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Cannizzarite

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Stanislao Cannizzaro
Formula:
Pb4Bi6S13
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
White to silvery gray
Hardness:
2
Name:
For Italian chemist, Stanislao Cannizzaro (1826-1910).
Compare Unnamed (Cd-Pb-Bi sulfide selenide II) and so-called "cannizzarite-B" (UM1975-13-S:BiPb).

Classification of Cannizzarite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:
1924
2.JB.20

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
J : Sulfosalts of PbS archetype
B : Galena derivatives, with Pb
3.6.5.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
6 : 2 < ø < 2.49
5.6.25

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
6 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb alone
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Type Occurrence of Cannizzarite

General Appearance of Type Material:
very thin single laths, up to 2 mm, often warped but also found straight; may have frayed ends; also as felted masses and stellate groups
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
(1) University of Florence, Florence, Italy, 14398/G; Natural History Museum, catalogue no. 128.28; (2) National School of Mines, Paris, France
Geological Setting of Type Material:
deep fumarolic activity

Occurrences of Cannizzarite

Geological Setting:
Fumaroles; sulfide veinlets in greisen (Shumilovsk); common associated minerals concern the latter

Physical Properties of Cannizzarite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
White to silvery gray
Comment:
Iridescent tarnish
Hardness (Mohs):
2
Hardness (Vickers):
VHN20=132 kg/mm2
Tenacity:
Malleable
Comment:
somewhat malleable and elastic, prone to twisting and bending
Density:
6.7 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.95 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Cannizzarite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.13Å, b = 4.09Å, c = 15.48Å
β = 99°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.01 : 1 : 3.785
Unit Cell Volume:
V 258.26 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1
Morphology:
Thin laths, felted masses, stellate groups. Crystals to 2 mm
Twinning:
Stellate trillings and simple V-shaped twins.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.82 (100)
3.01 (60)
2.68 (60)
2.87 (50)
2.22 (50)
2.03 (50)
1.910 (40)
Comments:
some preferred orientation occured

Optical Data of Cannizzarite

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Strong from blue to gray
Reflectivity:
400nmR1=49.2%R2=51.3%
420nmR1=49.8%R2=52.4%
440nmR1=50.4%R2=53.5%
460nmR1=50.7%R2=53.7%
480nmR1=50.6%R2=53.3%
500nmR1=50.2%R2=52.8%
520nmR1=49.7%R2=52.2%
540nmR1=49.2%R2=51.6%
560nmR1=48.6%R2=51.0%
580nmR1=48.2%R2=50.4%
600nmR1=47.8%R2=50.0%
620nmR1=47.5%R2=49.5%
640nmR1=47.3%R2=49.2%
660nmR1=47.2%R2=49.0%
680nmR1=47.2%R2=49.0%
700nmR1=47.2%R2=49.2%

Reflectance graph
Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Top of box is 100%. Peak reflectance is 53.7%.
R1 shown in black, R2 shown in red

Chemical Properties of Cannizzarite

Formula:
Pb4Bi6S13
All elements listed in formula:
Analytical Data:
Electron microprobe, wt.% (1 - Vulcano, mean of 8 analytical points; 2 - Mittal-Hohtenn tunnel, Switzerland); data from Handbook of Mineralogy
Pb 36.21, 37.51
Ag -, 0.17
Fe -, 0.03
Bi 44.56, 44.96
Sb 0.02, -
Te -, 0.21
Se 4.56, -
S 14.07, 16.25

total
Empirical Formula:
[1] Pb44.70(Bi54.54Sb0.02)Σ54.56(S112.23Se14.77)Σ127.00; [2] (Pb45.22Ag0.39)Σ45.61Bi53.74(S126.59Te0.41)Σ127.00
Common Impurities:
Se,Ag,Sb,Te

