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Carbocernaite

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Formula:
(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
System:OrthorhombicHardness:3
Name:Named in allusion to its composition, containing essential CARBOnate, CERium, and sodium (Latin = NAtrium).
This page provides mineralogical data about Carbocernaite.

Classification of Carbocernaite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:5/B.05-120
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:5.AB.50

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
A : Carbonates without additional anions, without H2O
B : Alkali-earth (and other M2+) carbonates
Dana 8th edition ID:14.4.6.1

14 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
4 : Miscellaneous
Hey's CIM Ref.:11.8.17

11 : Carbonates
8 : Carbonates of the rare earths
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Type Occurrence of Carbocernaite

Type Locality:Vuoriyarvi alkaline-ultrabasic massif, Northern Karelia, Murmanskaja Oblast', Northern Region, Russia
Year of Discovery:1961

Physical Properties of Carbocernaite

Hardness (Mohs):3

Crystallography of Carbocernaite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:a = 6.41Å, b = 7.27Å, c = 5.19Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.882 : 1 : 0.714
Unit Cell Volume:V 241.86 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Carbocernaite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.569 nβ = 1.679 nγ = 1.708
2V:Measured: 52° , Calculated: 50°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.139

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:High
Dispersion:medium

Chemical Properties of Carbocernaite

Formula:
(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
Simplified for copy/paste:(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
Essential elements:C, Ca, O, Sr
All elements listed in formula:Ba, C, Ca, Ce, Na, O, Sr
Analytical Data:Results from electron microprobe analysis of a sample from Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, China (in weight percent)
Ce2O3  (10.27)
La2O3   (8.78)
Pr6O11  (0.99)
Nd2O3   (2.47)
Sm2O3   (0.30)
Gd2O3   (0.39)
SrO    (17.77)
BaO     (5.24)
CaO    (16.68)
FeO     (0.53)
Na2O    (3.15)
CO2    (33.85)

sum   (100.42)

+ H2O   (1.22)

Relationship of Carbocernaite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
5.AB.05Calcite
CaCO
 
3
5.AB.05Gaspéite
(Ni,Mg,Fe)CO
 
3
5.AB.05Magnesite
MgCO
 
3
5.AB.05Otavite
CdCO
 
3
5.AB.05Rhodochrosite
MnCO
 
3
5.AB.05Siderite
FeCO
 
3
5.AB.05Smithsonite
ZnCO
 
3
5.AB.05Spherocobaltite
CoCO
 
3
5.AB.10Ankerite
Ca(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
5.AB.10Dolomite
CaMg(CO
 
3
)
 
2
5.AB.10Kutnohorite
Ca(Mn,Mg,Fe)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
5.AB.10Minrecordite
CaZn(CO
 
3
)
 
2
5.AB.15Aragonite
CaCO
 
3
5.AB.15Cerussite
PbCO
 
3
5.AB.15Strontianite
SrCO
 
3
5.AB.15Witherite
BaCO
 
3
5.AB.20Vaterite
CaCO
 
3
5.AB.25Huntite
CaMg
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
5.AB.30Norsethite
BaMg(CO
 
3
)
 
2
5.AB.35Alstonite
BaCa(CO
 
3
)
 
2
5.AB.40Olekminskite
Sr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
5.AB.40Paralstonite
BaCa(CO
 
3
)
 
2
5.AB.45Barytocalcite
BaCa(CO
 
3
)
 
2
5.AB.55Benstonite
(Ba,Sr)
 
6
(Ca,Mn)
 
6
Mg(CO
 
3
)
 
13
5.AB.60Juangodoyite
Na
 
2
Cu(CO
 
3
)
 
2
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
11.8.1Calkinsite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 4H
 
2
O
11.8.2Lanthanite-(La)
(La,Ce)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
11.8.3Lanthanite-(Ce)
(Ce,La,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
11.8.4Lanthanite-(Nd)
(Nd,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 8H
 
2
O
11.8.5Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)(OH,F)
11.8.6Hydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)
(Nd,Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)(OH,F)
11.8.7Hydroxylbastnäsite-(La)
(La,Nd,Ce)(CO
 
3
)(OH,F)
11.8.8Rémondite-(Ce)
Na
 
3
(Ce,La,Ca,Na,Sr)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
11.8.9Tengerite-(Y)
Y
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 2-3H
 
2
O
11.8.10Kimuraite-(Y)
Ca(Y,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
11.8.11Lokkaite-(Y)
Ca(Y,Gd,Nd,Dy)
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
7
· 9H
 
2
O
11.8.12Calcioancylite-(Nd)
Ca(Nd,La,Ce)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)
 
.
H
 
2
O
11.8.13Calcioancylite-(Ce)
(Ca,Sr)Ce(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
11.8.14Burbankite
(Na,Ca)
 
3
(Sr,Ba,Ce)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
11.8.15Khanneshite
(Na,Ca)
 
3
(Ba,Sr,Ce,Ca)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
11.8.16Donnayite-(Y)
NaCaSr
 
3
Y(CO
 
3
)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
11.8.18Ancylite-(Ce)
SrCe(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
11.8.19Ewaldite
Ba(Ca,Y,Na,K)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
11.8.20Mckelveyite-(Y)
NaCaBa
 
3
Y(CO
 
3
)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
11.8.21Sahamalite-(Ce)
(Mg,Fe)(Ce,La,Nd)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4

Other Names for Carbocernaite

Synonyms:
Unnamed (MSH UK-40)
Other Languages:
German:Carbocernait
Russian:Карбоцернаит
Simplified Chinese:碳酸铈钠矿
Spanish:Carbocernaita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Carbocernaite

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist: 46: 1202.

