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Calzirtite

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Formula:
CaZr
 
3
TiO
 
9
System:TetragonalHardness:6 - 7
Name:Named in allusion to its composition, containing CALcium, ZIRconium and TItanium.
This page provides mineralogical data about Calzirtite.

Classification of Calzirtite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:4/D.31-30
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:4.DL.10

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
L : With large (+- medium-sized) cations; fluorite-type structures
Dana 8th edition ID:8.7.4.1

8 : MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
7 : Miscellaneous
Hey's CIM Ref.:7.10.6

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
10 : Oxides of Zr and Th
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Type Occurrence of Calzirtite

Type Locality:Gornoozerskii carbonatite complex (Gornoe Ozero), Aldan province, Khabarovskiy Kray, Far-Eastern Region, Russia
Year of Discovery:1961

Physical Properties of Calzirtite

Hardness (Mohs):6 - 7

Crystallography of Calzirtite

Crystal System:Tetragonal
Cell Parameters:a = 15.3Å, c = 10.2Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 0.667
Unit Cell Volume:V 2,387.72 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Calzirtite

Type:Uniaxial (+)
RI values: nω = 2.190 - 2.270 nε = 2.300 - 2.360
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.110

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High

Chemical Properties of Calzirtite

Formula:
CaZr
 
3
TiO
 
9
Simplified for copy/paste:CaZr3TiO9
Essential elements:Ca, O, Ti, Zr
All elements listed in formula:Ca, O, Ti, Zr

Relationship of Calzirtite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
4.DL.05Cerianite-(Ce)
(Ce
4+
 
,Th)O
 
2
4.DL.05Thorianite
ThO
 
2
4.DL.05Uraninite
UO
 
2
4.DL.05Zirkelite
(Ti,Ca,Zr)O
 
2-x
4.DL.05Aeschynite Group
4.DL.10Tazheranite
(Zr,Ti,Ca)O
 
2-x
4.DL.10Hiärneite
(Ca,Mn,Na)
 
2
(Zr,Mn
3+
 
)
 
5
(Sb,Ti,Fe)
 
2
O
 
16
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
7.10.1Baddeleyite
ZrO
 
2
7.10.2Arkelite
ZrO
 
2
7.10.3Painite
CaZrAl
 
9
(BO
 
3
)O
 
15
7.10.4Srilankite
ZrTi
 
2
O
 
6
7.10.5Zirconolite
CaZrTi
 
2
O
 
7
7.10.7Tazheranite
(Zr,Ti,Ca)O
 
2-x
7.10.8Zirkelite
(Ti,Ca,Zr)O
 
2-x
7.10.9Uhligite
Ca
 
3
(Ti,Al,Zr)
 
9
O
 
20
?
7.10.10Thorianite
ThO
 
2

Other Names for Calzirtite

Other Languages:
German:Calzirtit
Russian:Кальциртит
Simplified Chinese:钙锆钛矿
Spanish:Calzirtita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Calzirtite

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist: 46: 1515.

Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 137: 681-684.

American Mineralogist: 71: 815-818.

Bulakh, Andrei G.; Nesterov, Alexander R.; Anastasenko, Galina F.; Anisimov, Ilija S. (1999): Crystal morphology and intergrowths of calzirtite Ca2Zr5TiO16, zirkelite (Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x, zirconolite CaZrTi2O7 in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kola Peninsula (Russia). Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Monatsh. 1999, 11-20.

Internet Links for Calzirtite

Search Engines:
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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Calzirtite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Calzirtite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
      • Araxá
    Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
      • Tapira
    Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
    • São Paulo
      • Cajati
    Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
    China
     
    • Shandong Province
      • Linyi Prefecture
        • Yimeng Mtns (Yimeng Shan)
          • Mengyin Co.
    Guangcheng Chi, Lihua Song, Na Wang, Desong Cui, and Guoxing Zhou (2010): Rock and Mineral Analysis 29(4), 475-477
    Finland
     
    • Lapland Region
      • Savukoski
        • Tulppio
    Vartiainen, H. 1980 The petrography, mineralogy and petrochemistry of the Sokli carbonative massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin, 313
    Italy
     
