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Carbonatecyanotrichite

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Formula:
Cu
 
4
Al
 
2
(CO
 
3
,SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
12
· 2H
 
2
O
System:OrthorhombicColour:Pale blue
Lustre:SilkyHardness:2


Cyanotrichite Group.
A mineral closely related to Cyanotrichite, but often misidentified (old published X-ray powder diffraction data of both species are unreliable; much improved data were recently given by Hager et al. (2009)).
Although the mineral shows a close relation to cyanotrichite, it is even more closely related to camerolaite.
PXRD and chemical analysis are necessary for a correct identification.

Previously, it was thought that quantitative measurements of the carbonate contents were needed for a correct identification, and that qualitative tests were not conclusive, because cyanotrichite can apparently contain small amounts of carbonate. However, Hager et al. (2009) suggest that there is no evidence for solid solution between cyanotrichite and carbonatecyanotrichite; it is also evident that some carbonatecyanotrichite specimens contain no sulfate. This explains previous contradictory results from PXRD and chemical studies of given samples.
The nomenclature situation is still complicated because the crystal structures of neither mineral is presently known.

Visually similar to Khaidarkanite.

Classification of Carbonatecyanotrichite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:6/D.08-30
Strunz 9th edition ID:7.D0.
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:7.DE.10

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
E : With only medium-sized cations; unclassified
Dana 8th edition ID:16b.7.7.1

16b : HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
7 : Miscellaneous
Hey's CIM Ref.:12.2.7

12 : Carbonates with other anions
2 : Carbonates with sulphate
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Type Occurrence of Carbonatecyanotrichite

Type Locality:Balasauskandyk V Deposit, Karatau Range, Southern Kazakhstan Province (Ongtüstik Qazaqstan Oblysy; Yuzhno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast'), Kazakhstan
Year of Discovery:1963

Physical Properties of Carbonatecyanotrichite

Lustre:Silky
Colour:Pale blue
Hardness (Mohs):2

Crystallography of Carbonatecyanotrichite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
10.13 (93)
5.03 (60)
4.21 (100)
3.33 (58)
2.77 (45)
2.51 (52)
2.01 (53)
Comments:For type material

Optical Data of Carbonatecyanotrichite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 1.616 nβ = 1.630 nγ = 1.677
2V:Measured: 55° to 60°, Calculated: 60°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.061

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Dispersion:strong

Chemical Properties of Carbonatecyanotrichite

Formula:
Cu
 
4
Al
 
2
(CO
 
3
,SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
12
· 2H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Cu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12·2H2O
Essential elements:Al, C, Cu, H, O
All elements listed in formula:Al, C, Cu, H, O, S

Relationship of Carbonatecyanotrichite to other Species

Structurally related to group(s):
Cyanotrichite Group
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
7.DE.05Mangazeite
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
· 3H
 
2
O
7.DE.10Cyanotrichite
Cu
 
4
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
12
· 2H
 
2
O
7.DE.10UKI-1975-(SO:AlCu)
(Cu, Al, SO
 
4
, H
 
2
O)
7.DE.15Schwertmannite
Fe
3+
16
(OH,SO
 
4
)
 
12-13
O
 
16
· 10-12H
 
2
O
7.DE.20Tlalocite
Cu
 
10
Zn
 
6
(Te
6+
 
O
 
4
)
 
2
(Te
4+
 
O
 
3
)(OH)
 
25
Cl · 27H
 
2
O
7.DE.25Utahite
Cu
 
5
Zn
 
3
(TeO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
8
· 7H
 
2
O
7.DE.35Coquandite
Sb
 
6+x
O
 
8+x
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
x
(H
 
2
O)
 
1- x
(x = 0.3)
7.DE.40Osakaite
Zn
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
· 5H
 
2
O
7.DE.45Wilcoxite
MgAl(SO
 
4
)
 
2
F · 17H
 
2
O
7.DE.50Stanleyite
(V
4+
 
O)(SO
 
4
) · 6H
 
2
O
7.DE.55Mcalpineite
Cu
 
3
(Te
6+
 
O
 
6
) · H
 
2
O
7.DE.60Hydrobasaluminite
Al
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
10
· 12-36H
 
2
O
7.DE.62Volaschioite
Fe
 
4
(SO
 
4
)O
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
7.DE.65Zaherite
Al
 
12
(SO
 
4
)
 
