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Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite

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Formula:
Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
System:
Hexagonal
Hardness:
5
Name:
Named from the Greek word meaning "to deceive"
A variety of Hydroxylapatite

Apatite Group.

A hydroxylapatite with carbonate group (CO3) substituting for some of the phosphate (PO4) group.

Originally reported from Ødegården Mine (Ødegaarden Mine), Ødegården field, Bamble, Telemark, Norway.

Classification of Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite

Discredited 2008
Explanation of status:
Original name 'Carbonate-hydroxylapatite' discredited in 2008.
8.BN.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
N : With only large cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 0.33:1
22.4.3

22 : Phosphates, Arsenates or Vanadates with other Anions
4 : Phosphates, arsenates or vanadates with carbonate
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Physical Properties of Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite

Hardness (Mohs):
5

Crystallography of Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.3Å, c = 6.92Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.744
Unit Cell Volume:
V 518.33 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.603 - 1.628 nε = 1.598 - 1.619
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.005 - 0.009
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate

Chemical Properties of Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite

Formula:
Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite to other Species

8.BN.05AlforsiteBa5(PO4)3Cl
8.BN.05Belovite-(Ce)NaCeSr3(PO4)3F
8.BN.05Carbonate-rich FluorapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
8.BN.05ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
8.BN.05Mimetite-MPb5(AsO4)3Cl
8.BN.05Johnbaumite-MCa5(AsO4)3OH
8.BN.05FluorapatiteCa2Ca3(PO4)3F
8.BN.05HedyphanePb3Ca2(AsO4)3Cl
8.BN.05HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
8.BN.05JohnbaumiteCa5(AsO4)3OH
8.BN.05MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
8.BN.05MorelanditeCa2Ba3(AsO4)3Cl
8.BN.05PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
8.BN.05FluorstrophiteSrCaSr3(PO4)3F
8.BN.05SvabiteCa5(AsO4)3F
8.BN.05TurneaureiteCa5(AsO4)3Cl
8.BN.05VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
8.BN.05Belovite-(La)NaLaSr3(PO4)3F
8.BN.05Deloneite(Na0.5REE0.25Ca0.25)(Ca0.75REE0.25)Sr1.5(CaNa0.25REE0.25)(PO4)3F0.5(OH)0.5
8.BN.05FluorcaphiteSrCaCa3(PO4)3F
8.BN.05Kuannersuite-(Ce)NaCeBa3(PO4)3F0.5Cl0.5
8.BN.05Hydroxylapatite-MCa5(PO4)3OH
8.BN.05PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
8.BN.05StronadelphiteSr5(PO4)3F
8.BN.05FluorphosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3F
8.BN.05Carlgieseckeite-(Nd)NaNdCa3(PO4)3F
8.BN.05Miyahisaite(Sr,Ca)2Ba3(PO4)3F
8.BN.10ArctiteNa2Ca4(PO4)3F
22.4.1BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)
22.4.2KovdorskiteMg2(PO4)(OH) · 3H2O
22.4.4Carbonate-rich FluorapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
22.4.5TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
22.4.6HeneuiteCaMg5(CO3)(PO4)3(OH)
22.4.7GirvasiteNaCa2Mg3(PO4)3(CO3)(H2O)6
22.4.8Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2x
22.4.9GartrellitePb(Cu,Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4,SO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)
22.4.10VoggiteNa2Zr(PO4)(CO3)(OH) · 2H2O
22.4.11BonshtedtiteNa3Fe2+(CO3)(PO4)

Other Names for Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Other Information:
Soluble in HCl or in HNO3. Varieties containing CO3 may dissolve with slight effervescence.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite

Reference List:
Julien (1865) American Journal of Science: 40: 371 (as Ornithite).

Brögger and Bäckström (1888) Ak. Stockholm, Öfv.: 45: 493 (as Dahllite).

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 879-889.

Internet Links for Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite

Specimens:
The following Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • Bass Strait
http://www.crocoite.com/locationbulletins/part1/zeolites.pdf
  • Western Australia
    • Dundas Shire
      • Cocklebiddy Roadhouse
Guano Minerals from Murra-el-Elevyn Cave Western Australia; P.J. Bridge; Govt Chem Laboratories WA; Mineralogical Magazine Dec 1973, vol 39, pp 467-469
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Koralpe
      • Moschkogel - Weinebene area
        • Brandrücken
W. Postl, F. Brandstätter, G. Niedermayr: Carinthia II 180./100.:248-251 (1990)
  • Vorarlberg
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Bolivia
 
  • Potosí Department
    • Cerro Huañaquino
Alfredo Petrov (1997) Mineral News, 13, #4.
  • Santa Cruz Department
    • Velasco Province
Woolley, A.R. (1987) Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world. p 167-168.
Brazil
 
