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Calzirtite

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Formula:
CaZr3TiO9
System:
Tetragonal
Hardness:
6 - 7
Name:
Named in allusion to its composition, containing CALcium, ZIRconium and TItanium.
This page provides mineralogical data about Calzirtite.

Classification of Calzirtite

Approved
4.DL.10

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
L : With large (+- medium-sized) cations; fluorite-type structures
8.7.4.1

8 : MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
7 : Miscellaneous
7.10.6

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
10 : Oxides of Zr and Th
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Type Occurrence of Calzirtite

Year of Discovery:
1961

Physical Properties of Calzirtite

Hardness (Mohs):
6 - 7

Crystallography of Calzirtite

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 15.3Å, c = 10.2Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.667
Unit Cell Volume:
V 2,387.72 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Calzirtite

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 2.190 - 2.270 nε = 2.300 - 2.360
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.110
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of Calzirtite

Formula:
CaZr3TiO9
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Calzirtite to other Species

4.DL.05Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
4.DL.05ThorianiteThO2
4.DL.05UraniniteUO2
4.DL.05Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
4.DL.05Aeschynite Group
4.DL.10Tazheranite(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-x
4.DL.10Hiärneite(Ca,Mn,Na)2(Zr,Mn3+)5(Sb,Ti,Fe)2O16
7.10.1BaddeleyiteZrO2
7.10.2ArkeliteZrO2
7.10.3PainiteCaZrAl9(BO3)O15
7.10.4SrilankiteZrTi2O6
7.10.5ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7
7.10.7Tazheranite(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-x
7.10.8Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x
7.10.9UhligiteCa3(Ti,Al,Zr)9O20 ?
7.10.10ThorianiteThO2

Other Names for Calzirtite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Calzirtit
Simplified Chinese:钙锆钛矿
Spanish:Calzirtita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Calzirtite

Reference List:
American Mineralogist: 46: 1515.

Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 137: 681-684.

American Mineralogist: 71: 815-818.

Bulakh, Andrei G.; Nesterov, Alexander R.; Anastasenko, Galina F.; Anisimov, Ilija S. (1999): Crystal morphology and intergrowths of calzirtite Ca2Zr5TiO16, zirkelite (Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x, zirconolite CaZrTi2O7 in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kola Peninsula (Russia). Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Monatsh. 1999, 11-20.

Internet Links for Calzirtite

Localities for Calzirtite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Araxá
Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
    • Tapira
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
  • São Paulo
    • Cajati
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
China
 
  • Shandong Province
    • Linyi Prefecture
      • Yimeng Mts (Yimeng Shan)
        • Mengyin Co.
Guangcheng Chi, Lihua Song, Na Wang, Desong Cui, and Guoxing Zhou (2010): Rock and Mineral Analysis 29(4), 475-477
Finland
 
  • Lapland Region
    • Savukoski
      • Tulppio
Vartiainen, H. 1980 The petrography, mineralogy and petrochemistry of the Sokli carbonative massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin, 313
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
Pascal, M.-L., Di Muro, A., Boudouma, O., Fointeilles, M., Principe, C. (2008): Zirconlite, calzirtite, baddeleyite, betafite, geikielite and qandilite in skarn ejecta from Vesuvius - inferences for the magma-wallrock interactions. EGU General Assembly 2008. Geophysical Research Abstract, 10, EGU2008-A-06674, 2008. ; Pascal, M.-L., Di Muro, A., Boudouma, O., Fointeilles, M., Principe, C. (2008): Zirconolite, calzirtite, baddeleyite, betafite, geikielite and qandilite in skarn ejecta from Vesuvius - inferences for the magma-wallrock interactions. EGU General Assembly 2008. Geophysical Research Abstract, 10, EGU2008-A-06674, 2008.
Pascal, M.L. et al. (2008): Zirconolite, Calzirtite, Baddeleyite, Betafite, Geikielite and Quandilite in skarn ejecta from Vesuvius – inferences for the magma-wallrock interactions, Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 10
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Malenco Valley
          • Torre di Santa Maria
            • Ciappanico
Preite, D. (1986): Note di mineralogia italiana: Calzirtite di Ciappanico (SO). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 10(3), 139.
Boscardin, M., and Preite, D. (1982) Calzirtit, Milarit und Compreignacit aud den italienischen Zentralalpen. Lapis, 1982/10, 15-16. Preite, D. (1986) Calzirtite di Ciappanico. Riv. Mineral. It., 10, 139. Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp. Callegari, A., Mazzi, F., Ungaretti, L. (1997) The crystal structure of the orthorombic calzirtite from Val Malenco (Italy). N. Jb. Mineral. Mh., 467-480.
Japan
 
  • Ehime Prefecture
    • Inland Sea (Setonaikai)
Nishio & Minakawa (2003) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 201.
  • Honshu Island
    • Chugoku Region
      • Okayama Prefecture
        • Takahashi City
          • Bicchu-cho (Bitchu-cho)
            • Fuka
Mineralogical Record: 27: 304.; Henmi, C., Kusachi, I., & Henmi, K. (1996). Zirconium minerals and zirconian garnet from Fuka, Okayama Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Journal, 18(2), 54-59.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Krasnoyarsk Territory (Krasnoyarsk Kray; Krasnoyarskii Krai)
      • Maimecha and Kotui Rivers Basin
Kogarko, L. N. (2012). Geochemistry of radioactive elements in the rocks of the Guli Massif, Polar Siberia. Geochemistry International, 50(9), 719-725.
Kogarko, L. N., Plant, D. A., Henderson, C. M. B., & Kjarsgaard, B. A. (1991). Na-rich carbonate inclusions in perovskite and calzirtite from the Guli intrusive Ca-carbonatite, polar Siberia. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 109(1), 124-129.
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Lake Baikal area
Konev A.A., Samoilov V.S. (1974) Contact metamorphism and metasomatoz in aureole of Tazheran alkaline intrusion, - Novosibirsk, Nauka, p. 246. ; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts (2011) Mineralogical Magazine p1785
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
        • Dovyren Highlands
Galuskin, Evgeny V. et al. (2007) Dovyrenite Ca6Zr[Si2O7]2(OH)4: Vol. 38(1) , 15-27.
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Khabarovskiy Kray
      • Aldan province
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Zdorik T.B., Sidorenko G.A., Bykova A.V. (1961) Calzirtite, a new calcium titanozirconate, - Doclady AN SSSR, v. 137, N3, p. 681-684 (in Rus.)
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Afrikanda
Бритвин С.Н., Иванюк Г.Ю., Яковенчук В.Н. Минералогические экскурсии по Кольскому полуострову. IV. Массив Африканда. - Мир камня, 1995, № 5/6, С. 31-32 (World of Stones, 1995, № 5/6, 56-57).; Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Can. Miner., Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Williams, C. T. (1996). The occurrence of niobian zirconolite, pyrochlore and baddeleyite in the Kovdor carbonatite complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(401), 639-646.
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Bulakh, A. G., Nesterov, A. R., Anisimov, I. S., & Williams, C. T. (1998). Zirkelite from the Sebl'yavr carbonatite complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia; an X-ray and electron microprobe study of a partially metamict mineral. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(6), 837-846.
        • Turii Cape
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/tury.htm
Sweden
 
  • Medelpad
    • Sundsvall
No reference listed
        • Smedsgården
Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
    • Timrå
      • Tynderö
Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
Mineral and/or Locality  
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