Relationship of Cannizzarite to other Species

2.JB.05DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8
2.JB.10CosalitePb2Bi2S5
2.JB.15FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3
2.JB.15MarriteAgPbAsS3
2.JB.20WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27
2.JB.25aJunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16
2.JB.25iNeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68
2.JB.25cNordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)
2.JB.25gNuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
2.JB.25dProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22
2.JB.25hWeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11
2.JB.25bFelbertaliteCu2Pb6Bi8S19
2.JB.25jRouxeliteCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5
2.JB.25fÁngelaiteCu2AgPbBiS4
2.JB.25iCuproneyiteCu7Pb27Bi25S68
2.JB.30aGeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
2.JB.30aJordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
2.JB.30bKirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19
2.JB.30cTsugaruitePb4As2S7
2.JB.35cPillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5
2.JB.35aZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
2.JB.35bScainiitePb14Sb30S54O5
2.JB.35dPellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
2.JB.35fTubuliteAg2Pb22Sb20S53
2.JB.35eChovanitePb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2)
2.JB.40bAschamalmitePb6Bi2S9
2.JB.40aBursaitePb5Bi4S11 (?)
2.JB.40bEskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36
2.JB.40aFizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48
2.JB.40aGustaviteAgPbBi3S6
2.JB.40aLillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
2.JB.40cOurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13
2.JB.40aRamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24
2.JB.40aRoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96
2.JB.40dSchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9
2.JB.40aTreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32
2.JB.40aUchucchacuaiteAgMnPb3Sb5S12
2.JB.40eUstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)
2.JB.40aVikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30
2.JB.40aXilingolitePb3Bi2S6
2.JB.40bHeyrovskýitePb6Bi2S9
2.JB.40UM1988-05-S:AgBiCuHgPb(Hg,Ag,Cu,Pb)5Pb5Bi11S27
2.JB.40UM1988-06-S:AgBiCuHgPb(Pb,Hg)12(Cu,Ag)3(Bi,Sb)10(S,Te)27
2.JB.40aAndorite IVPb18Ag15Sb47S96
2.JB.55GratonitePb9As4S15
2.JB.60MarrucciiteHg3Pb16Sb18S46
2.JB.65VurroitePb20Sn2(Bi,As)22S54Cl6
5.6.1SartoritePbAs2S4
5.6.2DufrénoysitePb2As2S5
5.6.3LiveingitePb9As13S28
5.6.4BaumhaueritePb12As16S36
5.6.5GratonitePb9As4S15
5.6.6JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
5.6.7FülöppitePb3Sb8S15
5.6.8ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
5.6.9PlagionitePb5Sb8S17
5.6.10HeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19
5.6.11LaunayiteCuPb10(Sb,As)12S20
5.6.12PlayfairitePb16(Sb,As)19S44Cl
5.6.13SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
5.6.14MadocitePb19(Sb,As)16S43
5.6.15BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
5.6.17RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13
5.6.18GuettarditePbAsSbS4
5.6.19Twinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4
5.6.20VeenitePb2(Sb,As)2S5
5.6.21SorbyiteCuPb9(Sb,As)11S26
5.6.22GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
5.6.23GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
5.6.24CosalitePb2Bi2S5
5.6.26LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
5.6.27GiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
5.6.28Platynite
5.6.29XilingolitePb3Bi2S6
5.6.30WeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11
5.6.31WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27
5.6.32KirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19
5.6.33UstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)

Other Names for Cannizzarite

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:卡辉铋铅矿
Spanish:Cannizzarita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Cannizzarite

Reference List:
Zambonini, de Fiore and Carobbi (1924), Osserv. Vesuviano: 1: 31.

Zambonini, de Fiore and Carobbi (1925), Acc. Napoli, Rend.: 31: 24.

Wolfe (1938), American Mineralogist: 23: 790.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 472.

Acta Crystallographica: B35: 133-136.

Borodaev, Y.S., Garavelli, A., Garbarino, C., Grillo, S.M., Mozgova, N.N., Organova, N.I., Trubkin, N.V., and Vurro, F. (2000) Rare sulfosalts from Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. III. Wittite and cannizzarite. Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 23-34.

Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W. and Nichols, M.C., Eds. Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America, Chantilly, VA 20151-1110, USA. http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/ (2016)

Internet Links for Cannizzarite

Specimens:
The following Cannizzarite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Cannizzarite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Felben valley
        • Scheelite deposit
Eur. J. Mineral. 13:961-972
China
 
  • Hainan Province (Hainan Island)
    • Ledong Co.
Bin Shu, Ping'an Wang, Faxian Dong, and Zhongjian Li (2006): Geological Bulletin of China 25(6), 745-755
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Ulanhad League (Chifeng Prefecture)
      • Bairin Left Banner (Balin Zuoqi)
Dequan Zhang, Yunfen Lei, Taiyang Luo, Xiupo Bao, and Shengli Wang (1991): Mineral Deposits 10(3), 204-216
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Ganzhou Prefecture
      • Anyuan Co.
Yingchen Ren (1998): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 13(4), 1-17; Yingchen Ren (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(1), 1-12, 38; American Mineralogist 85, 629 (2000)
France
 
  • Limousin
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Saint-Yrieix-la-Perche
Patrice Queneau Collection
  • Rhône-Alpes
    • Isère
      • La Mure
BRGM (1981)
Hungary
 
