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Calcioancylite-(Ce)

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Formula:
(Ca,Sr)Ce(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
System:
Orthorhombic
Hardness:
4 - 4½
Member of:
Name:
From the Greek αγκυλός ("ankylos") for "curved", in allusion to its usually rounded and distorted crystal shapes, and the prefix "CALCIO-" in allusion to its composition with CALCIum dominant over strontium, plus the "-(Ce)" suffix due to cerium being the dominant REE.
The calcium analogue of Ancylite-(Ce). The cerium analogue of Calcioancylite-(Nd).

Note: The precise type locality is unknown - the mineral was found at an unspecified place in "Western Lands" (Western Russia or possibly Finland) in a glacial erratic boulder of unknown source; for details and discussion see Pekov (1998).

Classification of Calcioancylite-(Ce)

Approved
Explanation of status:
Type locality unknown, probably western Russia or Baltic country
5.DC.05

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
D : Carbonates with additional anions, with H2O
C : With large cations
16b.1.1.2

16b : HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
1 : AmBn(XO3)pZqxH2O & with (m+n):p = 1:1
11.8.13

11 : Carbonates
8 : Carbonates of the rare earths
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http://www.mindat.org/min-855.html
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Physical Properties of Calcioancylite-(Ce)

Vitreous, Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent
Hardness (Mohs):
4 - 4½
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Splintery

Crystallography of Calcioancylite-(Ce)

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.0095(1) Å, b = 8.5006(1) Å, c = 7.2670(1) Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.589 : 1 : 0.855
Unit Cell Volume:
V 309.46 ų
Comment:
Space group Pmcn (non-standard setting).
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.54 (30)
4.32 (75)
3.66 (40)
2.94 (100)
2.33 (45)
2.07 (35)
2.00 (30)

Optical Data of Calcioancylite-(Ce)

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.654 nβ = 1.733 nγ = 1.772
2V:
Measured: 60° to 70°, Calculated: 66°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.118
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r < v

Chemical Properties of Calcioancylite-(Ce)

Formula:
(Ca,Sr)Ce(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Calcioancylite-(Ce) to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
Ancylite-(Ce)SrCe(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ancylite-(La)Sr(La,Ce)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Calcioancylite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO3)2(OH).H2O
Kozoite-(La)(La,Nd)(CO3)(OH)
Kozoite-(Nd)(Nd,La,Sm,Pr)(CO3)(OH)
5.DC.05Ancylite-(Ce)SrCe(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
5.DC.05Calcioancylite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO3)2(OH).H2O
5.DC.05Gysinite-(Nd)Pb(Nd,La)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
5.DC.05Ancylite-(La)Sr(La,Ce)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
5.DC.05Kozoite-(Nd)(Nd,La,Sm,Pr)(CO3)(OH)
5.DC.05Kozoite-(La)(La,Nd)(CO3)(OH)
5.DC.10Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
5.DC.15SheldrickiteNaCa3(CO3)2F3 · H2O
5.DC.20Thomasclarkite-(Y)(Na,Ce)(Y,REE)(HCO3)(OH)3 · 4H2O
5.DC.25Peterbaylissite(Hg2+)1.5(CO3)(OH) · 2H2O
5.DC.30Clearcreekite(Hg2+)1.5(CO3)(OH) · 2H2O
5.DC.35NiveolaniteNaBe(CO3)(OH) · 2H2O
11.8.1Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
11.8.2Lanthanite-(La)(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
11.8.3Lanthanite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
11.8.4Lanthanite-(Nd)(Nd,La)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
11.8.5Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(CO3)(OH,F)
11.8.6Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,La)(CO3)(OH,F)
11.8.7Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
11.8.8Rémondite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Sr)3(CO3)5
11.8.9Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
11.8.10Kimuraite-(Y)Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
11.8.11Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
11.8.12Calcioancylite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO3)2(OH).H2O
11.8.14Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
11.8.15Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
11.8.16Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
11.8.17Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
11.8.18Ancylite-(Ce)SrCe(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
11.8.19EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
11.8.20Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
11.8.21Sahamalite-(Ce)(Mg,Fe)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)4

Other Names for Calcioancylite-(Ce)

Other Information

Other Information:
Readily soluble in acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Calcioancylite-(Ce)

Reference List:
Tschernik (1904) Verh. min. Ges. St. Petresburg: 41: 43 (as Eisenkalkankylit, Mangankalkankylit).