5
(OH)
 
26
· 20H
 
2
O
7.DE.70Lautenthalite
PbCu
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
7.DE.75Camerolaite
Cu
 
4
Al
 
2
(HSbO
 
4
,SO
 
4
)(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
10
· 2H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
12.2.1Burkeite
Na
 
6
(CO
 
3
)(SO
 
4
)
 
2
12.2.2Hanksite
Na
 
22
K(SO
 
4
)
 
9
(CO
 
3
)
 
2
Cl
12.2.3Tychite
Na
 
6
Mg
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
12.2.4Motukoreaite
Mg
 
6
Al
 
3
(OH)
 
18
[Na(H
 
2
O)
 
6
][SO
 
4
]
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
12.2.5Ferrotychite
Na
 
6
(Fe,Mn,Mg)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
12.2.6Nakauriite
Cu
 
8
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
6
· 48H
 
2
O
12.2.8Rapidcreekite
Ca
 
2
(SO
 
4
)(CO
 
3
) · 4H
 
2
O
12.2.9Tatarskite
Ca
 
6
Mg
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
Cl
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
12.2.10Schulenbergite
(Cu,Zn)
 
7
(SO
 
4
,CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)
 
10
· 3H
 
2
O
12.2.11Leadhillite
Pb
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
12.2.12Macphersonite
Pb
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
12.2.13Susannite
Pb
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
12.2.14Wherryite
Pb
 
7
Cu
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
12.2.15Caledonite
Pb
 
5
Cu
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
6
12.2.16Nasledovite
PbMn
 
3
Al
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)O
 
5
· 5H
 
2
O
12.2.17Jouravskite
Ca
 
3
Mn
4+
 
(SO
 
4
}(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
6
· 12H
 
2
O
12.2.18Schröckingerite
NaCa
 
3
(UO
 
2
)(CO
 
3
)
 
3
(SO
 
4
)F · 10H
 
2
O
12.2.19Manganotychite
Na
 
6
Mn
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
12.2.20Hauckite
Fe
3+
3
(Mg,Mn
2+
 
)
 
24
Zn
 
18
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)
 
81
12.2.21Paraotwayite
Ni(OH)
 
2-x
(SO
 
4
,CO
 
3
)
 
0.5x
12.2.22Carrboydite
[(Ni
 
1-x
Al
 
x
)(OH)
 
2
][SO
 
4
]
 
x/2
· nH
 
2
O
12.2.23Mountkeithite
[(Mg
 
1-x
Fe
3+
x
)(OH)
 
2
][SO
 
4
]
 
x/2
· nH
 
2
O
12.2.24Camerolaite
Cu
 
4
Al
 
2
(HSbO
 
4
,SO
 
4
)(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
10
· 2H
 
2
O

Other Names for Carbonatecyanotrichite

Synonyms:
Carbonate-cyanotrichiteU227 (of Schnorrer)
Other Languages:
German:Carbonat-Cyanotrichit
Carbonatcyanotrichit

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Carbonatecyanotrichite

Reference List:

- +
ANKINOVICH, E. A., GEKHT, I. I. & ZAITSEVA, R. I. (1963): A new variety of cyanotrichite - carbonate-cyanotrichite. Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 92, 458-463.

American Mineralogist: 49: 441.

Gröbner, J. (1997): Mineralien der Cyanotrichit-Gruppe aus Fundorten in Österreich. - Mineralien-Welt 8 (3), 27-30. (in German)

Hager, S. L., Leverett, P. & Williams, P. A. (2009): Possible structural and chemical relationships in the cyanotrichite group. Canadian Mineralogist 47, 635-648.

