, Pd2SnCu, a new mineral species in the mineral group of palladium, tin and copper compounds. Canadian Mineralogist, 21, 481-487. Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Wilson, G. C., Rucklidge, J. C., & Cermignani, C. (2002). COARSE-GRAINED CABRIITE FROM NORIL’SK, RUSSIA. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 473-479.
    fabreminerals.com
      • Tuva Republic
        • Sayan Mts
          • Eastern Sayan
    Alexander V. Dedeev et al (2002) The PGE-Bearing Sulphide Ores of the Kingash Mafic-Ultramafic Differentiated Intrusion and Ore Processing Characteristics, East Sajan, Russia. 9th annual platinum symposium
    South Africa
     
    • Mpumalanga Province
      • Eastern Bushveld Complex
        • Lydenburg District
    Wilson, G. C., Rucklidge, J. C., & Cermignani, C. (2002). COARSE-GRAINED CABRIITE FROM NORIL’SK, RUSSIA. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 473-479.; Rudashevsky, N. S., Avdontsev, S. N., & Dneprovskaya, M. B. (1992). Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(1), 37-54.
    Wilson, G. C., Rucklidge, J. C., & Cermignani, C. (2002). COARSE-GRAINED CABRIITE FROM NORIL’SK, RUSSIA. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 473-479.; Rudashevsky, N. S., Avdontsev, S. N., & Dneprovskaya, M. B. (1992). Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(1), 37-54.
    USA
     
    • Minnesota
      • St. Louis Co.
        • Ely-Hoyt Lakes Area
    Wilson, G. C., Rucklidge, J. C., & Cermignani, C. (2002). COARSE-GRAINED CABRIITE FROM NORIL’SK, RUSSIA. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 473-479.
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