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Cannonite

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Formula:
Bi
 
2
(SO
 
4
)O(OH)
 
2
System:MonoclinicColour:Colourless
Lustre:AdamantineHardness:4
Name:
Named after Benjamin Bartlett "Bart" Cannon.


Compare an unnamed, monoclinic Bi2O2(SO4) described by Capitani et al. (2014).

Classification of Cannonite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:6/B.15-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:7.BD.35

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
B : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, without H2O
D : With only large cations
Dana 8th edition ID:30.2.9.1

30 : ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
2 : (AB)2(XO4)Zq
Hey's CIM Ref.:25.8.4

25 : Sulphates
8 : Sulphates of Sb, V, Cr and U
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Type Occurrence of Cannonite

Type Locality:Tunnel Extension No. 2 Mine, Ohio District, Bullion Canyon, Tushar Mts, Piute Co., Utah, USA
Year of Discovery:1992

Physical Properties of Cannonite

Lustre:Adamantine
Colour:Colourless
Streak:White
Hardness (Mohs):4

Crystallography of Cannonite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:a = 7.7Å, b = 13.83Å, c = 5.68Å
β = 109.11°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.557 : 1 : 0.411
Unit Cell Volume:V 571.54 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Chemical Properties of Cannonite

Formula:
Bi
 
2
(SO
 
4
)O(OH)
 
2
Simplified for copy/paste:Bi2(SO4)O(OH)2
Essential elements:Bi, H, O, S
All elements listed in formula:Bi, H, O, S

Relationship of Cannonite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
7.BD.05Sulphohalite
Na
 
6
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
FCl
7.BD.05Sulfohalite
7.BD.10Galeite
Na
 
15
(SO
 
4
)
 
5
F
 
4
Cl
7.BD.10Schairerite
Na
 
3
(SO
 
4
)(F,Cl)
7.BD.15Kogarkoite
Na
 
3
(SO
 
4
)F
7.BD.20Caracolite
Na
 
3
Pb
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
Cl
7.BD.20Cesanite
Na
 
3
Ca
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
7.BD.20Aiolosite
Na
 
4
Bi(SO
 
4
)
 
3
Cl
7.BD.25Burkeite
Na
 
6
(CO
 
3
)(SO
 
4
)
 
2
7.BD.30Hanksite
Na
 
22
K(SO
 
4
)
 
9
(CO
 
3
)
 
2
Cl
7.BD.40Lanarkite
Pb
 
2
(SO
 
4
)O
7.BD.45Grandreefite
Pb
 
2
(SO
 
4
)F
 
2
7.BD.50Itoite
Pb
 
3
Ge
4+
 
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
O
 
2
(OH)
 
2
7.BD.55Chiluite
Bi
 
3
Te
6+
 
Mo
6+
 
O
 
10.5
7.BD.60Hectorfloresite
Na
 
9
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
(IO
 
3
)
7.BD.65Pseudograndreefite
Pb
 
6
(SO
 
4
)F
 
10
7.BD.70Sundiusite
Pb
 
10
(SO
 
4
)O
 
8
Cl
 
2
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
25.8.1Klebelsbergite
(SbO)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
25.8.2Coquandite
Sb
 
6+x
O
 
8+x
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
x
(H
 
2
O)
 
1- x
(x = 0.3)
25.8.3Peretaite
Ca(SbO)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
25.8.5Minasragrite
(V
4+
 
O)(SO
 
4
) · 5H
 
2
O
25.8.6Stanleyite
(V
4+
 
O)(SO
 
4
) · 6H
 
2
O
25.8.7Redingtonite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
·22H
 
2
O
25.8.8Metauranopilite
(UO
 
2
)
 
6
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
10
· 5H
 
2
O
25.8.9Uranopilite
(UO
 
2
)
 
6
(SO
 
4
)O
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 14H
 
2
O
25.8.10Natrozippeite
Na
 
5
(UO
 
2
)
 
8
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
O
 
5
(OH)
 
3
· 12H
 
2
O
25.8.11Zippeite
K
 
3
(UO
 
2
)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
O
 
3
(OH) · 3H
 
2
O
25.8.12Johannite
Cu(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
25.8.13Magnesiozippeite
Mg(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)O
 
2
· 3.5H
 
2
O
25.8.14Zinczippeite
Zn(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)O
 
2
· 3.5H
 
2
O

Other Names for Cannonite

Synonyms:
IMA1992-002
Other Languages:
German:Cannonit
Russian:Каннонит
Spanish:Cannonita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Cannonite

Reference List:

- +
New Mins. (1997), New Minerals 1990-1994.

Mineralogical Magazine: 56: 605-609.

Sejkora, J., Ondruš, P., Fikar, M., Veselovský, F., Mach, Z., Gabašová, A., Skoda, R. & Beran, P. (2006): Supergene minerals at the Huber stock and Schnöd stock deposits, Krásno ore District, the Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 57-101. [improved PXRD data]

Capitani, G.C., Catelani, T., Gentile, P., Lucotti, A., Zema, M. (2013): Cannonite [Bi2O(SO4)(OH)2] from Alfenza (Crodo, Italy): crystal structure and morphology. Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3067-3079.