Internet Links for Carbonatecyanotrichite

Search Engines:
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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Carbonate-cyanotrichite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Carbonatecyanotrichite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Catamarca
      • Andalgalá Department
    Marquez-Zavalia, M. F. & Pedregosa, J. C. (1994): Cianotriquita y carbonatocianotriquita de mina Capillitas, Catamarca [Cyanotrichite and carbonato-cyanotrichite from the Capillitas Mine, Catamarca]. Revista de la Asociacion Geologica Argentina. 49, 353-358. (in Spanish with English summary); Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Gurktaler Alpen
        • St Veit an der Glan
          • Äußere Wimitz
    G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 191./111.: 43-55 (2001)
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Ankogel group
          • Kleinelend valley
            • Kleinelend glacier
    Mikl, A. and Kolitsch, U. (2014): Ein interessanter alpiner Kupfererzgang im Kleinelendtal und seine Mineralien. Mineralienwelt 25 (4), 28-33 (in German).
        • Goldberg group
          • Innerfragant
            • Wurten
    Bergbau in Westkärnten
          • Zirknitz
    G.Indra (2012)
      • Kreuzeck group
        • Oberdrauburg
          • Irschen
    Blaß, G. (1999): 1164. Cyanotrichit vom Bergbau Scharnik, Kärnten. P. 211-212 in NIEDERMAYR, G., G. BLASS, H.-P. BOJAR, F. BRANDSTÄTTER, Ch.E. HOLLERER, B. MOSER, W. POSTL & J. TAUCHER (1999): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XLVIII. Carinthia II, 189./109.: 201-236.
    • Salzburg
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Rauris valley
          • Hüttwinkl valley
            • Alteck - Hoher Sonnblick area
              • Hoher Sonnblick
    Schnorrer, G. & Bacher, F. (2000): Die Mineralien von der Sonnblick- Nordwand, Rauris, Salzburg / Österreich - insbesondere der erste Khaidarkanit- Fund in Österreich. Mineralien-Welt, 11 (5), 52-57.
    Kolitsch, U. (2014): 1874) Brochantit, Carbonatcyanotrichit und Chalkoalumit aus dem Krumlbachtal, Raurisertal, Salzburg. P. 111 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2014): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIII. Carinthia II, 204./124., 65-146.
        • Stubach valley
    Brandstätter, F., Niedermayr, G. & Walter, F. (2010): 1641) Neue Funde von Brochantit, Chalkopyrit, Cyanotrichit und Malachit sowie anderer Mineralien aus dem Bereich Totenkopf – Hohe Riffl im Stubachtal, Salzburg. Pp. 229 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.; Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Niedermayr, G. & Walter, F. (2012): 1749) Carbonatcyanotrichit („Cyanotrichit“) und Djurleit aus dem Bereich des Totenkopfes im Stubachtal, Salzburg. P. 153 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180.
      • Kitzbühel Alps
        • Zell am See
          • Uttendorf
    U. Kolitsch, H. Putz, R. Poeverlein und F. Brandstätter (2012): Die Mineralien des bronzezeitlichen Bergbaus auf der Viertalalm oberhalb Uttendorf, im Salzburger Pinzgau. Aufschluss 63, 329-335 (in German).
    • Styria
      • Bruck an der Mur
        • Kapfenberg
    Postl, W., Bojar, H., Moser, B. (2003): 1340: Chalkopyrit, Pyrit, Malachit, Azurit, Carbonat-Cyanotrichit sowie Epidot von einem historischen Kupferschurf im Ortsteil Schinitz, Kapfenberg. In: Niedermayr, G. et al. (2003): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LII. Carinthia II, 193/113, 208-209;
      • Fischbacher Alpen
        • Fischbach
          • Falkenstein
    Kolitsch, U. (2010): 1664) Azurit, Brochantit, Carbonatcyanotrichit, Cyanotrichit, Jarosit, Ludjibait, Malachit, Pseudomalachit und weitere Mineralien vom Quarzitsteinbruch bei Falkenstein, Fischbach, Fischbacher Alpen, Steiermark. Pp. 248-250 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
        • St. Jakob-Breitenau
          • Hochlantsch
    Gröbner, J. (1997): Mineralien der Cyanotrichit-Gruppe aus Fundorten in Österreich. Mineralien-Welt 8 (3), 27-30.
      • Liesing - Palten valley
        • Seiz
          • Wolfsgruben (Wolfgruben)
    Kolitsch, U., Postl, W., Brandstätter, F., Bernhard, F., Leikauf, B. & Auer, Ch. (2011): 1713) Beaverit-(Cu), Brochantit, Carbonat-Cyanotrichit, Chalkoalumit und Schwefel aus dem Kupfer-Vorkommen der Wolfsgruben bei Seiz, Liesing-Paltental, Steiermark. Pp. 179-181 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2011): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LX. Carinthia II, 201./121., 135-186.
    • Tyrol
      • North Tyrol
        • Kitzbühel Alps
          • Kitzbühel
            • Jochberg
              • Kupferplatte
    Kolitsch, U. (2014): 1864) Brochantit, Carbonatcyanotrichit, Chalkoalumit, Cuprit, Gips, Metazeunerit, Posnjakit und Woodwardit von der Kupferplatte bei Jochberg, Kitzbühl, Tirol. Pp. 103-104 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2014): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIII. Carinthia II, 204./124., 65-146.
        • Pitz valley
          • St Leonhard
    Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2012): 1741) Brochantit, Chalkoalumit, Carbonatcyanotrichit, Langit, Posnjakit und weitere Mineralien aus einem alten Kupferschurf beim Krummen See bei St. Leonhard im Pitztal, Tirol. Pp. 147-148 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180.
    Canada
     
