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Camgasite

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Formula:
CaMg(AsO
 
4
)(OH) · 5H
 
2
O
System:MonoclinicHardness:2
Name:Named for Ca Mg As
This page provides mineralogical data about Camgasite.

Classification of Camgasite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/D.36-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.DJ.15

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
J : With large and medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 1:1
Dana 8th edition ID:42.7.16.1

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
7 : (AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Hey's CIM Ref.:20.2.20

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
2 : Arsenates of Be, Mg, Ca or Ba
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Type Occurrence of Camgasite

Type Locality:Johann Mine, Burgfelsen, Wittichen, Schenkenzell, Black Forest, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Year of Discovery:1989

Physical Properties of Camgasite

Hardness (Mohs):2

Crystallography of Camgasite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:a = 9.18Å, b = 7.63Å, c = 16.27Å
β = 128°
Ratio:a:b:c = 1.203 : 1 : 2.132
Unit Cell Volume:V 898.02 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Camgasite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 1.540 nβ = 1.548 nγ = 1.563
2V:Measured: 74° , Calculated: 74°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.023

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Low
Dispersion:r < < v

Chemical Properties of Camgasite

Formula:
CaMg(AsO
 
4
)(OH) · 5H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:CaMg(AsO4)(OH)·5H2O
Essential elements:As, Ca, H, Mg, O
All elements listed in formula:As, Ca, H, Mg, O

Relationship of Camgasite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.DJ.05Johnwalkite
K(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(Nb
5+
 
,Ta
5+
 
)(PO
 
4
)
 
2
O
 
2
· 2(H
 
2
O,OH)
8.DJ.05Olmsteadite
KFe
2+
2
(Nb
5+
 
,Ta
5+
 
)(PO
 
4
)
 
2
O
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
8.DJ.10Gatumbaite
CaAl
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
8.DJ.20Phosphofibrite
K
 
<0.5
(Fe
3+
 
,Cu)
 
8
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(OH)
 
7
· 7H
 
2
O
8.DJ.20Meurigite-K
KFe
3+
8
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(OH)
 
7
· 6.5H
 
2
O
8.DJ.20Meurigite-Na
NaFe
3+
8
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(OH)
 
7
· 6.5H
 
2
O
8.DJ.25Jungite
Ca
 
2
Zn
 
4
Fe
3+
8
(PO
 
4
)
 
9
(OH)
 
9
· 16H
 
2
O
8.DJ.30Wycheproofite
NaAlZr(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
8.DJ.35Ercitite
Na
 
2
Mn
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.DJ.40Mrázekite
Bi
 
2
Cu
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
O
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
8.DJ.45Attikaite
Ca
 
3
Cu
 
2
Al
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
20.2.1Bearsite
Be
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH) · 4H
 
2
O
20.2.2Brassite
Mg(HAsO
 
4
) · 4H
 
2
O
20.2.3Rösslerite
Mg(HAsO
 
4
) · 7H
 
2
O
20.2.4Hörnesite
Mg
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
20.2.5Weilite
Ca(HAsO
 
4
)
20.2.6Johnbaumite
Ca
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
OH
20.2.7Haidingerite
CaHAsO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
20.2.8Pharmacolite
Ca(HAsO
 
4
) · 2H
 
2
O
20.2.9Sainfeldite
CaCa
 
2
Ca
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
20.2.10Vladimirite
Ca
 
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(AsO
 
3
OH) · 4H
 
2
O
20.2.11Guérinite
Ca
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 9H
 
2
O
20.2.12Ferrarisite
Ca
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 9H
 
2
O
20.2.13Rauenthalite
Ca
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 10H
 
2
O
20.2.14Phaunouxite
Ca
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 11H
 
2
O
20.2.15Mcnearite
NaCa
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)(HAsO
 
4
)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
20.2.16Bergslagite
CaBeAsO
 
4
(OH)
20.2.17Adelite
CaMg(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
20.2.18Talmessite
Ca
 
2
Mg(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
20.2.19Irhtemite
Ca
 
4
Mg(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
20.2.21Picropharmacolite
Ca
 
4
Mg(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 11H
 
2
O
20.2.22Bariopharmacosiderite
Ba
 
0.5
Fe
3+
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O

Other Names for Camgasite

Synonyms:
IMA1988-031
Other Languages:
German:Camgasit
Spanish:Camgasita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Camgasite

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist: 76: 2021.

Aufschluss: 40: 369-372.

Internet Links for Camgasite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Camgasite on Google
  • Look for Camgasite images on Google
  • External Links:
  • Look for Camgasite on Webmineral
  • Look for Camgasite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Camgasite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Camgasite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Camgasite

    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Schenkenzell
          • Wittichen
            • Burgfelsen
    American Mineralogist: 76: 2021.
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