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Cannizzarite

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Formula:
Pb
 
4
Bi
 
6
S
 
13
System:MonoclinicColour:White to silvery gray
Hardness:2
Name:
For Italian chemist, Stanislao Cannizzaro (1826-1910).
This page provides mineralogical data about Cannizzarite.

Classification of Cannizzarite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered" 1924
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/E.34-60
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.JB.20

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
J : Sulfosalts of PbS archetype
B : Galena derivatives, with Pb
Dana 8th edition ID:3.6.5.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
6 : 2 < ø < 2.49
Hey's CIM Ref.:5.6.25

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
6 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb alone
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Type Occurrence of Cannizzarite

Type Locality:La Fossa crater, Vulcano Island, Lipari, Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands), Messina Province, Sicily, Italy
Year of Discovery:1924

Occurrences of Cannizzarite

Geological Setting:Fumaroles, sulfide veinlets in greisen

Physical Properties of Cannizzarite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:White to silvery gray
Comment:Iridescent tarnish
Hardness (Mohs):2
Hardness (Vickers):VHN20=132 kg/mm2
Tenacity:Malleable
Density (measured):6.7 g/cm3
Density (calculated):6.95 g/cm3

Crystallography of Cannizzarite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:P21/m
Cell Parameters:a = 4.13Å, b = 4.09Å, c = 15.48Å
β = 99°
Ratio:a:b:c = 1.01 : 1 : 3.785
Unit Cell Volume:V 258.26 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:1
Morphology:Thin laths, felted masses, stellate groups. Crystals to 2mm
Twinning:Stellate trillings and simple V-shaped twins.

Optical Data of Cannizzarite

Type:Anisotropic
Anisotropism:Strong from blue to gray

Chemical Properties of Cannizzarite

Formula:
Pb
 
4
Bi
 
6
S
 
13
Simplified for copy/paste:Pb4Bi6S13
Essential elements:Bi, Pb, S
All elements listed in formula:Bi, Pb, S
Common Impurities:Ag,Sb,Te,Se

Relationship of Cannizzarite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.JB.05Diaphorite
Ag
 
3
Pb
 
2
Sb
 
3
S
 
8
2.JB.10Cosalite
Pb
 
2
Bi
 
2
S
 
5
2.JB.15Freieslebenite
AgPbSbS
 
3
2.JB.15Marrite
AgPbAsS
 
3
2.JB.20Wittite
Pb
 
9
Bi
 
12
(S,Se)
 
27
2.JB.25aJunoite
Cu
 
2
Pb
 
3
Bi
 
8
(S,Se)
 
16
2.JB.25iNeyite
Ag
 
2
Cu
 
6
Pb
 
25
Bi
 
26
S
 
68
2.JB.25cNordströmite
CuPb
 
3
Bi
 
7
(Se
 
4
S
 
10
)
2.JB.25gNuffieldite
Cu
 
1.4
Pb
 
2.4
Bi
 
2.4
Sb
 
0.2
S
 
7
2.JB.25dProudite
CuPb
 
7.5
Bi
 
9.33
(S,Se)
 
22
2.JB.25hWeibullite
Pb
 
5
Bi
 
8
Se
 
7
S
 
11
2.JB.25bFelbertalite
Cu
 
2
Pb
 
6
Bi
 
8
S
 
19
2.JB.25jRouxelite
Cu
 
2
HgPb
 
23
Sb
 
27
S
 
65.5
2.JB.25fÁngelaite
Cu
 
2
AgPbBiS
 
4
2.JB.25iCuproneyite
Cu
 
7
Pb
 
27
Bi
 
25
S
 
68
2.JB.30aGeocronite
Pb
 
14
(Sb,As)
 
6
S
 
23
2.JB.30aJordanite
Pb
 
14
(As,Sb)
 