    • Campania
      • Naples Province
    Pascal, M.-L., Di Muro, A., Boudouma, O., Fointeilles, M., Principe, C. (2008): Zirconlite, calzirtite, baddeleyite, betafite, geikielite and qandilite in skarn ejecta from Vesuvius - inferences for the magma-wallrock interactions. EGU General Assembly 2008. Geophysical Research Abstract, 10, EGU2008-A-06674, 2008. ; Pascal, M.-L., Di Muro, A., Boudouma, O., Fointeilles, M., Principe, C. (2008): Zirconolite, calzirtite, baddeleyite, betafite, geikielite and qandilite in skarn ejecta from Vesuvius - inferences for the magma-wallrock interactions. EGU General Assembly 2008. Geophysical Research Abstract, 10, EGU2008-A-06674, 2008.
    Pascal, M.L. et al. (2008): Zirconolite, Calzirtite, Baddeleyite, Betafite, Geikielite and Quandilite in skarn ejecta from Vesuvius – inferences for the magma-wallrock interactions, Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 10
    • Lombardy
      • Sondrio Province
        • Malenco Valley
          • Torre di Santa Maria
            • Ciappanico
    Preite, D. (1986): Note di mineralogia italiana: Calzirtite di Ciappanico (SO). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 10(3), 139.
    Japan
     
    • Ehime Prefecture
      • Inland Sea (Setonaikai)
    Nishio & Minakawa (2003) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 201.
    • Honshu Island
      • Chugoku Region
        • Okayama Prefecture
          • Takahashi City
            • Bitchu-cho-fuka (Bicchu-cho-fuka)
    Mineralogical Record: 27: 304.
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Krasnoyarsk Territory (Krasnoyarsk Kray; Krasnoyarskii Krai)
        • Maimecha and Kotui Rivers Basin
    Kogarko, L. N. (2012). Geochemistry of radioactive elements in the rocks of the Guli Massif, Polar Siberia. Geochemistry International, 50(9), 719-725.
    Kogarko, L. N., Plant, D. A., Henderson, C. M. B., & Kjarsgaard, B. A. (1991). Na-rich carbonate inclusions in perovskite and calzirtite from the Guli intrusive Ca-carbonatite, polar Siberia. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 109(1), 124-129.
      • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
        • Irkutskaya Oblast'
          • Lake Baikal area
    Konev A.A., Samoilov V.S. (1974) Contact metamorphism and metasomatoz in aureole of Tazheran alkaline intrusion, - Novosibirsk, Nauka, p. 246. ; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts (2011) Mineralogical Magazine p1785
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
    [World of Stones 12:49]
      • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
        • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
          • Dovyren Highlands
    Galuskin, Evgeny V. et al. (2007) Dovyrenite Ca6Zr[Si2O7]2(OH)4: Vol. 38(1) , 15-27.
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Khabarovskiy Kray
        • Aldan province
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Zdorik T.B., Sidorenko G.A., Bykova A.V. (1961) Calzirtite, a new calcium titanozirconate, - Doclady AN SSSR, v. 137, N3, p. 681-684 (in Rus.)
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Afrikanda
    Бритвин С.Н., Иванюк Г.Ю., Яковенчук В.Н. Минералогические экскурсии по Кольскому полуострову. IV. Массив Африканда. - Мир камня, 1995, № 5/6, С. 31-32 (World of Stones, 1995, № 5/6, 56-57).; Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Can. Miner., Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
    Williams, C. T. (1996). The occurrence of niobian zirconolite, pyrochlore and baddeleyite in the Kovdor carbonatite complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(401), 639-646.
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Bulakh, A. G., Nesterov, A. R., Anisimov, I. S., & Williams, C. T. (1998). Zirkelite from the Sebl'yavr carbonatite complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia; an X-ray and electron microprobe study of a partially metamict mineral. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(6), 837-846.
          • Turii Cape
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/tury.htm
    Sweden
     
    • Medelpad
      • Sundsvall
    No reference listed
          • Smedsgården
    Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
      • Timrå
        • Tynderö
    Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
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