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 291-293.

Mineralogical Record (1987): 18: 203.

American Mineralogist (1987): 72: 1031 (Appendix 2).

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen (1997): 171(3): 309-322.

Pekov, I. V. (1998): Minerals first discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union. Ocean Pictures Ltd., Moscow, 369 pp.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (2002), 411.

Zapiski Imperatorskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 71: 43-54.

Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow

Belovitskaya, Yu. V., I.V.Pekov, E.R. Gobechiya, and Yu. K. Kabalov (2013): Refinement of the Crystal Structure of Calcioancylite-(Ce) by the Rietveld Method. Crystallography Reports (2013): 56(2),216-219. English translation of original publication in Kristallografiya (2013):58(2),197-200.

Internet Links for Calcioancylite-(Ce)

Localities for Calcioancylite-(Ce)

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Belgium
 
  • Luxembourg Province
    • Bertrix
Dehove, J. (2006): Les minéraux de la Carrière de la Flèche, Bertrix, province du Luxembourg, Belgique. Magazine du 4M, 27(261), 7-11.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
      • Poços de Caldas
Horváth, Toft & Menezes specimens XRD, EDS
Horváth, Menezes, Toft ollections - confirmed by XRD & microprobe
Canada
 
  • Nunavut Territory
    • Baffin Island
Hogarth (1997) Can. Min. 35, 53-78.
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.; Belovitskaya, Y. V., Pekov, I. V., Gobechiya, E. R., & Kabalov, Y. K. (2013). Refinement of the crystal structure of calcioancylite-(Ce) by the Rietveld method. Crystallography Reports, 58(2), 216-219.
Finland
 
  • Northern Finland Region
    • Pyhäntä
Al Ani Thair and Torppa Akseli 2011. REE-Nb mineralogy in Katajakangas and Lamujärvi alkaline rocks, Central Finland
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
Al-Ani Thair, Sarapää Olli and Torppa Akseli 2010. Petrography and Mineralogy of REE-bearing minerals of Iivaara, Otanmäki and Korsnäs alkaline rocks. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti M42/2010/15
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
      • Igaliku (Igaliko)
        • Narsaarsuup Qaava
McDonald, A.M., Petersen, O.V., Gault, R.A., Johnsen, O., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. & Giester, G. (2001): Micheelsenite, (Ca,Y)3Al(PO3,OH,CO3)(CO3)(OH)6•12H2O,a new mineral from Mont Saint- Hilaire, Quebec, Canada and the Nanna pegmatite, Narsaarsuup Qaava, South Greenland. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 337-351
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Hungary
 
  • Baranya Co.
    • Mecsek Mts
      • Hosszúhetény
www.geomania.hu
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Baveno
        • Oltrefiume
          • Mount Camoscio
Grill, E. (1935): I minerali del granito di Baveno, la fayalite. Periodico di Mineralogia, 129-133. - Gallitelli, P. (1936): Le miche del granito di Baveno. . Periodico di Mineralogia, 61-76 - Pagliani, G. (1948): Le Zeoliti del granito di Baveno. Periodico di Mineralogia, 175-188. - Ravagnani, D. (1974): I giacimenti uraniferi italiani - Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo - Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, Ed., Milano, 188 pp. - min. Rec. 14 (3), 157-168 - Am. Min. 83, 1330-1334 (1998) - Am. Min. 84, 782-789 (1999). - Guastoni, A. & Pezzotta, F. (2004): Kristiansenite a Baveno, second ritrovamento Mondiale della specie. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2004, 247-251. - Guastoni, A., Demartin, F., Pezzotta, F. (2004): Sekaninaite delle pegmatiti granitiche di Feriolo e Baveno (VB). Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, 145, 59-68. - Mineralogist americano (2005) 90, 1442-1452.
Orlandi, P., Pasero, M., Vezzalini, G. (1990): Calcio-ancylite-(Nd), a new REE-carbonate from Baveno, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 2, 413-418 Orlandi, P. (1999): Zibaldone di mineralogia italiana 1999. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/1999, 170-175
  • Sardinia
    • Olbia-Tempio Pausania Province
      • Calangianus
- Gamboni, A., Gamboni, T., Pileri, P. (1997): Su alcuni minerali del massiccio granitico del monte Limbara zona "Furru e Conca", comune di Calangianus. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/1997, 123-134. Gamboni, A. & Bonacina, E. (2006): Massiccio granitico del Monte Limbara: calcioancylite-(Ce) e kainosite-(Y) di Furru e Conca, Calangianus, Olbia-Tempio Pausania, Sardegna nord-orientale. Micro (località), 1/2006, 137-140.
      • La Maddalena
        • La Maddalena Island
Identification with UK Id. Service of AMI.
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek District
      • Aris
Uwe Kolitsch and Hans Vidar Ellingsen (SXRD + SEM-EDS); Uwe Kolitsch & Joachim Gröbner (SXRD + SEM-EDS)
Norway
 