    • Saskatchewan
      • Lac La Ronge
        • Sulfide-Mackay Lakes
    Sabina, A.P. (1972) Rocks & minerals for the collector: La Ronge - Creighton, Saskatchewan, Flin Flon, Thompson, Manitoba. GSC paper 71-27, 65.
    Chile
     
    • Atacama Region
      • Huasco Province
        • Vallenar
          • Sierra Bolsico area
    M. Dini & A.Molina Collections - analysed with quantitative and semi quantitative methods by Dr. Jochen Schluter (curator of Hamburg Mineral Museum)
    China
     
    • Guizhou Province
      • Qianxi'nan Autonomous Prefecture
        • Qinglong Co.
          • Dachang Sb ore field
    Niedermayr, G. (2004): Ein bemerkenswerter Neufund von Carbonat-Cyanotrichit aus China. Mineralien-Welt 15 (5), 58-60. (in German); Ottens, B. (2006): Lapis 31 (2), 23-34; Ottens, B. (2007): Mineralogical Record 38(1), 3-17.
    France
     
    • Alsace
      • Haut-Rhin
        • Cernay
          • Steinbach
    Mines, mineurs et minéralogie du Silberthal, tomes 1 et 2
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Aude
        • Carcassonne
          • Mas-Cabardès
            • Salsigne
    Le Règne Minéral, Hors série (3), 36-54
      • Gard
        • Alzon
    P.G. Pélisson ([email protected]) : Unpublished data; Patrice Queneau Collection
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Tarn
        • Alban
          • Paulinet
            • Saint-Jean-de-Jeannes
    [email protected]
        • Villefranche d'Albigeois
    Queneau Patrice collection
    • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
      • Var
        • Le Pradet
    No reference listed
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Freudenstadt
    Walenta, K. (1995): Camerolait aus dem Schwarzwald. Aufschluss 46, 210-214. (p. 214: "most probably carbonate-cyanotrichite")
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    WALENTA, K. (1995): Neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Clara. 6. Folge, 1. Teil. - Lapis 20 (5), 33-38.
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Siegerland
        • Eiserfeld
    Henrich, J. M. (1998): Die Königin der Eisensteingruben. Die Grube Eisenzecher Zug bei Eiserfeld im Siegerland – ein Fundort begehrter Mineralien. Mineralien-Welt 9 (5), 16-35.
        • Gosenbach
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Eifel
        • Mayen
          • Ettringen
    Blaß, G. & Kruijen, F. (2014): Die Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (2/14). Mineralien-Welt 25 (5), 62-75 (in German).
    • Thuringia
      • Vogtland
        • Hirschberg
          • Ullersreuth
    T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
    Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1999): Neue Minerale von den alten Lagerstätten Lavrions/Griechenland. Aufschluss 50, 207-209.
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
    No reference listed
    Hungary
     
    • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
      • Rudabányai Mtns
        • Rudabánya
    Szakáll: Minerals of Rudabánya, 2001
    Italy
     
    • Liguria
      • Genova Province
        • Ne
          • Graveglia Valley
    Matteo Chinelatto
    Camarda, S., Muzio, C., Passarino, G. & Sanguineti, G. (2013). Reppia, Ne, Val Graveglia, Genova. Minerali secondari di un giacimento ferroso cuprifero. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2013, 176-185.
        • Sestri Levante
    Palenzona, A. & Borgo, E. (1991): I Nostri Minerali. Geologia e Mineralogia in Liguria. Aggiornamento 1990. Sagep, Ed., Genova
    • Piedmont
      • Alessandria Province
        • Voltaggio
    Giuseppe Pipino (1980) - La miniera di rame di Voltaggio (Alessandria) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, - fasc.4, 1980; Piccoli, G. C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., & Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo F. Eusebio - Alba, 607 pag.
      • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
        • Ossola Valley
          • Baceno
            • Devero Alp (Devero Valley; Val Devero)
    Lapis, 20 (7/8), 41-64+76.
    • Sardinia
      • Cagliari Province
        • Sinnai
    Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Brizzi G., (1993): Sarrabus Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", 208 pp.
        • Villaputzu
    Gramaccioli, C. M., Campostrini, I. & Stara, P. (1997): Die Baccu Locci Mine (Villaputzu, Cagliari) auf Sardinien. Lapis 22 (9), 13-26; 58.
      • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
        • Domusnovas
    Stara P., Rizzo R. and Tanca G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e mnerali. Vol. I, EMSa (Ente Minerale Sardo), pagg.238.
          • Oridda
    Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente - Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 1, 238 pp.
    Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 1, 238 pp.
        • Fluminimaggiore
          • Oridda Valley
            • Tiny-Arenas Mine
    Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G. A. (1996): Iglesiente – Arburese, Miniere e Minerali. Associazioni e Gruppi Mineralogici Italiani Ed., 238 pp.
        • Nuxis
          • Tamara Mt.
    "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)" + microchemical analysis
      • Nuoro Province
        • Gadoni
    Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
    • Trentino-Alto Adige
      • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
        • Passiria Valley (Passeier Valley)
    "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)" + microchemical analysis
      • Trento Province
        • Valsugana
          • Roncegno
    EDX analysis by Italo Campostrini
    • Tuscany
      • Grosseto Province
        • Massa Marittima
    Sabelli C., Olmi F., Brizzi G., Meli R., 1996. Serrabottini (GR): recenti ritrovamenti nelle antiche discariche. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 19
    • Veneto
      • Vicenza Province
        • Torrebelvicino
          • Mercanti Valley
    C. Buscaroli, C. Dal Pozzo, S. Sovilla & F. Tosato (1995): First report of carbonate-cyanotrichite from the Vicenza Province. Riv. Mineral. Ital., No. 2, 185-188. (in Italian); Pegoraro, S., Orlandi, P., Chiereghin, P., Contin, A. & Toniolo, E. (2009). I minerali del Monte Trisa (Torrebelvicino, Vicenza). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2009, 160-179.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Niigata Prefecture
          • Aga-machi (Higashi-Kanbara-gun)
    Kikukawa, M., Kojiro, T. & Yamada, T. (1999): Carbonate-cyanotrichite and cyanotrichite from Mikawa mine, Niigata Prefecture. Chigaku Kenkyu 47, 241-244. (in Japanese)
        • Shizuoka Prefecture
          • Shimoda City
            • Rendaiji
    Sakurai & Kato (1970) Chigaku Kenkyu (Geoscience Magazine), 21, 255-256
      • Tohoku Region
        • Iwate Prefecture
          • Waga-gun
    Murakami, O., Ohara, Y., Suzuki, Y., Fujiwara, T.. (2000): Carbonate-cyanotrichite from Washinosu mine, Iwate prefecture, Japan. Chigaku Kenkyu, 49, 3-6. (in Japanese.)
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Southern Kazakhstan Province (Ongtüstik Qazaqstan Oblysy; Yuzhno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
    [Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual" p35]
        • Aksumbe
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    ZVMO,(1963) 92, 458-463; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
        • Ran River valley
    • Zhambyl Province (Jambyl Oblysy; Dzhambulskaya Oblast')
      • Talas Alatau Range (Talas Ala-Too Range)
    New Zealand
     