  • Pernambuco
    • São Pedro e São Paulo archipelago
Washington, H.S. (1929) The American Mineralogist, 14, 369-372.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Francois Lake
http://www.connectionsmagazine.bc.ca/Past_Issue/spring%2002/geological.html
  • Northwest Territories
CanMIn 40:121-136
  • Québec
    • Estrie
      • Les Sources RCM
        • Asbestos
Normand (2001) Experimental and field investigation of serpentinization and rodingitization. unpublished Ph.D. thesis McGill University, Montreal, Quebec
China
 
  • Hebei Province
    • Xingtai Prefecture
      • Xingtai Co.
Zhengmin Cao and Weijiong Zhu (1993): Acta Scientiarum Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis 29(4)
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Hanzhong Prefecture
      • Hantai District
Hein, J.R., Fan, D., Ye, J., Liu, T., and Yeh, H.-W. (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15(1), 95-134.
Czech Republic
 
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Olomouc Region
      • Javorník (Jauernig)
        • Horní Hostice
Pauliš, P., Novák, F., Ševců, J.: Sekundární minerály z uranového ložiska Jelení vrch u Horních Hoštic v Rychlebských horách. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae geologicae, 2004, roč. 89, s. 121 - 138.
Egypt
 
  • New Valley Governorate
USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
Ethiopia
 
  • Sidamo-Borana Province
    • Lake Rudolf (Lake Turkana)
      • Lower Omo Valley
American Mineralogist, Vol. 64, 1979, pp. 169-171.
France
 
  • Auvergne
    • Allier
      • Ébreuil
        • Échassières
G. Aubert : "Les coupoles granitiques de Montebras et d'Echassières (Massif Central Français) et la genèse de leur minéralisations (BRGM, 1969)
G. Aubert : "Les coupoles granitiques de Montebras et d'Echassières (Massif Central Français) et la genèse de leur minéralisations (BRGM, 1969)
  • Limousin
    • Corrèze
      • Davignac
M.Deliens, C.Lheur, W.Peraud & D.Virlogeux (2004)- Les minéraux d'uranium du Boucheron, près de Davignac (Corrèze)- Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°84, pp 3-25.
  • Rhône-Alpes
    • Drôme
      • Clansayes
        • L'Eause
Ref.: G. Demarcq, 1973, "Guides Géologiques Régionaux : Lyonnais, Vallée du Rhône" , p. 124, Masson.
G. Demarcq, 1973, "Guides Géologiques Régionaux : Lyonnais, Vallée du Rhône" , p. 124, Masson.
Germany
 
  • Hesse
    • Wetzlar
      • Waldgirmes
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Sauerland
      • Arnsberg
        • Hüsten
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Siegerland
      • Niederschelden
SCHNORRER, G. (1995): Mineralogische Neuheiten von bekannten deutschen Fundorten. Lapis 20 (12), 43-48; 62.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Schneeberg District
        • Wolfgang Maaßen Mine field
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p.180)
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Szalonnai Mts
      • Bódvarákó
Top. Min. Hun.: Minerals of Esztramos
  • Veszprém Co.
    • Bakony Mts
      • Úrkút
        • Csárda Hill
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995; Polgári, M., Hein, J. R., Németh, T., Pál-Molnár, E., & Vigh, T. (2013). Celadonite and smectite formation in the Úrkút Mn-carbonate ore deposit (Hungary). Sedimentary Geology, 294, 157-163.
Indonesia
 
  • Jawa Island (Java Island)
    • Kebumen
      • Karang Bolong Mts
Gunnar Farber
Italy
 
  • Sicily
    • Trapani Province
      • Castellammare del Golfo
Messana E. (1994): Il sistema carsico del gruppo montuoso di Monte Inici (Castellammare del Golfo, TP). Boll. Accad. Gioenia Sci. Nat., 27, 348, 547–562.
Japan
 
  • Kyushu Region
    • Nansei Archipelago
      • Okinawa Prefecture
        • Daito Islands
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Kenya
 
  • Nyanza Province
USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
Malta
 
  • Malta Island
    • Marfa Ridge
John, C. M., Mutti, M., & Adatte, T. (2003). Mixed carbonate-siliciclastic record on the North African margin (Malta)—coupling of weathering processes and mid Miocene climate. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 115(2), 217-229.
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Aldama
Cross, B. & Culp Zeitner J. (2006), Geodes Natures Treasures, P.23
  • Durango
    • Mun. de Durango
      • Cerro de los Remedios
        • Victoria de Durango
No reference listed
Namibia
 
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Grootfontein District
      • Kombat
No reference listed
Netherlands
 