  • Aust-Agder
    • Evje og Hornnes
Husdal, T. (2009): Ancylittmineraler i Norge. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 41, 33 - 42
  • Nordland
    • Tysfjord
Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
  • Oslo
    • Grorud
      • Bånkall
Husdal, T. (2009): Ancylittmineraler i Norge. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 41, 33 - 42
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Bjørkedalen
Knut Eldjarn
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Malerød
Andresen, P. (2011): Mineralene fra Midtfjellet larvikittbrudd, Malerød, Larvik. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 46: 41-47
      • Tvedalen
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Andersen, F., Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt 7 (4), 21-100
Larsen, A.O. & Gault, R.A. (2002): Calcio-ancylite-(Ce) from syenite pegmatite at Tvedalen, Oslo region, Norway. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie. Monatshefte, 2002 (9): 411-423; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Vitim Plateau
          • Biraya and Bya Rivers confluence area (Chara Basin)
            • Biraya Fe-REE ore occurrence
C. Lemanski, Jr. (re-entry of lost Mindat data).
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Afrikanda
Belovitskaya, Y. V., Pekov, I. V., Gobechiya, E. R., & Kabalov, Y. K. (2013). Refinement of the crystal structure of calcioancylite-(Ce) by the Rietveld method. Crystallography Reports, 58(2), 216-219.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 292.
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Southern Siberia
    • Sayan Mts
      • Eastern Sayan
Savel’eva, V.B., and Karmanov, N.S. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 681-696.
  • Western-Siberian Region
    • Prepolar Ural
      • Tyumenskaya Oblast'
        • Khanty-Mansi Okrug (Khanty Mansiysk)
          • Saranpaul
Belovitskaya, Y. V., Pekov, I. V., Gobechiya, E. R., & Kabalov, Y. K. (2013). Refinement of the crystal structure of calcioancylite-(Ce) by the Rietveld method. Crystallography Reports, 58(2), 216-219.
Belovitskaya, Y. V., Pekov, I. V., Gobechiya, E. R., & Kabalov, Y. K. (2013). Refinement of the crystal structure of calcioancylite-(Ce) by the Rietveld method. Crystallography Reports, 58(2), 216-219.
Slovenia
 
Collection of NHM, Vienna
Tajikistan
 
  • Region of Republican Subordination
    • Tien Shan Mtn
      • Alai Range (Alayskiy)
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Highlands
      • Tomich
Journal of The Rusell Society (2008) Vol 11, pp73-79.
USA
 
  • Montana
    • Meagher Co.
Chakhmouradian A.R. & Mitchell R.H. (2002) The mineralogy of Ba- and Zr-rich alkaline pegmatites from Gordon Butte, Crazy Mountains (Montana, USA): comparisons between potassic and sodic agpaitic pegmatites. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 143, 93-114.
  • New York
    • New York City
www.nysam.org
  • North Carolina
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Kings Mountain District
Mineralogical Record (1987): 18: 203-205.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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