6
S
 
23
2.JB.30bKirkiite
Pb
 
10
Bi
 
3
As
 
3
S
 
19
2.JB.30cTsugaruite
Pb
 
4
As
 
2
S
 
7
2.JB.35cPillaite
Pb
 
9
Sb
 
10
S
 
23
ClO
 
0.5
2.JB.35aZinkenite
Pb
 
9
Sb
 
22
S
 
42
2.JB.35bScainiite
Pb
 
14
Sb
 
30
S
 
54
O
 
5
2.JB.35dPellouxite
(Cu,Ag)Pb
 
10
Sb
 
12
S
 
27
O(Cl,S)
 
0.6
2.JB.35fTubulite
Ag
 
2
Pb
 
22
Sb
 
20
S
 
53
2.JB.35eChovanite
Pb
 
15-2x
Sb
 
14+2x
S
 
36
O
 
x
(x ~ 0.2)
2.JB.40bAschamalmite
Pb
 
6
Bi
 
2
S
 
9
2.JB.40aBursaite
Pb
 
5
Bi
 
4
S
 
11
(?)
2.JB.40bEskimoite
Ag
 
7
Pb
 
10
Bi
 
15
S
 
36
2.JB.40aFizélyite
Ag
 
5
Pb
 
14
Sb
 
21
S
 
48
2.JB.40aGustavite
Ag
 
3
Pb
 
5
Bi
 
11
S
 
24
2.JB.40aLillianite
Pb
 
3-2x
Ag
 
x
Bi
 
2+x
S
 
6
2.JB.40cOurayite
Ag
 
3
Pb
 
4
Bi
 
5
S
 
13
2.JB.40aRamdohrite
(Cd,Mn,Fe)Ag
 
5.5
Pb
 
12
Sb
 
21.5
S
 
48
2.JB.40aRoshchinite
Ag
 
19
Pb
 
10
Sb
 
51
S
 
96
2.JB.40dSchirmerite
PbAgBi
 
3
S
 
6
- Pb
 
3
Ag
 
1.5
Bi
 
3.5
S
 
9
2.JB.40aTreasurite
Ag
 
7
Pb
 
6
Bi
 
15
S
 
32
2.JB.40aUchucchacuaite
AgMnPb
 
3
Sb
 
5
S
 
12
2.JB.40eUstarasite
Pb(Bi,Sb)
 
6
S
 
10
(?)
2.JB.40aVikingite
Ag
 
5
Pb
 
8
Bi
 
13
S
 
30
2.JB.40aXilingolite
Pb
 
3
Bi
 
2
S
 
6
2.JB.40bHeyrovskýite
Pb
 
10
AgBi
 
5
S
 
18
2.JB.40UM1988-05-S:AgBiCuHgPb
(Hg,Ag,Cu,Pb)
 
5
Pb
 
5
Bi
 
11
S
 
27
2.JB.40UM1988-06-S:AgBiCuHgPb
(Pb,Hg)
 
12
(Cu,Ag)
 
3
(Bi,Sb)
 
10
(S,Te)
 
27
2.JB.40aAndorite IV
Pb
 
18
Ag
 
15
Sb
 
47
S
 
96
2.JB.55Gratonite
Pb
 
9
As
 
4
S
 
15
2.JB.60Marrucciite
Hg
 
3
Pb
 
16
Sb
 
18
S
 
46
2.JB.65Vurroite
Pb
 
20
Sn
 
2
(Bi,As)
 
22
S
 
54
Cl
 
6
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
5.6.1Sartorite
PbAs
 
2
S
 
4
5.6.2Dufrénoysite
Pb
 
2
As
 
2
S
 
5
5.6.3Liveingite
Pb
 
9
As
 
13
S
 
28
5.6.4Baumhauerite
Pb
 
12
As
 
16
S
 
36
5.6.5Gratonite
Pb
 
9
As
 
4
S
 
15
5.6.6Jordanite
Pb
 
14
(As,Sb)
 