  • Limburg
    • Elsloo
T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
    • Hoensbroek
T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
    • Maastricht
      • Pietersberg
T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
    • Valkenburg
      • Ravensbos
T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
  • Overijssel
    • Denekamp
T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
    • Ootmarsum
T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
      • Kuiperberg
T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Bamble (Bamle)
Brögger, W. C and Bäckström, H. (1888): Über den "Dahllit", ein neues mineral von Ödegården, Bamle, Norwegen. Öfversigt af Kongliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens Förhandlingar (Stockholm) 1888 (7),1-4. (Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, pp. 123-124); (Science 155, 1977, 1409); Nickel & Nichols (1991, "Mineral Reference Manual" p35).;
Romania
 
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
      • Locva Mts (Locvei Mts)
Onac, B.P., Zaharia, L., Kearns, J. & Veres, D. (2007): Vashegyite from Gaura cu Musca Cave (Locvei Mountains, Romania): a new and rare phosphate occurrence. International J. of Speleology, 35, 67-73.
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Hunedoara
      • Boșorod
Dumitras, D.-G., Constantinescu, E., Marincea, S., and Bourgier, V. (2005): Proceedings of the Annual Scientific Session of The Geological Society of Romania, Rosia Montana, 20-21 May 2005, 31-36.; D. Dumitras , Si. Marincea (2000) Phosphates In The Bat Guano Deposit From The "Dry" Cioclovina Cave, Sureanu Mountains, Romania. Romanian Journal of Mineral Devosits Vol 79 Suppl pp 43-45
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Khibiny Massif
Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Kamensk-Ural'skii
N.A. Grigoriev, Zap. Vses. Mineral. Ob. , 1964, 93 (2), 156.
Saudi Arabia
 
  • Mintaqah Makkah
Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
Slovakia
 
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov Co.
      • Vyšná Šebastová
Povondra P., Skála R., Chapman R., 2007: Hydrotermal assemblage of Cl-,F- and OH-bearing apatite-group minerals from Maglovec near Prešov, Slovakia. Canadian Mineralogist, 45, 1355-1366.
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Baix Llobregat
        • Gavà
          • Bruguers
Christoph Boutry and Rui Nunes specimens
      • Vallès Occidental
        • Montcada i Reixac
Rosell, J. & Garrido, J.L. (2006) The minerals of Montcada Hill Quarry. Mineral Up, 2006/2, 16-20.
Sweden
 
  • Lappland
    • Kiruna
Flink, G. Bidrag till Malmbergsgruvornas och Kirunavaaras Mineralogi (Sthlm 1924, in Swedish)
  • Medelpad
    • Sundsvall
      • Alnö
        • Ås
Eckermann, H. von (1948): The Alkaline District of Alnö Island. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning. Serie Ca 36, 176 pp
Thailand
 
  • Lamphun Province
Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 505-508
Ukraine
 
  • Crimea Oblast'
    • Crimea peninsula
      • Bakhchisaray area
        • Skalistoye Village
Dvoichenko P.A. The minerals of Crimea (1914) - Zapiski Krymskogo obshchestva estestvoispytatelei (Proceeding of the Crimea Society of Naturalistes), 1914, vol. 4, p. 1-208 (Rus.) - Popov S.P. Mineralogy of the Crimea (1938). - M.-L., AN SSSR, 1938, 352 p. (Rus.)
      • Belogorsk area
Alexander I. Tischenko (1996). Minerals of the Crimea. - World of stones, 1996, #9, p.9 - 18.
[Specimen in the Natural History Museum, London]
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Valdez-Cordova Borough
      • Chisana District
U. S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-195
  • Arkansas
    • Montgomery Co.
      • Fancy Hill District
        • Caddo Gap
Econ Geol (1987) 82:1377-1385
  • California
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Coastal Range
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 78.
  • Colorado
    • Gunnison Co.
      • Goose Creek District
Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp587-592.
      • White Earth District (Powderhorn District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Maine
    • Oxford Co.
      • Paris
No reference listed
      • Rumford
Scott Soucey and Tim Blake specimens
  • Michigan
    • Dickinson Co.
      • Menominee iron range
        • Randville
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Candelaria District (Columbus District)
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Buffalo Mountain District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • San Antonio Mts
        • Tonopah District
Am.Jour.Sci., 4th ser., 33, 475-482 (1921)
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Toquima Range
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
No reference listed
  • North Carolina
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Kings Mountain District
    • Gaston Co.
      • Bessemer City
Magma Field Trip Reports
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer District
        • Fourmile
Mineralogical Record: 17: 237-254; Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117.
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone District
        • Keystone
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
USGS Prof Paper 297A
  • Wyoming
    • Big Horn Co.
Dahllite pseudomorphs after pyrite concretions from Big Horn Basin, Wyoming RS Mitchell… - American Mineralogist, 1958
AmMin 20:693
Venezuela
 
  • Miranda
Urbani, 1997. Bol. Soc. Venezolana de Espeleología, no.30.
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