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Calcioancylite-(Ce)

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Formula:
(Ca,Sr)Ce(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
System:OrthorhombicHardness:4 - 4½
Member of:Ancylite Group
Name:From the Greek αγκυλός ("ankylos") for "curved", in allusion to its usually rounded and distorted crystal shapes, and the prefix "CALCIO-" in allusion to its composition with CALCIum dominant over strontium, plus the "-(Ce)" suffix due to cerium being the dominant REE.


The calcium analogue of Ancylite-(Ce). The cerium analogue of Calcioancylite-(Nd).

Note: The precise type locality is unknown - the mineral was found at an unspecified place in "Western Lands" (Western Russia or possibly Finland) in a glacial erratic boulder of unknown source; for details and discussion see Pekov (1998).

Classification of Calcioancylite-(Ce)

IMA status:Approved
Explanation of status:Type locality unknown, probably western Russia or Baltic country
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:5.DC.05

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
D : Carbonates with additional anions, with H2O
C : With large cations
Dana 8th edition ID:16b.1.1.2

16b : HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
1 : AmBn(XO3)pZqxH2O & with (m+n):p = 1:1
Hey's CIM Ref.:11.8.13

11 : Carbonates
8 : Carbonates of the rare earths
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Physical Properties of Calcioancylite-(Ce)

Lustre:Vitreous, Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent
Hardness (Mohs):4 - 4½
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:None Observed
Fracture:Splintery

Crystallography of Calcioancylite-(Ce)

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:a = 5.0095(1) Å, b = 8.5006(1) Å, c = 7.2670(1) Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.589 : 1 : 0.855
Unit Cell Volume:V 309.46 ų
Comment:Space group Pmcn (non-standard setting).
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
5.54 (30)
4.32 (75)
3.66 (40)
2.94 (100)
2.33 (45)
2.07 (35)
2.00 (30)

Optical Data of Calcioancylite-(Ce)

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.654 nβ = 1.733 nγ = 1.772
2V:Measured: 60° to 70°, Calculated: 66°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.118

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:High
Dispersion:r < v

Chemical Properties of Calcioancylite-(Ce)

Formula:
(Ca,Sr)Ce(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:(Ca,Sr)Ce(CO3)2(OH)·H2O
Essential elements:C, Ca, Ce, H, O
All elements listed in formula:C, Ca, Ce, H, O, Sr

Relationship of Calcioancylite-(Ce) to other Species

Member of:Ancylite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Ancylite-(Ce)
SrCe(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
Ancylite-(La)
Sr(La,Ce)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
Calcioancylite-(Nd)
Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)
 
.
H
 
2
O
Kozoite-(La)
(La,Nd)(CO
 
3
)(OH)
Kozoite-(Nd)
(Nd,La,Sm,Pr)(CO
 
3
)(OH)
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
5.DC.05Ancylite-(Ce)
SrCe(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
5.DC.05Calcioancylite-(Nd)
Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)
 
.
H
 
2
O
5.DC.05Gysinite-(Nd)
Pb(Nd,La)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
5.DC.05Ancylite-(La)
Sr(La,Ce)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
5.DC.05Kozoite-(Nd)
(Nd,La,Sm,Pr)(CO
 
3
)(OH)
5.DC.05Kozoite-(La)
(La,Nd)(CO
 
3
)(OH)
5.DC.10Kamphaugite-(Y)
Ca(Y,REE)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
5.DC.15Sheldrickite
NaCa
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
 
3
· H
 
2
O
5.DC.20Thomasclarkite-(Y)
(Na,Ce)(Y,REE)(HCO
 
3
)(OH)
 
3
· 4H
 
2
O
5.DC.25Peterbaylissite
(Hg
+
2
)
 
1.5
(CO
 
3
)(OH) · 2H
 
2
O
5.DC.30Clearcreekite
(Hg
+
2
)
 
1.5
(CO
 
3
)(OH) · 2H
 
2
O
5.DC.35Niveolanite
NaBe(CO
 
3
)(OH) · 2H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
11.8.1Calkinsite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 4H
 
2
O
11.8.2Lanthanite-(La)
(La,Ce)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
11.8.3Lanthanite-(Ce)
(Ce,La,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
11.8.4Lanthanite-(Nd)
(Nd,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
11.8.5Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)(OH,F)
11.8.6Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)
(Nd,Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)(OH,F)
11.8.7Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)
(La,Nd,Ce)(CO
 
3
)(OH,F)
11.8.8Rémondite-(Ce)
Na
 
3
(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Sr)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
11.8.9Tengerite-(Y)
Y
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 2-3H
 
2
O
11.8.10Kimuraite-(Y)
Ca(Y,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
11.8.11Lokkaite-(Y)
Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
7
· 9H
 
2
O
11.8.12Calcioancylite-(Nd)
Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)
 
.
H
 
2
O
11.8.14Burbankite
(Na,Ca)
 
3
(Sr,Ba,Ce)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
11.8.15Khanneshite
(Na,Ca)
 