Capitani, G. C. et al. (2014): The Bi sulfates from the Alfenza Mine, Crodo, Italy: An automatic electron diffraction tomography (ADT) study. American Mineralogist, 99, 500–510.

Internet Links for Cannonite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Cannonite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Cannonite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Gough Co.
        • Elsmore
    Rankin, J., Lawrence, L. J., Sharpe, J. L. and Williams, P. A. (2002): Rare secondary bismuth, tungsten and molybdenum minerals from Elsmore, New England district of New South Wales. Austral. J. Mineral. 8, 55-60.
        • Kingsgate
    Sharpe, J.L., & Williams P.A. (2004) - Secondary bismuth and molybdenum minerals from Kingsgate, New England district of New South Wales.- Australian Journal of Mineralogy, vol.10, n°1.
    • Tasmania
      • Moina District (Middlesex District)
    Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
    Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Ankogel group
          • Kleinelend valley
    F. Walter, J. Mörtl, K. Ettinger: Carinthia II 188./108.:219-224 (1998)
    Canada
     
    • Québec
      • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
        • Abitibi RCM
          • La Motte
    Canadian Museum of Nature specimens XRD confirmed
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Horní Slavkov (Schlaggenwald)
          • Krásno (Schönfeld)
    Sejkora, J., Ondruš, P., Fikar, M., Veselovský, F., Mach, Z., Gabašová, A., Skoda, R. & Beran, P. (2006): Supergene minerals at the Huber stock and Schnöd stock deposits, Krásno ore District, the Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 57-101.
    France
     
    • Limousin
      • Corrèze
        • Meymac
    Ansermet, S., Cuchet, S. & Meisser, N. (2010): Minéralogie de la mine de La grange, Meymac, Corrèze. Le Règne Minéral, 91: 23-31
    Probed 2005 - M.E. Ciriotti; Lapis 14 (7-8) (2007) p. 14
      • Haute-Vienne
        • Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat
    Patrice Queneau Collection
    Hungary
     
    • Pest Co.
      • Börzsöny Mtns
        • Nagybörzsöny (Deutsch Pilsen; Deutschpilsen)
    Szakáll & Kovács&Kristály,2007; Szakáll, S.1, Fehér, B., Kristály, F. & Bigi, S. (2010): Morphological varieties of cannonite from Nagybörzsöny (Hungary). 20th General Meeting of the IMA (IMA2010), Budapest, Hungary, August 21-27, CD of Abstracts, p. 436.
    Italy
     
    • Lombardy
      • Brescia Province
        • Camonica Valley
          • Pisogne
            • Fraine
    Britvin S., Sturla M., Bonacina E., Zambetti L., 2003. Nuovi minerali della miniera del Duadello (Val Pisogne, Brescia). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 27 (2): 107-108. .
    • Piedmont
      • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
        • Ossola Valley
          • Crodo
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.; Capitani, G.C., Catelani, T., Gentile, P., Lucotti, A., Zema, M. (2013): Cannonite [Bi2O(SO4)(OH)2] from Alfenza (Crodo, Italy): crystal structure and morphology. Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3067-3079; Capitani, G. C. et al. (2014): The Bi sulfates from the Alfenza Mine, Crodo, Italy: An automatic electron diffraction tomography (ADT) study. American Mineralogist, 99, 500–510.
    • Sardinia
      • Cagliari Province
        • Sarroch
    - Orlandi, P., Gelosa, M., Bonacina, E., Caboni, F., Mamberti, M., Tanca, G., A. et Vinci, A. (2013) : Sardignaite, gelosaite et tancaite-(Ce) : trois nouveaux minéraux de Su Seinargiu, Sarroch, Sardaigne, Italie. Le Règne Minéral, 112, 39-52.
    • Tuscany
      • Livorno Province
        • Elba Island
          • Rio Marina
            • Rio Mine (Rio Marina Mine)
    Rögner, P. (2005) Aufschluss 56, 53-60; Senesi, F., Hanauer, M. & Rogner, P. (2013): I minerali di bismuto di Rio Marina, Isola d'Elba. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2013, 234-242
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Shizuoka Prefecture
          • Shimoda City
            • Rendaiji
    Matsubara, S. et al. (2000) Abstract of the Meeting of the Mineralogical Society of Japan, 93
      • Kanto region
        • Tochigi Prefecture
          • Nikko City
            • Ashio-machi
    Yamada and Terashima (2003) Suisyou, 16, 31-36.
    Norway
     
    • Telemark
      • Tokke
        • Klauvreid
    Larsen. A.O. & Åsheim, A. (2008): Klauvreid pegmatittbrudd, del 1: Geologi og mineralogi. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 38, 49-56.
    Russia
     
    • Northern Region
      • Karelia Republic
        • Ladoga Region
    Ivashchenko, V. I., Valkama, M., Sundblad, K., Golubev, A. I., & Alekseev, V. Y. (2011, September). New data on mineralogy and metallogeny of scarns in the Pitkyaranta ore region. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 440, No. 1, pp. 1307-1311). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
    USA
     
    • Utah
      • Piute Co.
        • Tushar Mts
          • Bullion Canyon
            • Ohio District
    Mineralogical Magazine: 56: 605-609.
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    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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