  • Pest Co.
    • Börzsöny Mts
      • Nagybörzsöny (Deutsch Pilsen; Deutschpilsen)
Szakáll, S., Fehér, B., Kristály, F. and Zajzon, N. (2012): Minerals of the Rózsa Hill ore mineralizations, Nagybörzsöny. Geoda, 22/3, 16-47 (in Hungarian).
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Luserna San Giovanni and Rorà
        • Luserna Valley
- Finello, G., Ambrino, P., Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Blaß, G., Bracco, R. (2007): I minerali della “Pietra di Luserna”, Piemonte, Italia nord-occidentale. I. Alcune cave di gneiss della Val Luserna. Micro (località), 2/2007, 181-226.
  • Sicily
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
          • Vulcano Island
ZAMBONINI F., DE FIORE O., CAROBBI G. (1924): Su un solfobismutito di piombo di Vulcano (Eolie). - Annali del Reale Osservatorio Vesuviano - serie III - 1, 1-6; 31-36.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Gini, C., Bargellini, C., Gamucci, C., Marinai, V., Nannoni, R. (2013). Botro ai Marmi. I minerali delle miniere Maffei e Montorsi. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 63-83.
      • Elba Island
        • Campo nell'Elba
          • San Piero in Campo
Orlandi, P., & Pezzotta, F. (1997). Minerali dell'Isola d'Elba. Edizioni Novecento Grafico, Bergamo, 249 pp.
        • Capoliveri
P. Rögner, M. Hanauer, F. Senesi (2000) - Elba orientale: nuovi ritrovamenti - Riv. Min. It., 24, 2: 102-109.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Niigata Prefecture
        • Uetsu
Izumino, Y., & Nakashima, K. (2015). Bismuth minerals from the W–Mo–Sn deposits hosted in the Iwafune granitoids, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 110(6), 300-312.
Izumino, Y., & Nakashima, K. (2015). Bismuth minerals from the W–Mo–Sn deposits hosted in the Iwafune granitoids, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 110(6), 300-312.
Izumino, Y., & Nakashima, K. (2015). Bismuth minerals from the W–Mo–Sn deposits hosted in the Iwafune granitoids, Niigata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 110(6), 300-312.
    • Chugoku Region
      • Yamaguchi Prefecture
        • Hagi City
          • Asahi-son
Nakashima, et al (1981) Jour. of the Jap. Ass. of Min., Petr. and Econ. Geologists, 76, 1-16.
    • Tohoku Region
      • Yamagata Prefecture
Izumino, Y., Nakashima, K., & Nagashima, M. (2014). Cuprobismutite group minerals (cuprobismutite, hodrušhite, kupčíkite and padĕraite), other Bi–sulfosalts and Bi–tellurides from the Obari mine, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 109(4), 177-190.
Romania
 
  • Bihor Co.
    • Nucet
www.minerals-of-the carpathians.eu (2009)
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Chitinskaya Oblast'
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1312–1324, 2009; American Mineralogist, Volume 91, pages 21-–28, 2006
    • Sakhalinskaya Oblast'
      • Kuril Islands (Kurile Islands)
        • Iturup Island
Curator, Fersman Museum, Moscow.
Serbia
 
  • Podrinje District
Slobodan A. Radosavljević, Jovica N. Stojanović, Ana S. Radosavljević-Mihajlović, Vladan D. Kašić (2013): Polymetallic mineralization of the Boranja orefield, Podrinje Metallogenic District, Serbia: zonality, mineral associations and genetic features. Periodico di Mineralogia, 82, 61-87.
Radosavljevic-Mihajlovic, A. S., Stojanovic, J. N., Dimitrijevic, R. Z. & Radosavljevic, S. A. (2007): Rare Pb-Bi sulfosalt mineralization from the Boranja orefield (Podrinje district, Serbia). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 184, 217-224.
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna
    • Falun
American Mineralogist (1980) 65, pp. 789-796
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Medel Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 101
Nowacki, W., Stalder, H.A. (1969): Zwei Wismutsulfosalze von Sta. Maria, Val Medel, Kt. Graubünden. Schweiz. Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt.: 49: 97-10l; in: Fleischer, M. (1970): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 55: 533-535
  • Ticino (Tessin)
    • Leventina
      • Bedretto Valley
        • Ronco
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 101
  • Uri
    • Reuss Valley
      • Rien Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 101
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Ayer
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    • Lötschen valley
      • Lonza Valley
        • Mittal
Schweizer Strahler 4/2001 p 19-23
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin
Graeser S., Reuse G. (2005) - Minéraux provenant du tunnel routier de Martigny. Le Cristallier Suisse, n°1, pp: 23-32
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Graham Co.
      • Aravaipa District
        • Santa Teresa Mts
          • Aravaipa
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 154.
  • New Mexico
    • Grant Co.
      • Pinos Altos District
Northrup, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
Mineral and/or Locality  
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