6
S
 
23
5.6.7Fülöppite
Pb
 
3
Sb
 
8
S
 
15
5.6.8Zinkenite
Pb
 
9
Sb
 
22
S
 
42
5.6.9Plagionite
Pb
 
5
Sb
 
8
S
 
17
5.6.10Heteromorphite
Pb
 
7
Sb
 
8
S
 
19
5.6.11Launayite
CuPb
 
10
(Sb,As)
 
12
S
 
20
5.6.12Playfairite
Pb
 
16
Sb
 
18
S
 
43
5.6.13Semseyite
Pb
 
9
Sb
 
8
S
 
21
5.6.14Madocite
Pb
 
19
(Sb,As)
 
16
S
 
43
5.6.15Boulangerite
Pb
 
5
Sb
 
4
S
 
11
5.6.17Robinsonite
Pb
 
4
Sb
 
6
S
 
13
5.6.18Guettardite
PbAsSbS
 
4
5.6.19Twinnite
Pb
 
0.8
Tl
 
0.1
Sb
 
1.3
As
 
0.8
S
 
4
5.6.20Veenite
Pb
 
2
(Sb,As)
 
2
S
 
5
5.6.21Sorbyite
CuPb
 
9
(Sb,As)
 
11
S
 
26
5.6.22Geocronite
Pb
 
14
(Sb,As)
 
6
S
 
23
5.6.23Galenobismutite
PbBi
 
2
S
 
4
5.6.24Cosalite
Pb
 
2
Bi
 
2
S
 
5
5.6.26Lillianite
Pb
 
3-2x
Ag
 
x
Bi
 
2+x
S
 
6
5.6.27Giessenite
Pb
 
27
Cu
 
2
(Bi,Sb)
 
19
S
 
57
5.6.28Platynite
5.6.29Xilingolite
Pb
 
3
Bi
 
2
S
 
6
5.6.30Weibullite
Pb
 
5
Bi
 
8
Se
 
7
S
 
11
5.6.31Wittite
Pb
 
9
Bi
 
12
(S,Se)
 
27
5.6.32Kirkiite
Pb
 
10
Bi
 
3
As
 
3
S
 
19
5.6.33Ustarasite
Pb(Bi,Sb)
 
6
S
 
10
(?)

Other Names for Cannizzarite

Other Languages:
German:Cannizzarit
Simplified Chinese:卡辉铋铅矿
Spanish:Cannizzarita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Cannizzarite

Reference List:

- +
Zambonini, de Fiore and Carobbi (1924), Osserv. Vesuviano: 1: 31.

Zambonini, de Fiore and Carobbi (1925), Acc. Napoli, Rend.: 31: 24.

Wolfe (1938), American Mineralogist: 23: 790.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 472.

Acta Crystallographica: B35: 133-136.

Borodaev, Y.S., Garavelli, A., Garbarino, C., Grillo, S.M., Mozgova, N.N., Organova, N.I., Trubkin, N.V., and Vurro, F. (2000) Rare sulfosalts from Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. III. Wittite and cannizzarite. Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 23-34.

Internet Links for Cannizzarite

Search Engines:
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  • External Links:
  • Look for Cannizzarite on Webmineral
  • Look for Cannizzarite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Cannizzarite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Cannizzarite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Specimens:The following Cannizzarite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Cannizzarite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Austria
     
    • Salzburg
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Felben valley
          • Scheelite deposit
    Eur. J. Mineral. 13:961-972
    China
     
    • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
      • Ulanhad League (Chifeng Prefecture)
        • Bairin Left Banner (Balin Zuoqi)
    Dequan Zhang, Yunfen Lei, Taiyang Luo, Xiupo Bao, and Shengli Wang (1991): Mineral Deposits 10(3), 204-216
    • Jiangxi Province
      • Ganzhou Prefecture
        • Anyuan Co.
    Yingchen Ren (1998): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 13(4), 1-17; Yingchen Ren (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(1), 1-12, 38; American Mineralogist 85, 629 (2000)
    France
     