3
(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
11.8.16Donnayite-(Y)
NaCaSr
 
3
Y(CO
 
3
)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
11.8.17Carbocernaite
(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
11.8.18Ancylite-(Ce)
SrCe(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
11.8.19Ewaldite
Ba(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
· 2.6H
 
2
O
11.8.20Mckelveyite-(Y)
NaCaBa
 
3
Y(CO
 
3
)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
11.8.21Sahamalite-(Ce)
(Mg,Fe)(Ce,La,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4

Other Names for Calcioancylite-(Ce)

Other Languages:
Russian:Кальциоанкилит-(Ce)
Simplified Chinese:碳钙铈石
碳钙铈矿
钙碳锶鈰矿
Traditional Chinese:碳鈣鈰石
碳鈣鈰礦
鈣碳鍶鈰礦

Other Information

Other Information:Readily soluble in acids.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Calcioancylite-(Ce)

Reference List:

- +
Tschernik (1904) Verh. min. Ges. St. Petresburg: 41: 43 (as Eisenkalkankylit, Mangankalkankylit).

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 291-293.

Mineralogical Record (1987): 18: 203.

American Mineralogist (1987): 72: 1031 (Appendix 2).

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen (1997): 171(3): 309-322.

Pekov, I. V. (1998): Minerals first discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union. Ocean Pictures Ltd., Moscow, 369 pp.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (2002), 411.

Zapiski Imperatorskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 71: 43-54.

Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow

Belovitskaya, Yu. V., I.V.Pekov, E.R. Gobechiya, and Yu. K. Kabalov (2013): Refinement of the Crystal Structure of Calcioancylite-(Ce) by the Rietveld Method. Crystallography Reports (2013): 56(2),216-219. English translation of original publication in Kristallografiya (2013):58(2),197-200.

Internet Links for Calcioancylite-(Ce)

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  • Localities for Calcioancylite-(Ce)

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Belgium
     
    • Luxembourg Province
      • Bertrix
    Dehove, J. (2006): Les minéraux de la Carrière de la Flèche, Bertrix, province du Luxembourg, Belgique. Magazine du 4M, 27(261), 7-11.
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
      • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
        • Poços de Caldas
    Horváth, Toft & Menezes specimens XRD, EDS
    Horváth, Menezes, Toft ollections - confirmed by XRD & microprobe
    Canada
     
    • Nunavut Territory
      • Baffin Island
    Hogarth (1997) Can. Min. 35, 53-78.
    • Québec
      • Montérégie
        • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
          • Mont Saint-Hilaire
    Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.; Belovitskaya, Y. V., Pekov, I. V., Gobechiya, E. R., & Kabalov, Y. K. (2013). Refinement of the crystal structure of calcioancylite-(Ce) by the Rietveld method. Crystallography Reports, 58(2), 216-219.
    Finland
     
    • Northern Finland Region
      • Pyhäntä
    Al Ani Thair and Torppa Akseli 2011. REE-Nb mineralogy in Katajakangas and Lamujärvi alkaline rocks, Central Finland
    • Western and Inner Finland Region
    Al-Ani Thair, Sarapää Olli and Torppa Akseli 2010. Petrography and Mineralogy of REE-bearing minerals of Iivaara, Otanmäki and Korsnäs alkaline rocks. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti M42/2010/15
    Greenland
     
    • Kujalleq
      • Narsaq
        • Igaliku (Igaliko)
          • Narsaarsuup Qaava
    McDonald, A.M., Petersen, O.V., Gault, R.A., Johnsen, O., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. & Giester, G. (2001): Micheelsenite, (Ca,Y)3Al(PO3,OH,CO3)(CO3)(OH)6•12H2O,a new mineral from Mont Saint- Hilaire, Quebec, Canada and the Nanna pegmatite, Narsaarsuup Qaava, South Greenland. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 337-351
    Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
    Hungary
     
    • Baranya Co.
      • Mecsek Mtns
        • Hosszúhetény
    www.geomania.hu
    Italy
     
