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Carbocernaite

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Formula:
(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
System:
Orthorhombic
Hardness:
3
Name:
Named in 1961 by A. G. Bulakh, V. V. Kondrat'yeva, Ye. N. Baronova in allusion to its composition, containing essential CARBOnate, CERium, and sodium (Latin = NAtrium).
This page provides mineralogical data about Carbocernaite.

Classification of Carbocernaite

Approved
5/B.05-120
5.AB.50

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
A : Carbonates without additional anions, without H2O
B : Alkali-earth (and other M2+) carbonates
14.4.6.1

14 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
4 : Miscellaneous
11.8.17

11 : Carbonates
8 : Carbonates of the rare earths
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Type Occurrence of Carbocernaite

Year of Discovery:
1961

Physical Properties of Carbocernaite

Hardness (Mohs):
3

Crystallography of Carbocernaite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.41Å, b = 7.27Å, c = 5.19Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.882 : 1 : 0.714
Unit Cell Volume:
V 241.86 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Carbocernaite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.569 nβ = 1.679 nγ = 1.708
2V:
Measured: 52° , Calculated: 50°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.139
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
medium

Chemical Properties of Carbocernaite

Formula:
(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Analytical Data:
Results from electron microprobe analysis of a sample from Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, China (in weight percent)
Ce2O3  (10.27)
La2O3   (8.78)
Pr6O11  (0.99)
Nd2O3   (2.47)
Sm2O3   (0.30)
Gd2O3   (0.39)
SrO    (17.77)
BaO     (5.24)
CaO    (16.68)
FeO     (0.53)
Na2O    (3.15)
CO2    (33.85)

sum   (100.42)

+ H2O   (1.22)

Relationship of Carbocernaite to other Species

5.AB.05CalciteCaCO3
5.AB.05Gaspéite(Ni,Mg,Fe)CO3
5.AB.05MagnesiteMgCO3
5.AB.05OtaviteCdCO3
5.AB.05RhodochrositeMnCO3
5.AB.05SideriteFeCO3
5.AB.05SmithsoniteZnCO3
5.AB.05SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
5.AB.10AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
5.AB.10DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
5.AB.10KutnohoriteCa(Mn,Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
5.AB.10MinrecorditeCaZn(CO3)2
5.AB.15AragoniteCaCO3
5.AB.15CerussitePbCO3
5.AB.15StrontianiteSrCO3
5.AB.15WitheriteBaCO3
5.AB.20VateriteCaCO3
5.AB.25HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
5.AB.30NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2
5.AB.35AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
5.AB.40OlekminskiteSr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
5.AB.40ParalstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
5.AB.45BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
5.AB.55Benstonite(Ba,Sr)6(Ca,Mn)6Mg(CO3)13
5.AB.60JuangodoyiteNa2Cu(CO3)2
11.8.1Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
11.8.2Lanthanite-(La)(La,Ce)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
11.8.3Lanthanite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
11.8.4Lanthanite-(Nd)(Nd,La)2(CO3)3 · 8H2O
11.8.5Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(CO3)(OH,F)
11.8.6Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,La)(CO3)(OH,F)
11.8.7Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
11.8.8Rémondite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Sr)3(CO3)5
11.8.9Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
11.8.10Kimuraite-(Y)Ca(Y,Nd)2(CO3)4 · 6H2O
11.8.11Lokkaite-(Y)Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)4(CO3)7 · 9H2O
11.8.12Calcioancylite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO3)2(OH).H2O
11.8.13Calcioancylite-(Ce)(Ca,Sr)Ce(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
11.8.14Burbankite(Na,Ca)3(Sr,Ba,Ce)3(CO3)5
11.8.15Khanneshite(Na,Ca)3(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)3(CO3)5
11.8.16Donnayite-(Y)NaCaSr3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
11.8.18Ancylite-(Ce)SrCe(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
11.8.19EwalditeBa(Na,Ca,Y,Ce,K)(CO3)2 · 2.6H2O
11.8.20Mckelveyite-(Y)NaCaBa3Y(CO3)6 · 3H2O
11.8.21Sahamalite-(Ce)(Mg,Fe)(Ce,La,Nd)2(CO3)4

Other Names for Carbocernaite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Carbocernaite