Rock and Mineral Museum of the Institute of Geology, Ministry of Metallurgical Industry (1979): First discovery of uranothorite and carbocernaite at Bayan Obo. Geology and Prospecting 15(8), 21 (in Chinese).

Internet Links for Carbocernaite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Carbocernaite on Google
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  • External Links:
  • Look for Carbocernaite on Webmineral
  • Look for Carbocernaite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Carbocernaite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Carbocernaite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • Fabre Minerals - search for Carbocernaite specimens
  • Buy from McDougall Minerals
  • Mineral Classics - Worldwide Collector Quality Minerals and Gems
  • SpiriferMinerals.com - high quality low prices
  • Buy rare minerals from Excalibur Minerals
  • Wilensky Fine Minerals
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  • Find Carbocernaite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • The Arkenstone - Fine Minerals
  • Lapis Mineral Magazin
  • Rare and Unusual minerals at Mineralogical Research Company
  • Localities for Carbocernaite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Afghanistan
     
    • Helmand Province (Hilmend Province; Hilmand Province)
      • Dushan District
        • Khanneshin complex
    Yeremenko, G.K., and Bel’ko, V.A. (1982): Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 111, 321–324; New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
      • Araxá
    Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
    • São Paulo
      • Cajati
    Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Costanzo, A., Moore, K. R., Wall, F., & Feely, M. (2006). Fluid inclusions in apatite from Jacupiranga calcite carbonatites: evidence for a fluid-stratified carbonatite magma chamber. Lithos, 91(1), 208-228.
    Canada
     
    • Ontario
      • Kenora District
        • Squash Lake Area
    Harris (1972)
    • Québec
      • Montérégie
        • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
          • Mont Saint-Hilaire
    HORVÁTH, L., & GAULT, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284 359.
    China
     
    • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
      • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
        • Bayan Obo Mining District
          • Bayan Obo
            • Bayan Obo deposit (Bayun-Obo deposit; Baiyunebo deposit)
    Rock and Mineral Museum of the Institute of Geology, Ministry of Metallurgical Industry (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(8), 21; Youbin Liang, Zhonglong Xu, and Zhiyin Hu (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(9), 29-33
    • Shandong Province
      • Jining Prefecture
        • Weishan Co.
    Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189, 174 pp.; Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
    Finland
     
    • Western and Inner Finland Region
    Al-Ani Thair, Sarapää Olli and Torppa Akseli 2010. Petrography and Mineralogy of REE-bearing minerals of Iivaara, Otanmäki and Korsnäs alkaline rocks. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti M42/2010/15
    India
     
    • Rajasthan (Rajputana)
      • Jaipur Division
        • Barmer District
    F. Wall, M. J. Le Bas and R. K. Srivastava (1993) Calcite and Carbocernaite Exsolution and Cotectic Textures in a Sr,REE-Rich Carbonatite Dyke from Rajasthan, India. Mineralogical Magazine 57:495-513.
      • Udaipur Division
        • Udaipur District
          • Udaipur
    Viladkar, S. G. Graphite-bearing dolomite carbonatites in Newania, Western India.
    • Tamil Nadu
      • Teni District
    Burtseva, M. V., et al. "Features of mineral and chemical composition of the Khamambettu Carbonatites, Tamil Nadu." Journal of the Geological Society of India 81.5 (2013): 655-664.
    Namibia
     
    • Kunene Region
      • Damaraland District
        • Kalkfeld
    Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
    Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
      • Swartbooisdrif
    Drüppel, K., Hoefs, J., & Okrusch, M. (2005). Fenitizing processes induced by ferrocarbonatite magmatism at Swartbooisdrif, NW Namibia. Journal of Petrology, 46(2), 377-406.
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
        • Irkutskaya Oblast'
          • Vitim Plateau
            • Biraya and Bya Rivers confluence area (Chara Basin)
    Koneva A.A., Konev A.A., Vladykin N.V. (2010) Vein complex of the Biraya carbonatite deposit. in Abstracts of XXVII International conference School «Geochemistry of Alkaline rocks». – Moscow-Koktebel’. pp. 240 pp.
    Mills, S. J., Kartashov, P. M., Kampf, A. R., Konev, A. A., Koneva, A. A., & Raudsepp, M. (2012). Cordylite-(La), A New Mineral Species In Fenite From The Biraya Fe–Ree Deposit, Irkutsk, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(5), 1281-1290.
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Khibiny Massif
    Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
    Leon Hupperichs specimen
    Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
        • Northern Karelia
    BULAKH, A.G., KONDRAT'EV, V.V., and BARANOVA, E.N. (1961) Carbocernaite, a New Rare Earth Carbonate. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 90, 42 49. (in Russian). English abstract: American Mineralogist, 46, 1202. Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
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