    • Piedmont
      • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
        • Baveno
          • Oltrefiume
            • Mount Camoscio
    Grill, E. (1935): I minerali del granito di Baveno, la fayalite. Periodico di Mineralogia, 129-133. - Gallitelli, P. (1936): Le miche del granito di Baveno. . Periodico di Mineralogia, 61-76 - Pagliani, G. (1948): Le Zeoliti del granito di Baveno. Periodico di Mineralogia, 175-188. - Ravagnani, D. (1974): I giacimenti uraniferi italiani - Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo - Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, Ed., Milano, 188 pp. - min. Rec. 14 (3), 157-168 - Am. Min. 83, 1330-1334 (1998) - Am. Min. 84, 782-789 (1999). - Guastoni, A. & Pezzotta, F. (2004): Kristiansenite a Baveno, second ritrovamento Mondiale della specie. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2004, 247-251. - Guastoni, A., Demartin, F., Pezzotta, F. (2004): Sekaninaite delle pegmatiti granitiche di Feriolo e Baveno (VB). Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, 145, 59-68. - Mineralogist americano (2005) 90, 1442-1452.
    Orlandi, P., Pasero, M., Vezzalini, G. (1990): Calcio-ancylite-(Nd), a new REE-carbonate from Baveno, Italy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 2, 413-418 Orlandi, P. (1999): Zibaldone di mineralogia italiana 1999. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/1999, 170-175
    • Sardinia
      • Olbia-Tempio Pausania Province
        • Calangianus
    - Gamboni, A., Gamboni, T., Pileri, P. (1997): Su alcuni minerali del massiccio granitico del monte Limbara zona "Furru e Conca", comune di Calangianus. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/1997, 123-134. Gamboni, A. & Bonacina, E. (2006): Massiccio granitico del Monte Limbara: calcioancylite-(Ce) e kainosite-(Y) di Furru e Conca, Calangianus, Olbia-Tempio Pausania, Sardegna nord-orientale. Micro (località), 1/2006, 137-140.
        • La Maddalena
          • La Maddalena Island
    Identification with UK Id. Service of AMI.
    Namibia
     
    • Khomas Region
      • Windhoek District
        • Aris
    Uwe Kolitsch and Hans Vidar Ellingsen (SXRD + SEM-EDS); Uwe Kolitsch & Joachim Gröbner (SXRD + SEM-EDS)
    Norway
     
    • Aust-Agder
      • Evje og Hornnes
    Husdal, T. (2009): Ancylittmineraler i Norge. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 41, 33 - 42
    • Nordland
      • Tysfjord
    Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
    Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
    • Oslo
      • Grorud
        • Bånkall
    Husdal, T. (2009): Ancylittmineraler i Norge. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 41, 33 - 42
    • Telemark
      • Porsgrunn
        • Bjørkedalen
    Knut Eldjarn
    • Vestfold
      • Larvik
        • Malerød
    Andresen, P. (2011): Mineralene fra Midtfjellet larvikittbrudd, Malerød, Larvik. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 46: 41-47
        • Tvedalen
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
    Andersen, F., Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt 7 (4), 21-100
    Larsen, A.O. & Gault, R.A. (2002): Calcio-ancylite-(Ce) from syenite pegmatite at Tvedalen, Oslo region, Norway. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie. Monatshefte, 2002 (9): 411-423; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
        • Irkutskaya Oblast'
          • Vitim Plateau
            • Biraya and Bya Rivers confluence area (Chara Basin)
              • Biraya Fe-REE ore occurrence
    C. Lemanski, Jr. (re-entry of lost Mindat data).
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Afrikanda
    Belovitskaya, Y. V., Pekov, I. V., Gobechiya, E. R., & Kabalov, Y. K. (2013). Refinement of the crystal structure of calcioancylite-(Ce) by the Rietveld method. Crystallography Reports, 58(2), 216-219.
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 292.
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Southern Siberia
      • Sayan Mts
        • Eastern Sayan
    Savel’eva, V.B., and Karmanov, N.S. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 681-696.
    • Western-Siberian Region
      • Prepolar Ural
        • Tyumenskaya Oblast'
          • Khanty-Mansi Okrug (Khanty Mansiysk)
            • Saranpaul
    Belovitskaya, Y. V., Pekov, I. V., Gobechiya, E. R., & Kabalov, Y. K. (2013). Refinement of the crystal structure of calcioancylite-(Ce) by the Rietveld method. Crystallography Reports, 58(2), 216-219.
    Belovitskaya, Y. V., Pekov, I. V., Gobechiya, E. R., & Kabalov, Y. K. (2013). Refinement of the crystal structure of calcioancylite-(Ce) by the Rietveld method. Crystallography Reports, 58(2), 216-219.
    Slovenia
     
    Collection of NHM, Vienna
    Tajikistan
     
    • Region of Republican Subordination
      • Tien Shan Mtn
        • Alai Range (Alayskiy)
    http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
    UK
     
    • Scotland
      • Highlands
        • Tomich
    Journal of The Rusell Society (2008) Vol 11, pp73-79.
    USA
     
    • Montana
      • Meagher Co.
    Chakhmouradian A.R. & Mitchell R.H. (2002) The mineralogy of Ba- and Zr-rich alkaline pegmatites from Gordon Butte, Crazy Mountains (Montana, USA): comparisons between potassic and sodic agpaitic pegmatites. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 143, 93-114.
    • New York
      • New York City
    www.nysam.org
    • North Carolina
      • Cleveland Co.
        • Kings Mountain District
    Mineralogical Record (1987): 18: 203-205.
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