Reference List:
A. G. Bulakh, V. V. Kondrat'yeva, Ye. N. Baronova (1961) Carbocernaite, a New Rare-Earth Carbonate, Zapiski Vses. Mineralog. Obshch., v. 90, p. 42-49.
American Mineralogist: 46: 1202.
Rock and Mineral Museum of the Institute of Geology, Ministry of Metallurgical Industry (1979): First discovery of uranothorite and carbocernaite at Bayan Obo. Geology and Prospecting, 15(8), 21 (in Chinese).
Harris, Donald C. (1972): Carbocernaite, a Canadian occurrence. Canadian Mineralogist 11, 812-818.

Internet Links for Carbocernaite

Localities for Carbocernaite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Afghanistan
 
  • Helmand Province (Hilmend Province; Hilmand Province)
    • Dushan District
      • Khanneshin complex
Yeremenko, G.K., and Bel’ko, V.A. (1982): Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 111, 321–324; New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Araxá
Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
  • São Paulo
    • Cajati
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Costanzo, A., Moore, K. R., Wall, F., & Feely, M. (2006). Fluid inclusions in apatite from Jacupiranga calcite carbonatites: evidence for a fluid-stratified carbonatite magma chamber. Lithos, 91(1), 208-228.
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Kenora District
      • Squash Lake Area
Harris (1972)
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
HORVÁTH, L., & GAULT, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284 359.
China
 
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo Mining District
        • Bayan Obo
          • Bayan Obo deposit (Bayun-Obo deposit; Baiyunebo deposit)
Rock and Mineral Museum of the Institute of Geology, Ministry of Metallurgical Industry (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(8), 21; Youbin Liang, Zhonglong Xu, and Zhiyin Hu (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(9), 29-33
  • Shandong Province
    • Jining Prefecture
      • Weishan Co.
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189, 174 pp.; Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
Finland
 
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
Al-Ani Thair, Sarapää Olli and Torppa Akseli 2010. Petrography and Mineralogy of REE-bearing minerals of Iivaara, Otanmäki and Korsnäs alkaline rocks. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti M42/2010/15
India
 
  • Rajasthan (Rajputana)
    • Jaipur Division
      • Barmer District
F. Wall, M. J. Le Bas and R. K. Srivastava (1993) Calcite and Carbocernaite Exsolution and Cotectic Textures in a Sr,REE-Rich Carbonatite Dyke from Rajasthan, India. Mineralogical Magazine 57:495-513.
    • Udaipur Division
      • Udaipur District
        • Udaipur
Viladkar, S. G. Graphite-bearing dolomite carbonatites in Newania, Western India.
  • Tamil Nadu
    • Teni District
Burtseva, M. V., et al. "Features of mineral and chemical composition of the Khamambettu Carbonatites, Tamil Nadu." Journal of the Geological Society of India 81.5 (2013): 655-664.
Namibia
 
  • Kunene Region
    • Damaraland District
      • Kalkfeld
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
    • Swartbooisdrif
Drüppel, K., Hoefs, J., & Okrusch, M. (2005). Fenitizing processes induced by ferrocarbonatite magmatism at Swartbooisdrif, NW Namibia. Journal of Petrology, 46(2), 377-406.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Vitim Plateau
          • Biraya and Bya Rivers confluence area (Chara Basin)
Koneva A.A., Konev A.A., Vladykin N.V. (2010) Vein complex of the Biraya carbonatite deposit. in Abstracts of XXVII International conference School «Geochemistry of Alkaline rocks». – Moscow-Koktebel’. pp. 240 pp.
Mills, S. J., Kartashov, P. M., Kampf, A. R., Konev, A. A., Koneva, A. A., & Raudsepp, M. (2012). Cordylite-(La), A New Mineral Species In Fenite From The Biraya Fe–Ree Deposit, Irkutsk, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(5), 1281-1290.
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Khibiny Massif
Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Leon Hupperichs specimen
Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
      • Northern Karelia
BULAKH, A.G., KONDRAT'EV, V.V., and BARANOVA, E.N. (1961) Carbocernaite, a New Rare Earth Carbonate. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 90, 42 49. (in Russian). English abstract: American Mineralogist, 46, 1202. Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Mineral and/or Locality  
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