    • Rhône-Alpes
      • Isère
        • La Mure
    BRGM (1981)
    Hungary
     
    • Pest Co.
      • Börzsöny Mtns
        • Nagybörzsöny (Deutsch Pilsen; Deutschpilsen)
    Szakáll, S., Fehér, B., Kristály, F. and Zajzon, N. (2012): Minerals of the Rózsa Hill ore mineralizations, Nagybörzsöny. Geoda, 22/3, 16-47 (in Hungarian).
    Italy
     
    • Piedmont
      • Torino Province
        • Luserna San Giovanni
    - Finello, G., Ambrino, P., Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Blaß, G., Bracco, R. (2007): I minerali della “Pietra di Luserna”, Piemonte, Italia nord-occidentale. I. Alcune cave di gneiss della Val Luserna. Micro (località), 2/2007, 181-226.
    • Sicily
      • Messina Province
        • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
          • Lipari
            • Vulcano Island
    ZAMBONINI F., DE FIORE O., CAROBBI G. (1924): Su un solfobismutito di piombo di Vulcano (Eolie). - Annali del Reale Osservatorio Vesuviano - serie III - 1, 1-6; 31-36.
    • Tuscany
      • Livorno Province
        • Campiglia Marittima
    Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Gini, C., Bargellini, C., Gamucci, C., Marinai, V., Nannoni, R. (2013). Botro ai Marmi. I minerali delle miniere Maffei e Montorsi. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 63-83.
        • Elba Island
          • Campo nell'Elba
            • San Piero in Campo
    Orlandi, P., & Pezzotta, F. (1997). Minerali dell'Isola d'Elba. Edizioni Novecento Grafico, Bergamo, 249 pp.
          • Capoliveri
    P. Rögner, M. Hanauer, F. Senesi (2000) - Elba orientale: nuovi ritrovamenti - Riv. Min. It., 24, 2: 102-109.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chugoku Region
        • Yamaguchi Prefecture
          • Hagi City
            • Asahi-son
    Nakashima, et al (1081) Jour. of the Jap. Ass. of Min., Petr. and Econ. Geologists, 76, 1-16.
    Romania
     
    • Bihor Co.
      • Nucet
    www.minerals-of-the carpathians.eu (2009)
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
        • Chitinskaya Oblast'
    Handbook of Mineralogy
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Kamchatka Oblast'
    American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1312–1324, 2009; American Mineralogist, Volume 91, pages 21-–28, 2006
      • Sakhalinskaya Oblast'
        • Kuril Islands
          • Iturup Island
    Curator, Fersman Museum, Moscow.
    Serbia
     
    • Podrinje District
      • Boranja orefield
    Radosavljevic-Mihajlovic, A. S., Stojanovic, J. N., Dimitrijevic, R. Z. & Radosavljevic, S. A. (2007): Rare Pb-Bi sulfosalt mineralization from the Boranja orefield (Podrinje district, Serbia). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 184, 217-224.
    Sweden
     
    • Dalarna
      • Falun
    American Mineralogist (1980) 65, pp. 789-796
    Switzerland
     
    • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
      • Medel Valley
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 101
    • Ticino (Tessin)
      • Leventina
        • Bedretto Valley
          • Ronco
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 101
    • Uri
      • Reuss Valley
        • Rien Valley
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 101
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Anniviers Valley
        • Ayer
    Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
      • Lötschen valley
        • Lonza Valley
          • Mittal
    Schweizer Strahler 4/2001 p 19-23
      • Martigny
        • Mont Chemin
    Graeser S., Reuse G. (2005) - Minéraux provenant du tunnel routier de Martigny. Le Cristallier Suisse, n°1, pp: 23-32
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Graham Co.
        • Aravaipa District
          • Santa Teresa Mts
            • Aravaipa
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 154.
    • New Mexico
      • Grant Co.
        • Pinos Altos District
    Northrup, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
    Mineral and/or Locality  
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