    • North Island
      • Manawatu-Wanganui
        • Tararua
          • Maharahara
    Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
    Romania
     
    • Harghita Co.
    Szakáll, S., Almási, E., Köllı, A., Sajó, I., Vezzalini, G. (2006): New data about the minerals of the copper ore deposit at Balan (East Carpathians) and of limestone xenolithes from basalt at Racosu de Jos (Persani Mts.), Romania. Acta Mineral.-Petrogr., Abstr. Ser. 5, p. 112. [http://www.mineral.hermuz.hu/acta_05/pdf/szakalls1.pdf]d
    Slovenia
     
    • Radlje ob Dravi (Mahrenberg)
    - Žorž, Z., Moser, B. (2002): Remšnik - zgodovina, geologija, minerali / Geschichte, Geologie, Mineralien. Ravne na Koroškem: Voranc, 2002 (In Slovenian and German language)
    Switzerland
     
    • Wallis (Valais)
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 127.
      • Binn Valley
        • Kriegalp Valley (Chriegalp Valley)
    Graeser, S. (1987): Schweizer Strahler 7, 473-486.
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 127.
    UK
     
    • England
      • Co. Durham
        • North Pennines
          • Lunedale
    Natural History Museum film 7431F
      • Cornwall
        • St Agnes District
          • St Agnes
    Ansermet, S. (2007): Lapis 32(2), 25-26, 50
      • Devon
        • Tavistock District
          • Tavistock Hamlets
    No reference listed
    • Wales
      • Wrexham (Clwyd; Denbighshire)
        • Bwlchgwyn
    Green, D.I., 1995. Carbonate-cyanotrichite from the Wedding Cave mine, Bwlchgwyn, Clwyd. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, No 15, Page 19.
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Mule Mts
          • Warren District
            • Bisbee
    [Mineralogical Record Vol 12 No.5 pp298]
    [Mineralogical Record Vol 12 No.5 pp298]
              • Queen Hill
                • Copper Queen Mine (Halero Mine)
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 154; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
              • Sacramento Hill
    No reference listed
      • Coconino Co.
        • Grandview District
          • Grand Canyon National Park
            • Horseshoe Mesa
              • Cape Royal
    Colchester, D. M., Klish, D. R., Leverett, P. & Williams, P. A. (2008): Grandviewite, Cu3Al9(SO4)2(OH)29, a new mineral from the Grandview Mine, Arizona, USA. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 14, 51-54.
    • California
      • Plumas Co.
        • Plumas Copper Belt
          • Taylorsville District
            • Moonlight Peak
              • Lights Creek Copper deposits (Moonlight Mine; Sulfide Ridge deposits; Lights Canyon deposits)
    Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 298.
    • Colorado
      • San Miguel Co.
        • Uravan District
    Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
    • Massachusetts
      • Hampden Co.
        • Chester
    Min Rec (1978) 9:235-242
    Alan R. Plante, Personal field notes, 1965-1987
    Alan R. Plante, Personal field and lab notes, 1984-1987
    • Michigan
    Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
    • Nevada
      • Eureka Co.
        • Carlin Trend
          • Maggie Creek Subdistrict
    MinRec 26(5):449-469.
        • Lynn District
          • Elko
    MinRecord 26:467
    • Utah
      • Piute Co.
        • Tushar Mts
          • Cottonwood Creek
            • Mount Baldy District
    Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
      • San Juan Co.
        • White Canyon District
          • Red Canyon
    Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
          • White Canyon
    Min News 14:10 p 4,4,7; Min Rec 30 pp231-238
    Collection Elmar Lackner
          • Woodenshoe Buttes
            • The Toe
              • Deer Flat
    Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
      • Tooele Co.
        • Oquirrh Mts
          • Ophir District
            • Ophir
    Rocks & Minerals 83:1 pp 52-62
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